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1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
(French pronunciation: ​[bɑstɛʁ]) is a French commune in the Guadaloupe
Guadaloupe
department of France
France
in the Lesser Antilles. It is also the prefecture (capital city) of Guadeloupe.[1] The city of Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
is located on Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
Island, the western half of Guadeloupe. Although it is the administrative capital, Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
is only the second largest city in Guadeloupe
Guadeloupe
behind Pointe-à-Pitre. Together with its urban area it had 44,864 inhabitants in 2012 (11,534 of whom lived in the city of Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
proper).

Contents

1 Geography 2 Climate 3 Toponymy 4 History

4.1 Native American origins 4.2 Birth of the town of Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
(1635-1649) 4.3 Birth of the town of Saint-François (circa 1680) 4.4 English occupation (1759-1763) and tentative revival (1763-1789) 4.5 Revolutionary period (1789-1802) 4.6 Difficult renewal (1802-1870) 4.7 Renewed activity (1870-1976) 4.8 Since 1976 4.9 Heraldry

5 Administration

5.1 Judicial and administrative bodies 5.2 Twinning

6 Demography

6.1 Education 6.2 Health

7 Town planning

7.1 Urban morphology 7.2 Communal territory 7.3 Housing

8 Economy

8.1 Employment

9 Culture and heritage

9.1 Civil heritage 9.2 Religious heritage 9.3 Festivals 9.4 Sport 9.5 Media 9.6 Picture gallery

10 Notable people linked to the commune 11 See also 12 Notes and references

12.1 Notes 12.2 References

13 External links

Geography[edit]

The Soufrière volcano

Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
is located in the south-western corner of the Basse-Terre portion of the island of Guadeloupe
Guadeloupe
which is itself located some 100 km north of Dominica
Dominica
and some 450 km south-east of Puerto Rico. The commune is at the foot of the Soufrière volcano and is connected to the rest of the island by three main roads:

The N1 which exits the commune in the south on the coast and continues inland to Gourbeyre
Gourbeyre
then all the way around the coast to Pointe-à-Pitre
Pointe-à-Pitre
on Grande-Terre. The N2 which goes north along the coast to Vieux Habitants
Vieux Habitants
and continues all the way around the coast to join the N1 at Baie Mahault. The N3 which traverses the length of the commune and continues to Saint-Claude inland.[2][3]

Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
has a maritime station that receives cruise ships and has a ferry service to the Îles des Saintes. The commune is mostly urban with some farmland in the north-east and north-west.[2][3] The different districts of Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
are: Agincourt (also Saint-Claude), Bas-du-Bourg, Carmel, Desmarais (also Saint-Claude) Guillaud, Morne-Chaulet, Morne-à-Vaches (also Saint-Claude), Petit-Paris, Pintade, Rivière-des-Peres, La Rue-Maillan, Saint-François, Sur-le Morne, and Versailles.

Neighbouring communes and villages[2]

Baillif Saint-Claude

Caribbean Sea

Basse-Terre

Caribbean Sea St Charles Gourbeyre

Climate[edit] Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
lies at a transitional point between a tropical rainforest climate and a tropical monsoon climate. While Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
does feature a drier stretch from January through March, the town does not quite have a dry season month. The town’s driest month (February) sees on average roughly 60 mm of precipitation. A monthly precipitation average below 60 mm is considered dry season month. As is the norm with cities with these two climate types, Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
features relatively consistent temperatures throughout the year.

