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The Bhote Koshi
Bhote Koshi
is the upper river course of the Sun Kosi, known as Poiqu in Tibet.[2] It is part of the Koshi River
Koshi River
system in Nepal.[1] A western tributary of the upper Dudh Koshi
Dudh Koshi
is also called Bhote Koshi.[3]

Contents

1 River course 2 Hazards 3 Names and etymology 4 Tourism and sports 5 References

River course[edit]

The valley of Bhote Koshi

The headwaters of Poiqu and Bhote-Sun Koshi River
Koshi River
are located at the Zhangzangbo Glacier
Glacier
in Tibet.[4] The river flows out of the Lumi Chimi lake. When entering Nepal, it is called Bhote Koshi. Further downstream, from the village of Bahrabise
Bahrabise
onwards, it is called Sun Koshi.[1] Hazards[edit] In July 1981, a sudden ice avalanche caused a Glacial Lake Outburst Flood in the moraine-dammed Zhangzangbu-Cho Lake in the headwaters of the Bhote Koshi. The ensuing debris flow destroyed bridges, and sections of both the Arniko and the Nepal–China highways.[5] Names and etymology[edit] Nepali: भोटे कोशी; Chinese: 波特科西; pinyin: Bōtè Kēxī In Nepali language, the word "bhoṭe" or "bhoṭiyā" means Tibetan;[6] and the word "kosi" means river.[7] Tourism and sports[edit] The Bhote Kosi is used for both rafting and kayaking. It is the steepest river rafted in Nepal, with a gradient of 15 m per km. Bungee jumping or swinging over the Bhote Kosi has been described as the ‘ultimate experience’.[8] The river carves a steep and direct drop at the top that gradually eases to more placid streams and calmer pools with a 46-km run at the Lamosunga dam. The rapids are class IV-V at high flow, and III at lower levels. The river is steep and continuous with one rapid leading into another. References[edit]

^ a b c Shrestha, A. B., Eriksson, M., Mool, P., Ghimire, P., Mishra, B., & Khanal, N. R. (2010). Glacial lake outburst flood risk assessment of Sun Koshi basin, Nepal. Geomatics, Natural Hazards and Risk 1(2): 157–169. ^ Yamada, T., Sharma, C. K. (1993). Glacier
Glacier
lakes and outburst floods in the Nepal
Nepal
Himalaya. IAHS Publications-Publications of the International Association of Hydrological Sciences, 218: 319–330. ^ Kattelmann, R. (2003). Glacial lake outburst floods in the Nepal Himalaya: a manageable hazard? Natural Hazards 28(1): 145–154. ^ Bajracharya, S. R., Mool, P. K., Shrestha, B. R. (2006). The impact of global warming on the glaciers of the Himalaya. Pages 231–242 in: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Geodisasters, Infrastructure Management and Protection of World Heritage Sites. Nepal
Nepal
Engineering College, Ehime College and National Society for Earthquake Technology Nepal. ^ Mool, P. K.; Joshi, S. P.; Bajracharya, S. R. (2001). Glacial Lake Outburst Floods and Damage in the Country. Pages 121–136 in: Inventory of Glaciers, Glacial Lakes and Glacial Lake Outburst Floods: Monitoring and Early Warning Systems in the Hindu Kush-Himalayan Region, Nepal. International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, Kathmandu. ^ Turner, R. L. (1931). "bhote". A Comparative and Etymological Dictionary of the Nepali Language. K. Paul, Trench, Trubner: London.  ^ Turner, R. L. (1931). "kosi". A Comparative and Etymological Dictionary of the Nepali Language. K. Paul, Trench, Trubner: London.  ^ Bindloss, J. (2010). "Bungee Jumping". Nepal. Lonely Planet. p. 87. ISBN 9781742203614. Retrieved 2010-05-23. 

v t e

Hydrography
Hydrography
of Nepal

Rivers

Mahananda basin

Mechi Kankai Ratua Khola

Sapta Koshi basin

Arun or Bum-chu Barun Bhote Koshi
Bhote Koshi
or Boqu Dudh Kosi Hongu Imja Khola Indravati Kosi or Sapta Kosi Sabha Sangkhuwa Siswa Sun Kosi
Sun Kosi
or Matsang Tsangpo Tama Kosi or Rongshar Tsangpo Tamur

Bagmati basin

Bagmati Bisnumati Kamala Lakhandei

Narayani basin

East Rapti River Myagdi Khola Narayani or Gandak Rahughat Khola Trishuli or Kyirong Tsangpo

Karnali basin

Babai Bheri Karnali or Ghagra Kalapani Kali Panjang Rohini Sarda or Mahakali Seti Thuli Bheri West Rapti River

Lakes

Gokyo Gosaikunda Phewa Phoksundo Rara Tilicho Imja Tsho

Glaciers

Ambulapcha Hunku Imja Khumbu Lhotse Shar Ngozumpa

Icefalls

Khumbu

Dams, barrages

Indrapuri Barrage

Related topics

Gorakshep Inner Terai Valleys of Nepal Kali Gandaki Gorge Western Cwm Barun Valley Chatra Gorge

Hydrography
Hydrography
of surrounding areas

Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh Bihar Bengal Sikkim

v t e

Koshi basin

Rivers

Arun or Bum-chu Barun Bhote Koshi
Bhote Koshi
or Rongshar Tsangpo Dudh Kosi Hongu Imja Khola Indravati Kosi or Sapta Koshi Sabha Sangkhuwa Siswa Sun Kosi
Sun Kosi
or Matsang Tsangpo Tamur

Dams, barrages, bridges

Koshi Barrage Kosi embankment Sino- Nepal
Nepal
Friendship Bridge

Geographical features

Tibetan Plateau Himalayas Mahabharat Range Sivalik Hills Chatra Gorge

Important localities

Nyalam/ Tsongdu Kodari Dolaghat Barabise Namche Bazaar Lukla Bhimnagar Supaul Khagaria

Floods

Floods in Bihar 2008 Bihar
Bihar
flood

Riparian districts/ areas

Tibet Autonomous Region
Tibet Autonomous Region
of China

Nyalam County Tingri County

Nepal

Kosi Zone Sagarmatha Zone

Bihar, India

Darbhanga division Kosi division Purnia division Munger division

Languages/ people

Standard Tibetan Nepali Nepal
Nepal
Bhasa Limbu Maithili Vajjika

Transport

Friendship Highway Araniko Highway Mahendra Highway NH 57 NH 106 NH 107

Other basins

Damodar Godavari Mahanadi–Brahmani–Bai

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