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Daniel Robert Graham (born November 9, 1936) is an American politician and author. A member of the Democratic Party, he was the 38th governor of Florida
Florida
from 1979 to 1987 and a United States
United States
Senator from 1987 to 2005. Born in Coral Gables, Florida, Graham won election to the Florida Legislature after graduating from Harvard Law School. After serving in both houses of the Florida
Florida
Legislature, Graham won the 1978 Florida gubernatorial election, and was reelected in 1982. In the 1986 Senate elections, Graham defeated incumbent Republican Senator Paula Hawkins. He helped found the Democratic Leadership Council
Democratic Leadership Council
and eventually became Chairman of the Senate Intelligence Committee. Graham ran for the 2004 Democratic presidential nomination, but dropped out before the first primaries. He declined to seek reelection in 2004 and retired from the Senate. Graham served as co-chair of the National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling and as a member of the Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission and the CIA External Advisory Board. He works at the Bob Graham Center for Public Service
Bob Graham Center for Public Service
at his undergraduate alma mater, the University of Florida. He also served as Chairman of the Commission on the Prevention of WMD proliferation and terrorism. Through the WMD policy center he advocates for the recommendations in the Commission's report, "World at Risk." In 2011 Graham published his first novel, the thriller The Keys to the Kingdom.[1] He has also written three nonfiction books: Workdays: Finding Florida
Florida
on the Job, Intelligence Matters, and America: The Owner's Manual.

Contents

1 Personal background 2 Political career

2.1 Workdays 2.2 Governor of Florida 2.3 U.S. Senator 2.4 Presidential and Vice Presidential politics

2.4.1 2004 Presidential election

3 After politics 4 Business interests 5 Honors 6 References 7 External links

Personal background[edit]

Bob Graham
Bob Graham
signing books at the Miami Book Fair International 2011.

