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Callington (Cornish: Kelliwik[1]) is a civil parish and town in south-east Cornwall, England, United Kingdom
United Kingdom
about 7 miles (11 km) north of Saltash
Saltash
and 9 miles (14 km) south of Launceston.[2] Callington parish had a population of 4,783 in 2001, according to the 2001 census. This had increased to 5,786 in the 2011 census.[3]

Contents

1 Geography

1.1 Railway station

2 Economy 3 History 4 Governance 5 Development 6 Twinning 7 Sport 8 See also 9 References 10 External links

Geography[edit] The town is situated in east Cornwall
Cornwall
between Dartmoor
Dartmoor
to the east and Bodmin Moor
Bodmin Moor
to the west. A former agricultural market town, it lies at the intersection of the south-north A388 Saltash
Saltash
to Launceston road and the east-west A390 Tavistock to Liskeard
Liskeard
road. Kit Hill
Kit Hill
is a mile north-east of the town and rises to 333 metres (1,093 ft) with views of Dartmoor, Bodmin Moor
Bodmin Moor
and the River Tamar. The hamlets of Bowling Green, Kelly Bray, Frogwell
Frogwell
and Downgate are in the parish.[4] Railway station[edit] Main article: Callington railway station Callington railway station
Callington railway station
was the terminus of a branch line from Bere Alston, the junction with the Southern Railway's Tavistock to Plymouth line. The railway line beyond Gunnislake
Gunnislake
to the Callington terminus was closed in the 1960s, due to low usage and difficult operating conditions on the final sections of the line due to several severe gradients and speed restrictions. One can still travel by rail on the Tamar Valley Line
Tamar Valley Line
from Plymouth as far as Gunnislake
Gunnislake
via Bere Alston, where trains reverse. For most of its journey the line follows the River Tamar. Gunnislake
Gunnislake
is the nearest railway station to Callington, although the nearest mainline station is at Saltash. Economy[edit] Food manufacturers Ginsters
Ginsters
and Tamar Foods (both wholly owned subsidiaries of Samworth Brothers) are the largest employers in the town and employ hundreds of locals[citation needed] as well as many immigrants who have arrived as a consequence of the recent accession to the EU of a number of Eastern European countries.[citation needed] Ginsters
Ginsters
uses local produce in many of its products, buying potatoes and other vegetables from local farmers and suppliers.[5] There is also a Tesco
Tesco
supermarket, opened in 2010, which employs 200 locals. Cornwall
Cornwall
is a predominantly low wage economy with a high proportion of its income being derived from agriculture and tourism.[citation needed] History[edit]

St.Mary's Church, viewed from SE

Tomb and effigy of Robert Willoughby, 1st Baron Willoughby de Broke(d. 1502), St. Mary's Church, Callington, north wall of chancel

Callington has been postulated as one of the possible locations of the ancient site of Celliwig, associated with King Arthur.[6] Nearby ancient monuments include Castlewitch Henge with a diameter of 96m[7] and Cadsonbury
Cadsonbury
Iron Age hillfort,[8][9][10] as well as Dupath Well built in 1510 on the site of an ancient sacred spring. Callington was recorded in the Domesday Book
Domesday Book
(1086); the manor had four hides of land and land for thirty ploughs. The lord had land for three ploughs with eleven serfs. Twenty-four villeins and fourteen smallholders had land for fifteen ploughs. There were also one and a half square leagues of pasture and a small amount of woodland. The income of the manor was £6 sterling.[11][12] In 1601 Robert Rolle (died 1633) purchased the manor of Callington, thereby gaining the pocket borough seat of Callington in Parliament,[13] which in future served to promote the careers of many Rolles. He nominated to this seat his brother William Rolle (died 1652) in 1604 and 1614, his son Sir Henry Rolle
Henry Rolle
(1589–1656), of Shapwick, in 1620 and 1624, his son-in-law Thomas Wise (died March 1641) of Sydenham in Devon, in 1625, and another son John Rolle (1598–1648), In the 19th-century, Callington was one of the most important mining areas in Great Britain.[citation needed] Deposits of silver were found nearby in Silver Valley. Today, the area is marked by mining remains, but there are no active mines. Granite
Granite
is still quarried on Hingston Down. The former Callington constituency, a rotten borough, elected two members to the unreformed House of Commons but was abolished by the Reform Act 1832. The town is now in the South East Cornwall constituency. St Mary's Church was originally a chapel of ease to South Hill; it was consecrated in 1438 and then had two aisles and a buttressed tower; a second north aisle was added in 1882. Unusually for Cornwall
Cornwall
there is a clerestory; the wagon roofs are old. The parish church contains the fine brass of Nicholas Assheton and his wife, 1466.[14][15] Governance[edit] Callington is one of a small number of towns to continue to appoint a Portreeve; originally a medieval revenue officer and now an honorary title given to the chairman of the town council.[16] Callington Town Council has twelve members and covers the civil parish of Callington. At the Council elections in 2013 only ten candidates stood, eight Independents and two Mebyon Kernow
Mebyon Kernow
Councillors. Development[edit] In recent years, the town has seen much residential development with more, including social housing, planned for the next few years.[citation needed] The neighbouring village of Kelly Bray
Kelly Bray
has almost doubled in size in recent years with houses still being built in the area. Twinning[edit] Callington is twinned with Guipavas
Guipavas
in Brittany, France, and Barsbüttel
Barsbüttel
near Hamburg
Hamburg
in Germany.[citation needed] It also has unofficial friendship links with Keila
Keila
in Estonia
Estonia
and a suburb of Malaga, Spain. Sport[edit] Callington has both football and cricket teams. Callington Town Football Club (established 1989) has four adult teams playing in the South West Peninsula League, East Cornwall
Cornwall
League, Duchy League and South West Regional Women's Football League. They all play at Marshfield Parc. Callington Cricket Club has three teams playing in the Cornwall
Cornwall
Cricket League and play their games at Moores Park. See also[edit]

