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Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
(/ˈbʌkɪŋəmʃər/ or /-ʃɪər/), abbreviated Bucks,[1] is a county in South East England
England
which borders Greater London to the south east, Berkshire
Berkshire
to the south, Oxfordshire
Oxfordshire
to the west, Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
to the north, Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire
to the north east and Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
to the east. Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
is one of the home counties and towns such as High Wycombe, Amersham, Chesham
Chesham
and the Chalfonts in the east and southeast of the county are parts of the London commuter belt, forming some of the most densely populated parts of the county. Development in this region is restricted by the Metropolitan Green Belt. Other large settlements include the county town of Aylesbury, Marlow in the south near the Thames and Princes Risborough
Princes Risborough
in the west near Oxford. Some areas without direct rail links to London, such as around the old county town of Buckingham
Buckingham
and near Olney in the northeast, are much less populous. The largest town is Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
in the northeast, which with the surrounding area is administered as a unitary authority separately to the rest of Buckinghamshire. The remainder of the county is administered by Buckinghamshire County Council
Buckinghamshire County Council
as a non-metropolitan county, and four district councils. In national elections, Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
is considered a reliable supporter of the Conservative Party. A large part of the Chiltern Hills, an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, runs through the south of the county and attracts many walkers and cyclists from London. In this area older buildings are often made from local flint and red brick. Many parts of the county are quite affluent and like many areas around London this has led to problems with housing costs: several reports have identified the market town of Beaconsfield
Beaconsfield
as having among the highest property prices outside London.[2][3] Chequers, a mansion estate owned by the government, is the country retreat of the incumbent Prime Minister. To the north of the county lies rolling countryside in the Vale of Aylesbury
Aylesbury
and around the Great Ouse. The Thames forms part of the county’s southwestern boundary. Notable service amenities in the county are Pinewood Film Studios, Dorney rowing lake and part of Silverstone race track on the Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
border. Many national companies have offices in Milton Keynes. Heavy industry and quarrying is limited, with agriculture predominating after service industries.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Waterways

2.1.1 Rivers 2.1.2 Canals

2.2 Landscape

2.2.1 Mineral extraction

3 Demography 4 Politics

4.1 Ceremonial 4.2 Local government 4.3 Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
County Council

4.3.1 Coat of arms 4.3.2 Flag

5 Economy 6 Places of interest 7 Transport

7.1 Roads 7.2 Rail

8 Settlements 9 Education 10 Notable people 11 See also 12 Notes 13 References 14 External links

History[edit] Main article: History of Buckinghamshire

Map of Bucks (1904)

The name Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
is Anglo-Saxon in origin and means The district (scire) of Bucca's home. Bucca's home refers to Buckingham
Buckingham
in the north of the county, and is named after an Anglo-Saxon landowner. The county has been so named since about the 12th century; however, the county has existed since it was a subdivision of the kingdom of Mercia
Mercia
(585–919). The history of the area predates the Anglo-Saxon period and the county has a rich history starting from the Celtic and Roman periods, though the Anglo-Saxons perhaps had the greatest impact on Buckinghamshire: the geography of the rural county is largely as it was in the Anglo-Saxon period. Later, Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
became an important political arena, with King Henry VIII intervening in local politics in the 16th century and just a century later the English Civil War
English Civil War
was reputedly started by John Hampden
John Hampden
in mid-Bucks.[4] Historically, the biggest change to the county came in the 19th century, when a combination of cholera and famine hit the rural county, forcing many to migrate to larger towns to find work. Not only did this alter the local economic situation, it meant a lot of land was going cheap at a time when the rich were more mobile and leafy Bucks became a popular rural idyll: an image it still has today. Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
is a popular home for London commuters, leading to greater local affluence; however, some pockets of relative deprivation remain.[5] The expansion of London and coming of the railways promoted the growth of towns in the south of the county such as Aylesbury, Amersham
Amersham
and High Wycombe, leaving the town Buckingham
Buckingham
itself to the north in a relative backwater.[6] As a result, most county institutions are now based in the south of the county or Milton Keynes, rather than in Buckingham. Geography[edit] The county can be split into two sections geographically. The south leads from the River Thames
River Thames
up the gentle slopes of the Chiltern Hills to the more abrupt slopes on the northern side leading to the Vale of Aylesbury, a large flat expanse of land, which includes the path of the River Great Ouse. Waterways[edit] Rivers[edit] The county includes parts of two of the four longest rivers in England. The River Thames
River Thames
forms the southern boundary with Berkshire, which has crept over the border at Eton and Slough
Slough
so that the river is no longer the sole boundary between the two counties. The River Great Ouse rises just outside the county in Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
and flows east through Buckingham, Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
and Olney. Canals[edit]

