WILLIAM HENRY GATES III (born October 28, 1955) is a co-founder of
Microsoft and is an American business magnate , investor , author and
In 1975, Gates and
Paul Allen launched Microsoft, which became the
world's largest PC software company. During his career at Microsoft,
Gates held the positions of chairman ,
CEO and chief software
architect , while also being the largest individual shareholder until
May 2014. Gates stepped down as chief executive officer of Microsoft
in January 2000, but he remained as chairman and created the position
of chief software architect for himself. In June 2006, Gates
announced that he would be transitioning from full-time work at
Microsoft to part-time work and full-time work at the Bill & Melinda
Gates Foundation . He gradually transferred his duties to Ray Ozzie
Craig Mundie . He stepped down as chairman of
February 2014 and assumed a new post as technology adviser to support
the newly appointed
Satya Nadella .
Gates is one of the best-known entrepreneurs of the personal computer
revolution . He has been criticized for his business tactics , which
have been considered anti-competitive . This opinion has been upheld
by numerous court rulings. Later in his career, Gates pursued a
number of philanthropic endeavors. He donated large amounts of money
to various charitable organizations and scientific research programs
through the Bill "> , he is the richest person in the world, with an
estimated net worth of US$89.9 billion. In 2009, Gates and Warren
The Giving Pledge , whereby they and other
billionaires pledge to give at least half of their wealth to
* 1 Early life
* 2.3 Windows
* 2.4 Management style
* 2.5 Antitrust litigation
* 2.6 Appearance in ads
* 3 Post-
* 4 Personal life
* 4.1.1 Bill and
Melinda Gates Foundation
* 4.1.2 Personal
* 4.1.3 Criticism
* 4.1.4 Charity Sports Events
* 4.2 Recognition
* 4.3 External business ventures and investments
* 5 Books, films, social media and radio
* 5.1 Books
* 5.2 Documentaries
* 5.3 Feature films
* 5.4 Social media
* 5.5 Video and film clips
* 5.6 Radio
* 6 See also
* 7 Notes
* 8 References
* 8.1 Citations
* 8.2 Bibliography
* 9 Further reading
* 10 External links
Gates was born in
Seattle, Washington on October 28, 1955. He is the
William H. Gates Sr. (born 1925) and Mary Maxwell Gates
(1929–1994). His ancestry includes English , German , Irish , and
Scots-Irish . His father was a prominent lawyer, and his mother
served on the board of directors for
First Interstate BancSystem and
the United Way . Gates' maternal grandfather was JW Maxwell, a
national bank president. Gates has one elder sister, Kristi
(Kristianne), and one younger sister, Libby. He is the fourth of his
name in his family, but is known as William Gates III or "Trey"
because his father had the "II" suffix. Early on in his life, Gates'
parents had a law career in mind for him. When Gates was young, his
family regularly attended a church of the Congregational Christian
Churches , a
Reformed denomination. The family
encouraged competition; one visitor reported that "it didn't matter
whether it was hearts or pickleball or swimming to the dock ... there
was always a reward for winning and there was always a penalty for
losing". The Poker Room in Currier House at
At 13, he enrolled in the Lakeside School , a private preparatory
school. When he was in the eighth grade, the Mothers' Club at the
school used proceeds from Lakeside School's rummage sale to buy a
Teletype Model 33 ASR terminal and a block of computer time on a
General Electric (GE) computer for the school's students. Gates took
an interest in programming the GE system in
BASIC , and was excused
from math classes to pursue his interest. He wrote his first computer
program on this machine: an implementation of tic-tac-toe that allowed
users to play games against the computer. Gates was fascinated by the
machine and how it would always execute software code perfectly. When
he reflected back on that moment, he said, "There was just something
neat about the machine." After the Mothers Club donation was
exhausted, he and other students sought time on systems including DEC
PDP minicomputers. One of these systems was a
PDP-10 belonging to
Computer Center Corporation (CCC), which banned four Lakeside students
Paul Allen ,
Ric Weiland , and Kent Evans – for the
summer after it caught them exploiting bugs in the operating system to
obtain free computer time.