Climate data for Basse-Terre

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 31 (88) 32 (90) 31 (88) 32 (90) 33 (91) 33 (91) 37 (99) 38 (100) 33 (91) 33 (91) 32 (90) 32 (90) 38 (100)

Average high °C (°F) 28 (82) 28 (82) 28 (82) 29 (84) 30 (86) 31 (88) 31 (88) 31 (88) 31 (88) 30 (86) 29 (84) 28 (82) 30 (86)

Daily mean °C (°F) 24 (75) 24 (75) 25 (77) 26 (79) 27 (81) 27 (81) 27 (81) 27 (81) 27 (81) 27 (81) 26 (79) 25 (77) 26 (79)

Average low °C (°F) 20 (68) 20 (68) 21 (70) 22 (72) 23 (73) 24 (75) 24 (75) 23 (73) 23 (73) 23 (73) 22 (72) 21 (70) 22 (72)

Record low °C (°F) 15 (59) 16 (61) 15 (59) 16 (61) 17 (63) 20 (68) 20 (68) 20 (68) 18 (64) 20 (68) 17 (63) 15 (59) 15 (59)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 80 (3.15) 60 (2.36) 70 (2.76) 110 (4.33) 150 (5.91) 120 (4.72) 160 (6.3) 190 (7.48) 230 (9.06) 220 (8.66) 220 (8.66) 140 (5.51) 1,750 (68.9)

Source: Weatherbase[4]

Toponymy[edit] The name comes from the mariners' vocabulary of the 17th century which designated a land or coast sheltered from the wind, as opposed to Capesterre "Cape to the east of Land".[citation needed] History[edit]

Fort Delgrès

Native American origins[edit] Before Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
became a French town it was a village of American Indian horticulturists and potters. The village was on the site of the present Basse-Terre Cathedral
Basse-Terre Cathedral
where archaeological excavations found human remains and other evidence of occupation during the restoration of the cathedral. In 2005 on the lower part of a Native American garbage dump, excavations have uncovered a new dump containing large amounts of archaeological material: food waste, ceramics, stone tools and shell tools, ornaments, charcoal and a tomb.[5] Birth of the town of Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
(1635-1649)[edit] In 1635, when it was part of Saint Kitts and Nevis, an expedition was seeking a place of lasting presence in Guadeloupe. The operation was entrusted to Charles Liénard de l'Olive and Jean du Plessis d'Ossonville together with 4 missionaries and 550 colonists. The landing took place on 28 June 1635, at Pointe Allègre, far from Basse-Terre. Famine pushed the party to the south near the present town of Vieux-Fort in early 1636. The relationship between Native Americans and colonists degraded quickly; Liénard then began a bloody war against the locals. In 1660 a treaty forced him to retreat to Dominica
Dominica
and Saint Vincent. The war forced him to build a fort, today Fort Olive at Vieux Fort. In 1640 Aubert succeeded Liénard as the government of the island and he soon left the site to settle on the left bank of the Galion, which is the current Gourbeyre
Gourbeyre
marina. In 1643 Charles Houël du Petit Pré replaced Aubert and, in 1649, he left the marina site for the right bank of the Galion and built a fort. Some religious built the first church, now the Church of Our Lady of Mount Carmel, shortly afterwards and the city was organized around the chapel and from the fort to the river of Herbs. This was the beginning of Basse-Terre. Birth of the town of Saint-François (circa 1680)[edit] Around 1680 on the right bank of the river of Herbs the Capuchins built a chapel dedicated to Saint Francis of Assisi
Francis of Assisi
where the present Guadaloupe
Guadaloupe
Cathedral is located and a second centre of population grew around this place of worship. The River of Herbs separated the two distinct villages: Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
and Saint Francis. In reality, people flocked to the new town because of attacks by the English who burned the town of Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
in 1691 and again in 1703. Following these raids the people thought that the fort was attracting the invaders and consequently moved to Saint Francis. A stone bridge was built in 1739 replacing a ford and a wooden bridge across the river of Herbs. English occupation (1759-1763) and tentative revival (1763-1789)[edit] On 23 January 1759 the island was taken over by the British who devastated the island. The island was occupied by the British until 10 February 1763. The colony was experiencing a resurgence of activity despite the founding of Pointe-à-Pitre
Pointe-à-Pitre
in 1764 - a town in a better position for the ocean swell - and despite a fire in September 1782. The town was partially redesigned around 1787. Revolutionary period (1789-1802)[edit] The French Revolution
French Revolution
reached the island and therefore Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
in September 1789. The English passed the town to Governor Collot and Victor Hugues
Victor Hugues
on 22 April 1789. Colot and Hugues were sent by the National Convention
National Convention
in Paris
Paris
to take the colony in hand and abolish slavery. They dislodged the cannon in December 1794 and installed a guillotine. The city was the scene of military operations conducted by General Richepanse, who was sent by Napoleon
Napoleon
to reestablish slavery, against Louis Delgrès
Louis Delgrès
in 1802. Delgrès retreated to the fort on 20 May 1802 and abandoned it on 22 May. Difficult renewal (1802-1870)[edit] The town was occupied from 6 February 1810 to 30 May 1814 and again from 10 August 1815 to July 1816. For over 20 years Basse-Terre suffered from the effects of these disturbances. Only after four hurricanes (in 1816, 1821, 1825, and 1844) did Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
think of rehabilitating the construction and development of the Champ d'Arbaud by building a Military Hospital (now Gerville-Réache High School), a bishopric, sanitation, and expansion of the city by creating new neighbourhoods such as Trianon, Versailles, Petite Guinée, and Petit- Paris
Paris
but the situation remained unchanged, worsened more by a cholera epidemic in 1865. Renewed activity (1870-1976)[edit] From 1870 the commune began to recover and inaugurated its town hall in 1899. It was the first city in Guadaloupe
Guadaloupe
to be electrified in 1913. The impetus came from Ali Tur, who arrived after the cyclone of September 1928 and built the courthouse, the General Council, and a market in the 1930s. A port was built (as wooden quays had previously served as a port) from 1961 to 1964, the boulevard was built in 1962 to serve the port: it was extended in 1964 and again in 1965 along what was once a pebble and black sand beach that ran along the coast. On 26 November 1970, 1.5 inches of rain (38.1 mm)fell in a minute, the heaviest ever recorded. Cyclonic conditions repeatedly ravaged the development of this boulevard in 1989 with Hurricane Hugo and Hurricane Marilyn
Hurricane Marilyn
in 1995, Hurricane Lenny
Hurricane Lenny
in 1999, and Hurricane Omar in 2008. Since 1976[edit] In 1976 73,600 inhabitants of the town were evacuated (from 15 August to 18 November 1976) due to the high activity of the Soufrière volcano. Some evacuees never returned and moved to Jarry. For 20 years, the town centre was depopulated in favour of peri-urban areas or neighbouring towns such Baillif, Saint-Claude, and Gourbeyre despite attempts at renewal. Heraldry[edit]

