BODMIN (Cornish : Bosvena ) is a civil parish and historic town in
Cornwall , England, United Kingdom. It is situated south-west of
Bodmin Moor .
The extent of the civil parish corresponds fairly closely to that of
the town so is mostly urban in character. It is bordered to the east
Cardinham parish, to the southeast by
Lanhydrock parish, to the
southwest and west by
Lanivet parish, and to the north by Helland
Bodmin had a population of 12,778 (2001 census). This population had
increased to 14,736 at the 2011 Census. It was formerly the county
Cornwall until the Crown Courts moved to
Truro which is also
the administrative centre (before 1835 the county town was Launceston
Bodmin was in the administrative North
Cornwall District until
local government reorganisation in 2009 abolished the District (see
Cornwall Council ). The town is part of the North Cornwall
parliamentary constituency, which is represented by Scott Mann MP.
Bodmin Town Council is made up of sixteen councillors who are elected
to serve a term of four years. Each year, the Council elects one of
its number as Mayor to serve as the town's civic leader and to chair
council meetings. .
* 1 Situation and origin of the name
* 2 History
* 2.1 Rebellions
Bodmin Borough Police
* 2.3 "
* 3 Churches
* 3.1 Parish church of St Petroc
* 3.2 Other churches
* 3.3 Archdeaconry of
* 4 Sites of interest
* 4.1 Institutions
* 5 Freemasonry
* 6 Other sites
* 7 Education
* 7.1 Primary schools
* 7.4 Army School of Education
* 8 Transport
* 9 Sport and leisure
* 10 Media
* 11 Notable people
* 12 Town twinning
* 13 Official heraldry
* 14 Official events
* 14.1 \'Beating the bounds\' and \'hurling\'
* 15 See also
* 16 References
* 17 Further reading
* 18 External links
SITUATION AND ORIGIN OF THE NAME
Bodmin lies in the east of Cornwall, south-west of
Bodmin Moor . It
has been suggested that the town's name comes from an archaic word in
Cornish language "bod" (meaning a dwelling; the later word is
"bos") and a contraction of "menegh" (monks). The "monks' dwelling"
may refer to an early monastic settlement instituted by St. Guron,
which St. Petroc took as his site. Guron is said to have departed to
St Goran on the arrival of Petroc.
The hamlets of Cooksland, Dunmere and
Turfdown are in the parish.
St. Petroc founded a monastery in
Bodmin in the 6th century and gave
the town its alternative name of Petrockstow. The monastery was
deprived of some of its lands at the Norman conquest but at the time
of Domesday still held eighteen manors, including Bodmin,
Bodmin is one of the oldest towns in Cornwall, and the only
large Cornish settlement recorded in the
Domesday Book in 1086. In
the 15th century the Norman church of St Petroc was largely rebuilt
and stands as one of the largest churches in
Cornwall (the largest
after the cathedral at Truro). Also built at that time was an abbey of
canons regular, now mostly ruined. For most of Bodmin's history, the
tin industry was a mainstay of the economy.
The name of the town probably derives from the Cornish "Bod-meneghy",
meaning "dwelling of or by the sanctuary of monks". Variant spellings
recorded include Botmenei in 1100, Bodmen in 1253, Bodman in 1377 and
Bodmyn in 1522. The Bodman spelling also appears in sources and maps
from the 16th and 17th centuries, most notably in the celebrated map
Cornwall produced by
John Speed but actually engraved by the Dutch
Jodocus Hondius the Elder (1563–1612) in
1610 (published in London by Sudbury and Humble in 1626). It is
unclear whether the Bodman spelling signifies any historical or
monastic connection with the equally ancient settlement of Bodman at
the western end of the Bodensee in the German province of
An inscription on a stone built into the wall of a summer house in
Lancarffe furnishes proof of a settlement in
Bodmin in the early
Middle Ages . It is a memorial to one "Dunoatus son of Mecagnus" and
has been dated from the 6th to 8th centuries. A Cornish cross on
Old Callywith Road
Arthur Langdon (1896) records three Cornish crosses at Bodmin; one
was near the Berry Tower, one was outside
Bodmin Gaol and another was
in a field near Castle Street Hill. There is also
Carminow Cross at a
road junction southeast of the town.
