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Borland
Borland
Software Corporation is a software company that facilitates software deployment projects. Borland
Borland
was first headquartered in Scotts Valley, California, then in Cupertino, California, and now in Austin, Texas.[3] It is now a Micro Focus
Micro Focus
International subsidiary. It was founded in 1983 by Niels Jensen, Ole Henriksen, Mogens Glad and Philippe Kahn.

Contents

1 History

1.1 The 1980s: Foundations 1.2 The 1990s: Rise and change 1.3 The Inprise years, and name changes 1.4 Later Borland
Borland
years

2 Products

2.1 Recent 2.2 Historical products 2.3 Unreleased software

3 See also 4 Notes 5 References 6 External links

History[edit]

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The 1980s: Foundations[edit] Three Danish citizens, Niels Jensen, Ole Henriksen, and Mogens Glad, founded Borland
Borland
Ltd. in August 1981 to develop products like Word Index for the CP/M
CP/M
operating system using an off-the-shelf company. However, response to the company's products at the CP/M-82 show in San Francisco showed that a U.S. company would be needed to reach the American market. They met Philippe Kahn, who had just moved to Silicon Valley, and who had been a key developer of the Micral. The three Danes had embarked, at first successfully, on marketing software first from Denmark, and later from Ireland, before running into some challenges at the time when they met Philippe Kahn.[citation needed] Kahn was chairman, president, and CEO of Borland
Borland
Inc. from its inception in 1983 until 1995. Main shareholders at the incorporation of Borland
Borland
were Niels Jensen (250,000 shares), Ole Henriksen (160,000), Mogens Glad (100,000), and Kahn (80,000).[citation needed] Borland
Borland
developed a series of well-regarded software development tools. Its first product was Turbo Pascal
Turbo Pascal
in 1983, developed by Anders Hejlsberg (who later developed .NET and C# for Microsoft) and before Borland
Borland
acquired the product sold in Scandinavia under the name of Compas Pascal. 1984 saw the launch of Borland
Borland
Sidekick, a time organization, notebook, and calculator utility that was an early and popular terminate and stay resident program (TSR) for DOS
DOS
operating systems. By the mid-1980s the company had become so successful that it had the largest exhibit at the 1985 West Coast Computer Faire
West Coast Computer Faire
other than IBM or AT&T.[4] Bruce Webster
Bruce Webster
reported that "the legend of Turbo Pascal has by now reached mythic proportions, as evidenced by the number of firms that, in marketing meetings, make plans to become 'the next Borland'".[5] After Turbo Pascal
Turbo Pascal
and Sidekick the company successfully launched other applications such as SuperKey and Lightning, all developed in Denmark. While the Danes remained majority shareholders, board members included Kahn, Tim Berry, John Nash, and David Heller. With the assistance of John Nash and David Heller, both British members of the Borland
Borland
Board, the company was taken public on London's Unlisted Securities Market (USM) in 1986. Schroders
Schroders
was the lead investment banker. According to the London IPO filings, the management team was Philippe Kahn
Philippe Kahn
as President, Spencer Ozawa as VP of Operations, Marie Bourget as CFO, and Spencer Leyton as VP of sales and business development, while all software development was continuing to take place in Denmark and later London as the Danish co-founders moved there. A first US IPO followed in 1989 after Ben Rosen joined the Borland
Borland
board with Goldman Sachs
Goldman Sachs
as the lead banker and a second offering in 1991 with Lazard as the lead banker. All offerings were very successful and over-subscribed. In 1985 Borland
Borland
acquired Analytica and its Reflex database product. The engineering team of Analytica, managed by Brad Silverberg and including Reflex co-founder Adam Bosworth, became the core of Borland's engineering team in the USA. Brad Silverberg was VP of engineering until he left in early 1990 to head up the Personal Systems division at Microsoft. Adam Bosworth
Adam Bosworth
initiated and headed up the Quattro project until moving to Microsoft
Microsoft
later in 1990 to take over the project which eventually became Access. In 1987 Borland
Borland
purchased Wizard Systems and incorporated portions of the Wizard C technology into Turbo C. Bob Jervis, the author of Wizard C became a Borland
Borland
employee. Turbo C was released on May 18, 1987, and an estimated 100,000 copies were shipped in the first month of its release. This apparently drove a wedge between Borland
Borland
and Niels Jensen and the other members of his team who had been working on a brand new series of compilers at their London development centre. An agreement was reached and they spun off a company called Jensen & Partners International(JPI), later TopSpeed. JPI first launched a MS- DOS
DOS
compiler named JPI Modula-2, that later became TopSpeed Modula-2, and followed up with TopSpeed C, TopSpeed C++
C++
and TopSpeed Pascal compilers for both the MS- DOS
DOS
and OS/2 operating systems. The TopSpeed compiler technology exists today as the underlying technology of the Clarion 4GL programming language, a Windows development tool. In September 1987 Borland
Borland
purchased Ansa-Software, including their Paradox (version 2.0) database management tool. Richard Schwartz, a cofounder of Ansa, became Borland's CTO and Ben Rosen joined the Borland
Borland
board. The Quattro Pro spreadsheet was launched in 1989 with, at the time, a notable improvement and charting capabilities. Lotus Development, under the leadership of Jim Manzi sued Borland
Borland
for copyright infringement (see Look and feel). The litigation, Lotus Dev. Corp. v. Borland
Borland