The fleur-de-lis symbolise the belonging to France
France
while sun symbolises a tropical island. Blazon: Gules, charged with a sun of Or; in chief Azure 3 fleurs-de-lis Or.

Administration[edit] List of Successive Mayors[6]

Mayors from the French Revolution
French Revolution
to 1944

From To Name

1790 1792 Jean Baptiste Louis Thirus de Pautrizel

1792

La Graët

1821 1829 Baudet

1831 1837 DuperronN

1837 1843 Jean Rémi Terrail

1843 1846 Charles Le Dentu

1847 1848 Aristide Lignières

1848 1848 J. L. Rousseau

1848 1848 Lomont Bernard

1848 1850 P. H. Laurichesse

1850 1850 Pothonier

1850 1852 P. H. Laurichesse

1853 1854 Puech

1854 1863 Rullier

1863 1869 A. Eggimann

1869 1871 Aristide Lignères

1871 1876 Emile Le Dentu

1876 1883 Richard Jean-Romain

1883 1884 Hildebert Bernus

1884 1888 Auguste Silvie

1888 1893 Hildebert Bernus

1893 1894 J. Cascon

1897 1902 Wilfrid Montout

1897 1900 Delmance Demonchy

1911 1925 Arnaud Lignières

1925 1933 Georges Favreau

1933 1938 Maurice Marie-Claire

1938 1944 Maurice Martin

Mayors from 1945

From To Name Party Position

1945 1951 Joseph Pitat

Doctor, President of the General Council 1945-1949

1951 1953 Annibal Waneybergue

Retired

1953 1959 Élie Chauffrein PCF

1959 1971 Gaston Feuillard

Lawyer, MP 1958-1973

1971 1995 Jérôme Cléry PCG Doctor

1995 2001 Lucette Michaux-Chevry RPR Lawyer, President of the Regional Council 1992-2004, Senator 1995-2011

