BORLAND SOFTWARE CORPORATION is a software company that facilitates
software deployment projects.
Borland was first headquartered in
California , then in Cupertino,
California , and now in
Austin, Texas . It is now a
Micro Focus International subsidiary. It
was founded in 1983 by Niels Jensen, Ole Henriksen, Mogens Glad and
Philippe Kahn .
* 1 History
* 1.1 The 1980s: Foundations
* 1.2 The 1990s: Rise and change
* 1.3 The Inprise years, and name changes
* 1.4 Later
* 2 Products
* 2.1 Recent
* 2.2 Historical products
* 2.3 Unreleased software
* 3 See also
* 4 Notes
* 5 References
* 6 External links
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THE 1980S: FOUNDATIONS
Three Danish citizens, Niels Jensen, Ole Henriksen, and Mogens Glad,
Borland Ltd. in August 1981 to develop products like Word
Index for the
CP/M operating system using an off-the-shelf company .
However, response to the company's products at the CP/M-82 show in San
Francisco showed that a U.S. company would be needed to reach the
American market. They met
Philippe Kahn , who had just moved to
Silicon Valley, and who had been a key developer of the
Micral . The
three Danes had embarked, at first successfully, on marketing software
first from Denmark, and later from Ireland, before running into some
challenges at the time when they met Philippe Kahn. Kahn was chairman,
president, and CEO of
Borland Inc. from its inception in 1983 until
1995. Main shareholders at the incorporation of
Borland were Niels
Jensen (250,000 shares), Ole Henriksen (160,000), Mogens Glad
(100,000), and Kahn (80,000).
Borland developed a series of well-regarded software development
tools. Its first product was
Turbo Pascal in 1983, developed by Anders
Hejlsberg (who later developed .NET and C# for Microsoft) and before
Borland acquired the product sold in Scandinavia under the name of
Compas Pascal. 1984 saw the launch of
Borland Sidekick , a time
organization, notebook, and calculator utility that was an early and
popular terminate and stay resident program (TSR) for
By the mid-1980s the company had become so successful that it had the
largest exhibit at the 1985
West Coast Computer Faire other than IBM
Bruce Webster reported that "the legend of
Turbo Pascal has
by now reached mythic proportions, as evidenced by the number of firms
that, in marketing meetings, make plans to become 'the next Borland'".
Turbo Pascal and Sidekick the company successfully launched
other applications such as SuperKey and Lightning, all developed in
Denmark. While the Danes remained majority shareholders, board members
included Kahn, Tim Berry , John Nash, and David Heller. With the
assistance of John Nash and David Heller, both British members of the
Borland Board, the company was taken public on London's Unlisted
Securities Market (USM) in 1986.
Schroders was the lead investment
banker. According to the London IPO filings, the management team was
Philippe Kahn as President, Spencer Ozawa as VP of Operations, Marie
Bourget as CFO, and Spencer Leyton as VP of sales and business
development, while all software development was continuing to take
place in Denmark and later London as the Danish co-founders moved
there. A first US IPO followed in 1989 after Ben Rosen joined the
Borland board with
Goldman Sachs as the lead banker and a second
offering in 1991 with Lazard as the lead banker. All offerings were
very successful and over-subscribed.
Borland acquired Analytica and its Reflex database product.
The engineering team of Analytica, managed by
Brad Silverberg and
including Reflex co-founder
Adam Bosworth , became the core of
Borland's engineering team in the USA.
Brad Silverberg was VP of
engineering until he left in early 1990 to head up the Personal
Systems division at
Adam Bosworth initiated and headed up
the Quattro project until moving to
Microsoft later in 1990 to take
over the project which eventually became Access .
Borland purchased Wizard Systems and incorporated portions of
the Wizard C technology into
Turbo C . Bob Jervis, the author of
Wizard C became a
Turbo C was released on May 18,
1987, and an estimated 100,000 copies were shipped in the first month
of its release. This apparently drove a wedge between
Niels Jensen and the other members of his team who had been working on
a brand new series of compilers at their London development centre. An
agreement was reached and they spun off a company called Jensen ">
After a decision in favor of
Borland by the First Circuit Court of
Appeals , the case went to the United States Supreme Court. Because
John Paul Stevens had recused himself, only eight Justices
heard the case, and it ended in a 4–4 tie. As a result, the First
Circuit decision remained standing, but the Supreme Court result,
being a tie, did not bind any other court and set no national
Borland was known for its practical and creative
approach towards software piracy and intellectual property (IP),
introducing its "
Borland no-nonsense license agreement". This allowed
the developer/user to utilize its products "just like a book"; he or
she was allowed to make multiple copies of a program, as long as only
one copy was in use at any point in time.
