Borland Software Corporation is a software company that facilitates
software deployment projects.
Borland was first headquartered in
Scotts Valley, California, then in Cupertino, California, and now in
Austin, Texas. It is now a
Micro Focus International subsidiary. It
was founded in 1983 by Niels Jensen, Ole Henriksen, Mogens Glad and
1.1 The 1980s: Foundations
1.2 The 1990s: Rise and change
1.3 The Inprise years, and name changes
2.2 Historical products
2.3 Unreleased software
3 See also
6 External links
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The 1980s: Foundations
Three Danish citizens, Niels Jensen, Ole Henriksen, and Mogens Glad,
Borland Ltd. in August 1981 to develop products like Word
Index for the
CP/M operating system using an off-the-shelf company.
However, response to the company's products at the CP/M-82 show in San
Francisco showed that a U.S. company would be needed to reach the
American market. They met Philippe Kahn, who had just moved to Silicon
Valley, and who had been a key developer of the Micral. The three
Danes had embarked, at first successfully, on marketing software first
from Denmark, and later from Ireland, before running into some
challenges at the time when they met Philippe Kahn.
Kahn was chairman, president, and CEO of
Borland Inc. from its
inception in 1983 until 1995. Main shareholders at the incorporation
Borland were Niels Jensen (250,000 shares), Ole Henriksen
(160,000), Mogens Glad (100,000), and Kahn (80,000).
Borland developed a series of well-regarded software development
tools. Its first product was
Turbo Pascal in 1983, developed by Anders
Hejlsberg (who later developed .NET and C# for Microsoft) and before
Borland acquired the product sold in Scandinavia under the name of
Compas Pascal. 1984 saw the launch of
Borland Sidekick, a time
organization, notebook, and calculator utility that was an early and
popular terminate and stay resident program (TSR) for
By the mid-1980s the company had become so successful that it had the
largest exhibit at the 1985
West Coast Computer Faire
West Coast Computer Faire other than IBM
Bruce Webster reported that "the legend of Turbo
Pascal has by now reached mythic proportions, as evidenced by the
number of firms that, in marketing meetings, make plans to become 'the
next Borland'". After
Turbo Pascal and Sidekick the company
successfully launched other applications such as SuperKey and
Lightning, all developed in Denmark. While the Danes remained majority
shareholders, board members included Kahn, Tim Berry, John Nash, and
David Heller. With the assistance of John Nash and David Heller, both
British members of the
Borland Board, the company was taken public on
London's Unlisted Securities Market (USM) in 1986.
Schroders was the
lead investment banker. According to the London IPO filings, the
management team was
Philippe Kahn as President, Spencer Ozawa as VP of
Operations, Marie Bourget as CFO, and Spencer Leyton as VP of sales
and business development, while all software development was
continuing to take place in Denmark and later London as the Danish
co-founders moved there. A first US IPO followed in 1989 after Ben
Rosen joined the
Borland board with
Goldman Sachs as the lead banker
and a second offering in 1991 with Lazard as the lead banker. All
offerings were very successful and over-subscribed.
Borland acquired Analytica and its Reflex database product.
The engineering team of Analytica, managed by
Brad Silverberg and
including Reflex co-founder Adam Bosworth, became the core of
Borland's engineering team in the USA.
Brad Silverberg was VP of
engineering until he left in early 1990 to head up the Personal
Systems division at Microsoft.
Adam Bosworth initiated and headed up
the Quattro project until moving to
Microsoft later in 1990 to take
over the project which eventually became Access.
Borland purchased Wizard Systems and incorporated portions of
the Wizard C technology into Turbo C. Bob Jervis, the author of Wizard
C became a
Turbo C was released on May 18, 1987, and
an estimated 100,000 copies were shipped in the first month of its
release. This apparently drove a wedge between
Borland and Niels
Jensen and the other members of his team who had been working on a
brand new series of compilers at their London development centre. An
agreement was reached and they spun off a company called Jensen &
Partners International(JPI), later TopSpeed. JPI first launched a
DOS compiler named JPI Modula-2, that later became TopSpeed
Modula-2, and followed up with TopSpeed C, TopSpeed
C++ and TopSpeed
Pascal compilers for both the MS-
DOS and OS/2 operating systems. The
TopSpeed compiler technology exists today as the underlying technology
of the Clarion 4GL programming language, a Windows development tool.
In September 1987
Borland purchased Ansa-Software, including their
Paradox (version 2.0) database management tool. Richard Schwartz, a
cofounder of Ansa, became Borland's CTO and Ben Rosen joined the
Quattro Pro spreadsheet was launched in 1989 with, at the time, a
notable improvement and charting capabilities. Lotus Development,
under the leadership of
Jim Manzi sued
Borland for copyright
infringement (see Look and feel). The litigation, Lotus Dev. Corp. v.