Int'l, Inc.,[6] brought forward Borland's open standards position as opposed to Lotus' closed approach. Borland, under Kahn's leadership took a position of principle and announced that they would defend against Lotus' legal position and "fight for programmer's rights".[citation needed] After a decision in favor of Borland
Borland
by the First Circuit Court of Appeals, the case went to the United States Supreme Court. Because Justice John Paul Stevens
John Paul Stevens
had recused himself, only eight Justices heard the case, and it ended in a 4–4 tie.[6] As a result, the First Circuit decision remained standing, but the Supreme Court result, being a tie, did not bind any other court and set no national precedent.[7] Additionally, Borland
Borland
was known for its practical and creative approach towards software piracy and intellectual property (IP), introducing its " Borland
Borland
no-nonsense license agreement". This allowed the developer/user to utilize its products "just like a book"; he or she was allowed to make multiple copies of a program, as long as only one copy was in use at any point in time.[citation needed] The 1990s: Rise and change[edit] In September 1991 Borland
Borland
purchased Ashton-Tate, bringing the dBase and InterBase databases to the house, in an all-stock transaction. Competition with Microsoft
Microsoft
was fierce. Microsoft
Microsoft
launched the competing database Microsoft
Microsoft
Access and bought the dBase clone FoxPro in 1992, undercutting Borland's prices. During the early 1990s Borland's implementation of C and C++
C++
outsold Microsoft's. Borland survived as a company, but no longer had the dominance in software tools that it once had. It has gone through a radical transition in products, financing, and staff, now a very different company from the one which challenged Microsoft
Microsoft
and Lotus in the early 1990s. The internal problems that arose with the Ashton-Tate merger were a large part of the fall. Ashton-Tate's product portfolio proved to be weak, with no provision for evolution into the GUI environment of Windows. Almost all product lines were discontinued. The consolidation of duplicate support and development offices was costly and disruptive. Worst of all, the highest revenue earner of the combined company was dBASE with no Windows version ready.[8] Borland
Borland
had an internal project to clone dBASE which was intended to run on Windows and was part of the strategy of the acquisition, but by late 1992 this was abandoned due to technical flaws and the company had to constitute a replacement team (the ObjectVision
ObjectVision
team, redeployed) headed by Bill Turpin to redo the job. Borland
Borland
lacked the financial strength to project its marketing and move internal resources off other products to shore up the dBASE/W effort. Layoffs occurred in 1993 to keep the company afloat, the third instance of this in five years. By the time dBASE for Windows eventually shipped, the developer community had moved on to other products such as Clipper or FoxBase, and dBASE never regained significant share of Ashton-Tate's former market. This happened against the backdrop of the rise in Microsoft's combined Office product marketing.[citation needed] A change in market conditions also contributed to Borland's fall from prominence. In the 1980s, companies had few people who understood the growing personal computer phenomenon, and so most technical people were given free rein to purchase whatever software they thought they needed. Borland
Borland
had done an excellent job marketing to those with a highly technical bent. By the mid-1990s, however, companies were beginning to ask what the return was on the investment they had made in this loosely controlled PC software buying spree. Company executives were starting to ask questions that were hard for technically minded staff to answer, and so corporate standards began to be created. This required new kinds of marketing and support materials from software vendors, but Borland
Borland
remained focused on the technical side of its products. During 1993 Borland
Borland
explored ties with WordPerfect
WordPerfect
as a possible way to form a suite of programs to rival Microsoft's nascent integration strategy. WordPerfect
WordPerfect
itself was struggling with a late and troubled transition to Windows. The eventual joint company effort, named Borland
Borland
Office for Windows (a combination of the WordPerfect
WordPerfect
word processor, Quattro Pro spreadsheet and Paradox database) was introduced at the 1993 Comdex computer show. Borland
Borland
Office never made significant in-roads against Microsoft
Microsoft
Office. WordPerfect
WordPerfect
was then bought by Novell. In October 1994, Borland
Borland
sold Quattro Pro and rights to sell up to million copies of Paradox to Novell
Novell
for $140 million in cash, repositioning the company on its core software development tools and the Interbase database engine and shifting toward client-server scenarios in corporate applications. This later proved a good foundation for the shift to web development tools. Philippe Kahn
Philippe Kahn
and the Borland
Borland
board disagreed on how to focus the company, and Kahn resigned as chairman, CEO and president, after 12 years, in January 1995.[9] Kahn remained on the board until November 7, 1996.[10] Borland
Borland
named Gary Wetsel as CEO, but he resigned in July 1996. William F. Miller was interim CEO until September of that year, when Whitney G. Lynn became interim president and CEO (along with other executive changes),[11] and then continued to have a succession of CEOs including Dale Fuller and Tod Nielsen. The Delphi 1 rapid application development (RAD) environment was launched in 1995, under the leadership of Anders Hejlsberg. In 1996 Borland
Borland
acquired Open Environment Corporation,[12] a Cambridge-based company founded by John J. Donovan.[13] The Inprise years, and name changes[edit] On November 25, 1996, Del Yocam
Del Yocam
was hired as Borland
Borland