At the end of the ban, the four students offered to find bugs in
CCC's software in exchange for computer time. Rather than use the
system via Teletype, Gates went to CCC's offices and studied source
code for various programs that ran on the system, including programs
Fortran , Lisp , and machine language . The arrangement with CCC
continued until 1970, when the company went out of business. The
following year, Information Sciences, Inc. hired the four Lakeside
students to write a payroll program in
COBOL , providing them computer
time and royalties. After his administrators became aware of his
programming abilities, Gates wrote the school's computer program to
schedule students in classes. He modified the code so that he was
placed in classes with "a disproportionate number of interesting
girls." He later stated that "it was hard to tear myself away from a
machine at which I could so unambiguously demonstrate success." At
age 17, Gates formed a venture with Allen, called
Traf-O-Data , to
make traffic counters based on the
Intel 8008 processor. In early
Bill Gates served as a congressional page in the U.S. House of
Gates graduated from Lakeside School in 1973 and was a National Merit
Scholar . He scored 1590 out of 1600 on the Scholastic Aptitude Tests
(SAT) and enrolled at
Harvard College in the autumn of 1973. He
chose a pre-law major but took mathematics and graduate level computer
science courses. While at Harvard, he met fellow student Steve
Ballmer . Gates left Harvard after two years while Ballmer would stay
and graduate magna cum laude . Years later, Ballmer succeeded Gates as
Microsoft's CEO; maintaining that office from 2000, until he resigned
from the company in 2014.
In his second year, Gates devised an algorithm for pancake sorting as
a solution to one of a series of unsolved problems presented in a
combinatorics class by Harry Lewis , one of his professors. Gates'
solution held the record as the fastest version for over thirty years;
its successor is faster by only one percent. His solution was later
formalized in a published paper in collaboration with Harvard computer
Christos Papadimitriou .
Gates did not have a definite study plan while he was a student at
Harvard and spent a lot of time using the school's computers. Gates
remained in contact with Paul Allen, and he joined him at Honeywell
during the summer of 1974. The following year saw the release of the
MITS Altair 8800
MITS Altair 8800 based on the
Intel 8080 CPU , and Gates and Allen saw
this as the opportunity to start their own computer software company.
Gates dropped out of Harvard at this time. He had talked this decision
over with his parents, who were supportive of him after seeing how
much Gates wanted to start his own company. Gates explained his
official status with Harvard that, "...if things hadn't worked out, I
could always go back to school. I was officially on leave ."
Main articles: History of
MITS Altair 8800
MITS Altair 8800 Computer with 8-inch (200 mm) floppy disk
After Gates read the January 1975 issue of
Popular Electronics that
Altair 8800 , he contacted Micro Instrumentation and
Telemetry Systems (MITS), the creators of the new microcomputer, to
inform them that he and others were working on a
BASIC interpreter for
the platform. In reality, Gates and Allen did not have an Altair and
had not written code for it; they merely wanted to gauge MITS's
interest. MITS president Ed Roberts agreed to meet them for a demo,
and over the course of a few weeks they developed an Altair emulator
that ran on a minicomputer, and then the
BASIC interpreter. The
demonstration, held at MITS's offices in Albuquerque , was a success
and resulted in a deal with MITS to distribute the interpreter as
Paul Allen was hired into MITS, and Gates took a leave
of absence from Harvard to work with Allen at MITS in Albuquerque in
November 1975. They named their partnership "Micro-Soft" and had their
first office located in Albuquerque. Within a year, the hyphen was
dropped, and on November 26, 1976, the trade name "Microsoft" was
registered with the Office of the Secretary of the State of New Mexico
. Gates never returned to Harvard to complete his studies.
BASIC was popular with computer hobbyists, but
Gates discovered that a pre-market copy had leaked into the community
and was being widely copied and distributed. In February 1976, Gates
Open Letter to Hobbyists in the MITS newsletter in which he
asserted that more than 90% of the users of
Microsoft for it and by doing so the Altair "hobby market"
was in danger of eliminating the incentive for any professional
developers to produce, distribute, and maintain high-quality software.
This letter was unpopular with many computer hobbyists, but Gates
persisted in his belief that software developers should be able to
Microsoft became independent of MITS in late 1976, and
it continued to develop programming language software for various
systems. The company moved from Albuquerque to its new home in
Bellevue , Washington, on January 1, 1979.
During Microsoft's early years, all employees had broad
responsibility for the company's business. Gates oversaw the business
details, but continued to write code as well. In the first five years,
Gates personally reviewed every line of code the company shipped, and
often rewrote parts of it as he saw fit.