Borland Int'l, Inc., brought forward Borland's open standards
position as opposed to Lotus' closed approach. Borland, under Kahn's
leadership took a position of principle and announced that they would
defend against Lotus' legal position and "fight for programmer's
rights". After a decision in favor of
Borland by the
First Circuit Court of Appeals, the case went to the United States
Supreme Court. Because Justice
John Paul Stevens
John Paul Stevens had recused himself,
only eight Justices heard the case, and it ended in a 4–4 tie. As
a result, the First Circuit decision remained standing, but the
Supreme Court result, being a tie, did not bind any other court and
set no national precedent.
Borland was known for its practical and creative
approach towards software piracy and intellectual property (IP),
introducing its "
Borland no-nonsense license agreement". This allowed
the developer/user to utilize its products "just like a book"; he or
she was allowed to make multiple copies of a program, as long as only
one copy was in use at any point in time.
The 1990s: Rise and change
In September 1991
Borland purchased Ashton-Tate, bringing the dBase
InterBase databases to the house, in an all-stock transaction.
Microsoft was fierce.
Microsoft launched the
Microsoft Access and bought the dBase clone FoxPro
in 1992, undercutting Borland's prices. During the early 1990s
Borland's implementation of C and
C++ outsold Microsoft's. Borland
survived as a company, but no longer had the dominance in software
tools that it once had. It has gone through a radical transition in
products, financing, and staff, now a very different company from the
one which challenged
Microsoft and Lotus in the early 1990s.
The internal problems that arose with the
Ashton-Tate merger were a
large part of the fall. Ashton-Tate's product portfolio proved to be
weak, with no provision for evolution into the GUI environment of
Windows. Almost all product lines were discontinued. The consolidation
of duplicate support and development offices was costly and
disruptive. Worst of all, the highest revenue earner of the combined
company was dBASE with no Windows version ready.
Borland had an
internal project to clone dBASE which was intended to run on Windows
and was part of the strategy of the acquisition, but by late 1992 this
was abandoned due to technical flaws and the company had to constitute
a replacement team (the
ObjectVision team, redeployed) headed by Bill
Turpin to redo the job.
Borland lacked the financial strength to
project its marketing and move internal resources off other products
to shore up the dBASE/W effort. Layoffs occurred in 1993 to keep the
company afloat, the third instance of this in five years. By the time
dBASE for Windows eventually shipped, the developer community had
moved on to other products such as Clipper or FoxBase, and dBASE never
regained significant share of Ashton-Tate's former market. This
happened against the backdrop of the rise in Microsoft's combined
Office product marketing.
A change in market conditions also contributed to Borland's fall from
prominence. In the 1980s, companies had few people who understood the
growing personal computer phenomenon, and so most technical people
were given free rein to purchase whatever software they thought they
Borland had done an excellent job marketing to those with a
highly technical bent. By the mid-1990s, however, companies were
beginning to ask what the return was on the investment they had made
in this loosely controlled PC software buying spree. Company
executives were starting to ask questions that were hard for
technically minded staff to answer, and so corporate standards began
to be created. This required new kinds of marketing and support
materials from software vendors, but
Borland remained focused on the
technical side of its products.
Borland explored ties with
WordPerfect as a possible way
to form a suite of programs to rival Microsoft's nascent integration
WordPerfect itself was struggling with a late and troubled
transition to Windows. The eventual joint company effort, named
Borland Office for Windows (a combination of the
Quattro Pro spreadsheet and Paradox database) was
introduced at the 1993 Comdex computer show.
Borland Office never made
significant in-roads against
WordPerfect was then
bought by Novell. In October 1994,
Quattro Pro and rights
to sell up to million copies of Paradox to
Novell for $140 million in
cash, repositioning the company on its core software development tools
and the Interbase database engine and shifting toward client-server
scenarios in corporate applications. This later proved a good
foundation for the shift to web development tools.
Philippe Kahn and the
Borland board disagreed on how to focus the
company, and Kahn resigned as chairman, CEO and president, after 12
years, in January 1995. Kahn remained on the board until November
Borland named Gary Wetsel as CEO, but he resigned in July
William F. Miller was interim CEO until September of that year,
when Whitney G. Lynn became interim president and CEO (along with
other executive changes), and then continued to have a succession
of CEOs including
Dale Fuller and Tod Nielsen.
The Delphi 1 rapid application development (RAD) environment was
launched in 1995, under the leadership of Anders Hejlsberg.