CEO and chairman. In 1997, Borland
Borland
sold Paradox to Corel, but retained all development rights for the core BDE. In November 1997, Borland
Borland
acquired Visigenic, a middleware company that was focused on implementations of CORBA. On April 29, 1998, Borland
Borland
refocused its efforts on targeting enterprise applications development. Borland
Borland
hired marketing firm Lexicon Branding to come up with a new name for the company. Yocam explained that the new name, Inprise, was meant to evoke "integrating the enterprise".[14] The idea was to integrate Borland's tools, Delphi, C++
C++
Builder, and JBuilder
JBuilder
with enterprise environment software, including Visigenic's implementations of CORBA, Visibroker for C++
C++
and Java, and the new product, Application Server. For a number of years (both before and during the Inprise name) Borland
Borland
suffered from serious financial losses and poor public image. When the name was changed to Inprise, many thought Borland
Borland
had gone out of business. In March 1999, dBase was sold to KSoft, Inc. which was soon renamed to dBASE Inc. (In 2004 dBASE Inc. was renamed to DataBased Intelligence, Inc.). In 1999, Dale L. Fuller replaced Yocam. At this time Fuller's title was "interim president and CEO." The "interim" was dropped in December 2000. Keith Gottfried
Keith Gottfried
served in senior executive positions with the company from 2000 to 2004. A proposed merger between Inprise and Corel
Corel
was announced in February 2000, aimed at producing Linux-based products. The scheme was abandoned when Corel's shares fell and it became clear that there was really no strategic fit. InterBase 6.0 was made available as open-source software in July 2000. Later Borland
Borland
years[edit] In January 2001, the Inprise name was abandoned and the company became "Borland" once more. Under the Borland
Borland
name and a new management team headed by president and CEO Dale L. Fuller, a now-smaller and profitable Borland
Borland
refocused on Delphi, and created a version of Delphi and C++
C++
Builder for Linux, both under the name Kylix. This brought Borland's expertise in integrated development environments to the Linux
Linux
platform for the first time. Kylix was launched in 2001. Plans to spin off the InterBase division as a separate company were abandoned after Borland
Borland
and the people who were to run the new company could not agree on terms for the separation. Borland
Borland
stopped open-source releases of InterBase and has developed and sold new versions at a fast pace. Delphi 6 became the first integrated development environment to support web services.[citation needed] All of the company's development platforms now support web services. C#Builder was released in 2003 as a native C# development tool, competing with Visual Studio .NET. As of the 2005 release, C#Builder, Delphi for Win32, and Delphi for .NET have been combined into a single IDE called " Borland
Borland
Developer Studio" (though the combined IDE is still popularly known as "Delphi"). In late 2002 Borland
Borland
purchased design tool vendor TogetherSoft and tool publisher Starbase, makers of the StarTeam
StarTeam
configuration management tool and the CaliberRM requirements management tool (eventually, CaliberRM was renamed as "Caliber"[15]). The latest[which?] releases of JBuilder
JBuilder
and Delphi integrate these tools to give developers a broader set of tools for development. Former CEO Dale Fuller quit in July 2005, but remained on the board of directors.[16] Former COO Scott Arnold took the title of interim president and chief executive officer until November 8, 2005, when it was announced that Tod Nielsen would take over as CEO effective November 9, 2005. Nielsen remained with the company until January 2009, when he accepted the position of chief operating officer at VMware;[17] CFO Erik Prusch then took over as acting president and CEO.[17] In October 2005, Borland
Borland
acquired Legadero, in order to add its IT management and governance suite, called Tempo, to the Borland
Borland
product line. On February 8, 2006, Borland
Borland
announced the divestiture of their IDE division, including Delphi, JBuilder, and InterBase. At the same time they announced the planned acquisition of Segue Software, a maker of software test and quality tools, in order to concentrate on application life-cycle management (ALM). On March 20, 2006, Borland announced its acquisition of Gauntlet Systems, a provider of technology that screens software under development for quality and security. On November 14, 2006, Borland
Borland
announced its decision to separate the developer tools group into a wholly owned subsidiary. The newly formed operation, CodeGear, was responsible for four IDE product lines. In early 2007 Borland
Borland
announced new branding for its focus around open application life-cycle management. In April 2007 Borland
Borland
announced that it would relocate its headquarters and development facilities to Austin, Texas.[3] It also has development centers at Singapore, Santa Ana, California, and Linz, Austria. On May 7, 2008, Borland
Borland
announced the sale of CodeGear division to Embarcadero Technologies
Embarcadero Technologies
for an expected $23 million price and $7 million in CodeGear accounts receivables retained by Borland. On May 6, 2009, the company announced it was to be acquired by Micro Focus for $75 million.[18] The transaction was approved by Borland shareholders on July 22, 2009, with Micro Focus
Micro Focus
acquiring the company for $1.50/share.[19] Following Micro Focus
Micro Focus
shareholder approval and the required corporate filings, the transaction was completed in late July 2009.[20][21] It was estimated to have 750 employees at the time.[22] Products[edit] Recent[edit] The products acquired from Segue Software include Silk Central, Silk Performer, and Silk Test. The Silk line was first announced in 1997.[23]

