Buland Darwaza (Hindi: बुलंद दरवाज़ा, Urdu:
بُلند دروازه,), or the "Gate of Magnificence", was
built in 1601 A.D. by
Akbar to commemorate his victory over Gujarat.
It is the main entrance to the palace at Fatehpur Sikri, a town which
is 43 km from Agra, India.
Buland Darwaza is the highest gateway in the world and is an example
of Mughal architecture. It displays Akbar's empire.
4 See also
5 Notes and references
6 External links
Buland Darwaza is made of red and buff sandstone, decorated by
white and black marble and is higher than the courtyard of the mosque.
Buland Darwaza is symmetrical and is topped by large free standing
kiosks, which are the chhatris. It also has at the top center, terrace
edge gallery-kiosks on the roof, stylized buckler-battlements, small
minar-spires, and inlay work with white and black marble. On the
outside a long flight of steps sweeps down the hill giving the gateway
additional height. It is 40 metres high and 50 metres from the ground.
The total height of the structure is about 54 metres from the ground
level. It is a 15-storied high gateway acting as the southern entrance
of the city of Fatehpur Sikri. The approach to the gate consists of 42
steps. It is semi octagonal in plan and two smaller triple-storeyed
wings on either side. It has three kiosks on its top surrounded by
thirteen smaller domed kiosks. There are smaller turrets surrounding
the gateway. The expanse is broken by arched niches, small
chhatries and marble highlights. ights the courtyard of the Jama
Masjid. The principal arch stands in the centre of three projecting
sides and topped by a dome. The central arch is broken into three
tiers with rows of smaller arches and flat brackets.
The great gate itself is plain. The three horizontal panels of buff
stone noticeable in Badshahi Darwaza are also present here. The plain
red sandstone spandrels are framed in white marble with a flower like
ornament inlaid in white marble at the apex of the arch, and a
flattish rosette, centered with the narrow panel above it, on either
side. The cusped ornament, large and bold in fact, but small and
delicate when seen from below, is carried down below the springing of
the arch. Two pieces have been broken off from the left hand side and
eight from the right.The arch has three actual openings bordered by
decorative panels and superimposed by three other arched openings
crowned by a semi-dome. The total height of the Gate above the
pavement is 176 ft.
A Persian inscription on eastern archway of the
Buland Darwaza records
Akbar's conquest over Uttar Pradesh and the victory in Gujarat in
1601. An inscription on the central face of the
Buland Darwaza describes Akbar's religious openness.
Honeycombs at Buland Darwaza
On the main gateway an Islamic inscription written in Persian reads
"Isa (Jesus), son of Mary said: 'The world is a Bridge, pass over it,
but build no houses upon it. He who hopes for a day, may hope for
eternity; but the World endures but an hour. Spend it in prayer for
the rest is unseen.'"
Jesus was advising his followers not to consider
the world as a permanent home. Verses from the
Quran have been
carved in the Naskh(script) along the top.These were drawn by Khwaja
Hussain Chishti, a disciple of Sheikh Salim Chishti.
Buland Darwaza was not a part of the original design of the Jama
Masjid, it was erected by
Akbar to celebrate his conquest of Gujarat
Tomb of Salim Chishti
Notes and references
^ "Buland Darwaza" means 'high wall' or 'great' gate in Urdu.
^ "Places to Visit in India: Buland Darwaza".
India Travel. Archived
from the original on 5 November 2014.
^ There is another memorial gate called the "Buland Darwaza" at the
Dargah Sharif in Ajmer, Rajasthan, "Historical Monuments". Mission
Sarkar Gharib Nawaz. Archived from the original on 29 January
2015. , and another in Hyderabad near the Golconda Fort.[citation
^ a b c
^ a b c http://www.culturalindia.net/monuments/buland-darwaza.html
^ a b "Buland Darwaza".
^ a b Sen Gupta, Subhadra; Israni, Prakash (2013). Fatehpur
Sikri : Akbar's magnificent city on a hill. New Delhi: Niyogi
Books. pp. 186–187. ISBN 9789381523728.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Buland Darwaza.
Gateway to the Mughal era, K D L Khan, Maharaja Features, Sunday 15
May 2011, Deccan Herald
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Coordinates: 27°05′40″N 77°39′46″E / 27.09444°N