HOME
ListMoto - Bodmin Moor


--- Advertisement ---



Coordinates: 50°33′45″N 4°36′48″W / 50.5625°N 4.6132°W / 50.5625; -4.6132

Geological sketch showing Bodmin
Bodmin
Moor (5) in relation to Cornwall's granite intrusions

Rough Tor

Bodmin
Bodmin
Moor (Cornish: Goon Brenn)[1] is a granite moorland in northeastern Cornwall, England. It is 208 square kilometres (80 sq mi) in size, and dates from the Carboniferous
Carboniferous
period of geological history. It includes Brown Willy, the highest point in Cornwall, and Rough Tor, a slightly lower peak. Many of Cornwall's rivers have their sources here. It has been inhabited since at least the Neolithic
Neolithic
era, when primitive farmers started clearing trees and farming the land. They left their megalithic monuments, hut circles and cairns, and the Bronze Age
Bronze Age
culture that followed left further cairns, and more stone circles and stone rows. By medieval and modern times, nearly all the forest was gone and livestock rearing predominated. The name Bodmin
Bodmin
Moor is relatively recent, an Ordnance Survey invention of 1813. The upland area was formerly known as Fowey
Fowey
Moor after the River Fowey, which rises within it.[2]

Contents

1 Geography

1.1 Rivers and inland waters

2 Parishes 3 History and antiquities

3.1 Prehistoric times 3.2 Medieval and modern times 3.3 Monuments and ruins

4 Legends and traditions 5 Film 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Geography[edit] Bodmin
Bodmin
Moor is one of five granite plutons in Cornwall
Cornwall
that make up part of the Cornubian batholith[3] (see also Geology
Geology
of Cornwall). Dramatic granite tors rise from the rolling moorland: the best known are Brown Willy, the highest point in Cornwall
Cornwall
at 417 m (1,368 ft),[4] and Rough Tor
Rough Tor
at 400 m (1,300 ft). To the south-east Kilmar Tor
Kilmar Tor
and Caradon Hill
Caradon Hill
are the most prominent hills.[5] Considerable areas of the moor are poorly drained and form marshes (in hot summers these can dry out). The rest of the moor is mostly rough pasture or overgrown with heather and other low vegetation.[6] The moor contains about 500 holdings with around 10,000 beef cows, 55,000 breeding ewes and 1,000 horses and ponies.[7] Most of the moor is a Site of Special Scientific Interest
Site of Special Scientific Interest
(SSSI), Bodmin
Bodmin
Moor, North,[8] and has been officially designated an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB), as part of Cornwall
Cornwall
AONB.[9] Almost a third of Cornwall
Cornwall
has AONB designation, with the same status and protection as a National Park. The moor has been identified by BirdLife International as an Important Bird Area
Important Bird Area
(IBA) because it supports about 260 breeding pairs of European stonechats as well as a wintering population of 10,000 Eurasian golden plovers.[10] The moor has also been recognised as a separate natural region and designated as national character area 153 by Natural England.[11] Rivers and inland waters[edit]

Siblyback Lake

The De Lank River
De Lank River
at Garrow Tor

Bodmin
Bodmin
Moor is the source of several of Cornwall's rivers: they are mentioned here anti-clockwise from the south. The River Fowey
River Fowey
rises at a height of 290 m (950 ft) and flows through Lostwithiel
Lostwithiel
and into the Fowey
Fowey
estuary.[12] The River Tiddy
River Tiddy
rises near Pensilva and flows southeast to its confluence with the River Lynher
River Lynher
(the Lynher flows generally south-east until it joins the Hamoaze
Hamoaze
near Plymouth). The River Inny rises near Davidstow
Davidstow
and flows southeast to its confluence with the River Tamar.[13] The River Camel
River Camel
rises on Hendraburnick Down and flows for approximately 40 km (25 mi) before joining the sea at Padstow.[14] The River Camel
River Camel
and its tributary the De Lank River
De Lank River
are an important habitat for the otter, and both have been proposed as Special
Special
Areas of Conservation (SAC)[15] The De Lank River
De Lank River
rises near Roughtor
Roughtor
and flows along an irregular course before joining the Camel south of Wenford.[13] The River Warleggan
Warleggan
rises near Temple and flows south to join the Fowey.[5] On the southern slopes of the moor lies Dozmary Pool. It is Cornwall's only natural inland lake and is glacial in origin. In the 20th century three reservoirs have been constructed on the moor; these are Colliford Lake, Siblyback Lake and Crowdy reservoirs, which supply water for a large part of the county's population. Various species of waterfowl are resident around these waters.[16]