Borland acquired Open Environment Corporation, a
Cambridge-based company founded by John J. Donovan.
The Inprise years, and name changes
On November 25, 1996,
Del Yocam was hired as
Borland CEO and chairman.
Borland sold Paradox to Corel, but retained all development
rights for the core BDE. In November 1997,
Borland acquired Visigenic,
a middleware company that was focused on implementations of CORBA.
On April 29, 1998,
Borland refocused its efforts on targeting
enterprise applications development.
Borland hired marketing firm
Lexicon Branding to come up with a new name for the company. Yocam
explained that the new name, Inprise, was meant to evoke "integrating
the enterprise". The idea was to integrate Borland's tools,
C++ Builder, and
JBuilder with enterprise environment
software, including Visigenic's implementations of CORBA, Visibroker
C++ and Java, and the new product, Application Server.
For a number of years (both before and during the Inprise name)
Borland suffered from serious financial losses and poor public image.
When the name was changed to Inprise, many thought
Borland had gone
out of business. In March 1999, dBase was sold to KSoft, Inc. which
was soon renamed to dBASE Inc. (In 2004 dBASE Inc. was renamed to
DataBased Intelligence, Inc.).
In 1999, Dale L. Fuller replaced Yocam. At this time Fuller's title
was "interim president and CEO." The "interim" was dropped in December
Keith Gottfried served in senior executive positions with the
company from 2000 to 2004.
A proposed merger between Inprise and
Corel was announced in February
2000, aimed at producing Linux-based products. The scheme was
abandoned when Corel's shares fell and it became clear that there was
really no strategic fit.
InterBase 6.0 was made available as open-source software in July 2000.
In January 2001, the Inprise name was abandoned and the company became
"Borland" once more.
Borland name and a new management team headed by president
and CEO Dale L. Fuller, a now-smaller and profitable
on Delphi, and created a version of Delphi and
C++ Builder for Linux,
both under the name Kylix. This brought Borland's expertise in
integrated development environments to the
Linux platform for the
first time. Kylix was launched in 2001.
Plans to spin off the
InterBase division as a separate company were
Borland and the people who were to run the new company
could not agree on terms for the separation.
open-source releases of
InterBase and has developed and sold new
versions at a fast pace.
Delphi 6 became the first integrated development environment to
support web services. All of the company's
development platforms now support web services.
C#Builder was released in 2003 as a native C# development tool,
competing with Visual Studio .NET. As of the 2005 release, C#Builder,
Delphi for Win32, and Delphi for .NET have been combined into a single
IDE called "
Borland Developer Studio" (though the combined IDE is
still popularly known as "Delphi"). In late 2002
design tool vendor TogetherSoft and tool publisher Starbase, makers of
StarTeam configuration management tool and the CaliberRM
requirements management tool (eventually, CaliberRM was renamed as
"Caliber"). The latest[which?] releases of
JBuilder and Delphi
integrate these tools to give developers a broader set of tools for
Dale Fuller quit in July 2005, but remained on the board of
directors. Former COO Scott Arnold took the title of interim
president and chief executive officer until November 8, 2005, when it
was announced that
Tod Nielsen would take over as CEO effective
November 9, 2005. Nielsen remained with the company until January
2009, when he accepted the position of chief operating officer at
VMware; CFO Erik Prusch then took over as acting president and
In October 2005,
Borland acquired Legadero, in order to add its IT
management and governance suite, called Tempo, to the
On February 8, 2006,
Borland announced the divestiture of their IDE
division, including Delphi, JBuilder, and InterBase. At the same time
they announced the planned acquisition of Segue Software, a maker of
software test and quality tools, in order to concentrate on
application life-cycle management (ALM). On March 20, 2006, Borland
announced its acquisition of Gauntlet Systems, a provider of
technology that screens software under development for quality and
security. On November 14, 2006,
Borland announced its decision to
separate the developer tools group into a wholly owned subsidiary. The
newly formed operation, CodeGear, was responsible for four IDE product
In early 2007
Borland announced new branding for its focus around open
application life-cycle management. In April 2007
that it would relocate its headquarters and development facilities to
Austin, Texas. It also has development centers at Singapore, Santa
Ana, California, and Linz, Austria.
On May 7, 2008,
Borland announced the sale of
CodeGear division to
Embarcadero Technologies for an expected $23 million price and $7
CodeGear accounts receivables retained by Borland.