2001 2001 Pierre Martin DVD

2001 2008 Guy Georges DVD Merchant

2008 2014 Lucette Michaux-Chevry UMP Lawyer, former Minister, Senator

2014 2020 Marie-Luce Penchard UMP Territorial Administrator, former Minister

(Not all data is known.) Judicial and administrative bodies[edit] The commune of Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
has a Courthouse, which was built in 1934 by architect Ali Georges-Tur, and which also houses the Basse-Terre Court of Appeal, a Tribunal d'instance, a High Court an Administrative Court, and an industrial tribunal.[7] The Bar Association of the Bar of Guadeloupe
Guadeloupe
is also established in the commune. Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
benefits from the presence of a Chamber of bailiffs, a Chamber of Notaries, and a Chamber of Commerce. The prefecture is also present and the city is the seat of the Urban community of South Basse-Terre. There is a police station and a prison. Twinning[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in France Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
has twinning associations with:[8]

Pondicherry
Pondicherry
(India) since 1981

Demography[edit] The total number of households in the commune in 2010 was 5158.[9] Since 1982 the population has remained stable. In 2010 the commune had 999 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Population change (See database)

1967 1974 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 - -

15,690 15,457 13,656 14,003 12,377

11,915 - -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, [ INSEE database from 1968] (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)

Population of Basse-Terre

Education[edit] The commune has 24 educational institutions:[10]

5 public kindergartens: Chevalier St-Georges, Circonvallation, Laure Abel, Petit Paris
Paris
and Rivière des Pérès[11] 5 public primary schools: Elie Chaufrein, Gaston Michineau, Mélanie Milly, Regina Richard, and Rivière des Pérès[11] 3 public junior high schools: Joseph Pitat, Les Persévérants, and Pensionnat de Versailles[12] 2 public senior high schools:[12]

Lycée et lycée professionnel les Persévérants Lycée polyvalent Raoul Georges Nicolo

Former high schools?:

Lycée général et technologique Gerville Réache Lycée général et technologique Pensionnat de Versailles

3 private primary schools:[11]

Immaculée Versailles Jeanne-D Arc Saint Paul de Bouillon

Private secondary schools under contract:[13]

Collège Les Persévérants/LP/LGT Les Persévérants LGT/LP/LT Versailles

Health[edit] Medical institutions in Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
are among the largest on the island. In 2012 the hospital in Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
had 235 beds organized into four areas (emergency, surgery, enlarged internal medicine, obstetrics and pediatrics) and had a staff of 850 doctors, hospital and administrative staff.[14] The commune also has a Health Centre. Town planning[edit]

The central Roundabout in Basse-Terre, at the intersection of boulevard du Général-de-Gaulle and boulevard du Gouverneur-Éboué

Urban morphology[edit]

Play media

360º Panorama of the waterfront of Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
along the boulevard du Général-de-Gaulle