Rivers south of Bodmin
Bodmin
Moor

Rivers southeast of Bodmin
Bodmin
moor

Rivers northwest of Bodmin
Bodmin
Moor

Parishes[edit]

Church in St Neot

The parishes on the moor are as follows:

Advent Altarnun Blisland Bolventor Camelford Davidstow Lewannick Linkinhorne

North Hill St Breward St Cleer St Clether St Ive St Neot Warleggan

History and antiquities[edit] Prehistoric times[edit]

King Arthur's Hall

Kilmar Tor

10,000 years ago, in the Mesolithic
Mesolithic
period, hunter-gatherers wandered the area when it was wooded. There are several documented cases of flint scatters being discovered by archaeologists, indicating that these hunter-gatherers practised flint knapping in the region.[17] During the Neolithic
Neolithic
era, from about 4,500 to 2,300 BC, people began clearing trees and farming the land. It was also in this era that the production of various megalithic monuments began, predominantly long cairns (three of which have currently been identified, at Louden, Catshole and Bearah) and stone circles (sixteen of which have been identified). It was also likely that the naturally forming tors were also viewed in a similar manner to the manmade ceremonial sites.[17] In the following Bronze Age, the creation of monuments increased dramatically, with the production of over 300 further cairns, and more stone circles and stone rows.[17] More than 200 Bronze Age
Bronze Age
settlements with enclosures and field patterns have been recorded.[18] and many prehistoric stone barrows and circles lie scattered across the moor. In a programme shown in 2007 Channel 4's Time Team
Time Team
investigated a 500-metre cairn and the site of a Bronze Age
Bronze Age
village on the slopes of Rough Tor.[19] King Arthur's Hall, thought to be a late Neolithic
Neolithic
or early Bronze Age ceremonial site, can be found to the east of St Breward
St Breward
on the moor.[20] Medieval and modern times[edit]

Hawk's Tor, west of North Hill

Where practicable, areas of the moor were used for pasture by herdsmen from the parishes surrounding the moor. Granite
Granite
boulders were also taken from the moor and used for stone posts and to a certain extent for building (such material is known as moorstone).[21] Granite quarrying only became reasonably productive when gunpowder became available. The moor gave its name (Foweymore) to one of the medieval districts called stannaries which administered tin mining: the boundaries of these were never defined precisely. Until the establishment of a turnpike road through the moor (the present A30) in the 1770s the size of the moorland area made travel within Cornwall
Cornwall
very difficult.[22] Its Cornish name, Goen Bren, is first recorded in the 12th century.[23] English Heritage monographs " Bodmin
Bodmin
Moor: An Archaeological Survey" Volume 1 and Volume 2 covering the post-medieval and modern landscape are publicly available through the Archaeology
Archaeology
Data Service.[24][25] Monuments and ruins[edit] Roughtor
Roughtor
was the site of a medieval chapel of St Michael and is now designated as a memorial to the 43rd Wessex Division of the British Army. In 1844 on Bodmin
Bodmin
Moor the body of 18-year-old Charlotte Dymond was discovered. Local labourer Matthew Weeks was accused of the murder, and at noon on 12 August 1844 he was led from Bodmin Gaol
Bodmin Gaol
and hanged. The murder site now has a monument erected from public money, and the grave is at Davidstow
Davidstow
churchyard.[26] Legends and traditions[edit] Dozmary Pool
Dozmary Pool
is identified by some people with the lake in which, according to Arthurian legend, Sir Bedivere
Bedivere
threw Excalibur
Excalibur
to The Lady of the Lake.[27] Another legend relating to the pool concerns Jan Tregeagle. The Beast of Bodmin
Beast of Bodmin
has been reported many times but never identified with certainty.[28] Film[edit] Cornish Cowboy, a 2014 short documentary film screened at the 2015 Cannes Film Festival,[29] was shot on Bodmin
Bodmin
Moor.[30] The film features the work of St Neot horse trainer, Dan Wilson. See also[edit]

List of topics related to Cornwall Brown Willy
Brown Willy
effect

References[edit]

