BUDE (/bjuːd/ ; Cornish : Porthbud ) is a small seaside resort town
Cornwall , England, UK, in the civil parish of Bude-Stratton
and at the mouth of the River Neet (also known locally as the River
Strat). It is sometimes formerly known as
Bude Haven. It lies
southwest of Stratton , south of
Poughill , and north of
Widemouth Bay and is located along the A3073 road off the A39 . Bude
is twinned with
Brittany , France. Bude's coast
Bude Bay in the
Celtic Sea , part of the
Atlantic Ocean . The
population of the civil parish can be found under
Its earlier importance was as a harbour, and then a source of sea
sand useful for improving the moorland soil. The Victorians favoured
it as a watering place, and it was a popular seaside destination in
the 20th century.
* 1 Geography
* 1.1 Coastline
* 1.2 Climate
* 2 History and description
* 2.1 Victorian resort
* 2.2 Beaches
Bude Harbour and Canal
* 2.4 Notable buildings
* 3 Railway
* 4 Industry
* 5 Local government
* 6 Sport
* 7 Notable residents
* 8 References
* 9 Further reading
* 10 External links
It lies just west of Stratton and north of
Widemouth Bay and is
located along the A3073 road off the
A39 road .
A section of Bude's coast which is located between Compass Cove to
the south and Furzey Cove to the north, is a SSSI (Site of Special
Scientific Interest ) noted for its geological and biological
Carboniferous sandstone cliffs surround Bude. During the
Variscan Orogeny the strata were heavily faulted and folded. As the
sands and cliffs around
Bude contain calcium carbonate (a natural
fertiliser), farmers used to take sand from the beach, for spreading
on their fields. The cliffs around
Bude are the only ones in Cornwall
that are made of
Carboniferous sandstone, as most of the Cornish coast
is formed of
Devonian slate , granite and
rocks . The stratified cliffs of
Bude give their name to a sequence
of rocks called the
Bude Formation. Many formations can be viewed from
South West Coast Path which passes through the town.
Many ships have been wrecked on the jagged reefs which fringe the
base of the cliffs. The figurehead of one of these, the Bencoolen, a
barque whose wrecking in 1862 resulted in the drowning of most of the
crew, was preserved in the churchyard but was transferred to the town
museum to save it from further decay. The aftermath of the wreck of
the Bencoolen was described by
Robert Stephen Hawker in letters which
were published in Hawker's Poetical Works (1879).
Like the rest of the
British Isles and South West England, Bude
experiences a maritime climate with cool summers and mild winters.
Temperature extremes at the
Met Office weather station at
from −11.1 °C (12.0 °F) during February 1969 to 32.2 °C (90.0
°F) in June 1976. The
Met Office recorded
Bude as the sunniest place
United Kingdom during the summer of 2013 with 783 hours of
CLIMATE DATA FOR BUDE 15M ASL, 1971–2000, EXTREMES 1960–
RECORD HIGH °C (°F)
AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F)
AVERAGE LOW °C (°F)
RECORD LOW °C (°F)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES)
MEAN MONTHLY SUNSHINE HOURS
Royal Dutch Meteorological Institute
HISTORY AND DESCRIPTION
Bude Methodist Church
In the Middle Ages the only dwelling here was Efford Manor, the seat
of the Arundells of
Trerice , which had a chapel of St Leonard.
Another chapel existed at Chapel Rock which was dedicated to Holy
Trinity and St Michael.
Bude Canal , which once ran to Launceston , now runs only a few miles
inland. Several historic wharf buildings were demolished in the 1980s,
but since then the canal has undergone restoration.
Until the start of the 20th century, the neighbouring town of
Stratton was dominant, and a local saying is "Stratton was a market
Bude was just a furzy down", meaning Stratton was long
Bude was just gorse-covered downland. (A similar
saying is current at
Saltash about Plymouth.)
On 10 October 1844, during an exercise, the unnamed
capsized when the steering oar broke followed by four on the port
side, and two of the crew were drowned.
The local senior school
Budehaven Community School suffered a major
fire in October 1999, destroying most of the older parts of the
school. The school was forced to close for several weeks until
temporary classrooms could be brought in. The damaged part of the
school was rebuilt with interactive classrooms.
Bude has two beaches with broad sands close to the town,
and is a good centre for adjacent beaches. Its sea front faces west
and the Atlantic rollers make for good surfing when conditions are
right. The main access road into and out of
Bude is the Atlantic
Highway (A39) .
Stagecoach South West operates numerous bus services in and around
Bude, with direct services to local towns, such as Holsworthy,
Wadebridge Bideford, and Barnstaple.