Over the centuries the commune spread along a street formerly named Grand Rue. The River of Herbs separates two early nuclei of houses which now correspond to the districts of Carmel and Saint Francis. The town developed on a narrow coastal strip between the Caribbean Sea
Caribbean Sea
and the first hills of the long mountain ridge that divides the island in two. The volcanic massif of the Soufrière is to the north-east and the mountains of Caraïbes and Houëlmont are to the south-east, which enclose the commune in lush greenery. The city itself stretches over 3 km in spite of a rugged terrain intersected by ravines. Communal territory[edit] The boundaries of the commune have varied over the centuries. The colonial Decree of 20 September 1837 endorsed the creation of communes (endorsed on 12 November 1789) and set the powers of the mayor and city council. The territory of Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
was previously split into two: intra-muros which was the urban part and its inner periphery and extra-muros that extended to the slopes of the Soufrière (although this terminology is used, the city has never been surrounded by walls). In 1837 two new communes were created by cutting extra-muros from Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
and the future Saint-Claude and Gourbeyre
Gourbeyre
were created. A decision of the municipal council of 15 March 1839 specified the limits of the commune. By 16 October 1953, the commune has grown and included the neighbourhoods of Rivière-des-Peres by the sea as well as Pintade, Thillac, Morne-à-Vaches, Desmarais, Guillard, and Delille. Housing[edit] The total number of dwellings in the commune is 5,540. 82.1% are primary residences against 83% nationally. The number of second homes is estimated at 0.5% and the number of vacancies to 16% which is above the national average of 8%.[15] Economy[edit] The area of the commune has been greatly reduced since the end of the 19th century and its mountainous terrain does not allow it to develop large-scale farming.[citation needed] Only the Bologna distillery, a rum producer, remains significant and is one of the jewels of local production shared with the commune of Baillif.[citation needed] The city, as capital of the department, hosts major administration establishments as well as the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Basse-Terre.[citation needed] There has been development of the economic sector through improving the reception of cruise ships and passengers in the port of Basse-Terre.[16] The first stone for the ferry terminal was laid on 27 December 2013. The modern terminal has a capacity of 100 people with areas for ticketing and restaurants was opened on 2 October 2015.[17] Employment[edit] The unemployment rate in 2012 for the town was 25.6% out of a total workforce of 7,293 individuals.[18]

Division of employees into type of activity

  Agricultural workers Tradesmen, shopkeepers, company directors Managers and Professionals Middle managers Employees Workers

Basse-Terre 1% 7% 6.9% 21.4% 46.9% 16.9%

Moyenne Nationale 2,4% 6,4% 12,1% 22,1% 29,9% 27,1%

Source od data: INSEE[19]

Culture and heritage[edit] The commune has a very large number of buildings and sites that are registered as historical monuments. For a complete list with links to descriptions (in French) and photos click here. Some of the most interesting are shown below. Civil heritage[edit]

Fort Delgrès (formerly Fort Saint-Charles), built by Charles Houël in 1649; thereafter many governors expanded it and made substantial changes. It was taken and retaken several times. It had several names: Fort Houël (1650-1794), Fort Matilda by the English (1794), Fort Richepanse (30 March 1803 – 1810), again Fort Matilda (1810-1814 and 1815-1816), again Fort Richepanse (1816-1960), Fort Saint Charles (1960), and Fort Delgrès (since 1989). Classified as an historical monument by order of 21 November 1977.[20] The Gerty Archimede Museum opened in 1984 in the house where the lawyer and politician Gerty Archimede lived. The Town hall was built in 1889. For the Tercentenary celebrations of linking the West Indies
West Indies
to France
France
Georges Rohner made ??seven paintings to decorate the building, between 1934 and 1936.[21] The seven paintings in the town hall are registered as historical objects:

A Painting: Portrait of Victor Schoelcher (1937)[22] A Painting: Horseman talking to a woman and small boy (1937)[23] A Painting: Workman carrying a hand of bananas (1937)[24] A Painting: Two fishermen shaking their nets with a woman (1937)[25] A Painting: Two fishermen shaking their nets (1937)[26] A Painting: Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
bay (1937)[27] A Painting: Women talking under a tree (1937)[28]