The Cheesewring, a granite tor on the southern edge of Bodmin
Bodmin
Moor

A wild horse on Bodmin
Bodmin
Moor

^ Place-names in the Standard Written Form (SWF) : List of place-names agreed by the MAGA Signage Panel Archived 15 May 2013 at the Wayback Machine.. Cornish Language Partnership. ^ Pounds, Norman John Greville (2000). A History of the English Parish: the culture of religion from Augustine to Victoria. Cambridge University Press. p. 593. ISBN 978-0-521-63351-2. ; p. 72 ^ Charoy, B (1986). "Genesis of the Cornubian Batholith (South West England): the example of the Carnmenellis Pluton". Journal of Petrology; Oxford: OUP. Retrieved 27 November 2014.  ^ "GENUKI: Cornwall". Genuki.org.uk. Retrieved 27 November 2014.  ^ a b " Bodmin
Bodmin
and Launceston". Sheet 186, One-inch map of England and Wales. Ordnance Survey.  Missing or empty url= (help) ^ " Bodmin
Bodmin
Moor: Landscape and features". South Penquite Farm. Retrieved 13 August 2016.  ^ "The Bodmin
Bodmin
Moor Pages ~ The History". Bodminmoor.co.uk. Retrieved 27 November 2014.  ^ " Bodmin
Bodmin
Moor, North" (PDF). Natural England. 1991. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 October 2012. Retrieved 26 October 2011.  ^ [1] Archived 27 January 2013 at the Wayback Machine. ^ " Bodmin
Bodmin
Moor". Important Bird Areas factsheet. BirdLife International. 2013. Archived from the original on 10 July 2007. Retrieved 2013-04-19.  ^ [2] Archived 7 October 2014 at the Wayback Machine. ^ " Cornwall
Cornwall
Rivers Project - Geography - Fowey
Fowey
and Lerryn". Cornwallriversporject/org.uk. Retrieved 27 November 2014.  ^ a b "The Rivers of Bodmin
Bodmin
Moor". South Penquite Farm. Retrieved 13 August 2016.  ^ " Cornwall
Cornwall
Rivers Project - Geography - Camel and Allen". Cornwallriversproject.org.uk. Retrieved 27 November 2014.  ^ "The Rivers of Bodmin
Bodmin
Moor - The Bodmin
Bodmin
Moor Pages". Bodminmoore.co.uk. Retrieved 27 November 2014.  ^ Bere, Rennie (1982) The Nature of Cornwall. Buckingham: Barracuda Books, pp. 63-67 ^ a b c Tilley, C. (1996). World Archaeology: The Power of Rocks: landscape and topography on Bodmin
Bodmin
Moor. pp. 151–176.  ^ "Programmes - All - Channel 4". Channel 4. Retrieved 27 November 2014.  ^ " Bodmin
Bodmin
Moor, Cornwall". Channel 4: Time Team. 8 April 2007. Retrieved 9 November 2009.  ^ "Secret cornwall - Bodmin
Bodmin
moor and its environs". Whitedragon.org.uk. Retrieved 27 November 2014.  ^ Clifton-Taylor, A. "Building materials" in: Pevsner, N. (1970) Cornwall. 2nd ed. Penguin Books, p. 29-34 ^ "County: [Cornwall]. Description of Courts: Manorial Courts. Places: Foweymore (Foymore)..." heNational Archives. Retrieved 13 August 2016.  ^ Weatherhill, Craig (2009) A Concise Dictionary of Cornish Place-names. Westport, co. Mayo: Evertype; p. 6 ^ Bonney, D., Johnson, N., Rose, P. (2008) " Bodmin
Bodmin
Moor An archaeological survey Volume 1: The human Landscape c.1800" English Heritage. ^ Giles, C., Herring, P., Johnson, N., Sharpe, A., Smith, J. (2008) " Bodmin
Bodmin
Moor An Archaeological survey Volume 2: The industrial and post-medieval landscapes" English Heritage. ^ "The Murder of Charlotte Dymond". Parmaq.com. Retrieved 27 November 2014.  ^ Cornish Archaeology; No 34, 1995 ^ "The Beast of Bodmin
Beast of Bodmin
Moor". Natural History Museum. Archived from the original on 7 April 2015. Retrieved 23 April 2014.  ^ "CORNISH COWBOY". sub.festival-cannes.fr. Retrieved 2016-02-16.  ^ " Bodmin
Bodmin
Moor horse whisperer featured in movie". [permanent dead link]

Weatherhill, Craig (1995) Cornish Place Names & Language. Wilmslow: Sigma Leisure ISBN 1-85058-462-1

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bodmin.

