* 1 Overview * 2 History * 3 Demographics * 4 Transportation * 5 Notable residents * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links
One of the most important education institutions in the province is the University of Granma .
During much of the 16th century it was one of the most important
agricultural and commercial settlements of the island. Its inland
situation gave it relative security against the pirates who infested
West Indian seas, and the misfortunes of Santiago were the fortunes of
Bayamo. Down the
Cauto River , then open to the sea for vessels of 200
tons, and through Manzanillo ,
A tremendous flood, in 1616, choked the Cauto with trees and wrecked
vessels, cutting it off from direct access to the sea; but through
Manzanillo it continued a great clandestine traffic with
In 1827 it acquired the status of city . In the war of 1868–1878 it was an insurgent stronghold. One of the most desperate conflicts of the war was fought nearby, and it was nearly destroyed by the opposing parties.
In 2004, the municipality of
Francisco Vicente Aguilera (1821–1877), revolutionary
* Ricardo Villaverde (1908–1999), surgeon and businessman
* Conrado Roblejo Aguilera (born 1966), doctor
José Antonio Cedeño (born 1939), artist
Carlos Manuel de Céspedes (1819–1874), revolutionary
Perucho Figueredo (1818–1870), composer of the Cuban national
* ^ Guije.com. "Bayamo" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 13 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-06. * ^ A B Statoids (July 2003). "Municipios of Cuba". Archived from the original on 12 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-06. * ^ A B Atenas.cu (2004). "2004 Population trends, by Province and Municipality" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2006-07-14. Retrieved 2007-10-06. * ^ A B C D One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bayamo". Encyclopædia Britannica . 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 553–554. * ^ Jorge Iznaga. FRANCISCO IZNAGA Iznaga Genealogy (IZNAGA - 1420 - Present), Retrieved 5 December 2012. * ^ "Getting the carriages out, Cuban-style". UN-HABITAT. 2004-07-20. Archived from the original on 2017-07-31. Retrieved 2017-07-31. * ^ Jon Petrie. "Bayamo, an unacknowledged leader in horse dependent/ ecological transport". Lonely Planet. Archived from the original on 2017-07-31. Retrieved 2017-07-31.