The Courthouse
Courthouse
buildings were all built by Ali Tur.[29] It is used for all of the courts of the prefecture including the Court of Appeal and High Court. It is classified as historical monuments by order of 15 December 1997.[30] The Market Clock located inside the City spice Market dates from 1932 and is also the work of architect Ali Tur.[29] The Lycée général et technologique Gerville-Réache was built in the 1st quarter of the 19th century when it housed a military hospital. In the 1950s this was converted into the school. It was classified as an historical monument by order of 15 January 1979.[31] The Regional Council of Guadeloupe
Guadeloupe
was recently built (1991-1993) and houses the offices of regional councilors and the President of the Regional Executive. The General Council of Guadeloupe
Guadeloupe
was built on the site of the former General Council building. It has been listed as an historical monument since 1997.[32] The Prefecture of Guadeloupe
Guadeloupe
on the site of the former military hospital destroyed by fire in 1794. It was a military district which was formerly called the "Barracks of Orleans" in the 19th century. The current building was built by Ali Tur between 1932 and 1935[29] and was called the "Palace of Orleans" or the "Palace of the Governor". It was not until 1951 that the prefectural administration settled there. It was classified as an historical monument by order of 15 December 1997.[33]

Religious heritage[edit]

The Cathedral of Our Lady of Guadeloupe
Guadeloupe
was built over a wooden chapel that was built in the 18th century when it was called Saint Francis Church. It was not until 1877 that it was dedicated to Our Lady of Guadeloupe. The cathedral was listedas an Historical Monument (MH) on 17 June the 1975.[34] Its annex buildings are the seat of the Diocese of Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
and Pointe-à-Pitre. The Bell Tower of the Cathedral was built in 1837 and recently renovated recently and is separated on the back of the cathedral without. It was classifiedas an historical monument on 19 May 2006.[35] The Church of Our Lady of Mount Carmel was built by the first colonists and more precisely by monks in the 17th century. It marked foundation of Basse-Terre. It was classified as an historical monument on 20 April 2006.[36] The church contains several items that are registered as histporical objects:

A Cabinet (18th century)[37] A Processional Cross (18th century)[38] A Monstrance
Monstrance
(1704)[39] A Funeral plaque for Jean Louis Honoré d'Hesmivy (18th century)[40] A Funeral plaque for François Charles de Bourlamaque (18th century)[41] A Sculpture (18th century)[42]

The Saint Antoine Monastery was founded in 1897 as a charitable hospice and property of the Saint Vincent de Paul
Saint Vincent de Paul
congregation. It was listed in 2007 as an historical monument.[43]

Festivals[edit]

The Auditorium
Auditorium
Jérôme Cléry and a theatre with 500 seats called L'Artchipel The 'Festival Patronale on 12 December The Festival of Carmel on 16 July

Sport[edit] Sports facilities in the commune:

Sports Palace of Rivière-des-Pères (1600 seats) Stadium of Rivière-des-Peres (4000 seats) Inter-communal Swimming Pool at Rivière-des-Peres Félix-Éboué Stadium Multisports halls

They are used by sports clubs:

The Cygne Noir, football La Gauloise, football The Racing Club of Basse-Terre, football The Étoile du Carmel, football The Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
Rugby Club (BASTRUC), rugby

Media[edit] The TV channel Guadeloupe
Guadeloupe
I and radio Guadeloupe
Guadeloupe
I are available in the commune. Picture gallery[edit]

