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Bayamo is the capital city of the Granma Province of Cuba and one of the largest cities in the Oriente region.

Contents

1 Overview 2 History 3 Demographics 4 Transportation 5 Notable residents 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Overview[edit] The community of Bayamo lies on a plain by the Bayamo River. It is affected by the violent Bayamo wind. One of the most important education institutions in the province is the University of Granma. History[edit] Bayamo was the second of the seven cities founded by Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar; it was established on November 5, 1513.[4] Francisco Iznaga,[5] a Basque landowner in the western portion of Cuba during the first 30 years of the colonization of Cuba, was elected mayor in 1540. Iznaga was the originator of a powerful lineage that finally settled in Trinidad, where the Torre Iznaga (Iznaga Tower) is. His descendants fought for the independence of Cuba and for annexation to the U.S., from 1820 to 1900. During much of the 16th century it was one of the most important agricultural and commercial settlements of the island. Its inland situation gave it relative security against the pirates who infested West Indian seas, and the misfortunes of Santiago were the fortunes of Bayamo. Down the Cauto River, then open to the sea for vessels of 200 tons, and through Manzanillo, Bayamo drove a thriving contraband trade that made it the leading town of Cuba at the opening of the 17th century.[4] A tremendous flood, in 1616, choked the Cauto with trees and wrecked vessels, cutting it off from direct access to the sea; but through Manzanillo it continued a great clandestine traffic with Curaçao, Jamaica, and other foreign islands throughout the 17th and 18th centuries. Bayamo was then surrounded by fine plantations.[4] In 1827 it acquired the status of city. In the war of 1868–1878 it was an insurgent stronghold. One of the most desperate conflicts of the war was fought nearby, and it was nearly destroyed by the opposing parties.[4] Demographics[edit] In 2004, the municipality of Bayamo had a population of 222,118.[3] With a total area of 918 km2 (354 sq mi),[2] it has a population density of 242.0/km2 (627/sq mi). Transportation[edit] Bayamo is an under-recognized world leader in sustainable transportation. Per a UN study only about 15% of commuters rely on motorized transport and almost three times as many (39%) rely on about 500 licensed horse-drawn carriages generally following fixed routes. The rest of the non-pedestrian traffic is bicycle and bicycle taxi.[6][7] Notable residents[edit]

Francisco Vicente Aguilera (1821–1877), revolutionary Ricardo Villaverde (1908–1999), surgeon and businessman Conrado Roblejo Aguilera (born 1966), doctor José Antonio Cedeño (born 1939), artist Carlos Manuel de Céspedes (1819–1874), revolutionary Perucho Figueredo (1818–1870), composer of the Cuban national anthem Pablo Milanés (born 1943), singer Tomás Estrada Palma (1832–1908), first president of Cuba Felo Ramírez (born 1921), radio presenter Rolando Uríos (born 1971), handball player Alexis Pantoja Perez (born 1969), painter Sigmund Sobolewski (1923–2017), Polish Holocaust survivor

See also[edit]

Cuba portal

La Bayamesa, Cuban national anthem

References[edit]

^ Guije.com. "Bayamo" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 13 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-06.  ^ a b Statoids (July 2003). "Municipios of Cuba". Archived from the original on 12 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-06.  ^ a b Atenas.cu (2004). "2004 Population trends, by Province and Municipality" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2006-07-14. Retrieved 2007-10-06.  ^ a b c d  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bayamo". Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 553–554.  ^ Jorge Iznaga. FRANCISCO IZNAGA Iznaga Genealogy (IZNAGA - 1420 - Present), Retrieved 5 December 2012. ^ "Getting the carriages out, Cuban-style". UN-HABITAT. 2004-07-20. Archived from the original on 2017-07-31. Retrieved 2017-07-31.  ^ Jon Petrie. "Bayamo, an unacknowledged leader in horse dependent/ ecological transport". Lonely Planet. Archived from the original on 2017-07-31. Retrieved 2017-07-31. 

External links[edit] Media related to Bayamo at Wikimedia Commons

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Provinces of Cuba

Current

Artemisa Camagüey Ciego de Ávila Cienfuegos Ciudad de La Habana Granma Guantánamo Holguín Isla de la Juventud Las Tunas Matanzas Mayabeque Pinar del Río Sancti Spíritus Santiago de Cuba Villa Clara

Historical

Pinar del Río La Habana Santa Clara (Las Villas) Camagüey (Puerto Principe) Oriente (Santiago de Cuba)

Provincial capitals

Artemisa Bayamo Camagüey Ciego de Ávila Cienfuegos Guantánamo Havana Holguín Las Tunas Matanzas Nueva Gerona Pinar del Río San José de las Lajas Sancti Spíritus Santa Clara Santiago de Cuba

Municipalities of Granma

Bartolomé Masó Bayamo Buey Arriba Campechuela Cauto Cristo Guisa Jiguaní Manzanillo Media Luna Niquero Pil

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