The Haven, the
Atlantic Ocean and the beach at
In the latter part of
Queen Victoria 's reign, the middle classes
were discovering the attractions of sea bathing, and the romantic
movement encouraged an appreciation of wild scenery and the Arthurian
Legend . To serve this desire, a railway line was extended to
1898. This encouraged the holiday trade, but
Bude never rivalled
Newquay or the resorts in south
View of the beach in
Bude and the canal coming to an end as it
reaches the sea lock (on left of image) The sea lock on Bude
Bude Sea Pool
There are a number of good beaches in the
Bude area, many of which
offer good surfing conditions.
Bude was the founder club in British
Surf Life Saving.
Crooklets and 'middle' beach, are all within the
Widemouth Bay is a few miles south of the town and offers a long,
wide sandy beach;
Sandymouth Beach is owned by the National Trust , and has
spectacular cliffs and rock formations with shingle below the cliffs
and a large expanse of sand at low tide. There are also a number of
other coves and beaches to be found and explored in the local area.
BUDE HARBOUR AND CANAL
In the 18th century there was a small unprotected tidal harbour at
Bude, but it was difficult whenever the sea was up. The
Company built a canal and improved the harbour. Around twenty small
boats use the tidal moorings of the original harbour during the summer
months. Most are sport fishermen, but there is also some small-scale,
semi-commercial, fishing for crab and lobster.
There is a wharf on the
Bude Canal about half a mile from the sea
lock that links the canal to the tidal haven. This can be opened only
at or near high tide, and then only when sea conditions allow. North
Cornwall District Council administered the canal, harbour and lock
gates until its abolition in March 2009. These gates were renewed
after the originals were damaged in a storm in 2008. They are the only
manually operated sea lock gates in England. The pier head by the
locks is a Grade II listed structure .
The canal is one of the few of note in south-west England. Its
original purpose was to take small tub boats of mineral-rich sand from
the beaches at
Bude and carry them inland for agricultural use on
fields. A series of inclined planes carried the boats over 400
vertical feet (120 m) to
Red Post , where the canal branched south
along the upper Tamar Valley towards Launceston, east to Holsworthy
and north to the Tamar Lakes , that fed the canal. The enterprise was
always in financial difficulty, but it carried considerable volumes of
sand and also coal from south Wales. The arrival of the railway at
Holsworthy and the production of cheap manufactured fertiliser
undermined the canal's commercial purpose, and it was closed down and
sold to the district municipal water company. However the wharf area
and harbour enjoyed longer success, and coastal sailing ships carried
grain across to Wales and coal back to Cornwall.
Notable buildings include the Perpendicular medieval parish church
(St Olaf\'s ) in the village of
Poughill just outside Bude; the parish
church of St Michael and All Angels, built in 1835 and enlarged in
1876 (the architect was
George Wightwick ), Ebbingford Manor, and the
town's oldest house, Quay Cottage in the centre of town.
was built about 1830 for Victorian inventor Sir
Goldsworthy Gurney and
is now a heritage centre.
At the northernmost point of Efford Down Farm, overlooking
Summerleaze Beach and the breakwater, a former coastguard lookout
stands. Known as Compass Point and built by the Acland family in 1840
of local sandstone, it is based on the Temple of Winds in Athens . It
was moved to its current position in 1880. It is so called as it has
points of the compass carved in each of its octagonal sides.
From 1879 Bude's nearest railway station was at Holsworthy , ten
miles away. The railway came to
Bude itself in 1898. The line was
built by the
London and South Western Railway , but was incorporated
into the Southern Railway in 1923 and
British Railways in 1948.
Bude railway station was served by the
Atlantic Coast Express ,
providing a direct service to/from London (Waterloo) ; the "ACE" was
discontinued in 1964.
Bude station and the entire
Bude branch line
closed on 1 October 1966 as part of the
Beeching Axe .
Bude and neighbouring Stratton are more distant from the rail network
than any other towns in
England and Wales. Barnstaple (35 miles north
Bodmin Parkway (32 miles south) and Gunnislake (32 miles sse)
are the nearest
National Rail stations with regular services.
Okehampton (29 miles) has occasional summer-only trains from Exeter. A
"rail link" coach runs from
Exeter St Davids railway station
Exeter St Davids railway station to Bude
Tourism is the main industry in the
Bude area whilst some fishing is
carried on. In the past, the staple trade was the export of sand,
which, being highly charged with calcium carbonate , was much used as
fertiliser. There are also golf links in the town.
The UK's top manufacturer of air rifle tuning kits, Tinbum Tuning
(TbT) are based just outside of the town in the village of
The largest employer associated with
GCHQ Bude , with over
250 civil servants and contractors, sited north of the town near
Bude has an industrial estate which houses Bott Ltd, which
manufactures racking and tool-holding accessories and storage systems
for vans and workshops. It was the home of Tripos Receptor Research,
which produced prototypes of drugs for the pharmaceutical industry
until it ceased trading in 2008.