The River Thames
River Thames
at Medmenham

The main branch of the Grand Union Canal
Grand Union Canal
passes through the county as do its arms to Slough, Aylesbury, Wendover
Wendover
(disused) and Buckingham (disused). The canal has been incorporated into the landscaping of Milton Keynes. Landscape[edit] The southern part of the county is dominated by the Chiltern Hills. The two highest points in Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
are Haddington Hill
Haddington Hill
in Wendover
Wendover
Woods (a stone marks its summit) at 267 metres (876 ft) above sea level, and Coombe Hill near Wendover
Wendover
at 260 metres (850 ft). Mineral extraction[edit] Quarrying has taken place for chalk, clay for brickmaking and gravel and sand in the river valleys. Flint, also extracted from quarries, was often used to build older local buildings. Several former quarries, now flooded, have become nature reserves.[7] Demography[edit]

Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
districts

District Main towns Population (2011)[8] Area Population density (2011) Population projection 2026

Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Vale Aylesbury, Buckingham 174,137 902.75 km² 193/km² 213,000

Wycombe High Wycombe, Marlow 171,644 324.57 km² 529/km² 165,000

Chiltern Amersham, Chesham 92,635 196.35 km² 472/km² 89,000

South Bucks Beaconsfield, Burnham 66,867 141.28 km² 474/km² 63,800

TOTAL Non-Metropolitan N/A 505,283 1565 km² 323/km² 530,800

Borough of Milton Keynes Milton Keynes, Newport Pagnell 248,821 308.63 km² 806/km² 323,146[9]

TOTAL Ceremonial N/A 754,104 1874 km² 402/km² 853,946

Suburban housing, Chesham

As can be seen from the table, the Vale of Aylesbury
Aylesbury
and the Borough of Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
have been identified as growth areas, with a projected population surge of almost 40,000 in Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Vale between 2011 and 2026 and 75,000 in Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
within the same 15 years.[citation needed] The population of the Borough of Milton Keynes is expected to reach almost 350,000 by 2031.[10] Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
is sub-divided into civil parishes. Today Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
is ethnically diverse, particularly in the larger towns. At the end of the 19th century some Welsh drover families settled in north Bucks and, in the last quarter of the 20th century, a large number of Londoners in Milton Keynes. Between 6 and 7% of the population of Aylesbury
Aylesbury
are of Asian or Asian British origin.[11] Likewise Chesham
Chesham
has a similar-sized Asian community,[12] and High Wycombe
High Wycombe
is the most ethnically diverse town in the county,[5] with large Asian and Afro-Caribbean populations.[5] During the Second World War there were many Polish settlements in Bucks, Czechs in Aston Abbotts and Wingrave, and Albanians in Frieth. Remnants of these communities remain in the county. Politics[edit] See also: List of Parliamentary constituencies in Buckinghamshire

Bucks County Council's County Hall

Wendover
Wendover
Dean

Ceremonial[edit] Main articles: Lord Lieutenant
Lord Lieutenant
of Buckinghamshire, High Sheriff
High Sheriff
of Buckinghamshire, and Ceremonial counties of England The ceremonial county of Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
consists of the area administered by Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
Borough Council as well as that administered by Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
County Council. The ceremonial county has a Lord Lieutenant
Lord Lieutenant
and a High Sheriff. Currently the Lord Lieutenant of Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
is Sir Henry Aubrey-Fletcher and the High Sheriff of Buckinghamshire is Amanda Nicholson.[citation needed] The office of Custos rotulorum has been combined with that of Lord Lieutenant since 1702. Local government[edit] At present, the county has two top-level administrations: Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
County Council, which administers about four-fifths of the county (see map above) and the Borough of Milton Keynes, a unitary authority, which administers the remaining fifth. There are four district councils that are subsidiary to the county council: Aylesbury Vale, Chiltern, South Bucks
South Bucks
and Wycombe districts. Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
County Council[edit] The county council was founded in 1889 with its base in new municipal buildings in Walton Street, Aylesbury
Aylesbury
(which are still there). In Buckinghamshire, local administration is run on a two-tier system where public services are split between the county council and a series of district councils. In 1966 the council moved into new premises: a 15-storey tower block in the centre of Aylesbury
Aylesbury
(pictured) designed by county architect Fred Pooley. It is now a Grade II listed building. In 1997 the northernmost[13] part of Buckinghamshire, then Milton Keynes District, was separated to form a unitary authority, the Borough of Milton Keynes; however for ceremonial and some other purposes Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
is still considered in law to be part of Buckinghamshire.[14] Buckinghamshire County Council
Buckinghamshire County Council
is a large employer in the county and provides a variety of services, including education (schools, adult education and youth services), social services, highways, libraries, County Archives and Record Office, the County Museum and the Roald Dahl Children's Gallery in Aylesbury, consumer services and some aspects of waste disposal and planning. Coat of arms[edit]

