The CAMBORNE SCHOOL OF MINES (Cornish : Scoll Balow Cambron),
commonly abbreviated to CSM, was founded in 1888. Its research and
teaching is related to the understanding and management of the Earth's
natural processes, resources and the environment. It has
undergraduate, postgraduate and research degree programmes within the
Earth resources, civil engineering and environmental sectors. CSM is
located at the
Penryn Campus , near Falmouth,
Cornwall , UK. The
school merged with the
University of Exeter
University of Exeter in 1993.
* 1 Reputation
* 2 Teaching
* 2.1 Students
* 3 Research
* 4 Facilities and services
* 5 Museum
* 6 History
* 6.1 Timeline
* 6.2 The
Camborne University question
* 6.3 Principals/Directors
* 6.4 Notable alumni
* 7 See also
* 8 References
* 9 External links
Camborne School of Mines has an international reputation in
Mineral economics , Geology,
Geochemistry . CSM's international reputation dates back
to the 19th century when with new deposits found around the world CSM
graduates began to seek employment overseas and by the 20th century,
graduates were in most of the world's major mining areas such as
Southern Africa, Western Africa, Malaysia, Australia, South America,
Mexico, USA and Canada.
Through CSM's teaching, research and the CSM Association's (CSM
alumni) network CSM maintains a strong presence in the global mining
As of 2012, undergraduate degrees available included a
BEng degree in
mining engineering (the only one offered in the UK), and BSc
programmes in applied geology, and in engineering geology and
geotechnics . The postgraduate MSc degrees included applied
geotechnics , minerals engineering, mining engineering, mining geology
, and surveying and land/environmental management .
In 2003, CSM joined the Federation of European Mineral Programs
(FEMP), allowing its students to participate in study in continental
Camborne School of Mines Trust, industrial sponsors, and past
students and staff help the
Camborne School of Mines to offer between
15–20 scholarships each year to new students who register on CSM
degree programmes. Selection is based primarily on academic
Candidates successfully completing programmes of study in the
Camborne School of Mines leading to degrees of the University of
Exeter are eligible for additional awards made by the Senate of the
University of Exeter
University of Exeter on behalf of the
Camborne School of Mines Trust.
These awards are:
* Diploma of the
Camborne School of Mines (DipCSM) for HND
qualifications, which may be awarded to suitably qualified candidates
as a first-class diploma
* Associateship of the
Camborne School of Mines (ACSM) for
* Master of the
Camborne School of Mines (MCSM) for MSc,
The ACSM and MCSM are two of the few associate awards within the
mining and other earth-based industries. The ACSM has been awarded to
all graduates of CSM with the required grades since 1910, and in 1974
it was accredited by the
Council for National Academic Awards
Council for National Academic Awards .
Notable Associates include Lord Eurby D.S.O., M.C. (born 1883) and Sam
E. Jonah (KBE ) (ACSM), chief executive of Ashanti Goldfields.
Map showing the location of the
Camborne School of Mines within
The CSM student body is a community within the larger student body of
the Combined Universities in
Cornwall which includes students from
Falmouth University and
University of Exeter
University of Exeter
Cornwall Campus .
The CSM student association organises social events and helps students
with any issues. Sport within the school is strong and there are team
sports run under the CSM name in local leagues, but are open to any
students at Tremough. A key event in the school's sporting calendar is
Bottle match against
Royal School of Mines
Royal School of Mines which is
organised by the student association.
Each year students take part in the International Mining Games. In
2012 CSM hosted the games
Camborne School of Mines Association serves all former students
of the school, founded in 1896. It had approximately 1,000 members.
CSM is an internationally recognised centre for research related to
the formation, discovery, extraction and utilisation of the Earth’s
natural resources, and subsequent remediation. The applied nature of
much of the research is indicated by significant international
Research within CSM is co-ordinated by the three multidisciplinary
groups. These draw upon the school's research expertise in mining and
minerals engineering, geology, renewable energy and environmental
science , and their links with colleagues in the University of
Exeter's Department of Geography. Each group is led by full-time
academic staff, and includes postdoctoral research fellows,
experimental officers and postgraduate research students working
towards the degrees of
MPhil and PhD. Work is funded by the research
councils, industry and charitable trusts and is supported by the
school's technical staff and analytical facilities.
FACILITIES AND SERVICES
The facilities and services at CSM are available to students,
academic staff, research partners, and individuals and organisations
from the business community. Short Courses and Continuing Professional
Development (CPD) include Renewable Energy Industry Training Modules,
and Quarry Shotfiring / Explosives Supervisor courses
The school's geochemical and mineralogical analytical laboratories
include a £1.5 million microbeam analytical facility that contains an
extensive range of sample preparation and analytical facilities
including optical microscopes , cathodoluminescence , low-vacuum
scanning electron microscope , electron probe microanalyser, QEMSCAN
(particle analysis and mineral identification),
X-ray diffraction, atomic absorption spectrometers,
atomic fluorescence spectrometer plus elemental, physical and thermal
Facilities for mining engineering, tunnelling, surveying and
geotechnics include underground and surface testing facilities; Leica
surveying equipment, a Leica/DMT Gyromat 2000 Precision Gyrotheodolite
, and a triaxial test rig.