Microsoft in July 1980 in reference to an operating
systen for its upcoming personal computer, the
IBM PC . Big Blue
first proposed that
Microsoft write the
BASIC interpreter. When IBM's
representatives mentioned that they needed an operating system, Gates
referred them to
Digital Research (DRI), makers of the widely used
CP/M operating system. IBM's discussions with
Digital Research went
poorly, and they did not reach a licensing agreement. IBM
representative Jack Sams mentioned the licensing difficulties during a
subsequent meeting with Gates and told him to get an acceptable
operating system. A few weeks later, Gates proposed using 86-DOS
(QDOS), an operating system similar to
Tim Paterson of
Seattle Computer Products (SCP) had made for hardware similar to the
Microsoft made a deal with SCP to become the exclusive licensing
agent, and later the full owner, of 86-DOS. After adapting the
operating system for the PC,
Microsoft delivered it to
IBM as PC DOS
in exchange for a one-time fee of $50,000.
Gates did not offer to transfer the copyright on the operating
system, because he believed that other hardware vendors would clone
IBM's system. They did, and the sales of
major player in the industry. Despite IBM's name on the operating
system, the press quickly identified
Microsoft as being very
influential on the new computer. PC Magazine asked if Gates were "the
man behind the machine?", and
InfoWorld quoted an expert as stating
"it's Gates' computer". Gates oversaw Microsoft's company
restructuring on June 25, 1981, which re-incorporated the company in
Washington state and made Gates the president of
Microsoft and its
Microsoft launched its first retail version of
Microsoft Windows on
November 20, 1985, and in August, the company struck a deal with IBM
to develop a separate operating system called
OS/2 . Although the two
companies successfully developed the first version of the new system,
mounting creative differences caused the partnership to deteriorate.
Bill Gates in January 2008
From Microsoft's founding in 1975 until 2006, Gates had primary
responsibility for the company's product strategy. He gained a
reputation for being distant from others; as early as 1981 an industry
executive complained in public that "Gates is notorious for not being
reachable by phone and for not returning phone calls." Another
executive recalled that after he showed Gates a game and defeated him
35 of 37 times, when they met again a month later Gates "won or tied
every game. He had studied the game until he solved it. That is a
Gates was an executve who met regularly with Microsoft's senior
managers and program managers. In firsthand accounts of these
meetings, he was described as being verbally combative. He also
berated managers for perceived holes in their business strategies or
proposals that placed the company's long-term interests at risk. He
interrupted presentations with such comments "That's the stupidest
thing I've ever heard!" and "Why don't you just give up your options
and join the
Peace Corps ?" The target of his outburst then had to
defend the proposal in detail until, hopefully, Gates was fully
convinced. When subordinates appeared to be procrastinating, he was
known to remark sarcastically, "I'll do it over the weekend."
Gates was an active software developer in Microsoft's early history,
particularly on the company's programming language products, but his
basic role in most of the company's history was primarily as a manager
and executive. Gates has not officially been on a development team
since working on the
TRS-80 Model 100 , but as late as 1989 he wrote
code that shipped with the company's products. He remained interested
in technical details; in 1985,
Jerry Pournelle wrote that when he
watched Gates announce
Microsoft Excel , "Something else impressed me.
Bill Gates likes the program, not because it's going to make him a lot
of money (although I'm sure it will do that), but because it's a neat
hack ." On June 15, 2006, Gates announced that he would transition
out of his day-to-day role over the next two years to dedicate more
time to philanthropy. He divided his responsibilities between two
successors when he placed
Ray Ozzie in charge of day-to-day management
Craig Mundie in charge of long-term product strategy.
Microsoft antitrust case and
Microsoft competition case Gates giving his
Microsoft on August 27, 1998
Many decisions that led to antitrust litigation over Microsoft's
business practices have had Gates' approval. In the 1998 United States
Microsoft case, Gates gave deposition testimony that several
journalists characterized as evasive. He argued with examiner David
Boies over the contextual meaning of words such as, "compete",
"concerned", and "we". The judge and other observers in the court room
were seen laughing at various points during the deposition.
Early rounds of his deposition show him offering obfuscatory answers
and saying 'I don't recall,' so many times that even the presiding
judge had to chuckle. Worse, many of the technology chief's denials
and pleas of ignorance were directly refuted by prosecutors with
snippets of e-mail that Gates both sent and received.
