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The Bereitschaftspolizei
Bereitschaftspolizei
(literally "Readiness Police/On-Call Police (Reserve)", effectively Anti-Riot Police) are the support and rapid reaction units of Germany's police forces. They are composed of detachments from the Federal Police and the State Police forces of Germany.

Contents

1 Federal Republic

1.1 Federal Police 1.2 Länder/State Police 1.3 Structure

2 In the former German Democratic Republic 3 References

Federal Republic[edit] The Federal Ministry of the Interior maintains an office of the Bereitschaftspolizei
Bereitschaftspolizei
in Berlin which monitors and coordinates the deployment of all Bereitschaftspolizei
Bereitschaftspolizei
units in Germany. The ministry also provides standardized weapons, vehicles and other equipment. Federal Police[edit] The Bundespolizei maintains 10 rapid reaction battalions (called Bundespolizeiabteilung or BPA) stationed around the country in Ratzeburg, Uelzen, Blumberg, Bad Düben, Duderstadt, Sankt Augustin, Hünfeld, Bayreuth, Bad Bergzabern and Deggendorf. These units can reinforce the federal police in any sphere of its missions and support the police forces of the Länder. They are also trained to assist local authorities in case of disasters and uprisings. Under new interior ministry plans, the number of Bereitschaftspolizei
Bereitschaftspolizei
companies will increase from 28 to 29 comprising approx. 25 percent of Germany’s police support units. [1] Länder/State Police[edit]

The Bereitschaftspolizei
Bereitschaftspolizei
uses the Sonderwagen 4 police armoured car

The state Bereitschaftspolizei
Bereitschaftspolizei
units are part of the Landespolizei (state police) and are available for crowd control, (large) demonstrations, sport events and to assist the Schutzpolizei
Schutzpolizei
when needed. Aside from their primary functions, in some states they also train police recruits who serve about three years in combined training and service in these police support units. The units of one federal state can be deployed to assist the police of another state in case of riots, civil disturbances as well as catastrophes. Their day-to-day duties vary by locality. In Hamburg
Hamburg
they patrol the subway system (alongside the security service), assist in raids (f.i. in the red-light district or organised crime), perform traffic control duty and support regular police officers on patrols. Some states (e.g. the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg) have a hybrid system, where units of the Schutzpolizei
Schutzpolizei
may act as units of the Bereitschaftspolizei (f.i. for sudden or large riots or terror attacks) - they form so-called Alarm-Hundertschaften with units from all Hamburg
Hamburg
police stations (to ensure the performance of the regular tasks of the stations in the same time) to responde as fast as possible. Structure[edit] The structure, equipment and training of Bepo units is generally standard so that units from different parts of Germany
Germany
can operate together without any problems. The Bereitschaftspolizei
Bereitschaftspolizei
is assigned to barracks and organized along military lines into sections, platoons and 120 to 150 person training or rapid reaction companies called Hundertschaften. In most Länder, the Bereitschaftspolizei
Bereitschaftspolizei
contingents are formed into 600 - 800 person battalions, but in the six largest Länder they are organized into regiments. Some police forces like Hamburg
Hamburg
have additional alert platoons manned by regular police officers in case of urgent need of additional personnel when support from the state or the Federal Police is not available quickly enough. The units are equipped with their own transport, tents, and rations allowing them to be deployed quickly to other Länder without having to rely on outside support. They are equipped with armored cars, buses, water cannons, earth moving equipment and command and control vehicles. Arrest units give the Bepos special capabilities to secure evidence and arrest perpetrators at events where large crowds normally impede police operations. In the former German Democratic Republic[edit] See article: Volkspolizei-Bereitschaft

Volkspolizei-Bereitschaft
Volkspolizei-Bereitschaft
from Basdorf
Basdorf
on duty at the Brandenburg Gate before the fall of the Berlin Wall

The East German Ministry of the Interior maintained the independent Department of the Alert Units of the Volkspolizei
Volkspolizei
known as the Volkspolizei-Bereitschaften (VPB). It consisted of between 12,000 and 15,000 men (sources disagree) in 21 Volkspolizei
Volkspolizei
Alert Units of battalion strength. There was usually one unit per district of East Germany
Germany
but the key districts of Halle, Leipzig
Leipzig
and Magdeburg, with their large working class populations, and Potsdam
Potsdam
all had two units. The Presidium of the People's Police in East Berlin
East Berlin
had three units located in Basdorf. Each Alert unit was organized as follows:

Headquarters section Four alert companies:

One mechanized company in wheeled armored personnel carriers Three motorized companies in trucks

Support company

Anti-tank platoon with 3x45 mm/57 mm(later ATGM's) Artillery platoon with 3x76.2 mm ZiS-3
ZiS-3
field/anti-tank guns Mortar platoon with 3x82 mm mortars

Headquarters and staff company with:

signals platoon engineer platoon chemical platoon reconnaissance platoon transport platoon supply platoon control section medical section

These units were equipped with light and medium infantry weapons, SK-1 wheeled armoured personnel carriers, SK-2
SK-2
water cannon (both armoured and unarmoured versions) and buses. Their uniform was the standard Volkspolizei
Volkspolizei
grey-green. The political reliability of the Alert Units was of particular importance to the Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED) as they would be used against the population in the event of social disorders such as the strike of 17 June 1953 in the industrial areas of East Germany. References[edit]

^ Official BPOL news release on reorganisation (in German) Archived September 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.

v t e

Law enforcement in Germany

Federal

Bundesamt für Verfassungsschutz Bundeskriminalamt Bundespolizei (incl. ASSIK and GSG 9) Feldjäger Küstenwache Z Commission Zollkriminalamt (incl. ZUZ)

State police forces

Baden-Württemberg Bavaria Berlin Brandenburg Bremen Hamburg Hesse Lower Saxony Mecklenburg-Vorpommern North Rhine-Westphalia Rhineland-Palatinate Saarland Saxony Saxony-Anhalt Schleswig-Holstein Thuringia

Special
Special
units or branches

Arrest unit
Arrest unit
(incl. BFE+) Autobahnpolizei Bereitschaftspolizei Kriminalpolizei Landeskriminalamt Schutzpolizei Special
Special
Deployment Commando Wasserschutzpolizei

Local public order forces

Stadtpolizei

Other

Bahnpolizei (until 1992) Bundesgrenzschutz
Bundesgrenzschutz
(until 2005) Polizei beim D

.