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Bible colleges (sometimes referred to as Bible institutes or Theological Institute) are Protestant
Protestant
Christian
Christian
institutions of higher education that prepare students for Christian
Christian
ministry with theological education, Biblical studies
Biblical studies
and practical ministry training. Bible colleges primarily offer undergraduate degrees, but may also offer graduate degrees and/or lower-level associate degrees, "certificates", or "diplomas" in specialized areas of Christian training, where a full degree is not required. Bible colleges can be found throughout the world,[1][2] but are concentrated in North America. The South Pacific Association of Bible Colleges claims that more than half of all Protestant
Protestant
missionaries in the world are graduates of Bible Colleges.[3] In North America
North America
there are over 1,200 post-secondary Bible institutes.[4] The Association for Biblical Higher Education asserts that Bible colleges produce "a large percentage of North American evangelical missionaries and serve as a primary training center for local church leadership".[5] In 1997, there were 400 Bible colleges, representing 31,000 students, in the United States and Canada. According to Theology-Degrees.com, there were over 300 accredited Bible colleges in the United States in 2012.[6] There are around 200 post-secondary Bible institutions throughout North America
North America
that are affiliated with the Association for Biblical Higher Education.[7]The Moody Bible Institute
Moody Bible Institute
was one of the first Bible institutes to be established.

Contents

1 Affiliations 2 History 3 Programs 4 Accreditation 5 Professor salary and teacher-student ratio 6 Notes and references 7 See also

Affiliations[edit] Bible colleges are usually associated with evangelical, Christian fundamentalist, or Pentecostal
Pentecostal
Protestant
Protestant
denominations.[8] Their primary purpose is to prepare people for roles in Christian ministry.[9] The Bible-centered curriculum is typically supplemented by structured programs of Christian
Christian
service.[10] History[edit] In the United States and Canada, the origins of the Bible college movement are in the late 19th century Bible Institute movement.[5] The first Bible schools in North America
North America
were founded by A. B. Simpson ( Nyack College
Nyack College
in 1882) of the Christian
Christian
and Missionary Alliance, and D. L. Moody ( Moody Bible Institute
Moody Bible Institute
in 1887). Many were established as a reaction against established theological colleges and seminaries, which conservatives believed were becoming increasingly liberal and undermining traditional Christian
Christian
teachings, such as Biblical inerrancy.[9] The American Bible college movement developed in reaction to the secularization of U.S. higher education. The "Bible institute/college movement" has been described as "a protest to the inroads of secularization in higher education and as a base for the education of lay workers and full-time Bible teachers, evangelists, and pastors".[11] As one historian put it, "It is not a coincidence that the Bible institute movement grew up during the very period when the philosophy of naturalism became prevalent in American education".[12] Between 1882 and 1920, 39 Bible schools were founded in the United States.[13] Programs[edit] Bible colleges generally confer bachelor's degrees, most often in biblical studies and various divisions of Christian
Christian
ministry, pastoral ministry and worship ministry or church music. Some Bible colleges offer degree programs in ministry-related areas that also have secular application, such as Christian
Christian
education. Beyond the undergraduate level, some others have established seminaries and graduate divisions. At some Bible colleges, associate's degrees, diplomas, or certificates are available. These programs are generally designed for laypersons (such as Sunday School
Sunday School
teachers) who neither want nor need a bachelor's degree to perform their Christian
Christian
service, but who desire additional training in such areas as Bible studies or the teachings and practices of their denomination. Many Bible colleges in the United States and Canada that offer intercollegiate athletic programs are members of the National Christian
Christian
College Athletic Association or the Association of Christian College Athletics. Accreditation[edit] Each country has its own governmental process for approval or accreditation of higher education. The Association for Biblical Higher Education (ABHE) accredits many Bible colleges in the United States. Bible colleges may also be accredited by the Transnational Association of Christian
Christian
Colleges and Schools, by regional accreditors, or by international counterparts. About 25 U.S. Bible colleges hold accreditation by regional accreditors, which accredit most academically oriented colleges and universities in the United States.[14] In the UK, from 2007 to 2012, all Bible colleges (along with all independent colleges of higher education) needed to be accredited under the authority of UK Border Agency
UK Border Agency
by either the British Accreditation Council (BAC) or Accreditation Service for International Colleges (ASIC). The government then changed this in 2012 to the need to have compulsory "Education Oversight" from organisations such as QAA, ISI and Bridge Schools Inspectorate.[15] In the United States, some Bible colleges and institutes purposefully operate without conventional educational accreditation, or even governmental licensing. These institutions typically claim exemption due to the religious nature of their programs, that involving an outside agency in this capacity would compromise their missions. Professor salary and teacher-student ratio[edit] In the United States the average salary for a full professor at a Bible institute was around $49,000 in 2012. The student-to-faculty ratio is around 13 students to one instructor.[16] Notes and references[edit]

^ "Member Schools". European Evangelical Accrediting Association. Retrieved 2016-05-06.  ^ "Member Colleges". South Pacific Association of Evangelical Colleges. Retrieved 2016-05-06.  ^ "History". South Pacific Association of Evangelical Colleges. Retrieved 2016-05-06.  ^ Todd C. Ream, " Protestant
Protestant
Bible Institutes in the United States", in The International Handbook of Protestant
Protestant
Education, ed. William Jeynes, David W. Robinson, Springer, 2012, pp. 123-136; William C Ringenberg, The Christian
Christian
college: a history of Protestant
Protestant
higher education in America, Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1984. ^ a b History: Biblical Higher Education Archived 2011-07-24 at the Wayback Machine., American Association of Bible Colleges website (accessed November 19, 2007) ^ Theology-Degrees.com ^ "The Association for Biblical Higher Education: Home". Abhe.org. Retrieved 2016-04-05.  ^ The Canadian Encyclopedia lists the largest affiliated denominations as Mennonites, Pentecostals, Holiness movement
Holiness movement
churches, Baptists, The Church of Christ, Church of God, the Missionary Church, and the Christian
Christian
and Missionary Alliance. See Bible Schools, in The Canadian Encyclopedia (3rd page in online version of article) ^ a b Bible Schools, in The Canadian Encyclopedia (1st page in online version of article) ^ Bible Schools, in The Canadian Encyclopedia (3rd page in online version of article) ^ Larry J. McKinney, "THE FUNDAMENTALIST BIBLE SCHOOL AS AN OUTGROWTH OF THE CHANGING PATTERNS OF PROTESTANT REVIVALISM, 1882-1920", Religious Education: The official journal of the Religious Education Association, 84:1, 589-605. Page 594 ^ Frank E. Gaebelein, quoted in McKinney (1989:590) ^ McKinney (1989:599) ^ Megan Boehnke, Johnson Bible College announces new name, Knoxville News Sentinel, April 29, 2011 ^ UK Border Agency
UK Border Agency
Education Providers, UK Border Agency, August 28, 2013 ^ Todd C. Ream, " Protestant
Protestant
Bible Institutes in the United States", in The International Handbook of Protestant
Protestant
Education, ed. William Jeynes, David W. Robinson, Springer, 2012, pp. 123-136.

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See also[edit]

Christian
Christian
school Religious education Religious school

.