Bude is in the North
Cornwall parliamentary constituency which is
represented by Scott Mann MP. It developed from the much older market
town of Stratton , 11⁄8 miles inland to the east. Since Cornwall
became a unitary authority in 2009 there has been a two-tier structure
of local government:
Cornwall Council (administers, for example,
schools and highways, housing, social services, canal and harbour,
refuse and recycling collection, street cleanliness); and
Bude-Stratton Town Council (local children's playground, Bude
"castle"). There was some local argument when the town council adopted
the name Bude-Stratton, as it was previously Stratton-Bude. Bude's
population in 1901 was 2308; by 2001 it had risen to 4674.
The town is home to a number of sports teams including
Bude RFC —
the town's rugby club, and
Bude Town FC — the local football club.
Bude is the host town of the North
Cornwall Cup, a large youth
football event held every August.
Bude their grandfather Arthur Mills
, MP, lived nearby at Efford Down House.
Stanley Lucas was a supercentenarian who served as a
Rennie Montague Bere was a British mountaineer, naturalist and
nature conservationist who lived in a nearby cottage in his
retirement; among his books are The Book of
Bude and Stratton and The
Nature of Cornwall.
Laurence Dudley Stamp
Laurence Dudley Stamp , one of the leading British geographers
of the 20th century, lived in
Bude in his retirement.
* American singer-songwriter
Tori Amos has a home and studio here.
Bude North and Stratton ward
* ^ "List of Place-names agreed by the MAGA Signage Panel" (PDF).
Cornish Language Partnership. May 2014. Archived from the original
(PDF) on 29 July 2014. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
* ^ A B Cornish Church Guide (1925) Truro: Blackford; p. 66
* ^ "
Bude Is Twinned With ERGUE- GABERIC....a taster......" Bude
People. 10 May 2011. Archived from the original on 11 January 2015.
Retrieved 22 July 2012.
* ^ A B "
Bude Coast" (PDF). Natural
England . 1987. Archived from
the original (PDF) on 24 October 2012. Retrieved 26 October 2011.
Mee, Arthur (1937) Cornwall. (The King's England.) London:
Hodder p. 38
* ^ Seal, Jeremy (2 April 2002). "Cornwall: the Shipwreck Coast".
Daily Telegraph (The). Retrieved 27 March 2012.
* ^ Hawker, R. S. (1879) The Poetical Works of Robert Stephen
Hawker; by J. G. Godwin. London: C. Kegan Paul; pp. xi-xiii
* ^ "1969 temperature". KNMI .
* ^ "1976 temperature". KNMI .
* ^ "Summer of 2013". BBC News. Retrieved 7 January 2015.
* ^ "
UKMO . Retrieved 2013-08-29.
* ^ "
Bude extremes". KNMI . Retrieved 12 Nov 2011.
* ^ "
Bude Canal and Harbour Society official website".
bude-canal.co.uk. 2010. Retrieved 12 May 2013.
* ^ Larn, Richard; Larn, Bridget. Wreck & Rescue round the Cornish
coast. Redruth: Tor Mark Press. p. 48. ISBN 978-0-85025-406-8 .
* ^ "
Bude Town Council; Class of 79". Bude-cornwall.co.uk. Archived
from the original on 17 March 2012. Retrieved 22 June 2012.
* ^ "The Atlantic Roar Ten Miles Away:
Bude ... nowhere do the
Atlantic waters rise so high; we were told that the roar of the sea
can be heard ten miles away. It has magnificent seas in a gale and
glorious sunsets any time ...", in:
Mee, Arthur (1937) Cornwall. (The
King's England.) London: Hodder p. 37
* ^ "North
Cornwall District Council". Ncdc.gov.uk. Archived from
the original on 17 July 2012. Retrieved 22 June 2012.
* ^ Pevsner, N. (1970) Cornwall; 2nd ed. Penguin; pp. 47 (the house
is mainly mid 18th century though there was a manor house here in the
* ^ "
Bude Castle". British Listed Buildings Online. Retrieved 8 May
* ^ "Efford Down Stables, Camping, and Business Park , Bude,
Cornwall, UK". Efforddown.co.uk. Retrieved 22 June 2012.
* ^ David J Wroe (1988). The
Bude Branch. ISBN 978-0-946184-43-9 .
* ^ ncdc.gov.uk Archived 28 April 2004 at the
Wayback Machine .
* ^ Paravisini-Gebert, Lizabeth (1998). "
Jean Rhys and Phyllis
Shand Allfrey: The Story of a Friendship" (PDF). The
Jean Rhys Review.
9 (1-2): 9. Retrieved 12 May 2013.
* Rennie Montague Bere; Bryan Dudley Stamp (1980). The Book of Bude
and Stratton. ISBN 978-0-86023-055-7 .
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