The Gerty Archimede Museum

The Spice Market and its clock

Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
Cathedral

The cathedral bell tower

The seat of the Diocese of Basse-Terre
Diocese of Basse-Terre
and Pointe-à-Pitre

The Saint-Antoine Monastery

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

Charles Houël du Petit Pré, founder of Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
in 1649 Jacques-Nicolas Gobert, born in Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
on 22 May 1760; a Major-General in the French Revolution Jean-Jacques Ambert
Jean-Jacques Ambert
(1765-1851), General of the armies of the Republic and the Empire, born in Saint-Céré
Saint-Céré
(Lot), died in Basse-Terre Louis Joseph Amour de Bouillé du Chariol (1769-1850), General of the armies of the Republic and the Empire Louis Delgrès, born on 2 August 1766 at Saint-Pierre, Martinique
Saint-Pierre, Martinique
and died on 28 May 1802 at Matouba in Guadeloupe, Guadeloupe
Guadeloupe
hero, Commandant of Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
in 1802 Antoine Richepanse, born at Metz
Metz
on 25 March 1770, named chief of the expedition to Guadeloupe
Guadeloupe
by Napoléon Bonaparte, he embarked in 1801 with order to quell the uprising of Louis Delgrès. He succeeded but, having contracted yellow fever, he died on 3 September 1802 at the age of 32 years at Basse-Terre. He is buried in Fort Delgrès. Ferdinand Joseph L'Herminier, born in 1802 at Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
and died in 1866 at Pointe-à-Pitre; botanist and zoologist Louisy Mathieu, born on 2 February 1817 at Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
and died on 4 November 1874; slave, cooper, and print worker; MP for Guadeloupe, 1848-1849 Léon Hennique, born at Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
on 4 November 1850 and died in Paris
Paris
on 25 December 1935; naturalist novelist and playwright Camille Mortenol (1859-1930), ship's captain; student with exceptional ability in mathematics Élie Bloncourt, born at Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
on 5 May 1896, MP for Aisne
Aisne
and a fervent Resistance fighter during the Second World War Gerty Archimede, born on 26 April 1909 at Morne-à-l'Eau
Morne-à-l'Eau
(Guadeloupe), died at Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
on 15 August 1980, the first woman admitted to the bar in Guadeloupe
Guadeloupe
in 1939 and deputy to Mayor Élie Chauffrein (1953-1956) Paul Niger, real name Albert Béville; writer, administrator, and militant; born on 21 December 1915 at Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
and died on 22 June 1962 in an air accident at Deshaies Joseph Aucourt, footballer; born at Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
on 12 January 1927; played for RC Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
and FC Girondins de Bordeaux
FC Girondins de Bordeaux
(1952-1955]]) Guy Hatchi, former French footballer; born on 18 March 1934 at Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
(Guadeloupe); played for CS Sedan Ardennes
CS Sedan Ardennes
and Olympique Lyonnais Jacques Rousseau, French athlete, born on 10 March 1951 at Basse-Terre; champion of Europe in long jump in 1978 Willy Salzedo, born at Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
in 1961; pianist, author, composer, producer, arranger; major composer of Caribbean songs for over 20 years Luc Sonor, born on 15 September 1962 at Basse-Terre, international French footballer, played for AS Monaco
AS Monaco
and FC Metz
Metz
and consulted at Canal+ Evelyne Elien, born on 24 March 1963 at Basse-Terre; French athlete specialising in 400 metres Tanya Saint-Val, singer born in 1965 in the commune Élie Domota, born in 1967 in the commune, Guadeloupean unionist and spokesman for Liyannaj Kont Pwofitasyon in créole, or LKP (collective against outrageous exploitation), leading member of the 2009 French Caribbean general strikes which occurred in January and February 2009 Marie-José Pérec, born at Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
on 9 May 1968; triple Olympic champion: in 1992 at the 1992 Summer Olympics
1992 Summer Olympics
at Barcelona
Barcelona
in the 400 metres and twice at the 1996 Summer Olympics
1996 Summer Olympics
in Atlanta in the 400 metres and 200 metres Jean-Pierre Cyprien, footballer born at Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
on 12 February 1969, notably won the jersey for Olympique de Marseille Jane Fostin, born on 27 December 1973 at Basse-Terre; Guadeloupean singer and former member of the group Zouk Machine Rony Martias, born on 4 August 1980 at Basse-Terr; racing cyclist

See also[edit]

Communes of the Guadeloupe
Guadeloupe
department

Notes and references[edit] Notes[edit]

^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 Archived 6 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine., the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually and the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