Black Death killed half of Bodmin's population in the mid 14th
century (1,500 people).
Bodmin was the centre of three Cornish uprisings. The first was the
Cornish Rebellion of 1497 when a Cornish army, led by
Michael An Gof ,
a blacksmith from
St. Keverne and
Thomas Flamank , a lawyer from
Bodmin, marched to Blackheath in London where they were eventually
defeated by 10,000 men of the King's army under Baron Daubeny. Then,
in the autumn of 1497,
Perkin Warbeck tried to usurp the throne from
Henry VII . Warbeck was proclaimed King Richard IV in
Bodmin but Henry
had little difficulty crushing the uprising. In 1549, Cornishmen,
allied with other rebels in neighbouring
Devon , rose once again in
rebellion when the staunchly Protestant Edward VI tried to impose a
new Prayer Book . The lower classes of
Devon were still
strongly attached to the Catholic religion and again a Cornish army
was formed in
Bodmin which marched across the border into
Devon to lay
Exeter . This became known as the
Prayer Book Rebellion .
Proposals to translate the Prayer Book into Cornish were suppressed
and in total 4,000 people were killed in the rebellion.
BODMIN BOROUGH POLICE
The Borough of
Bodmin was one of the 178 municipal boroughs which
under the auspices of the
Municipal Corporations Act 1835 was mandated
to create an electable council and a Police Watch Committee
responsible for overseeing a police force in the town. The new system
directly replaced the Parish Constables that had policed the borough
since time immemorial and brought paid, uniformed and accountable law
enforcement for the first time.
Bodmin Borough Police was the
municipal police force for the Borough of
Bodmin from 1836 to 1866.
The creation of the
Cornwall Constabulary in 1857 put pressure on
smaller municipal police forces to merge with the county. The two-man
Bodmin came under threat almost immediately, but it would
take until 1866 for the Mayor of
Bodmin and the Chairman of the Police
Watch Committee to agree on the terms of amalgamation. After a public
enquiry, the force was disbanded in January 1866 and policing of the
borough was deferred to the county from thereon.
The song "
Bodmin Town" was collected from the Cornishman William
Nichols at Whitchurch ,
Devon , in 1891 by
Sabine Baring-Gould who
published a version in his A Garland of Country Song (1924).
PARISH CHURCH OF ST PETROC
Main article: St Petroc\'s Church,
Bodmin St Petroc's Church
The existing church building is dated 1469–72 and was until the
Truro Cathedral the largest church in Cornwall. The tower
which remains from the original Norman church and stands on the north
side of the church (the upper part is 15th century) was, until the
loss of its spire in 1699, 150 ft high. The building underwent two
Victorian restorations and another in 1930. It is now listed Grade I.
There are a number of interesting monuments, most notably that of
Prior Vivian which was formerly in the Priory Church (Thomas Vivian's
effigy lying on a chest: black
Catacleuse stone and grey marble). The
font of a type common in
Cornwall is of the 12th century: large and
The Chapel of St Thomas Becket is a ruin of a 14th-century building
Bodmin churchyard. The holy well of St Guron is a small stone
building at the churchyard gate. The Berry Tower is all that remains
of the former church of the Holy Rood and there are even fewer remains
from the substantial Franciscan Friary established ca. 1240: a gateway
in Fore Street and two pillars elsewhere in the town. The Roman
Abbey of St Mary and St Petroc , formerly belonging to the
Canons Regular of the Lateran was built in 1965 next to the already
existing seminary. The Roman Catholic parish of
Bodmin includes a
large area of North
Cornwall and there are churches also at
Padstow and Tintagel. In 1881 the Roman Catholic mass was
Bodmin for the first time since 1539. A church was
planned in the 1930s but delayed by the
Second World War
Second World War : the Church
of St Mary and St Petroc was eventually consecrated in 1965: it was
built next to the already existing seminary. There are also five
other churches in Bodmin, including a Methodist church.