Graham was born in Coral Gables, Florida, the son of Hilda Elizabeth (née Simmons), a schoolteacher, and Ernest R. Graham, a Florida
Florida
state senator, mining engineer, and dairy/cattleman.[2] He is the youngest of four children. His siblings are Philip Graham, former publisher of the Washington Post; William Graham of Miami Lakes, Florida; and Mary Crow. He married Adele Khoury, of Miami Shores, in 1959. They have four daughters, Gwen Graham, Cissy Graham McCullough, Suzanne Graham Gibson, and Kendall Graham Elias, and 11 grandchildren. Bob Graham
Bob Graham
attended Miami Senior High School from 1952 to 1955; he was Student Body President his senior year. He was International Trustee of the Key Club, the Kiwanis
Kiwanis
service organization. While at Miami High Graham was the recipient of the Sigma Chi Award, the school's highest honor. He received a bachelor's degree in 1959 in political science from the University of Florida, where he was a member of the Epsilon Zeta chapter of Sigma Nu
Sigma Nu
fraternity and was inducted into Phi Beta Kappa, the University of Florida
Florida
Hall of Fame and Florida
Florida
Blue Key. He went on to receive an LLB
LLB
from Harvard Law School
Harvard Law School
in 1962. His eldest brother, Philip (1915–1963), was also a Harvard Law School
Harvard Law School
alum. Political career[edit] Graham was elected to the Florida
Florida
House of Representatives in 1966 and reelected in 1967 and 1968, each time representing all of Dade County. He was elected to the Florida
Florida
Senate in 1970, also from Dade County. Redistricted into a seat encompassing portions of northern Dade and southern Broward County, Graham was reelected to District 33 in 1972 and 1976. Workdays[edit] Bob Graham's campaign trademark was to work a full eight-hour day at various jobs that represented Florida's constituents. He began his "Workdays" in 1974, teaching a semester of civics at Miami Carol City Senior High School in Miami while serving in the Florida
Florida
Senate. At that time, Bob Graham
Bob Graham
was chairman of the Education Committee. After a speech, M. Sue Riley, an English teacher at Carol City, approached Bob Graham and said, "The only problem with members of the Education Committee is nobody has any experience in education." Bob Graham
Bob Graham
was taken aback at that assertion and asked, "Well, what can I do about that?" A few months later, Ms. Riley contacted Senator Graham with a proposal to teach the next semester of civics. Following that teaching experience, he performed 102 additional work days during his successful 1978 gubernatorial campaign. Graham has continued doing workdays throughout his tenure as governor and in the United States Senate. His jobs have included service as a police officer, busboy, railroad engineer, construction worker, fisherman, garbageman, factory worker, and teacher. On No. 365, he checked in customers, handled baggage and helped serve passengers on US Airways. He totaled 408 work days.[citation needed] Governor of Florida[edit] Bob Graham
Bob Graham
was elected Governor of Florida
Florida
in 1978 after a seven-way Democratic primary race in which he initially placed second to Robert L. Shevin. His supporters at the time dubbed themselves "Graham crackers." With this victory, he realized his father's dream: Cap Graham had run unsuccessfully for the Democratic nomination to be Governor of Florida
Florida
back in 1944. Graham was re-elected in 1982 with 65 percent of the vote, having defeated the Republican nominee, U.S. Representative L. A. "Skip" Bafalis of Palm Beach. Graham emphasized education, and placed a focus on improvement of the public universities in the state. By the end of his second term the state university system was among the first quartile of state systems in America, and its public schools and community colleges had substantially improved their academic standing. In addition, Graham's administration focused on economic diversification and environmental policies. During his tenure as governor, the state added 1.2 million jobs, and for the first time in state history the per capita income of Floridians exceeded the US average. For three of his eight years Florida
Florida
was rated by the accounting firm Grant Thornton as having the best business climate of all states in the union. Graham also launched the most extensive environmental protection program in the state's history, focused on preserving endangered lands. During his tenure thousands of acres of threatened and environmentally important lands were brought into state ownership for permanent protection. His keystone accomplishment was the establishment of the Save the Everglades program, which has now been joined by the federal government in a commitment to restore the Everglades. Graham left the governorship with an 83% approval rating. According to the New York Times, Graham was considered one of the most popular politicians in Florida.[3] U.S. Senator[edit] Graham was then elected to the U.S. Senate in 1986, defeating incumbent Sen. Paula Hawkins
Paula Hawkins
55 to 45 percent. He was reelected in 1992 (over Bill Grant, 66%–34%) and 1998 (over Charlie Crist, 63%–37%) and chose not to seek reelection in 2004. Upon retiring from the Senate in January 2005, Graham had served 38 consecutive years in public office. During his 18 years in the Senate, Graham served on the environment and finance committees, and was a founding member of the Democratic Leadership Council. He was also active on veteran's issues and foreign policy, including chairing the US-Spain Council, for which he received the highest civilian recognition for a non-Spaniard by King Juan Carlos.[citation needed] Graham served 10 years on the Senate Intelligence Committee, which he chaired during and after 9/11 and the run-up to the Iraq war. He led the joint congressional investigation into 9/11. As Chairman of the Senate Intelligence Committee, Graham opposed the War in Iraq and was one of the 23 Senators who voted against President Bush's request for authorization of the use of military force. After meeting with military leaders in February 2002, and requesting and reviewing a National Intelligence Estimate, he said he "felt we were being manipulated and that the result was going to distract us from where our real enemies were". He continued to oppose the Iraq War, saying in 2008: "I'm afraid I never wavered from my belief that this was a distraction that was going to come to a bad end in Iraq and an even worse end in Afghanistan"[4] In 2004 Graham published Intelligence Matters: The CIA, the FBI, Saudi Arabia and the Failure of America's War on Terror. In September 2008 the book was released in paperback with a new preface and postscript. Graham has a well-known habit of meticulously logging his daily activities (some as mundane as when he ate a tuna sandwich or rewound a tape of Ace Ventura[5]) on color-coded notebooks, which some say may have cost him a spot on past vice-presidential tickets. The notebooks are now housed at the University of Florida
Florida
library. A great advocate for his home state, Graham always kept Florida
Florida
orange juice on hand in his Senate office and was rarely seen without his trademark Florida tie. Presidential and Vice Presidential politics[edit] Graham was considered as a Democratic nominee for Vice President of the United States
United States
in 1988, 1992, 2000 and 2004.[6][7] He was a finalist on Bill Clinton's shortlist of running mates in 1992, and was reportedly on Al Gore's shortlist in 2000.[8] 2004 Presidential election[edit] Main article: Bob Graham
Bob Graham
presidential campaign, 2004 In December 2002 Graham announced his candidacy for President of the United States
United States
in the 2004 election. On January 31, 2003, he had open-heart surgery and his campaign faltered. He withdrew his candidacy on October 7, 2003. In November, he announced that he would not seek another term in the Senate. After John Kerry
John Kerry
became the presumptive Democratic nominee for president in March 2004, some discussed the possibility that Graham would be on the shortlist of Kerry's choices for running mate. After politics[edit]

Former Senator Graham (center), with former Florida
Florida
Governor Buddy MacKay (right) at the dedication ceremony for Pugh Hall, home of the Graham Center for Public Service at the University of Florida.