Gates later said he had simply resisted attempts by Boies to
mischaracterize his words and actions. As to his demeanor during the
deposition, he said, "Did I fence with Boies? ... I plead guilty.
Whatever that penalty is should be levied against me: rudeness to
Boies in the first degree." Despite Gates' denials, the judge ruled
Microsoft had committed monopolization and tying , and blocking
competition, both in violation of the
Sherman Antitrust Act
Sherman Antitrust Act .
APPEARANCE IN ADS
Mugshots of Gates following his 1977 arrest for a traffic
Albuquerque, New Mexico
In 2008, Gates appeared in a series of ads to promote Microsoft. The
first commercial, co-starring
Jerry Seinfeld , is a 90-second talk
between strangers as
Seinfeld walks up on a discount shoe store (Shoe
Circus) in a mall and notices Gates buying shoes inside. The salesman
is trying to sell Mr. Gates shoes that are a size too big. As Gates is
buying the shoes, he holds up his discount card, which uses a slightly
altered version of his own mugshot of his arrest in
New Mexico in
1977, for a traffic violation. As they are walking out of the mall,
Seinfeld asks Gates if he has melded his mind to other developers,
after getting a "Yes", he then asks if they are working on a way to
make computers edible, again getting a "Yes". Some say that this is an
homage to Seinfeld's own show about "nothing" (
Seinfeld ). In a
second commercial in the series, Gates and
Seinfeld are at the home of
an average family trying to fit in with normal people.
Gates meeting with U.S. Secretary of Defense
James Mattis in
Since leaving day-to-day operations at Microsoft, Gates has continued
his philanthropy and works on other projects.
According to the Bloomberg Billionaires Index, Gates was the world's
highest-earning billionaire in 2013, as his net worth increased by
US$15.8 billion to US$78.5 billion. As of January 2014, most of Gates'
assets are held in
Cascade Investment LLC, an entity through which he
owns stakes in numerous businesses, including Four Seasons Hotels and
Resorts, and Corbis Corp. On February 4, 2014, Gates stepped down as
Microsoft to become Technology Advisor alongside new CEO
Satya Nadella .
Gates provided his perspective on a range of issues in a substantial
interview that was published in the March 27, 2014 issue of Rolling
Stone magazine. In the interview, Gates provided his perspective on
climate change, his charitable activities, various tech companies and
people involved in them, and the state of America. In response to a
question about his greatest fear when he looks 50 years into the
future, Gates stated: "... there'll be some really bad things that'll
happen in the next 50 or 100 years, but hopefully none of them on the
scale of, say, a million people that you didn't expect to die from a
pandemic, or nuclear or bioterrorism." Gates also identified
innovation as the "real driver of progress" and pronounced that
"America's way better today than it's ever been." Gates' days are
planned for him, similar to the
US President 's schedule, on a
Melinda Gates in June 2009
Gates married Melinda French in
Hawaii on January 1, 1994; he was 38
and she was 29. They have three children: Jennifer Katharine (b.
1996), Rory John (b. 1999), and Phoebe Adele (b. 2002). The family
resides in a modern design mansion , which is an earth-sheltered house
in the side of a hill overlooking
Lake Washington in Medina near
Seattle in the state of Washington ,
United States . According to 2007
King County public records, the total assessed value of the property
(land and house) is $125 million, and the annual property taxes are
$991,000. The 66,000 sq ft (6,100 m2) estate has a 60-foot (18 m)
swimming pool with an underwater music system, as well as a 2,500 sq
ft (230 m2) gym and a 1,000 sq ft (93 m2) dining room.
In an interview with
Rolling Stone , Gates stated in regard to his
The moral systems of religion, I think, are super important. We've
raised our kids in a religious way; they've gone to the Catholic
church that Melinda goes to and I participate in. I've been very
lucky, and therefore I owe it to try and reduce the inequity in the
world. And that's kind of a religious belief. I mean, it's at least a
In the same interview, Gates said: "I agree with people like Richard
Dawkins that mankind felt the need for creation myths. Before we
really began to understand disease and the weather and things like
that, we sought false explanations for them. Now science has filled in
some of the realm – not all – that religion used to fill. But the
mystery and the beauty of the world is overwhelmingly amazing, and
there's no scientific explanation of how it came about. To say that it
was generated by random numbers, that does seem, you know, sort of an
uncharitable view . I think it makes sense to believe in God, but
exactly what decision in your life you make differently because of it,
I don't know."