ARCHDEACONRY OF BODMIN
Archdeacon of Bodmin
SITES OF INTEREST
Bodmin Jail , operational for over 150 years but now a semi-ruin, was
built in the late 18th century, and was the first British prison to
hold prisoners in separate cells (though often up to ten at a time)
rather than communally. Over fifty prisoners condemned at the Bodmin
Assize Court were hanged at the prison. It was also used for
temporarily holding prisoners sentenced to transportation, awaiting
transfer to the prison hulks lying in the highest navigable reaches of
River Fowey . Also, during the
First World War
First World War the prison held
some of Britain's priceless national treasures including the Domesday
Book , the ring and the Crown Jewels of the
United Kingdom . The
Shire Hall Berry Tower, all that remains of the Chapel of the
Other buildings of interest include the former Shire Hall , now a
tourist information centre, and Victoria Barracks , formerly depot of
the now defunct Duke of Cornwall\'s Light Infantry and now the site of
the regimental museum. It includes the history of the regiment from
1702, plus a military library. The original barracks house the
regimental museum which was founded in 1925. There is a fine
collection of small arms and machine guns, plus maps, uniforms and
paintings on display.
BODMIN COUNTY LUNATIC ASYLUM was designed by
John Foulston and
George Wightwick .
William Robert Hicks the humorist was
domestic superintendent in the mid-19th century.
There is a sizable single storey Masonic Hall in St Nicholas Street,
which is home to no less than seven Masonic bodies.
* One & All Lodge No. 330 was consecrated on 8 March 1810, it
currently meets on the second Monday in each month
* Beacon Lodge No. 9425 was consecrated on 15 February 1991, it
currently meets on the third Tuesday in February, April, October &
December, and the 4th Tuesday in May
* Saint Petrock Royal Arch Chapter No. 330 was consecrated on 11
April 1878, it currently meets on the third Wednesday in January,
March, May, July, September & November
* St Nicholas Lodge of Mark Master Masons No. 1188 was consecrated
on 30 March 1955, it currently meets on the third Thursday in
February, April, June, August & October
* St Nicholas Lodge of Royal Ark Mariners No. 1188 was consecrated
on 2 June 1979, it currently meets on the second Thursday in March,
May, September & November
* Conclave of Light of the Masonic & Military Order of the Red Cross
of Constantine No. 498 was consecrated on 23 April 2009, it currently
meets on the second Tuesday in January, July Berrycoombe School in the
northwest corner of the town, and St. Mary 's Catholic Primary School
and Beacon ACE Academy both situated west of the town centre. Beacon
ACE Academy is part of the Atlantic Centre of Excellence Multi Academy
Bodmin College is a large state comprehensive school for ages 11–18
on the outskirts of the town and on the edge of
Bodmin Moor . Its
headmaster is Mr Brett Elliott. The college is home to the nationally
Bodmin College Jazz Orchestra", founded and run by the
previous Director of Music, Adrian Evans, until 2007 and more
recently, by the current Director, Ben Vincent. In 1997, Systems a
level 10 league in the
English football league system
English football league system . Their home
ground is at Priory Park.
Bodmin Rugby Club play rugby union at
Clifden Parc and compete in the Tribute Cornwall/
Devon league; a level
8 league in the
English rugby union system .
Cornwall Golf Club (now defunct) was located on Bodmin
Moor. It was founded in 1889. The club disbanded following WW2.
There is an active running club:
Cornish Guardian is a weekly newspaper published every Wednesday
in seven separate editions, including the
Bodmin edition. Radio
Bodmin is the home of
NCB Radio , an Internet radio station which
aims to bring a dedicated station to North Cornwall.
See also Category:People from
* John Arnold (1736–1799) , watchmaker, of London
John Thomas Blight , artist
* Nicholas Boyer, the mayor of Bodmin, hanged for rebellion, 1549
Chula Chakrabongse , philanthropist, Prince of Siam
James Henry Finn , soldier who was awarded the
Thomas Flamank , lawyer, co-leader of the Cornish Rebellion, 1497
* John Gale , Australian journalist
William Hamley , founder of
Alice Hext , garden developer
William Robert Hicks , superintendent of the Asylum
* Al Hodge former guitarist with the Cornish band
* Herman Cyril McNeile, "Sapper" , novelist
* Ben Oliver
Cornwall County record holder for the 100m and 400m
Wheelchair racing and ranked best in the world at 800 metres, having
set a new European record.