THE 1990S: RISE AND CHANGE
In September 1991
Ashton-Tate , bringing the dBase
InterBase databases to the house, in an all-stock transaction.
Microsoft was fierce.
Microsoft launched the
Microsoft Access and bought the dBase clone FoxPro
in 1992, undercutting Borland's prices. During the early 1990s
Borland's implementation of C and
C++ outsold Microsoft's. Borland
survived as a company, but no longer had the dominance in software
tools that it once had. It has gone through a radical transition in
products, financing, and staff, now a very different company from the
one which challenged
Microsoft and Lotus in the early 1990s.
The internal problems that arose with the
Ashton-Tate merger were a
large part of the fall. Ashton-Tate's product portfolio proved to be
weak, with no provision for evolution into the GUI environment of
Windows. Almost all product lines were discontinued. The consolidation
of duplicate support and development offices was costly and
disruptive. Worst of all, the highest revenue earner of the combined
company was dBASE with no Windows version ready.
Borland had an
internal project to clone dBASE which was intended to run on Windows
and was part of the strategy of the acquisition, but by late 1992 this
was abandoned due to technical flaws and the company had to constitute
a replacement team (the
ObjectVision team, redeployed) headed by Bill
Turpin to redo the job.
Borland lacked the financial strength to
project its marketing and move internal resources off other products
to shore up the dBASE/W effort. Layoffs occurred in 1993 to keep the
company afloat, the third instance of this in five years. By the time
dBASE for Windows eventually shipped, the developer community had
moved on to other products such as Clipper or FoxBase and dBASE never
regained significant share of Ashton-Tate's former market. This
happened against the backdrop of the rise in Microsoft's combined
Office product marketing.
A change in market conditions also contributed to Borland's fall from
prominence. In the 1980s, companies had few people who understood the
growing personal computer phenomenon, and so most technical people
were given free rein to purchase whatever software they thought they
Borland had done an excellent job marketing to those with a
highly technical bent. By the mid-1990s, however, companies were
beginning to ask what the return was on the investment they had made
in this loosely controlled PC software buying spree. Company
executives were starting to ask questions that were hard for
technically minded staff to answer, and so corporate standards began
to be created. This required new kinds of marketing and support
materials from software vendors, but
Borland remained focused on the
technical side of its products.
Borland explored ties with
WordPerfect as a possible way
to form a suite of programs to rival Microsoft's nascent integration
WordPerfect itself was struggling with a late and troubled
transition to Windows. The eventual joint company effort, named
Borland Office for Windows (a combination of the
Quattro Pro spreadsheet and Paradox database) was
introduced at the 1993 Comdex computer show.
Borland Office never made
significant in-roads against
WordPerfect was then
Novell . In October 1994,
Quattro Pro and
rights to sell up to million copies of Paradox to
Novell for $140
million in cash, repositioning the company on its core software
development tools and the Interbase database engine and shifting
toward client-server scenarios in corporate applications. This later
proved a good foundation for the shift to web development tools.
Philippe Kahn and the
Borland board disagreed on how to focus the
company, and Kahn resigned as chairman, CEO and president, after 12
years, in January 1995. Kahn remained on the board until November 7,
Borland named Gary Wetsel as CEO, but he resigned in July 1996.
William F. Miller was interim CEO until September of that year, when
Whitney G. Lynn became interim president and CEO (along with other
executive changes), and then continued to have a succession of CEOs
Dale Fuller and
Tod Nielsen .
The Delphi 1 rapid application development (RAD) environment was
launched in 1995, under the leadership of
Anders Hejlsberg .
Borland acquired Open Environment Corporation, a
Cambridge-based company founded by
John J. Donovan
John J. Donovan .
THE INPRISE YEARS, AND NAME CHANGES
On November 25, 1996,
Del Yocam was hired as
Borland CEO and
Borland sold Paradox to
Corel , but retained all development
rights for the core BDE . In November 1997,
Borland acquired Visigenic
, a middleware company that was focused on implementations of
On April 29, 1998,
Borland refocused its efforts on targeting
enterprise applications development.
Borland hired marketing firm
Lexicon Branding to come up with a new name for the company. Yocam
explained that the new name, Inprise, was meant to evoke "integrating
the enterprise". The idea was to integrate Borland's tools, Delphi ,
C++ Builder , and
JBuilder with enterprise environment software,
including Visigenic's implementations of CORBA,
Java, and the new product, Application Server .