Neolithic Barrow, Whiteleaf Hill

The coat of arms of Buckinghamshire County Council
Buckinghamshire County Council
features a white swan in chains. This dates back to the Anglo-Saxon period, when swans were bred in Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
for the king's pleasure. That the swan is in chains illustrates that the swan is bound to the monarch, an ancient law that still applies to wild swans in the UK today. The arms were first borne at the Battle of Agincourt
Battle of Agincourt
by the Duke of Buckingham. Above the swan is a gold band, in the centre of which is Whiteleaf Cross, representing the many ancient landmarks of the county. The shield is surmounted by a beech tree, representing the Chiltern Forest that once covered almost half the county. Either side of the shield are a buck, for Buckingham, and a swan, the county symbol. The motto of the shield is Vestigia Nulla Retrorsum. This is Latin
Latin
and means 'no stepping back' (or 'no steps backwards').[15] Flag[edit] The traditional flag of Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
comprises a chained swan on a bicolour of red and black. The flag was registered with the Flag Institute on 20 May 2011. Economy[edit]

Offices, Milton Keynes

Ercol furniture factory, Princes Risborough

Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
has a modern service-based economy and is part of the Berkshire, Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
and Oxfordshire
Oxfordshire
NUTS-2
NUTS-2
region, which was the seventh richest subregion in the European Union
European Union
in 2002.[16] As well as the highest GDP per capita outside Inner London, Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
has the highest quality of life, the highest life expectancy and the best education results in the country.[17] The southern part of the county is a prosperous section of the London commuter belt. The county has fertile agricultural lands, with many landed estates, especially those of the Rothschild banking family of England
England
in the 19th century (see Rothschild properties in England). The county has several annual agricultural shows, with the Bucks County Show established in 1859. Manufacturing industries include furniture-making (traditionally centred at High Wycombe), pharmaceuticals and agricultural processing. This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
at current basic prices published by the Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British Pounds sterling (except GVA index).[18]

Year Regional Gross Value Added[19] Agriculture[20] Industry[21] Services[22] GVA index per person[23]

1995 6,008 60 1,746 4,201 118

2000 8,389 45 1,863 6,481 125

2003 9,171 50 1,793 7,328 118

Places of interest[edit] Main article: Places of interest in Buckinghamshire

Stowe Landscape Garden

The Roald Dahl
Roald Dahl
Museum and Story Centre, Great Missenden

Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
is notable for its open countryside and natural features, including the Chiltern Hills
Chiltern Hills
Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, Stowe Landscaped Gardens near Buckingham, and the River Thames.[24] The Ridgeway Path, a long-distance footpath, passes through the county. The county also has many historic houses. Some of these are opened to the public by the National Trust, such as Waddesdon
Waddesdon
Manor, West Wycombe Park
West Wycombe Park
and Cliveden.[25] Other historic houses are still in use as private homes, such as the Prime Minister's country retreat Chequers.[26] Claydon House is a National Trust property, situated near the village of Steeple Claydon. Home to the Verney family and was also home to Florence Nightingale for some time. Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
is the location of Bletchley
Bletchley
Park, the site of World War II British codebreaking and Colossus, the world's first programmable electronic digital computer. Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
is the home of various notable people in connection with whom tourist attractions have been established: for example the author Roald Dahl
Roald Dahl
who included many local features and characters in his works.[27][28] Sports facilities in Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
include half of the international Silverstone Circuit
Silverstone Circuit
which straddles the Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
and Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
border, Adams Park
Adams Park
in the south and stadium:mk in the north, and the county is also home to the world-famous Pinewood Studios. Dorney Lake, named "Eton Dorney" for the event, was used as the rowing venue for the 2012 Summer Olympics. Transport[edit] Main article: Transport in Buckinghamshire Roads[edit]

The M40 in the Chilterns

Local bus, Amersham

Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
(including Milton Keynes) is served by four motorways, although two are on its borders:

M40 motorway: cuts through the south of the county serving towns such as High Wycombe
High Wycombe
and Beaconsfield M1 motorway: serves Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
in the north M25 motorway: passes into Bucks but has only one junction (J16-interchange for the M40) M4 motorway: passes through the very south of the county with only J7 in Bucks

Five important A roads also enter the county (from north to south):

A5: serves Milton Keynes A421: serves Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
and Buckingham
Buckingham
and links the M1 to the M40 A41: cuts through the centre of the county from Watford to Bicester, serving Aylesbury A40: parallels M40 through south Bucks and continues to Central London A4: serves Taplow
Taplow
in the very south

The county is poorly served with internal routes, with the A413 and A418 linking the south and north of the county. Rail[edit]

Chiltern Railways
Chiltern Railways
service at Great Missenden

Express train, Milton Keynes

As part of the London commuter belt, Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
is well connected to the national rail network, with both local commuter and inter-city services serving some destinations. Chiltern Railways
Chiltern Railways
is a principal train operating company in Buckinghamshire, providing the majority of local commuter services from the centre and south of the county, with trains running into London Marylebone. First Great Western
First Great Western
provides commuter services from Taplow
Taplow
and Iver
Iver
into Paddington. London Midland
London Midland
provides commuter services from Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
Central into Euston whilst Southern provides services (via the West London Line) from Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
to Croydon. For intercity services, Virgin Trains
Virgin Trains
runs services from Milton Keynes Central to Euston, North West England, the West Midlands, the Scottish Central Belt, and North Wales. Meanwhile, First Great Western
First Great Western
operates non-stop inter-city services through the south of the county between Paddington and South West England
England
and/or South Wales. There are four main lines running through the county:

The West Coast Main Line
West Coast Main Line
in the north of the county serves stations in Milton Keynes London to Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Line serves Aylesbury
Aylesbury
and other settlements along the A413 towards London. Once part of the Metropolitan line
Metropolitan line
of London Underground, which now runs to Amersham Chiltern Main Line: serves the towns along the M40 motorway
M40 motorway
including High Wycombe
High Wycombe
and Beaconsfield Great Western Main Line: runs through Slough. Slough
Slough
is now in Berkshire, but the line enters Bucks twice, on either side of Slough, with Taplow
Taplow
and Iver
Iver
both having stations in Buckinghamshire.

There are the following additional lines:

Princes Risborough
Princes Risborough
to Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Line: a single track branch that connects the Chiltern Main Line to the London to Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Line. Marston Vale Line: between Bletchley
Bletchley
and Bedford Marlow Branch Line: between Marlow, Bourne End and Maidenhead. Metropolitan line: between Amersham
Amersham
and Chesham
Chesham
to London Chinnor and Princes Risborough
Princes Risborough
Railway, a preserved railway.

From 2017, Iver
Iver
will have Crossrail
Crossrail
services. From 2025, East West Rail is to reinstate the route via Winslow between Oxford and Bletchley, enabling services to Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
Central. The line between Aylesbury
Aylesbury
and Claydon Junction may also be reinstated in the same programme, enabling services between Aylesbury
Aylesbury
and Milton Keynes. Finally, the High Speed 2
High Speed 2
line may run non-stop through the county at some future date. Settlements[edit]

Largest towns in ceremonial Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
(2011 census)

Town Population[29] District Notes

Milton Keynes 229,941 Borough of Milton Keynes Unitary Authority
Unitary Authority
since 1997. At the 2011 census, the population of the Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
Urban Area, which includes Newport Pagnell
Newport Pagnell
and Woburn Sands
Woburn Sands
was 236,700

High Wycombe 120,256 Wycombe Includes suburbs of Downley
Downley
and Hazlemere.[5] The High Wycombe
High Wycombe
Urban Area population is 133,204

Aylesbury 71,977 Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Vale County town of Buckinghamshire. Population of Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Urban Area (including Stoke Mandeville
Stoke Mandeville
and Bierton) is 74,748

Amersham 23,086 Chiltern Part of Amersham/ Chesham
Chesham
urban area with a population of 46,122.

Chesham 22,356 Chiltern Part of Amersham/ Chesham
Chesham
urban area with a population of 46,122.

Gerrards Cross 20,633 Chiltern/South Bucks Includes Chalfont St Peter. The area lacks town status but is the 5th largest conurbation in the county.