In May 2017 CSM lost the use of its underground field station near
Camborne due to the site being sold to a 3rd party, putting an end to
blast vibration/underground mining research carried out there and
annual student mining induction courses that had been carried out
there since the 1960's, when the site was owned "> Industrial
The museum at CSM is devoted to worldwide geology with particular
emphasis on mining and mineralisation. It holds a significant and
comprehensive systematic collection including fluorescent, gem and ore
minerals, together with suites of minerals and host rocks from
important mining areas all over the world, though a significant part
of its collection derives from south west England. The collection
serves as a resource centre for geology teaching throughout Cornwall,
and is extensively used by the school’s teaching.
Some of the museum's collections are available on the
of Mines Virtual Museum, which is a site dedicated to the geology of
Cornwall. The museum also contains historic artefacts relating to the
history of mining and CSM's role within this history; this collection
is complemented by the
King Edward Mine Museum.
* 1829 – John Taylor publishes his Prospectus for a School of
Mines in Cornwall.
* 1838 – Sir
Charles Lemon , offers to establish a school for
* 1839 – Classes for miners start in
* 1858 –
The Miners Association formed.
* 1858 –
The Miners Association begin classes in different mining
Cornwall such as
Camborne , Pool , St Just and St Agnes .
* 1863 – Some 200 students attend classes in eleven mining
education centres in Cornwall.
* 1876 – Gustavus Lambert Basset, the great mine entrepreneur,
makes a bequest to build a laboratory in
Camborne , The Basset
building, for the use of the pupils of The Miners Association.
* 1882 – The adjacent
Camborne Science and Art School building
* 1887 – J.J. Beringer delivers a lecture to the Miners
Association, now called the Mining Institute, in which he outlines new
proposals for the establishment of a Mining School.
* 1888 – The
Camborne School of Mining is created.
* 1897 –
King Edward Mine is leased from the Pendarves family to
complement the facilities available to students for practical
* 1902 – The first
Bottle match is played between CSM and Royal
School of Mines (RSM).
* 1910 – The
Penzance Schools of Mines are amalgamated
Camborne to form the
School of Metalliferous Mining .
* 1913 – The
Cornish Institute of Engineers is founded by J.J.
* 1924 –
King Edward Mine is abandoned due to flooding and Great
Condurrow Mine is leased.
* 1935 – The building adjacent to the Basset Memorial Building is
purchased, refurbished and equipped, and named the Josiah Thomas
* 1936 – The Associateship of the
Camborne School of Mines (ACSM)
* 1955 – The
University of Exeter
University of Exeter is established by Royal Charter
* 1969 – Attempts to merge CSM with the
University of Plymouth
University of Plymouth are
* 1974 – The ACSM is accredited by the Council for National
Academic Awards .
* 1975 – CSM moves to the
Trevenson Campus at Pool ,
Associated with a massive re-equipment grant.
* 1979 – Original CSM Building demolished to make way for a Tesco
* 1993 – Merger with University of Exeter
* 1997 –
Camborne Support Group founded by Tim James to oppose
relocation of CSM (CUCSG)
* 1998 – South Crofty closes (loss of hundreds of jobs in
* 1999 – Lord Coe agrees with CUCSG and states opposition to
Exeter plan to close the CSM in Camborne.
* 2001 – CUCSG win battle to establish combined Universities forum
* 2004 – CSM moves to the
Tremough Campus in Penryn .
THE CAMBORNE UNIVERSITY QUESTION
At the time of the passage of the Further and Higher Education Act
Camborne School of Mines was funded as a polytechnic
institution although based on a single set of technologies. In
principle, CSM was eligible to be considered for university status
alongside the other Polytechnics. The question was raised within the
putative Higher Education Funding Council
HEFCE and within the Council
for National Academic Awards whether or not a mono-technic institution
could be considered a university. In this, CSM became the cause
célèbre and the argument was applied to other single-discipline
institutions such as teacher training colleges, art colleges, business
schools and so on. In the event, CSM merged with the University of
Exeter and the controversy was solved in that instance.
* J. J. Beringer: 1888–1910
* W. Ficher Wilkinson: 1910-1912
* J. J. Beringer 1912-1915
* A. Richardson 1918- ~1922
* R. A. Thomas ~1922-1933
* S. Ball 1933-1941
* A/Principal G. A. Whitworth 1941-1946
* G. A. Whitworth, OBE, ACSM, MIMM: 1946–1960
* R. Gorges 1960-1969
* P. Hackett, BSc, PhD, CEng, FIMM: 1970–1994
* K. Atkinson: 1994–2002
* R. J. Pine, B.Eng, MSc, PhD, MICE, FIMM, CEng, FREng: 2002–2008
* F. Wall, FMinSoc, FGS: 2008–2013
* H. Glass 2013-2015 (Acting)
* K. Jeffrey 2015–Present
James Howard Williams , known as Elephant Bill
The Mining Association of the United Kingdom
Institution of Mining and Metallurgy
* Mining in
Cornwall and Devon
* ^ "
Camborne School of Mines". University of Exeter. Retrieved 19
* ^ "CSMSA". CSM Student Association. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
* ^ "World\'s miners descend on
Cornwall for international mining
* ^ "
Camborne School of Mines, University of Exeter".
University of Exeter. Retrieved 19 May 2013.
* ^ "
Camborne School of Mines Virtual Museum – The Cornubian
Orefield". Projects.ex.ac.uk. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
Camborne School of Mines at the University of Exeter,