For a number of years (both before and during the Inprise name)
Borland suffered from serious financial losses and poor public image.
When the name was changed to Inprise, many thought
Borland had gone
out of business. In March 1999, dBase was sold to KSoft, Inc. which
was soon renamed to dBASE Inc. (In 2004 dBASE Inc. was renamed to
DataBased Intelligence, Inc.).
In 1999, Dale L. Fuller replaced Yocam. At this time Fuller's title
was "interim president and CEO." The "interim" was dropped in December
Keith Gottfried served in senior executive positions with the
company from 2000 to 2004.
A proposed merger between Inprise and
Corel was announced in February
2000, aimed at producing
Linux -based products. The scheme was
abandoned when Corel's shares fell and it became clear that there was
really no strategic fit.
InterBase 6.0 was made available as open-source software in July
LATER BORLAND YEARS
In January 2001, the Inprise name was abandoned and the company
became "Borland" once more.
Borland name and a new management team headed by president
and CEO Dale L. Fuller, a now-smaller and profitable
on Delphi, and created a version of Delphi and
C++ Builder for Linux,
both under the name Kylix . This brought Borland's expertise in
Integrated Development Environments to the
Linux platform for the
first time. Kylix was launched in 2001.
Plans to spin off the
InterBase division as a separate company were
Borland and the people who were to run the new company
could not agree on terms for the separation.
open-source releases of
InterBase and has developed and sold new
versions at a fast pace.
Delphi 6 became the first
Integrated Development Environment
Integrated Development Environment to
support web services. All of the company's development platforms now
support web services.
C#Builder was released in 2003 as a native C# development tool,
Visual Studio .NET . As of the 2005 release, C#Builder,
Delphi for Win32, and Delphi for .NET have been combined into a single
IDE called "
Borland Developer Studio" (though the combined IDE is
still popularly known as "Delphi"). In late 2002
design tool vendor TogetherSoft and tool publisher Starbase , makers
StarTeam configuration management tool and the CaliberRM
requirements management tool (eventually, CaliberRM was renamed as
"Caliber" ). The latest releases of
JBuilder and Delphi integrate
these tools to give developers a broader set of tools for development.
Dale Fuller quit in July 2005, but remained on the board
of directors. Former COO Scott Arnold took the title of interim
president and chief executive officer until November 8, 2005, when it
was announced that
Tod Nielsen would take over as CEO effective
November 9, 2005. Nielsen remained with the company until January
2009, when he accepted the position of chief operating officer at
VMware ; CFO Erik Prusch then took over as acting president and CEO.
In October 2005,
Borland acquired Legadero, in order to add its IT
management and governance suite, called Tempo, to the
On February 8, 2006,
Borland announced the divestiture of their IDE
division, including Delphi ,
JBuilder , and
InterBase . At the same
time they announced the planned acquisition of Segue Software, a maker
of software test and quality tools, in order to concentrate on
application life-cycle management (ALM). On March 20, 2006, Borland
announced its acquisition of Gauntlet Systems, a provider of
technology that screens software under development for quality and
security. On November 14, 2006,
Borland announced its decision to
separate the developer tools group into a wholly owned subsidiary. The
newly formed operation,
CodeGear , was responsible for four IDE
In early 2007
Borland announced new branding for its focus around
open application life-cycle management. In April 2007, Borland
announced that it would relocate its headquarters and development
Austin, Texas . It also has development centers at
Singapore , Santa Ana,
California , and
Linz , Austria.
On May 7, 2008,
Borland announced the sale of
CodeGear division to
Embarcadero Technologies for an expected $23 million price and $7
CodeGear accounts receivables retained by Borland.
On May 6, 2009, the company announced it was to be acquired by Micro
Focus for $75 million. The transaction was approved by Borland
shareholders on July 22, 2009, with
Micro Focus acquiring the company
for $1.50/share. Following
Micro Focus shareholder approval and the
required corporate filings, the transaction was completed in late July
2009. It was estimated to have 750 employees at the time.
This section IS IN A LIST FORMAT THAT MAY BE BETTER PRESENTED USING
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The products acquired from Segue Software include Silk Central, Silk
Performer, and Silk Test. The Silk line was first announced in 1997.