Borland
Borland
AppServer Borland
Borland
Caliber DefineIT Borland
Borland
CaliberRM Borland
Borland
Enterprise Server Borland
Borland
Enterprise Studio, for C++, Mobile and Java Borland
Borland
Gauntlet StarTeam Borland
Borland
Tempo Borland Together for Eclipse Visibroker

Historical products[edit]

Borland
Borland
C++ Borland
Borland
Delphi Brief (text editor) C++Builder C++BuilderX C#Builder CodeWright Entera (Acquired from OEC) IntraBuilder JBuilder Kylix ObjectVision Turbo Assembler Turbo BASIC
Turbo BASIC
(now PowerBASIC) Turbo C Turbo C++ Turbo Debugger Turbo Delphi Turbo Pascal Turbo Pascal
Turbo Pascal
Database
Database
Toolbox Turbo Pascal
Turbo Pascal
Editor Toolbox Turbo Pascal
Turbo Pascal
Graphix Toolbox Turbo Pascal
Turbo Pascal
Numerical Methods Toolbox Turbo Pascal
Turbo Pascal
Tutor Turbo Profiler Turbo Prolog
Turbo Prolog
(now Visual Prolog) dBase InterBase Borland
Borland
Paradox Sidekick Sidekick Plus SuperKey Turbo Lightning (TSR spell checker) Borland
Borland
Eureka the Solver Borland
Borland
Reflex Quattro Quattro Pro Sprint Turbo GameWorks ( Turbo Pascal
Turbo Pascal
source and executables for bridge, gomoku, and chess) Word Wizard (Requires Turbo Lightning)

Unreleased software[edit]

Turbo Modula-2 - Later sold by TopSpeed as TopSpeed Modula-2.