After teaching at Harvard University
Harvard University
for the 2005–06 academic year, Graham focused on founding a center to train future political leaders, at the University of Florida – where he earned his bachelor's degree in political science in 1959. The UF Center, known as the Bob Graham
Bob Graham
Center for Public Service, is housed in the university's College of Liberal Arts and Sciences the Center provides students with opportunities to train for future leadership positions, and the university community to engage with policy makers and scholars. On February 9, 2008, The James and Alexis Pugh Hall funded by longtime friends of the Graham's was dedicated in the historic area of the UF campus. Pugh Hall serves as the home of the Center, as well as the university's oral history and African and Asian languages programs. In spring 2009 Graham published America, The Owner's Manual: Making Government work for you, a book about inspiring and teaching citizens to effectively participate in democracy. Since his retirement from the Senate, Graham has published almost 70 op-eds on state and national issues. He is also a member the Inter-American Dialogue, a Washington-based think tank.[9] Graham's most recent venture was to create the Florida
Florida
Conservation Coalition, which aims to unite numerous environmental groups to lobby the Florida
Florida
governor and legislature on environmental issues in Florida. Business interests[edit] The Graham dairy farm transformed Miami Lakes, a residential and commercial new town community, in 1963 under the leadership of Graham's brother William. To this day, Bob Graham
Bob Graham
still owns a significant share of the Graham Companies, and serves on the board of directors. To avoid a potential conflict of interest, his various investments, including his share in the Miami Lakes development, are managed by a proxy and reported to Graham at the end of each year. Graham's total net worth is reported to be between $7.35 million and $31.7 million[citation needed]. Honors[edit] On November 18, 2005, the Florida
Florida
Legislature renamed the Sunshine Skyway Bridge, which was rebuilt during Graham's time as governor, the Bob Graham
Bob Graham
Sunshine Skyway Bridge. On May 6, 2006, at the spring commencement for the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, the University of Florida
Florida
awarded Graham an honorary doctorate, the Doctor of Public Service. References[edit]

^ Linda Davidson. Bob Graham
Bob Graham
pens spy novel ‘Keys to the Kingdom’, The Washington Post, 2011-06-25; retrieved 2012-05-04 ^ http://www.wargs.com/political/graham.html ^ Nagourney, Adam (24 December 2002). "Senator Graham Considers Run for President". New York Times. Retrieved 9 October 2014.  ^ Stein, Sam (March 28, 2008). "Graham: I Never Wavered In My Belief That The War Was Wrong". The Huffington Post. Retrieved November 24, 2010.  ^ Tapper, Jake. "'1:30-1:45: Rewind Ace Ventura'". Salon.com. 2003-06-03. Retrieved 2014-11-08. ^ Politics1 – Guide to the Inactive 2004 Democratic Presidential Prospects Archived May 15, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. ^ THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: Democrats; CLINTON SELECTS SENATOR GORE OF TENNESSEE AS RUNNING MATE – New York Times ^ Gore, Lieberman prepare for public debut of Democratic ticket – August 7, 2000 Archived August 13, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. ^ " Inter-American Dialogue
Inter-American Dialogue
Bob Graham". www.thedialogue.org. Retrieved 2017-04-12. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bob Graham.

1983 Interview by Dave Barry Biography from the Congressional Biographical Directory Appearances on C-SPAN Intelligence Matters – If the president wants to deny the American people knowledge as to what the Saudis did to support the terrorists, that’s the president’s prerogative. The Bob Graham Center for Public Service
Bob Graham Center for Public Service
at the University of Florida Online Photo Exhibit of Bob Graham's workdays, presented by the State Archives of Florida Bob Graham
Bob Graham
on IMDb Nuclear or Biological Attack Called Likely

Party political offices

Preceded by Reubin Askew Democratic nominee for Governor of Florida 1978, 1982 Succeeded by Steve Pajcic