Cornwall
Cornwall
AONB

v t e

Ceremonial county of Cornwall

Cornwall
Cornwall
Portal

Unitary authorities

Cornwall
Cornwall
Council Council of the Isles of Scilly

Major settlements

Bodmin Bude Callington Camborne Camelford Falmouth Fowey Hayle Helston Launceston Liskeard Looe Lostwithiel Marazion Newlyn Newquay Padstow Par Penryn Penzance Porthleven Redruth Saltash St Austell St Blazey St Columb Major St Ives St Just in Penwith St Mawes Stratton Torpoint Truro Wadebridge See also: List of civil parishes in Cornwall

Rivers

Allen Camel Carnon Cober De Lank Fal Fowey Gannel Gover Hayle Helford Inny Kensey Lerryn Looe Lynher Menalhyl Ottery Par Pont Pill Port Navas Red Seaton St Austell Tamar Tiddy Truro Valency full list...

Topics

History Status debate Flag Culture Economy Places Population of major settlements Demography Notable people The Duchy Diocese Politics Schools Hundreds/shires Places of interest Outline of Cornwall Index of Cornwall-related articles

v t e

Biological Sites of Special
Special
Scientific Interest in Cornwall
Cornwall
and the Isles of Scilly

Summary

Summarised data for all sites (biological and geological)

Cornwall

Aire Point to Carrick Du Amble Marshes Baulk Head to Mullion Bedruthan Steps and Park Head Boconnoc Park and Woods Bodmin
Bodmin
Moor, North Borlasevath and Retallack Moor Boscastle to Widemouth Brendonmoor Breney Common Bude
Bude
Coast Cabilla Manor Wood Caerthillian to Kennack Carnkief Pond Carrick Heaths Carricknath Point to Porthbean Beach Carrine Common & Penwethers Chyenhal Moor Cligga Head Coombe Mill Coverack to Porthoustock Crow's Nest Crowhill Valley Dozmary Pool Draynes Wood East Lizard Heathlands Eglarooze Cliff Gerrans Bay to Camels Cove Godrevy Head to St Agnes Goonhilly Downs Goss and Tregoss Moors Greenamoor Greenscoombe Wood, Luckett Grimscott Gwithian to Mexico Towans Hayle
Hayle
Estuary & Carrack Gladden Kelsey Head Kennack to Coverack Kernick and Ottery Meadows Loe Pool Loggans Moor Lower Bostraze and Leswidden Lower Fal & Helford Intertidal Lymsworthy Meadows Lynher Estuary Malpas Estuary Marazion
Marazion
Marsh Meddon Moor Meneage Coastal Section Merthen Wood Minster Church Mullion Cliff to Predannack Cliff Nance Wood Newlyn
Newlyn
Downs Ottery Valley Park Wood Penhale Dunes Pentire Peninsula Phoenix United Mine Plymouth Sound Shores And Cliffs Polruan to Polperro Polyne Quarry Porthgwarra to Pordenack Point Rame Head
Rame Head
& Whitsand Bay Red Moor Redlake Meadows & Hoggs Moor Retire Common River Camel
River Camel
Valley and Tributaries Rock Dunes Rosemullion Rosenannon Bog and Downs St Austell
St Austell
Clay Pits St John's Lake St Nectan's Glen Steeple Point to Marsland Mouth Swanpool Sylvia's Meadow Talland Barton Tamar–Tavy Estuary Tintagel Cliffs Treen Cliff Tregonetha & Belowda Downs Tregonning Hill Trehane Barton Trelow Downs Trevose Head
Trevose Head
and Constantine Bay Upper Fal Estuary and Woods Upper Fowey
Fowey
Valley Ventongimps Moor West Cornwall
Cornwall
Bryophytes West Lizard

Isles of Scilly

Annet Big Pool and Browarth Point Castle Down (Tresco) Chapel Down Eastern Isles Great Pool Gugh Higher Moors and Porth Hellick
Porth Hellick
Pool Lower Moors Norrard Rocks Peninnis Head Pentle Bay, Merrick And Round Islands Plains and Great Bay Pool Of Bryher & Popplestone Bank Rushy Bay and Heathy Hill Samson Shipman Head & Shipman Down St Helen's St Martin's Sedimentary Shore Teän Western Rocks White Island Wingletang Down

Neighbouring areas Sites of Special
Special
Scientific Interest in Devon Sites of Special
Special
Scientific In

.