One of Gates' private acquisitions is the
Codex Leicester , which is
a collection of writings by
Leonardo da Vinci
Leonardo da Vinci that Gates bought for
$30.8 million at an auction in 1994. Gates is also known as an avid
reader, and the ceiling of his large home library is engraved with a
The Great Gatsby . He also enjoys playing bridge,
tennis, and golf.
In 1999, his wealth briefly surpassed $101 billion, which caused the
media to call Gates a "centibillionaire". Despite his wealth and
extensive business travel, Gates usually flew coach until 1997, when
he bought a private jet. Since 2000, the nominal value of his
Microsoft holdings has declined due to a fall in Microsoft's stock
price after the dot-com bubble burst and the multibillion-dollar
donations he has made to his charitable foundations. In a May 2006
interview, Gates commented that he wished that he were not the richest
man in the world because he disliked the attention it brought. In
March 2010, Gates was the second wealthiest person behind Carlos Slim
, but regained the top position in 2013, according to the Bloomberg
Carlos Slim retook the position again in June
2014 (but then lost the top position back to Gates). Between 2009
and 2014, his wealth doubled from US$40 billion to more than US$82
Gates has several investments outside Microsoft, which in 2006 paid
him a salary of $616,667 and $350,000 bonus totalling $966,667. In
1989, he founded Corbis , a digital imaging company. In 2004, he
became a director of
Berkshire Hathaway , the investment company
headed by long-time friend
Warren Buffett . In 2016, he revealed that
he was color-blind when discussing his gaming habits.
Queen Rania of Jordan , former British Prime
Gordon Brown , President Umaru Yar\'Adua of Nigeria and
others during the Annual Meeting 2008 of the
World Economic Forum
World Economic Forum in
In 2009, Gates and
Warren Buffett founded
The Giving Pledge , whereby
they and other billionaires pledge to give at least half of their
wealth to philanthropy.
Melinda Gates Foundation
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
Gates studied the work of
Andrew Carnegie and
John D. Rockefeller
John D. Rockefeller ,
and in 1994, sold some of his
Microsoft stock to create the "William
H. Gates Foundation." In 2000, Gates and his wife combined three
family foundations to create the charitable Bill & Melinda Gates
Foundation , which was identified by the Funds for NGOs company in
2013, as the world's wealthiest charitable foundation, with assets
reportedly valued at more than $34.6 billion. The Foundation allows
benefactors to access information that shows how its money is being
spent, unlike other major charitable organizations such as the
Wellcome Trust .
The foundation is organized into four program areas: Global
Development Division, Global Health Division,
United States Division,
and Global Policy the couple plan to eventually donate 95 percent of
their wealth to charity.
The Bill and
Melinda Gates Foundation supports the use of genetically
modified organisms in agricultural development. Specifically, the
foundation is supporting the
International Rice Research Institute in
Golden Rice , a genetically modified rice variant used to
Vitamin A deficiency
Vitamin A deficiency .
Melinda Gates suggested that people should emulate the philanthropic
efforts of the Salwen family, which had sold its home and given away
half of its value, as detailed in
The Power of Half . Gates and his
wife invited Joan Salwen to
Seattle to speak about what the family had
done, and on December 9, 2010, Gates, investor
Warren Buffett , and
Facebook founder and
Mark Zuckerberg signed a commitment they
called the "Gates-Buffet
Giving Pledge ." The pledge is a commitment
by all three to donate at least half of their wealth over the course
of time to charity.
Gates has recently expressed concern about the existential threats of
superintelligence ; in a
Reddit "ask me anything", he stated that
First the machines will do a lot of jobs for us and not be super
intelligent. That should be positive if we manage it well. A few
decades after that though the intelligence is strong enough to be a
concern. I agree with
Elon Musk and some others on this and don't
understand why some people are not concerned.
In a March 2015 interview, with
Baidu 's CEO,
Robin Li , Gates
claimed he would "highly recommend"
Nick Bostrom 's recent work,
Superintelligence: Paths, Dangers, Strategies .
Gates has also provided personal donations to educational
institutions. In 1999, Gates donated $20 million to the Massachusetts
Institute of Technology (MIT) for the construction of a computer
laboratory named the "William H. Gates Building" that was designed by
Frank Gehry . While
Microsoft had previously given financial
support to the institution, this was the first personal donation
received from Gates.