Preceded by Max Baucus, Joe Biden, David L. Boren, Barbara Boxer, Robert Byrd, Dante Fascell, Bill Gray, Tom Harkin, Dee Huddleston, Carl Levin, Tip O'Neill, Claiborne Pell Response to the State of the Union address 1985 Served alongside: Bill Clinton, Tip O'Neill Succeeded by Tom Daschle, Bill Gray, George Mitchell, Chuck Robb, Harriet Woods

Preceded by Bill Gunter Democratic nominee for U.S. Senator from Florida (Class 3) 1986, 1992, 1998 Succeeded by Betty Castor

Preceded by Chuck Robb Chair of the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee 1993–1995 Succeeded by Bob Kerrey

New office Chair of the Senate New Democrat Coalition 2000–2003 Succeeded by Tom Carper Mary Landrieu

Political offices

Preceded by Reubin Askew Governor of Florida 1979–1987 Succeeded by Wayne Mixson

U.S. Senate

Preceded by Paula Hawkins United States
United States
Senator (Class 3) from Florida 1987–2005 Served alongside: Lawton Chiles, Connie Mack, Bill Nelson Succeeded by Mel Martinez

Preceded by Dick Shelby Chair of Senate Intelligence Committee 2001–2003 Succeeded by Pat Roberts

Government offices

New office Chair of the National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling 2010–2011 Served alongside: William Reilly Position abolished

v t e

Governors of Florida

Military (1821)

Jackson

Territorial (1822–45)

Duval Eaton Call Reid Call Branch

State (since 1845)

Moseley Brown Broome Perry Milton Allison Marvin Walker Reed Hart Stearns Drew Bloxham Perry Fleming Mitchell Bloxham Jennings Broward Gilchrist Trammell Catts Hardee Martin Carlton Sholtz Cone Holland Caldwell Warren McCarty Johns Collins Bryant Burns Kirk Askew Graham Mixson Martinez Chiles MacKay Bush Crist Scott

v t e

United States
United States
Senators from Florida

Class 1

Yulee Mallory Sr. Welch Gilbert Jones Pasco Taliaferro N. Bryan Trammell Loftin Andrews Holland Chiles Mack Nelson

Class 3

Westcott Morton Yulee Osborn Conover Call Mallory Jr. W. Bryan Milton Fletcher Hill Pepper Smathers Gurney Stone Hawkins Graham Martinez LeMieux Rubio

v t e

Chairmen of the United States Senate
United States Senate
Select Committee on Intelligence

Inouye Bayh Goldwater Durenberger Boren DeConcini Specter Shelby Graham Shelby Graham Roberts Rockefeller Feinstein Burr

v t e

Chairs of the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee

Johnston Ford Bentsen Mitchell Kerry Breaux Robb Graham Kerrey Torricelli Murray Corzine Schumer Menendez Murray Bennet Tester Van Hollen

v t e

Democratic Party nominees for Governor of Florida
Florida
(1953–)

McCarty Collins Bryant Burns High Askew Graham Pajcic Chiles MacKay McBride Davis Sink Crist

v t e

(1988 ←) United States
United States
presidential election, 1992 (→ 1996)

Democratic Party

Convention Primaries

Nominee Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
(campaign) VP nominee Al Gore

Candidates Larry Agran Jerry Brown Tom Harkin Bob Kerrey Lyndon LaRouche Tom Laughlin Eugene McCarthy Paul Tsongas Douglas Wilder Charles Woods

Republican Party

Convention Primaries

Nominee George H. W. Bush VP nominee Dan Quayle

Candidates Pat Buchanan David Duke Jack Fellure Isabell Masters Pat Paulsen Tennie Rogers Harold Stassen

Independent

Candidate Ross Perot
Ross Perot
(campaign) VP candidate James Stockdale

Other independent and third party candidates

Libertarian Party

Convention

Nominee Andre Marrou

VP nominee Nancy Lord

Natural Law Party

Nominee John Hagelin

VP nominee Mike Tompkins

New Alliance Party

Nominee Lenora Fulani

VP nominee Maria Elizabeth Muñoz

Prohibition Party

Nominee Earl Dodge

VP nominee George Ormsby

Socialist Party USA

Nominee J. Quinn Brisben

VP nominee Barbara Garson

Socialist Workers Party

Nominee James Warren

VP nominee Willie Mae Reid

U.S. Taxpayers Party

Convention

Nominee Howard Phillips

VP nominee Albion W. Knight, Jr.