Borland Caliber DefineIT
Borland Enterprise Server
Borland Enterprise Studio , for C++, Mobile and Java
Borland Together for Eclipse
Brief (text editor)
Brief (text editor)
Entera (Acquired from OEC)
Turbo BASIC (now
Turbo Pascal Editor Toolbox
Turbo Pascal Graphix Toolbox
Turbo Pascal Numerical Methods Toolbox
Turbo Pascal Tutor
Turbo Prolog (now
Visual Prolog )
* Sidekick Plus
* Turbo Lightning (TSR spell checker)
Borland Eureka the Solver
* Turbo GameWorks (
Turbo Pascal Source and Executables for Bridge,
Go-Moku, and Chess)
* Word Wizard (Requires Turbo Lightning)
Turbo Modula-2 - Later sold by TopSpeed as TopSpeed Modula-2.
List of file formats (alphabetical)
* Lotus Dev. Corp. v.
Borland Int\'l, Inc.
* ^ "Company Profile for
Borland Software Corp (BORL)". Retrieved
* ^ As of January 31, 2008, Google Finance reports 1,168 employees,
and Yahoo Finance reports 1,097.
* ^ A B "
Borland to Relocate Corporate Headquarters to Austin"
(Press release). Borland. April 16, 2007.
* ^ Pournelle, Jerry (August 1985). "The West Coast Computer
Faire". BYTE. p. 293. Retrieved 27 October 2013.
* ^ Webster, Bruce (August 1986). "Going to the Faire". BYTE. pp.
323–328. Retrieved 23 September 2016.
* ^ A B "Lotus Dev. Corp. v.
Borland Int\'l, Inc., 516 U.S. 233".
Retrieved April 24, 2012.
* ^ Black, Ryan; Epstein, Lee (Spring 2005). "Recusal and the
"Problem" of an Equally Divided Supreme Court". Journal of Appellate
Practice and Process. 7 (1): 75–99, 81. Retrieved April 12, 2012.
* ^ Delayed Graphical Products Put Dent in Borland’s Image, PC
Week, April 20, 1992
* ^ Kevin Maney (January 23, 2007). "Baby\'s arrival inspires birth
of cellphone camera — and societal evolution". USA Today. Retrieved
September 14, 2016.
* ^ "Kahn Resigns as
Borland Director – Cites Increasing Demands
of New Business" (Press release). Borland. November 7, 1996. Archived
from the original on June 18, 2001. Retrieved September 14, 2016.
* ^ "
Borland Announces Interim President and CEO". Press release.
September 25, 1996. Archived from the original on June 6, 2001.
Retrieved September 14, 2016.
Borland to Acquire Open Environment Corporation Business Wire,
May 13, 1996
* ^ Acquisition Press Release SEC, May 13, 1996
* ^ Jamie Beckett (April 30, 1998). "
Borland sheds past with new
San Francisco Chronicle
San Francisco Chronicle . Retrieved September 14, 2016.
* ^ Chris Noon (July 8, 2005). "
Borland CEO Quits; Company Lowers
Forecast". Forbes. Retrieved September 14, 2016.
* ^ A B
VMware hires away
Borland CEO, CNet News, January 6, 2008
* ^ Foxbusiness.com
* ^ "
Borland Announces Stockholder Approval of
Micro Focus Merger
Agreement" (Press release). BusinessWire. July 22, 2009.
Borland Software Corporation (July 27, 2009). "Form 8-K:
Current Report". United States Securities and Exchange Commission.
Retrieved September 14, 2016.
Micro Focus International plc completes acquisition of Borland
Micro Focus press release, undated, retrieved
July 27, 2009
* ^ "
Borland bought by
Micro Focus for $75M". San Jose Mercury
News. May 6, 2009. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016.
Retrieved September 14, 2016.
* ^ Segue Software (February 28, 1997). "Form 10-K: Annual Report".
United States Securities and Exchange Commission. Retrieved September
* Azhar (September 2016). "Allied Enterprises – Integrating the
Enterprise". Allied Enterprises – A Company for everything.
* Jeffers, Michelle (November 27, 2000). "Getting Chance To Dance".
Forbes. Retrieved 2006-04-21.
* Kellner, Tomas (September 7, 2001). "Survivor". Fortune .
Retrieved August 30, 2005.
* Krey, Michael. "
Borland Founder Kahn Focuses On Sending Photos
Over Cell Phones". Investor's Business Daily. Retrieved 2006-04-21.
* Parks, Bob (October 2000). "Wired Magazine, The Big Picture –
Borland International Inc.\'s Philippe Kahn". Retrieved April 20,
* Taft, Darryl (November 2006). "
CodeGear to Supply
Developers with Tools of the Trade". eWeek. Retrieved November 14,
* David Intersimone. "Will The Real Frank
Borland Please Stand Up?".