The Maxwell Dworkin Laboratory of the Harvard John A. Paulson School
of Engineering and Applied Sciences is named after the mothers of both
Microsoft President Steven A. Ballmer, both of whom were
students (Ballmer was a member of the School's graduating class of
1977, while Gates left his studies for Microsoft), and donated funds
for the laboratory's construction. Gates also donated $6 million to
the construction of the Gates Computer Science Building, completed in
January 1996, on the campus of
Stanford University . The building
contains the Computer Science Department (CSD) and the Computer
Systems Laboratory (CSL) of Stanford's Engineering department.
On August 15, 2014,
Bill Gates posted a video of himself on Facebook
in which he is seen dumping a bucket of ice water on his head . Gates
posted the video after Facebook founder
Mark Zuckerberg challenged him
to do so in order to raise awareness for the disease ALS (amyotrophic
lateral sclerosis ).
Since about 2005,
Bill Gates and his foundation have taken an
interest in solving global sanitation problems. For example, they
announced the "Reinvent the Toilet Challenge", which has received
considerable media interest. To raise awareness for the topic of
sanitation and possible solutions, Gates drank water that was
"produced from human feces" in 2014 – in fact it was produced from a
sewage sludge treatment process called the Omni-processor . In early
2015, he also appeared with
Jimmy Fallon on
The Tonight Show and
challenged him to see if he could taste the difference between this
reclaimed water or bottled water.
Melinda Gates have said that they intend to leave their
three children $10 million each as their inheritance. With only $30
million kept in the family, they appear to be on a course to give away
about 99.96 percent of their wealth.
In 2007, the
Los Angeles Times
Los Angeles Times criticized the foundation for
investing its assets in companies that have been accused of worsening
poverty, polluting heavily, and pharmaceutical companies that do not
sell to the developing world. In response to press criticism, the
foundation announced a review of its investments to assess social
responsibility. It subsequently canceled the review and stood by its
policy of investing for maximum return, while using voting rights to
influence company practices. The Gates Millennium Scholars program
has been criticized by
Ernest W. Lefever for its exclusion of
Caucasian students. The scholarship program is administered by the
United Negro College Fund . In 2014,
Bill Gates sparked a protest in
Vancouver when he decided to donate 50 million dollars to UNAIDS
through the Bill "> Gates and
Steve Jobs at the fifth D: All Things
Digital conference (D5) in 2007
In 1987, Gates was listed as a billionaire in Forbes magazine's 400
Richest People in America issue, just days before his 32nd birthday.
As the world's youngest self-made billionaire, he was worth $1.25
billion, over $900 million more than he'd been worth the year before,
when he'd debuted on the list. Since 1987, Gates has been included in
the Forbes The World\'s Billionaires list and was the wealthiest from
1995 to 1996, 1998 to 2007, 2009, and has been since 2014. Gates was
number one on Forbes' 400 Richest Americans list from 1993 through to
Time magazine named Gates one of the 100 people who most influenced
the 20th century , as well as one of the 100 most influential people
of 2004, 2005, and 2006 . Time also collectively named Gates, his wife
Melinda and U2's lead singer
Bono as the 2005 Persons of the Year for
their humanitarian efforts. In 2006, he was voted eighth in the list
of "Heroes of our time". Gates was listed in the Sunday Times power
list in 1999, named
CEO of the year by Chief Executive Officers
magazine in 1994, ranked number one in the "Top 50 Cyber Elite" by
Time in 1998, ranked number two in the Upside Elite 100 in 1999, and
was included in
The Guardian as one of the "Top 100 influential people
in media" in 2001.
According to Forbes, Gates was ranked as the fourth most powerful
person in the world in 2012, up from fifth in 2011.
In 1994, he was honored as the twentieth Distinguished Fellow of the
British Computer Society . In 1999, Gates received New York Institute
of Technology 's President's Medal. Gates has received honorary
Nyenrode Business Universiteit ,
Breukelen , The
Netherlands, in 2000; the
Royal Institute of Technology , Stockholm,
Sweden, in 2002;
Waseda University , Tokyo, Japan, in 2005; Tsinghua
University , Beijing, China, in April 2007; Harvard University in
June 2007; the
Karolinska Institute , Stockholm, in 2007, and
Cambridge University in June 2009. He was also made an honorary
Peking University in 2007.