Marlow 18,261 Wycombe

Beaconsfield 13,797 South Bucks

Buckingham 12,890 Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Vale Historically the county town of Buckinghamshire

Princes Risborough 8,231 Wycombe

Wendover 7,702 Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Vale

Olney 6,477 Borough of Milton Keynes Governed by Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
Council, not Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
County Council

Winslow 4,407 Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Vale

For the full list of towns, villages and hamlets in Buckinghamshire, see List of places in Buckinghamshire. Throughout history, there have been a number of changes to the Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
boundary. Education[edit]

The Gateway Building, Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
New University, High Wycombe.

Further information: List of schools in Buckinghamshire
List of schools in Buckinghamshire
and List of schools in Milton Keynes Education in Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
is governed by two Local Education Authorities. Buckinghamshire County Council
Buckinghamshire County Council
is one of the few remaining LEAs still using the tripartite system, albeit with some revisions such as the abolition of secondary technical schools. It has a completely selective education system: pupils transfer either to a grammar school or to a secondary modern school or free school depending on how they perform in the Eleven-Plus exam
Eleven-Plus exam
and on their preferences. Pupils who do not take the test can only be allocated places at secondary modern schools or free school. There are 9 independent schools and 34 maintained (state) secondary schools, not including sixth form colleges, in the county council area. There is also the Buckinghamshire University Technical College which offers secondary education from age 14. The unitary authority of Milton Keynes operates a comprehensive education system: there are 8 maintained (state) secondary schools in the borough council area. Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
and Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
are also home to the University of Buckingham, Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
New University, the National Film and Television School, the Open University
Open University
and the University Campus Milton Keynes. Notable people[edit]

John Milton's cottage, Chalfont

Cliveden

Buckingham
Buckingham
church seen from across the Ouse

Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
is the birthplace and/or final resting place of several notable individuals. St Osyth
Osyth
was born in Quarrendon and was buried in Aylesbury
Aylesbury
in the 7th century[30] while at about the same time Saint Rumwold was buried in Buckingham.[31] In the medieval period Roger of Wendover
Wendover
was, as the name suggests, from Wendover[32] and Anne Boleyn
Anne Boleyn
also owned property in the same town.[33] It is said that King Henry VIII made Aylesbury
Aylesbury
the county town in preference to Buckingham
Buckingham
because Boleyn's father owned property there and was a regular visitor himself.[34] Other medieval residents included Edward the Confessor, who had a palace at Brill,[35] and John Wycliffe
John Wycliffe
who lived in Ludgershall.[36] Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
later became home to some notable literary characters. Edmund Waller
Edmund Waller
was brought up in Beaconsfield
Beaconsfield
and served as Member of Parliament for both Amersham
Amersham
and Wycombe. Percy Bysshe Shelley
Percy Bysshe Shelley
and his wife Mary lived for some time in Marlow, attracted to the town by their friend Thomas Love Peacock
Thomas Love Peacock
who also lived there.[37] John Milton lived in Chalfont St Giles
Chalfont St Giles
and his cottage can still be visited there[38] and John Wilkes
John Wilkes
was MP for Aylesbury.[39] Later authors include Jerome K. Jerome
Jerome K. Jerome
who lived at Marlow,[40] T. S. Eliot
T. S. Eliot
who also lived at Marlow,[41] Roald Dahl
Roald Dahl
who lived at Great Missenden,[42] Enid Blyton who lived in Beaconsfield[43] and Edgar Wallace
Edgar Wallace
who lived at Bourne End[44] and is buried in Little Marlow.[45] Modern-day writers from Bucks include Terry Pratchett
Terry Pratchett
who was born in Beaconsfield,[46] Tim Rice
Tim Rice
who is from Amersham[47] and Andy Riley who is from Aylesbury. During the Second World War a number of European politicians and statesmen were exiled in England. Many of these settled in Bucks as it is close to London. President Edvard Beneš
Edvard Beneš
of Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
lived at Aston Abbotts
Aston Abbotts
with his family while some of his officials were stationed at nearby Addington and Wingrave.[48] Meanwhile, Władysław Sikorski, military leader of Poland, lived at Iver[49] and King Zog of Albania lived at Frieth.[50] Much earlier, King Louis XVIII of France lived in exile at Hartwell House from 1809 to 1814. Also on the local political stage Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
has been home to Nancy Astor who lived in Cliveden,[51] Frederick, Prince of Wales
Frederick, Prince of Wales
who also lived in Cliveden,[52] Baron Carrington who lives in Bledlow,[53] Benjamin Disraeli who lived at Hughenden Manor
Hughenden Manor
and was made Earl of Beaconsfield,[54] John Hampden
John Hampden
who was from Great Hampden
Great Hampden
and is revered in Aylesbury
Aylesbury
to this day[4] and Prime Minister Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery who lived at Mentmore.[55] Also worthy of note are William Penn
William Penn
who believed he was descended from the Penn family of Penn and so is buried nearby[56] and the current Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, who has an official residence at Chequers. John Archdale, the colonial governor of North Carolina
North Carolina
and South Carolina, was born in Buckinghamshire.[57] Other notable natives of Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
include:

Errol Barnett, news reporter, was born in Milton Keynes Nick Beggs, musician, is from Winslow Lynda Bellingham, actress, was from Aylesbury Emily Bergl, actress, born in Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, though her family moved to suburban Chicago a few years after her birth Emmerson Boyce, Wigan Athletic footballer, was born in Aylesbury Nick Bracegirdle aka Chicane, was born in Chalfont St Giles Den Brotheridge, British Army
British Army
Officer who died taking Pegasus Bridge in France was from Aylesbury Charles Butler, pastor, grammarian, and pioneering beekeeper was born in the county. Giles Cooper, entertainment producer, best known for Royal Variety Performance. Born in Amersham, brought up in High Wycombe. James Corden, actor, grew up in Hazlemere Lucinda Dryzek, actress, born in High Wycombe
High Wycombe
in South Bucks Emma Ferreira
Emma Ferreira
English contemporary artist, sculptor, photographer, entrepreneur and philanthropist Martin Grech, musician, is from Aylesbury Julian Haviland, former Political Editor of both ITN
ITN
and The Times newspaper, was born and brought up in Iver
Iver
Heath in Iver Howard Jones, musician, is from High Wycombe Prince Michael of Kent, member of the British Royal Family, born in Iver
Iver
in South Bucks Arthur Lasenby Liberty, merchant, was from Chesham Richard Lee, footballer, attended Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Grammar School Jonathon Lewis, England
England
test cricketer, was born in Aylesbury Al Murray, television / radio presenter also known as The Pub Landlord originates from Stewkley John Otway, musician, is from Aylesbury Leigh-Anne Pinnock, singer and member of 2011 X-Factor winning girl group Little Mix, born in High Wycombe Matt Phillips, footballer playing for Queens Park Rangers F.C., was born in Aylesbury Dominic Raab, politician and Conservative Member of Parliament grew up in Gerrards Cross
Gerrards Cross
and attended Dr Challoner's Grammar School
Dr Challoner's Grammar School
in Amersham Steve Redgrave, five-time Olympic gold medallist rower is from Marlow Bottom Tim Rice, lyricist and author, lives in Amersham George Gilbert Scott, architect famous for his numerous Gothic revival buildings, born in Gawcott Simon Standage, Baroque violinist, is from High Wycombe Justin Sullivan, musician with New Model Army Michael York, actor, born in Fulmer
Fulmer
in South Bucks

Celebrities living in Bucks include:

Cilla Black, television presenter, lived in Denham[58] Fern Britton, television presenter, lives in Holmer Green[59] Melanie Brown, musician, lived in Little Marlow Roy Castle, dancer, singer, comedian, actor, television presenter and musician lived in Gerrards Cross John Craven, television presenter, lives in Princes Risborough Tess Daly
Tess Daly
has a house in Fulmer Iain Duncan Smith, politician, lives in Swanbourne Ian Dury, musician, lived in Wingrave Noel Edmonds, television presenter, once lived in Weston Turville Andrew Fletcher, musician with Depeche Mode, has a home in Marlow Noel Gallagher, musician with Oasis, lives in Little Chalfont Barry Gibb, musician from Bee Gees, lives in Beaconsfield Sir John Gielgud, actor, was living in Wotton Underwood
Wotton Underwood
when he died Sir David Jason, actor, lives in Ellesborough Peter Jones, businessman, lives in Beaconsfield Jason "Jay" Kay, musician and frontman of Jamiroquai, lives in Horsenden Vernon Kay
Vernon Kay
has a house in Fulmer John Laurie, actor, lived in Chalfont St Peter Hayley Mills
Hayley Mills
and Roy Boulting
Roy Boulting
lived in Ibstone John Mills, actor, lived in Denham Mike Oldfield, musician, once lived in Little Chalfont Nduka Onwuegbute, playwright, lives in Aylesbury Ozzy Osbourne, musician, has a home in Jordans Pauline Quirke, actress, lives in Penn Joan G. Robinson, author and illustrator Steve Rothery, musician with Marillion, lives in Whitchurch Rothschild family, bankers, had houses in Ascott, Aston Clinton, Eythrope, Halton, Mentmore
Mentmore
and Waddesdon Tiny Rowland, businessman, lived in Hedsor Chris Standring, jazz guitarist and musician Jackie Stewart, former racing driver, lives in Ellesborough Andrew Strauss, England
England
cricket captain, lives in Marlow Dave Vitty, BBC Radio 1
BBC Radio 1
DJ, lives in Fulmer Mark Webber, former Formula 1 racing driver, lives in Aston Clinton Terry Wogan, radio and television broadcaster, lived in Taplow