On May 6, 2009, the company announced it was to be acquired by Micro
Focus for $75 million. The transaction was approved by Borland
shareholders on July 22, 2009, with
Micro Focus acquiring the company
for $1.50/share. Following
Micro Focus shareholder approval and
the required corporate filings, the transaction was completed in late
July 2009. It was estimated to have 750 employees at the
The products acquired from Segue Software include Silk Central, Silk
Performer, and Silk Test. The Silk line was first announced in
Borland Caliber DefineIT
Borland Enterprise Server
Borland Enterprise Studio, for C++, Mobile and Java
Borland Together for Eclipse
Brief (text editor)
Entera (Acquired from OEC)
Turbo BASIC (now PowerBASIC)
Turbo Pascal Editor Toolbox
Turbo Pascal Graphix Toolbox
Turbo Pascal Numerical Methods Toolbox
Turbo Pascal Tutor
Turbo Prolog (now Visual Prolog)
Turbo Lightning (TSR spell checker)
Borland Eureka the Solver
Turbo GameWorks (
Turbo Pascal source and executables for bridge,
gomoku, and chess)
Word Wizard (Requires Turbo Lightning)
Turbo Modula-2 - Later sold by TopSpeed as TopSpeed Modula-2.
List of file formats (alphabetical)
Lotus Development Corp. v.
Borland International, Inc.
^ "Company Profile for
Borland Software Corp (BORL)". Retrieved
^ As of January 31, 2008, Google Finance reports 1,168 employees, and
Yahoo Finance reports 1,097.
^ a b "
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release). Borland. April 16, 2007.
^ Pournelle, Jerry (August 1985). "The West Coast Computer Faire".
BYTE. p. 293. Retrieved 27 October 2013.
^ Webster, Bruce (August 1986). "Going to the Faire". BYTE.
pp. 323–328. Retrieved 23 September 2016.
^ a b "Lotus Dev. Corp. v.
Borland Int'l, Inc., 516 U.S. 233".
Retrieved April 24, 2012.
^ Black, Ryan; Epstein, Lee (Spring 2005). "Recusal and the "Problem"
of an Equally Divided Supreme Court". Journal of Appellate Practice
and Process. 7 (1): 75–99, 81. Retrieved April 12, 2012.
^ Delayed Graphical Products Put Dent in Borland’s Image, PC Week,
April 20, 1992
^ Kevin Maney (January 23, 2007). "Baby's arrival inspires birth of
cellphone camera — and societal evolution". USA Today. Retrieved
September 14, 2016.
^ "Kahn Resigns as
Borland Director – Cites Increasing Demands of
New Business" (Press release). Borland. November 7, 1996. Archived
from the original on June 18, 2001. Retrieved September 14,
Borland Announces Interim President and CEO". Press release.
September 25, 1996. Archived from the original on June 6, 2001.
Retrieved September 14, 2016.
Borland to Acquire Open Environment Corporation Business Wire, May
^ Acquisition Press Release SEC, May 13, 1996
^ Jamie Beckett (April 30, 1998). "
Borland sheds past with new name,
game". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved September 14, 2016.
^ Chris Noon (July 8, 2005). "
Borland CEO Quits; Company Lowers
Forecast". Forbes. Retrieved September 14, 2016.
^ a b
VMware hires away
Borland CEO, CNet News, January 6, 2008
^ Foxbusiness.com[dead link]
Borland Announces Stockholder Approval of
Micro Focus Merger
Agreement" (Press release). BusinessWire. July 22, 2009.
Borland Software Corporation (July 27, 2009). "Form 8-K: Current
Report". United States Securities and Exchange Commission. Retrieved
September 14, 2016.
Micro Focus International plc completes acquisition of Borland
Micro Focus press release, undated, retrieved
July 27, 2009
Borland bought by
Micro Focus for $75M". San Jose Mercury News. May
6, 2009. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved
September 14, 2016.
^ Segue Software (February 28, 1997). "Form 10-K: Annual Report".
United States Securities and Exchange Commission. Retrieved September
Azhar (September 2016). "Allied Enterprises – Integrating the
Enterprise". Allied Enterprises – A Company for everything.
Jeffers, Michelle (November 27, 2000). "Getting Chance To Dance".
Forbes. Retrieved 2006-04-21.
Kellner, Tomas (September 7, 2001). "Survivor". Fortune. Retrieved
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Krey, Michael. "
Borland Founder Kahn Focuses On Sending Photos Over
Cell Phones". Investor's Business Daily. Retrieved 2006-04-21.
Parks, Bob (October 2000). "Wired Magazine, The Big Picture –
Borland International Inc.'s Philippe Kahn". Retrieved April 20,
Taft, Darryl (November 2006). "
CodeGear to Supply
Developers with Tools of the Trade". eWeek. Retrieved November 14,
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Borland Please Stand Up?".