Sir Arthur Quiller-Couch , poet, novelist and critic
Dan Rogerson , MP
* Rory Simmons, musician
* Henry Southwell , vicar of Bodmin, afterwards Bishop of Lewes
* Thomas Vivian or Vyvyan, Prior of Bodmin, titular Bishop of Megara
Bodmin is twinned with
Bederkesa in Germany; Grass Valley , in
California , United States; and
Le Relecq-Kerhuon (Ar Releg-Kerhuon in
Brittany ), France.
W. H. Pascoe’s 1979 A Cornish Armory gives the arms of the priory
and the monastery and the seal of the borough.
* Seal – a king enthroned; legend: Sigill comune burgensium
* Priory – Azure three salmon naiant in pale Argent
* Monastery – Or on a chevron Azure between three lion's heads
Purpure three annulets Or
On Halgaver Moor (Goats' Moor) near
Bodmin there was once an annual
carnival in July which was on one occasion attended by King Charles
II. Halgaver is in the parish of
Bodmin Riding , a horseback procession through the town, is a
traditional annual ceremony.
\'BEATING THE BOUNDS\' AND \'HURLING\'
William Robert Hicks was mayor of Bodmin, when he
revived the custom of
Beating the bounds of the town. He was —
according to the
Dictionary of National Biography
Dictionary of National Biography — a very good man
of business. This still takes place more or less every five years and
concludes with a game of
Cornish hurling . Hurling survives as a
traditional part of beating the bounds at Bodmin, commencing at the
close of the 'Beat'. The game is organised by the
Rotary club of
Bodmin and was last played in 2015. The game is started by the Mayor
Bodmin by throwing a silver ball into a body of water known as the
"Salting Pool". There are no teams and the hurl follows a set route.
The aim is to carry the ball from the "Salting Pool" via the old A30 ,
along Callywith Road, then through Castle Street, Church Square and
Honey Street to finish at the Turret Clock in Fore Street. The
participant carrying the ball when it reaches the turret clock will
receive a £10 reward from the mayor. In 2015, beating of the bounds
Cornish hurling took place at
Bodmin 8 April organised by the
Rotary club of Bodmin.
* List of topics related to
* List of
Bodmin NHS Treatment Centre (Bodmin Hospital)
Beast of Bodmin
* ^ "List of Place-names agreed by the MAGA Signage Panel" (PDF).
Cornish Language Partnership. May 2014. Archived from the original
(PDF) on 29 July 2014. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
* ^ Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 200
* ^ "
Cornwall Council online mapping". Mapping.cornwall.gov.uk.
Archived from the original on 27 September 2013. Retrieved May 2010.
Check date values in: access-date= (help )
* ^ "
Bodmin Population 2011". Archived from the original on 5
February 2015. Retrieved 5 February 2015.
* ^ "
Bodmin Council website". Bodmin.gov.uk. Archived from the
original on 22 October 2013. Retrieved May 2010. Check date values
in: access-date= (help )
* ^ "Cornwall; Explore Britain". Explorebritian.info. Archived from
the original on 2 June 2013. Retrieved 17 September 2012.
Doble, G. H. (1965) The Saints of Cornwall: part 4. Truro: Dean
and Chapter; pp. 132–166
* ^ Thorn, C. et al. (eds.) (1979) Cornwall. Chichester:
Phillimore; entries 4,3-4.22
* ^ Powell-Smith, Anna. "
Bodmin - Domesday Book". Retrieved 12
* ^ A B "History of Bodmin". www.bodmin.gov.uk. Archived from the
original on 18 August 2013. Retrieved 19 March 2013.
* ^ Discussion, photo and bibliography in Okasha, Elisabeth (1993).
Corpus of Early Christian Inscribed Stones of South-west Britain.
Leicester: University Press, pp. 126-128
* ^ He also mentions a fourth cross which is missing, but may have
been the same as the third.--Langdon, A. G. (1896) Old Cornish
Crosses. Truro: Joseph Pollard; pp. 46, 57, 74 & 227
* ^ "Black Death". Archived from the original on 25 October 2007.
Retrieved 17 September 2009.
* ^ Sturt, John (1987) Revolt in the West: the Western Rebellion of
* ^ A more authentic version based on the Baring-Gould MSS.
appeared in 1974 in Gordon Hitchcock's Songs of the West
Country.--Dave Arthur's notes on Martyn Wyndham Read's Andy's Gone
Broadside BRO 134.