See also[edit]

Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
portal

Duke of Buckingham Lord Lieutenant
Lord Lieutenant
of Buckinghamshire High Sheriff
High Sheriff
of Buckinghamshire Architecture of Aylesbury Bucks County, Pennsylvania Wendover
Wendover
Woods Centre for Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
Studies—Archives, Record Office, Local History and Family History Safety Centre

Notes[edit]

^ EB (1878). ^ Spence, Graham. " Beaconsfield
Beaconsfield
is the most expensive market town in England". Get Bucks. Retrieved 15 December 2015.  ^ "How expensive are the houses in your street? Beaconsfield
Beaconsfield
is the most pricey - Chesham
Chesham
the least". Get Bucks. Retrieved 15 December 2015.  ^ a b "Biography of John Hampden". Johnhampden.org. Retrieved 19 September 2010.  ^ a b c d " High Wycombe
High Wycombe
Local Community Area Profile" (PDF). Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
County Council. October 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 June 2012.  ^ "About Buckingham". University of Buckingham. Retrieved 15 December 2015.  ^ "College Lake". BBOWT. Retrieved 12 November 2015.  ^ "2011 Census: KS101EW Usual resident population, local authorities in England
England
and Wales".  ^ " Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
intelligence Observatory".  ^ Hetherington, Peter (6 January 2004). " Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
to double in size over next 20 years". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 23 November 2012.  ^ " Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Local Community Area Profile" (PDF). Buckinghamshire County Council. February 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 June 2012.  ^ "Profile of Chesham". Chesham
Chesham
Town Council. January 2009.  ^ The part of Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
north of the Varsity Line
Varsity Line
together with Bow Brickhill, Woburn Sands
Woburn Sands
and parts of Bletchley
Bletchley
and Fenny Stratford. ^ UK Parliament. Lieutenancies Act 1997 as amended (see also enacted form), from legislation.gov.uk. ^ Pine, L.G. (1983). A dictionary of mottoes (1 ed.). London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. p. 249. ISBN 0-7100-9339-X.  ^ "''Regional GDP per capita in the EU25 GDP per capita in 2002 ranged from 32% of the EU25 average in Lubelskie to 315% in Inner London''". Europa (web portal). 25 January 2005. Retrieved 19 September 2010.  ^ Burridge, Nicky (29 March 2008). " Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
is best county". The Independent. London. Retrieved 15 January 2009.  ^ Office for National Statistics
Office for National Statistics
Archived 25 May 2006 at the Wayback Machine. (pp.240–253) ^ Components may not sum to totals due to rounding ^ includes hunting and forestry ^ includes energy and construction ^ includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured ^ UK average index base = 100 ^ "Welcome to Buckinghamshire!". Visit Buckinghamshire. Retrieved 19 August 2010.  ^ "The National Trust". Visit Buckinghamshire. Archived from the original on 23 July 2010. Retrieved 19 August 2010.  ^ Savage, Mike (12 March 2010). "View from the new 250mph rail route". The Independent. UK. Retrieved 19 August 2010.  ^ " Roald Dahl
Roald Dahl
Trail". Visit Buckinghamshire. Archived from the original on 24 July 2010. Retrieved 19 August 2010.  ^ Dale, Louise (14 August 2010). "The best family days out". The Guardian. UK. Retrieved 19 August 2010.  ^ "2011 Census – Built-up areas". ONS. Retrieved 4 July 2013.  ^ Tendring District Council Conservation Area Review Archived 3 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine. (pdf) ^ "Biography of St Rumwold, University of Buckingham". Buckingham.ac.uk. 19 August 2008. Archived from the original on 18 February 2010. Retrieved 19 September 2010.  ^ "Medieval Sourcebook: Roger of Wendover". Fordham.edu. Retrieved 19 September 2010.  ^ Picture Tour at Chiltern Web Archived 14 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine. ^ " Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Tourist Information". Aboutbritain.com. Retrieved 19 September 2010.  ^ Genuki guide to Brill Archived 12 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Biography of John Wycliffe ^ James Mulvihill (University of Alberta) (13 January 2005). "Biography of Thomas Love Peacock". Litencyc.com. Retrieved 19 September 2010.  ^ Milton's Cottage website ^ "Review of a biography of John Wilkes". Aylesburytowncouncil.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 17 July 2011. Retrieved 19 September 2010.  ^ "Literary guide to Marlow". Marlowtown.co.uk. Retrieved 19 September 2010.  ^ "Tourist guide to Marlow". Riverthames.co.uk. Retrieved 19 September 2010.  ^ "About Britain.com". About Britain.com. Retrieved 19 September 2010.  ^ "Guide to Beaconsfield". Beaconsfield.co.uk. Retrieved 19 September 2010.  ^ "Bourne End online". Bourneend.org.uk. Retrieved 19 September 2010.  ^ "Biography of Edgar Wallace". Online-literature.com. Retrieved 19 September 2010.  ^ "Biography of Terry Pratchett". Lspace.org. Retrieved 19 September 2010.  ^ Tim Rice
Tim Rice
on IMDb ^ "Czechs in Exile at Aston Abbotts". Czechsinexile.org. Archived from the original on 15 May 2011. Retrieved 19 September 2010.  ^ "Polish government comparison". Czechs in Exile. Archived from the original on 15 May 2011. Retrieved 19 September 2010.  ^ Court of King Zog Research Society Archived 14 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Guide to Cliveden". Thames-search.com. Archived from the original on 16 April 2008. Retrieved 19 September 2010.  ^ John Darnton (4 August 1996). "Travel Supplement". New York Times. Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
(Eng). Retrieved 19 September 2010.  ^ "Bledlow". Visit Buckinghamshire. Archived from the original on 26 July 2011. Retrieved 19 September 2010.  ^  Greenwood, Frederick (1911). "Beaconsfield, Benjamin Disraeli, Earl of". In Chisholm, Hugh. Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 563–571.  ^ Genuki guide to Mentmore
Mentmore
Archived 9 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Biography of William Penn ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607–1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963.  ^ Davies, Caroline (3 June 2006). " Cilla Black
Cilla Black
'is a neighbour from hell'". The Daily Telegraph.  ^ Jefferies, Mark (3 September 2008). "Fern Britton: I fear my mugged son could join gang". The Mirror. 

