Callington (Cornish: Kelliwik) is a civil parish and town in
south-east Cornwall, England,
United Kingdom about 7 miles
(11 km) north of
Saltash and 9 miles (14 km) south of
Callington parish had a population of 4,783 in 2001, according to the
2001 census. This had increased to 5,786 in the 2011 census.
1.1 Railway station
8 See also
10 External links
The town is situated in east
Dartmoor to the east and
Bodmin Moor to the west. A former agricultural market town, it lies at
the intersection of the south-north A388
Saltash to Launceston road
and the east-west A390 Tavistock to
Kit Hill is a mile north-east of the town and rises to 333 metres
(1,093 ft) with views of Dartmoor,
Bodmin Moor and the River
The hamlets of Bowling Green, Kelly Bray,
Frogwell and Downgate are in
Main article: Callington railway station
Callington railway station
Callington railway station was the terminus of a branch line from Bere
Alston, the junction with the Southern Railway's Tavistock to Plymouth
line. The railway line beyond
Gunnislake to the Callington terminus
was closed in the 1960s, due to low usage and difficult operating
conditions on the final sections of the line due to several severe
gradients and speed restrictions. One can still travel by rail on the
Tamar Valley Line
Tamar Valley Line from Plymouth as far as
Gunnislake via Bere Alston,
where trains reverse. For most of its journey the line follows the
Gunnislake is the nearest railway station to Callington,
although the nearest mainline station is at Saltash.
Ginsters and Tamar Foods (both wholly owned
subsidiaries of Samworth Brothers) are the largest employers in the
town and employ hundreds of locals as well as many
immigrants who have arrived as a consequence of the recent accession
to the EU of a number of Eastern European countries.
Ginsters uses local produce in many of its products, buying potatoes
and other vegetables from local farmers and suppliers.
There is also a
Tesco supermarket, opened in 2010, which employs 200
Cornwall is a predominantly low wage economy with a high proportion of
its income being derived from agriculture and tourism.[citation
St.Mary's Church, viewed from SE
Tomb and effigy of Robert Willoughby, 1st Baron Willoughby de Broke(d.
1502), St. Mary's Church, Callington, north wall of chancel
Callington has been postulated as one of the possible locations of the
ancient site of Celliwig, associated with King Arthur. Nearby
ancient monuments include Castlewitch Henge with a diameter of 96m
Cadsonbury Iron Age hillfort, as well as Dupath Well
built in 1510 on the site of an ancient sacred spring.
Callington was recorded in the
Domesday Book (1086); the manor had
four hides of land and land for thirty ploughs. The lord had land for
three ploughs with eleven serfs. Twenty-four villeins and fourteen
smallholders had land for fifteen ploughs. There were also one and a
half square leagues of pasture and a small amount of woodland. The
income of the manor was £6 sterling.
In 1601 Robert Rolle (died 1633) purchased the manor of Callington,
thereby gaining the pocket borough seat of Callington in
Parliament, which in future served to promote the careers of many
Rolles. He nominated to this seat his brother William Rolle (died
1652) in 1604 and 1614, his son Sir
Henry Rolle (1589–1656), of
Shapwick, in 1620 and 1624, his son-in-law Thomas Wise (died March
1641) of Sydenham in Devon, in 1625, and another son John Rolle
In the 19th-century, Callington was one of the most important mining
areas in Great Britain. Deposits of silver were found
nearby in Silver Valley. Today, the area is marked by mining remains,
but there are no active mines.
Granite is still quarried on Hingston
The former Callington constituency, a rotten borough, elected two
members to the unreformed House of Commons but was abolished by the
Reform Act 1832. The town is now in the South East Cornwall
St Mary's Church was originally a chapel of ease to South Hill; it was
consecrated in 1438 and then had two aisles and a buttressed tower; a
second north aisle was added in 1882. Unusually for
Cornwall there is
a clerestory; the wagon roofs are old. The parish church contains the
fine brass of Nicholas Assheton and his wife, 1466.
Callington is one of a small number of towns to continue to appoint a
Portreeve; originally a medieval revenue officer and now an honorary
title given to the chairman of the town council. Callington Town
Council has twelve members and covers the civil parish of Callington.
At the Council elections in 2013 only ten candidates stood, eight
Independents and two
Mebyon Kernow Councillors.
In recent years, the town has seen much residential development with
more, including social housing, planned for the next few
years. The neighbouring village of
Kelly Bray has
almost doubled in size in recent years with houses still being built
in the area.
Callington is twinned with
Guipavas in Brittany, France, and
Hamburg in Germany. It also has
unofficial friendship links with
Estonia and a suburb of
Callington has both football and cricket teams. Callington Town
Football Club (established 1989) has four adult teams playing in the
South West Peninsula League, East
Duchy League and
South West Regional Women's Football League. They all play at
Marshfield Parc. Callington Cricket Club has three teams playing in
Cornwall Cricket League and play their games at Moores Park.
People from Callington
Cornwall Mineral Railway
Callington Community College
^ "List of Place-names agreed by the MAGA Signage Panel" (PDF).
Cornish Language Partnership. May 2014. Archived from the original
(PDF) on 29 July 2014. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
^ Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 201 Plymouth & Launceston
Census for Callington ward
^ Cornwall; Explore Britain
^ "Ginsters' pasties 'Cornish through and through' thanks to Objective
One". Objective One - Press Release. Retrieved 2009-05-27.
^ Pearce, Susan M. (1974), "The Cornish Elements in the Arthurian
Tradition", Folklore, 85 (3): 147, JSTOR 1260070
JSTOR (subscription required)
^ The Megalithic
Portal and Megalith Map. "Castlewitch Henge
Henge : The Megalithic
Portal and Megalith Map:".
Megalithic.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-09-07.
^ "Flying Past - The Historic Environment of Cornwall: Power and
Authority". Historic-cornwall.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-09-07.
^ The Megalithic
Portal and Megalith Map. "Cadson Bury Hillfort :
Portal and Megalith Map:". Megalithic.co.uk. Retrieved
^ "Domesday Reloaded: CADSON BURY". BBC. 1970-01-01. Retrieved
^ Thorn, C. et al. (1979) Cornwall. Chichester: Phillimore; entry 1,10
^ Open Domesday Online: Callington, accesed December 2017.
^ Hunneyball (2010)
^ Pevsner, N. (1970) Cornwall, 2nd ed. Penguin Books; pp. 48-49
^ Dunkin, E. (1882) Monumental Brasses. London, Spottiswoode; pp.
16-18, pl. XV
^ "Portreeve". Callington Town Council. Retrieved 22 June 2017.
Callington Town Council website
Online Catalogue for Callington at the
Cornwall Record Office
Cornwall at Curlie (based on DMOZ)
Ceremonial county of Cornwall
Council of the Isles of Scilly
St Columb Major
St Just in Penwith
See also: List of civil parishes in Cornwall
Population of major settlements
Places of interest
Outline of Cornwall
Index of Cornwall-related articles
Civil parishes of South East
Dobwalls and Trewidland
Landrake with St Erney