Gates was made an honorary Knight Commander of the Order of the
British Empire (KBE) by Queen
Elizabeth II in 2005. In November 2006,
he was awarded the Placard of the
Order of the Aztec Eagle , together
with his wife Melinda who was awarded the Insignia of the same order,
both for their philanthropic work around the world in the areas of
health and education, particularly in Mexico, and specifically in the
program "Un país de lectores". Gates received the 2010 Bower Award
for Business Leadership from
The Franklin Institute for his
Microsoft and his philanthropic work. Also in 2010,
he was honored with the
Silver Buffalo Award by the Boy Scouts of
America , its highest award for adults, for his service to youth.
Entomologists named Bill Gates\' flower fly , Eristalis gatesi, in
his honor in 1997.
In 2002, Bill and
Melinda Gates received the Jefferson Award for
Greatest Public Service Benefiting the Disadvantaged.
In 2006, Gates received the James C. Morgan Global Humanitarian Award
The Tech Awards .
In 2015, Gates, along with his wife Melinda, received the Padma
Bhushan , India's third-highest civilian award for their social work
in the country.
In 2016, President
Barack Obama honored Gates and his wife Melinda
Presidential Medal of Freedom for their philanthropic
In 2017, President
François Hollande awarded Bill and Melinda with
the France's highest national award -
Legion of Honour
Legion of Honour in Paris for
their charity efforts.
EXTERNAL BUSINESS VENTURES AND INVESTMENTS
* Cascade Investments LLC, a private investment and holding company,
incorporated in United States, is controlled by Bill Gates, and is
headquartered in the city of
Kirkland, Washington .
* bgC3 , a new think-tank company founded by Bill Gates.
* Corbis , a digital image licensing and rights services company.
TerraPower , a nuclear reactor design company.
ResearchGate , a social networking site for scientists. Gates
participated in a $35 million round of financing along with other
BOOKS, FILMS, SOCIAL MEDIA AND RADIO
Bill Gates has authored two books:
* The Road Ahead , written with
Microsoft executive Nathan Myhrvold
Peter Rinearson , was published in November 1995. It
summarized the implications of the personal computing revolution and
described a future profoundly changed by the arrival of a global
information superhighway .
Business @ the Speed of Thought was published in 1999, and
discusses how business and technology are integrated, and shows how
digital infrastructures and information networks can help getting an
edge on the competition.
The Machine That Changed The World; Interview with Bill Gates,
1990 (raw video), 44:03, Open Vault WGBH
The Machine That Changed the World (miniseries) (1990)
Triumph of the Nerds (1996)
Nerds 2.0.1 (1998)
Waiting for "Superman"
Waiting for "Superman" (2010)
The Virtual Revolution (2010)
Pirates of Silicon Valley , a film which chronicles the rise
of Apple and
Microsoft from the early 1970s to 1997. Gates is
Anthony Michael Hall
Anthony Michael Hall .
Nothing So Strange , a mocumentary featuring Gates as the
subject of a modern assassination. Gates briefly appears at the start,
played by Steve Sires.
The Social Network , a film which chronicles the development
of Facebook. Gates is portrayed by Steve Sires.
Steve Jobs vs. Bill Gates: The Competition to Control the
Personal Computer, 1974–1999: Original film from the National
Geographic Channel for the American Genius series.
In 2013, Gates became a
VIDEO AND FILM CLIPS
Steve Jobs hosts
Bill Gates in the Macintosh dating game at
the Macintosh pre-launch event (with
Steve Jobs and
Mitch Kapor ,
references the television show,
The Dating Game )
Steve Jobs and
Bill Gates Together at D5 Conference
Gates was the guest on
BBC Radio 4
BBC Radio 4 's
Desert Island Discs
Desert Island Discs on January
31, 2016, in which he talks about his relationships with his father
Steve Jobs , meeting his then future wife Melinda Ann French , the
Microsoft and some of his habits (for example reading The
Economist "from cover to cover every week"). His choice of things to
take on a desert island were, for music: "Blue Skies " by Willie
Nelson ; book:
The Better Angels of Our Nature by
Steven Pinker ; and
luxury item: a DVD Collection of Lectures from
The Teaching Company .
Big History – academic discipline advocated by Bill Gates
List of richest Americans in history
List of wealthiest historical figures
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generally known as William H. Gates, Sr to avoid confusion with his
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