References[edit]

 Baynes, T.S., ed. (1878), "County of Buckingham", Encyclopædia Britannica, 4 (9th ed.), New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, pp. 415–417   Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911), "Buckinghamshire", Encyclopædia Britannica, 4 (11th ed.), Cambridge University Press, pp. 728–731 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Buckinghamshire.

Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
County Council Buckinghamshire County Museum
Buckinghamshire County Museum
and Roald Dahl
Roald Dahl
Children's Gallery Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
Libraries Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
Tourist Guide Bucks County and District Councils Portal Photographic Archive of Buckinghamshire Images of Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
at the English Heritage Archive Commuter Towns in Buckinghamshire

Neighbouring counties

Northamptonshire Northamptonshire Bedfordshire

Oxfordshire

Buckinghamshire

Bedfordshire Hertfordshire

Oxfordshire Berkshire Greater London

v t e

Ceremonial county of Buckinghamshire

Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
Portal

Unitary authorities

Borough of Milton Keynes

Boroughs or districts

Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Vale Chiltern South Bucks Wycombe

Major settlements

Amersham Aylesbury Beaconsfield Buckingham Chesham Gerrards Cross High Wycombe Marlow Milton Keynes

including Bletchley Fenny Stratford Stony Stratford Wolverton

Newport Pagnell Olney Princes Risborough Wendover Winslow Woburn Sands See also: List of civil parishes in Buckinghamshire

Rivers

Chess Colne Frays Gade Great Ouse Jubilee Lyde Misbourne Ouzel Ray Thame Thames Tove Wraysbury Wye

Topics

Parliamentary constituencies Boundary changes Schools (Bucks) Schools (Milton Keynes) Places Sites of Special
Special
Scientific Interest Places of interest Country houses Grade I listed buildings Grade II* listed buildings History Lord Lieutenant High Sheriff Monastic houses Museums Railways Transport

v t e

1974–1996 ←   Ceremonial counties of England   → current

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