* ^ Pevsner, N. (1970) Cornwall; second ed. Penguin Books
* ^ Sedding, Edmund H . (1909) Norman Architecture in Cornwall: a
handbook to old ecclesiastical architecture. London: Ward pp. 21-36
* ^ A B Pevsner, N. (1970) Cornwall, second ed. Penguin Books.
* ^ "Parish of St Mary, Bodmin". Archived from the original on 20
May 2013. Retrieved 13 April 2009.
* ^ Dyer, Peter (2005) Tintagel: a portrait of a parish. Cambridge:
Cambridge Books ISBN 978-0-9550097-0-9 ; p. 119
* ^ "
Bodmin workhouse, later St Lawrence\'s Hospital
(Illustration)". Peter Higginbotham's Workhouse website. Archived from
the original on 29 June 2011. Retrieved 16 October 2007.
* ^ "Middlesex University index of County Asylums". Mdx.ac.uk.
Archived from the original on 27 May 2009. Retrieved 16 October 2007.
* ^ "History of St Lawrence\'s Hospital, after its closure".
Art.deaco.btinternet.co.uk. Archived from the original on 10 October
2012. Retrieved 29 November 2007.
Cornwall Masonic Yearbook 2012/13
* ^ Chichester, H. M. (2004) ‘Gilbert, Sir Walter Raleigh, first
baronet (1785–1853)’, rev. Roger T. Stearn, Oxford Dictionary of
National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 accessed 1 Jan 2008
* ^ "New Zealand Cornish Association newsletter" (PDF). Archived
from the original (PDF) on 11 July 2013. Retrieved 24 May 2009.
* ^ Beacon ACE Academy
* ^ "
Truro and Penwith College\'s planned new
Bodmin campus to be
named Callywith College". 23 September 2015.
* ^ "Controversial college for
Bodmin gets go-ahead".
17 December 2015.
* ^ "Teenagers keen to join
Callywith College in Bodmin". 20
September 2016. Retrieved 12 October 2016.
* ^ "Games Workshop founder and entrepreneur to open 2 free schools
- Press releases - GOV.UK".
* ^ "New college set for 2017 launch date".
2016-02-03. Retrieved 2017-02-12.
* ^ "New post-16 College planned to be built on land at Bodmin".
Callywith. Retrieved 2017-02-12.
* ^ "Illiterate Recruits" in The Times (London) (23 August 1947).
* ^ Colin Day, National Service with the RAEC in
Cornwall Part 1,
at www.colindaylinks.com/dayspast/raec49.html (accessed 7 December
* ^ "Royal
Cornwall Golf Club", "Golf’s Missing Links".
* ^ Rowse, A. L. (1941) Tudor Cornwall. London: Jonathan Cape; p.
* ^ "
Truro College wheelchair athlete Ben Oliver sets his sights on
competing at 2020 Paralympic Games West Briton". westbriton.co.uk.
2014. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
* ^ Cornish Guardian:
Bodmin wheelchair racer breaks European
record Cornish Guardian, accessdate: 23 June 2016
* ^ Fordham, John (10 February 2011). "Fringe Magnetic – review".
Retrieved 12 October 2016 – via The Guardian.
* ^ Brown, H. Miles (1964) The Church in Cornwall. Truro: Oscar
Blackford; p. 40
* ^ "Twinned Towns: 3 Cornish Towns with Surprising Sister Cities".
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* ^ Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase and Fable
* ^ Ordnance Survey One-inch Map of Great Britain;
Launceston, sheet 186. 1961
* ^ "2010
Bodmin Hurl Rules". Rotary Club of Bodmin. Archived from
the original on 5 October 2011. Retrieved 2 April 2010.
* ^ "Beating the Town Bounds – Photos". Rotary & Lions Clubs of
Bodmin. Retrieved 15 April 2015.
* Henderson, Charles (1935) "Some Notes on
Bodmin Priory", in:
Essays in Cornish History. Oxford: Clarendon Press; pp. 219–28
* Maclean, Sir John (1870) Parochial and Family History of the
Parish and Borough of Bodmin, in the County of Cornwall. (Parochial
and Family History of the Deanery of Trigg Minor; pt. 2.) London:
Nichols & Sons
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