See also[edit]

List of file formats (alphabetical) Lotus Development Corp. v. Borland
Borland
International, Inc.

Notes[edit]

^ "Company Profile for Borland
Borland
Software Corp (BORL)". Retrieved 2009-08-07.  ^ As of January 31, 2008, Google Finance reports 1,168 employees, and Yahoo Finance reports 1,097. ^ a b " Borland
Borland
to Relocate Corporate Headquarters to Austin" (Press release). Borland. April 16, 2007.  ^ Pournelle, Jerry (August 1985). "The West Coast Computer Faire". BYTE. p. 293. Retrieved 27 October 2013.  ^ Webster, Bruce (August 1986). "Going to the Faire". BYTE. pp. 323–328. Retrieved 23 September 2016.  ^ a b "Lotus Dev. Corp. v. Borland
Borland
Int'l, Inc., 516 U.S. 233". Retrieved April 24, 2012.  ^ Black, Ryan; Epstein, Lee (Spring 2005). "Recusal and the "Problem" of an Equally Divided Supreme Court". Journal of Appellate Practice and Process. 7 (1): 75–99, 81. Retrieved April 12, 2012.  ^ Delayed Graphical Products Put Dent in Borland’s Image, PC Week, April 20, 1992 ^ Kevin Maney (January 23, 2007). "Baby's arrival inspires birth of cellphone camera — and societal evolution". USA Today. Retrieved September 14, 2016.  ^ "Kahn Resigns as Borland
Borland
Director – Cites Increasing Demands of New Business" (Press release). Borland. November 7, 1996. Archived from the original on June 18, 2001. Retrieved September 14, 2016.  ^ " Borland
Borland
Announces Interim President and CEO". Press release. September 25, 1996. Archived from the original on June 6, 2001. Retrieved September 14, 2016.  ^ Borland
Borland
to Acquire Open Environment Corporation Business Wire, May 13, 1996 ^ Acquisition Press Release SEC, May 13, 1996 ^ Jamie Beckett (April 30, 1998). " Borland
Borland
sheds past with new name, game". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved September 14, 2016.  ^ http://makingofsoftware.com/2014/list-of-rm-tools-updated-september-2014-version ^ Chris Noon (July 8, 2005). " Borland
Borland
CEO Quits; Company Lowers Forecast". Forbes. Retrieved September 14, 2016.  ^ a b VMware
VMware
hires away Borland
Borland
CEO, CNet News, January 6, 2008 ^ Foxbusiness.com[dead link] ^ " Borland
Borland
Announces Stockholder Approval of Micro Focus
Micro Focus
Merger Agreement" (Press release). BusinessWire. July 22, 2009.  ^ Borland
Borland
Software Corporation (July 27, 2009). "Form 8-K: Current Report". United States Securities and Exchange Commission. Retrieved September 14, 2016.  ^ Micro Focus
Micro Focus
International plc completes acquisition of Borland Software Corporation Micro Focus
Micro Focus
press release, undated, retrieved July 27, 2009 ^ " Borland
Borland
bought by Micro Focus
Micro Focus
for $75M". San Jose Mercury News. May 6, 2009. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved September 14, 2016.  ^ Segue Software (February 28, 1997). "Form 10-K: Annual Report". United States Securities and Exchange Commission. Retrieved September 14, 2016. 

References[edit]

Azhar (September 2016). "Allied Enterprises – Integrating the Enterprise". Allied Enterprises – A Company for everything.  Jeffers, Michelle (November 27, 2000). "Getting Chance To Dance". Forbes. Retrieved 2006-04-21.  Kellner, Tomas (September 7, 2001). "Survivor". Fortune. Retrieved August 30, 2005.  Krey, Michael. " Borland
Borland
Founder Kahn Focuses On Sending Photos Over Cell Phones". Investor's Business Daily. Retrieved 2006-04-21.  Parks, Bob (October 2000). "Wired Magazine, The Big Picture – Borland
Borland
International Inc.'s Philippe Kahn". Retrieved April 20, 2006.  Taft, Darryl (November 2006). " Borland
Borland
Launches CodeGear to Supply Developers with Tools of the Trade". eWeek. Retrieved November 14, 2006.  David Intersimone. "Will The Real Frank Borland
Borland
Please Stand Up?". Borland
Borland
History. 

External links[edit]

Official website Micro F

.