People from Callington Dupath Well East Cornwall
Cornwall
Mineral Railway Callington Community College

References[edit]

^ "List of Place-names agreed by the MAGA Signage Panel" (PDF). Cornish Language Partnership. May 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 July 2014. Retrieved 11 January 2015.  ^ Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 201 Plymouth & Launceston ISBN 978-0-319-23146-3 ^ 2011 Census
Census
for Callington ward ^ Cornwall; Explore Britain ^ "Ginsters' pasties 'Cornish through and through' thanks to Objective One". Objective One - Press Release. Retrieved 2009-05-27.  ^ Pearce, Susan M. (1974), "The Cornish Elements in the Arthurian Tradition", Folklore, 85 (3): 147, JSTOR 1260070   – via  JSTOR
JSTOR
(subscription required) ^ The Megalithic Portal and Megalith Map. "Castlewitch Henge Henge : The Megalithic Portal and Megalith Map:". Megalithic.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-09-07.  ^ "Flying Past - The Historic Environment of Cornwall: Power and Authority". Historic-cornwall.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-09-07.  ^ The Megalithic Portal and Megalith Map. "Cadson Bury Hillfort : The Megalithic Portal and Megalith Map:". Megalithic.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-09-07.  ^ "Domesday Reloaded: CADSON BURY". BBC. 1970-01-01. Retrieved 2012-09-07.  ^ Thorn, C. et al. (1979) Cornwall. Chichester: Phillimore; entry 1,10 ^ Open Domesday Online: Callington, accesed December 2017. ^ Hunneyball (2010) ^ Pevsner, N. (1970) Cornwall, 2nd ed. Penguin Books; pp. 48-49 ^ Dunkin, E. (1882) Monumental Brasses. London, Spottiswoode; pp. 16-18, pl. XV ^ "Portreeve". Callington Town Council. Retrieved 22 June 2017. 

External links[edit]

Callington Town Council website Online Catalogue for Callington at the Cornwall
Cornwall
Record Office Callington, Cornwall
Cornwall
at Curlie (based on DMOZ)

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Ceremonial county of Cornwall

Cornwall
Cornwall
Portal

Unitary authorities

Cornwall
Cornwall
Council Council of the Isles of Scilly

Major settlements

Bodmin Bude Callington Camborne Camelford Falmouth Fowey Hayle Helston Launceston Liskeard Looe Lostwithiel Marazion Newlyn Newquay Padstow Par Penryn Penzance Porthleven Redruth Saltash St Austell St Blazey St Columb Major St Ives St Just in Penwith St Mawes Stratton Torpoint Truro Wadebridge See also: List of civil parishes in Cornwall

Rivers

Allen Camel Carnon Cober De Lank Fal Fowey Gannel Gover Hayle Helford Inny Kensey Lerryn Looe Lynher Menalhyl Ottery Par Pont Pill Port Navas Red Seaton St Austell Tamar Tiddy Truro Valency full list...

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History Status debate Flag Culture Economy Places Population of major settlements Demography Notable people The Duchy Diocese Politics Schools Hundreds/shires Places of interest Outline of Cornwall Index of Cornwall-related articles

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Civil parishes of South East Cornwall
Cornwall
constituency

Cornwall

Antony Boconnoc Botusfleming Broadoak Callington Calstock Deviock Dobwalls and Trewidland Duloe Landrake with St Erney Lanreath Landulph Lanlivery Lanteglos Linkinhorne Liskeard Looe Lostwithiel Luxulyan Maker-with-Rame Menheniot Millbrook Morval Pelynt Pillaton Polperro Quethiock Saltash Sheviock South Hill St Cleer St Dominick St Germans St Ive St John St Keyne St Martin-by-Looe St Mellion St Neot St Pinnock St Veep St Winnow Torpoint Warleggan

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