The Bibliotheca (Ancient Greek: Βιβλιοθήκη Bibliothēkē,
"Library"), also known as the Bibliotheca of Pseudo-Apollodorus, is a
compendium of Greek myths and heroic legends, arranged in three books,
generally dated to the first or second century AD.
The author was traditionally thought to be Apollodorus of Athens, but
that attribution is now regarded as false, and so "Pseudo-" was added
The Bibliotheca has been called "the most valuable mythographical work
that has come down from ancient times". An epigram recorded by the
Patriarch Photius I of Constantinople
It has the following not ungraceful epigram: 'Draw your knowledge of the past from me and read the ancient tales of learned lore. Look neither at the page of Homer, nor of elegy, nor tragic muse, nor epic strain. Seek not the vaunted verse of the cycle; but look in me and you will find in me all that the world contains'.
The brief and unadorned accounts of myth in the Bibliotheca have led some commentators to suggest that even its complete sections are an epitome of a lost work.
1 Pseudo-Apollodorus 2 Manuscript tradition 3 Printed editions 4 See also 5 References
5.1 Citations 5.2 Works cited
6 External links
A certain "Apollodorus" is indicated as author on some surviving
manuscripts (Diller 1983). This Apollodorus has been mistakenly
Apollodorus of Athens (born c. 180 BC), a student of
Aristarchus of Samothrace, mainly as it is known—from references in
the minor scholia on Homer—that
Apollodorus of Athens did leave a
similar comprehensive repertory on mythology, in the form of a verse
chronicle. The text which did survive to the present, however, cites a
Roman author: Castor the Annalist, a contemporary of
Ancient Greece portal
^ Perseus Encyclopedia, "Apollodorus (4)"; Simpson, p. 1.
^ Aubrey Diller, "The Text History of the Bibliotheca of
Pseudo-Apollodorus," Transactions and Proceedings of the American
Philological Association 66 (1935:296-313), p. 296, 300.
^ Victim of its own suggestions, the epigraph, ironically, does not
survive in the manuscripts. For the classic examples of epitomes and
encyclopedias substituting in Christian hands for the literature of
Library resources about Bibliotheca
Online books Resources in your library Resources in other libraries
Diller, Aubrey. 1983. "The Text History of the Bibliotheca of Pseudo-Apollodorus." In Studies in Greek Manuscript Tradition. Edited by Aubrey Diller, 199–216. Amsterdam: A. M. Hakkert. Dowden, Ken. (1992). The Uses of Greek Mythology. London: Routledge. Fletcher, K. F. B. 2008. "Systematic Genealogies in Apollodorus’ Bibliotheca and the Exclusion of Rome from Greek Myth." Classical Antiquity 27:59–91. Hard, Robin. 1997. Apollodorus: The Library of Greek Mythology. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press. Higbie, Carolyn. 2007. "Hellenistic Mythographers." In The Cambridge Companion to Greek Mythology. Edited by Roger D. Woodard, 237–254. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. Press. Huys, Marc. 1997. "Euripides and the Tales from Euripides: Sources of Apollodoros’ Bibliotheca?" Rheinisches Museum 140: 308–327. Kenens, Ulrike. 2013. "Text and Transmission of Ps.-Apollodorus’ Bibliotheca: Avenues for Future Research." In Writing Myth: Mythography in the Ancient World. Edited by S. M. Trzaskoma and R. S. Smith, 95–114. Leuven, Belgium: Peeters. Kenens, Ulrike. 2011. "The Sources of Ps.-Apollodorus’ Library: A Case Study." Quaderni Urbinati di Cultura Classica 97:129–146. Simpson, Michael, trans. 1976. Gods and Heroes of the Greeks: The "Library" of Apollodorus. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press. Scully, Stephen. 2015. "Echoes of the Theogony in the Hellenistic and Roman Periods." Hesiod's 'Theogony', From Near Eastern Creation Myths to 'Paradise Lost'. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press. Smith, R. Scott, and Stephen M. Trzaskoma, trans. 2007. Apollodorus’ Library and Hyginus’ Fabulae: Two Handbooks of Greek Mythology. Cambridge, MA: Hackett. Trzaskoma, Stephen. 2013. "Citation, Organization and Authorial Presence in Ps.-Apollodorus’ Bibliotheca." In Writing Myth: Mythography in the Ancient World. Edited by S. M. Trzaskoma and R. S. Smith, 75–94. Leuven, Belgium: Peeters. Trzaskoma, Stephen M. and R. Scott Smith. 2008. "Hellas in the Bibliotheke of Apollodorus." Philologus 152.1: 90-96.
Works by Apollodorus at Perseus Digital Library