Workers World Party

Nominee Gloria La Riva

VP nominee Larry Holmes

Independents and other candidates

Ronald Daniels (Running mate: Asiba Tupahache) Bo Gritz Isabell Masters

Other 1992 elections House Senate Gubernatorial

v t e

(2000 ←)   United States
United States
presidential election, 2004   (→ 2008)

United States
United States
elections, 2004 Candidates Debates Timeline Super Tuesday Potomac primary Mini-Tuesday

Republican Party

Convention Primaries

Primary results

Nominee George W. Bush
George W. Bush
(campaign) VP nominee Dick Cheney

Candidates John Buchanan Jack Fellure Tom Laughlin

Democratic Party

Convention Primaries

Primary results

Nominee John Kerry
John Kerry
(campaign) VP nominee John Edwards

Candidates Carol Moseley Braun Wesley Clark
Wesley Clark
(campaign) Howard Dean
Howard Dean
(campaign) John Edwards
John Edwards
(campaign) Richard Gephardt (campaign) Bob Graham
Bob Graham
(campaign) Caroline Killeen Dennis Kucinich
Dennis Kucinich
(campaign) Lyndon LaRouche
Lyndon LaRouche
(campaign) Joe Lieberman
Joe Lieberman
(campaign) Al Sharpton

Controversies

Moss v. Bush Voting controversies Kerry military service Bush military service

Third party and independent candidates

Constitution Party

Convention

Nominee Michael Peroutka

VP nominee Chuck Baldwin

Green Party

Convention

Nominee David Cobb
David Cobb
(campaign)

VP nominee Pat LaMarche

Candidates Sheila Bilyeu Peter Camejo Paul Glover Kent Mesplay Lorna Salzman

Libertarian Party

Convention

Nominee Michael Badnarik
Michael Badnarik
(campaign)

VP nominee Richard Campagna

Candidates Gary Nolan Aaron Russo

Personal Choice Party

Nominee Charles Jay

VP nominee Marilyn Chambers

Prohibition Party

Nominee Gene Amondson Alternate nominee Earl Dodge

Reform Party

Nominee Ralph Nader
Ralph Nader
(campaign)

Socialist Equality Party

Nominee Bill Van Auken

Socialist Party

Nominee Walt Brown

VP nominee Mary Alice Herbert

Candidates Eric Chester

Socialist Workers Party

Nominee Róger Calero Alternate nominee James Harris

VP nominee Arrin Hawkins

Workers World Party

Nominee John Parker

VP nominee Teresa Gutierrez

Independents and other candidates

Thomas Harens Tom Laughlin Ralph Nader
Ralph Nader
(campaign) Leonard Peltier

Other 2004 elections House Senate Gubernatorial

v t e

Patriot Act

Titles I · II · III · IV · V · VI · VII · VIII · IX · X (History)

Acts modified

Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 Electronic Communications Privacy Act Computer Fraud and Abuse Act Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act Money Laundering Control Act Bank Secrecy Act Right to Financial Privacy Act Fair Credit Reporting Act Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 Victims of Crime Act of 1984 Telemarketing and Consumer Fraud and Abuse Prevention Act

People

George W. Bush John Ashcroft Alberto Gonzales Patrick Leahy Orrin Hatch Jon Kyl Dianne Feinstein Viet D. Dinh Joe Biden Michael Chertoff Barack Obama Eric Holder Chuck Schumer Lamar Smith Bob Graham Jay Rockefeller Arlen Specter Mike Oxley Dick Armey Paul Sarbanes Trent Lott Tom Daschle Russ Feingold Ellen Huvelle Ron Paul Lisa Murkowski Ron Wyden Dennis Kucinich Larry Craig John E. Sununu Richard Durbin Bernie Sanders Jerrold Nadler John Conyers, Jr. Butch Otter

Government organizations

Federal Bureau of Investigation Department of Justice Select Committee on Intelligence Department of the Treasury FinCEN Department of State National Institute of Standards and Technology Customs Service U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement

Non-government organizations

American Civil Liberties Union American Library Association Center for Democracy and Technology Center for Public Integrity Electronic Frontier Foundation Electronic Privacy Information Center Humanitarian Law Project

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 77516883 LCCN: n78008268 ISNI: 0000 0000 7871 7838 GND: 129297909 SUDOC: 087610175 MusicBrainz: 8040f810-97fd-4ed7-b76d-f58e749adb10 US Congress: G000

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