^ INSEE ^ a b c Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
on Google Maps ^ a b Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
on the Géoportail from National Geographic Institute (IGN) website (in French) ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Basse-Terre".  ^ Report of Activity 2006, Inrap, page 87 Archived 17 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine. (in French) ^ List of Mayors of France
France
(in French) ^ List of competent jurisdictions for Basse-Terre, Ministry of Justice website (in French). ^ National Commission for Decentralised cooperation (in French) ^ INSEE Key Statistics for Households (in French) ^ Schools in Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
(in French) ^ a b c "LISTE DES ECOLES PUBLIQUES ET PRIVEES SOUS CONTRAT." Académie de la Guadeloupe (fr). Retrieved on 10 March 2018. ^ a b "Établissements du 2nd degré PUBLIC 2017-2018." Académie de la Guadeloupe (fr). Retrieved on 10 March 2018. ^ "Etablissements du 2nd degré privé sous contrat 2017-2018."Académie de la Guadeloupe (fr). Retrieved on 10 March 2018. ^ Presentation of the Hospital Centre of Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
on its official website (in French) ^ Logement à Basse-Terre, INSEE data compiled by Linternaute (in French) ^ Major work planned in the port in France-Antilles on 19 March 2011 (in French) ^ Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
turns around its port (in French) ^ INSEE Population Active (in French) ^ Demographic data from INSEE compiled by L'internaute (in French) ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA97100904 Fort Delgrès (in French) ^ Marie-Emmanuelle Desmoulins, The Guadaloupen interlude of Georges Rohner: the paintings in the Town Hall of Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
(1934-1936), In Situ - Revue of Heritage, No. 6, 2005 Read online (in French) ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM97100025 Painting: Portrait of Victor Schoelcher (in French) ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM97100024 Painting: Horseman talking to a woman and small boy (in French) ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM97100023 Painting: Workman carrying a hand of bananas (in French) ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM97100022 Painting: Two fishermen shaking their nets with a woman (in French) ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM97100021 Painting: Two fishermen shaking their nets (in French) ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM97100020 Painting: Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
Bay (in French) ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM97100020 Painting: Women talking under a tree (in French) ^ a b c Michèle Robin-Clerc, Descriptive note of the works of Ali Tur, Conseil régional de Guadeloupe, Basse-Terre, 2010, p. 7-8 (in French) ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA97100912 Courthouse
Courthouse
(in French) ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA97100911 Lycée général et technologique Gerville-Réache (in French) ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00105889 General Council of Guadeloupe
Guadeloupe
(in French) ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA97100914 Prefecture of Guadeloupe
Guadeloupe
(in French) ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00105849 Cathedral of Our Lady of Guadeloupe
Guadeloupe
(in French) ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA97100917 Bell Tower of the Cathedral (in French) ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA97101043 Church of Our Lady of Mount Carmel (in French) ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM97100018 Cabinet (in French) ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM97100005 Processional Cross (in French) ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM97100004 Monstrance
Monstrance
(in French) ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM97100003 Funeral plaque for Jean Louis Honoré d'Hesmivy (in French) ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM97100002 Funeral plaque for François Charles de Bourlamaque (in French) ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM97100001 Sculpture (in French) ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA97100022 Saint Antoine Monastery (in French)

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Basse-Terre.

v t e

Communes of the Guadeloupe
Guadeloupe
department

Les Abymes Anse-Bertrand Baie-Mahault Baillif Basse-Terre Bouillante Capesterre-Belle-Eau Capesterre-de-Marie-Galante Deshaies La Désirade Le Gosier Gourbeyre Goyave Grand-Bourg Lamentin Morne-à-l'Eau Le Moule Petit-Bourg Petit-Canal Pointe-à-Pitre Pointe-Noire Port-Louis Saint-Claude Sainte-Anne Sainte-Rose Saint-François Saint-Louis Terre-de-Bas Terre-de-Haut Trois-Rivières Vieux-Fort Vieux-Habitants

v t e

Prefectures of departments of France

Bourg-en-Bresse
Bourg-en-Bresse
(Ain) Laon
Laon
(Aisne) Moulins (Allier) Digne-les-Bains
Digne-les-Bains
(Alpes-de-Haute-Provence) Gap (Hautes-Alpes) Nice
Nice
(Alpes-Maritimes) Privas
Privas
(Ardèche) Charleville-Mézières
Charleville-Mézières
(Ardennes) Foix
Foix
(Ariège) Troyes
Troyes
(Aube) Carcassonne
Carcassonne
(Aude) Rodez
Rodez
(Aveyron) Marseille
Marseille
(Bouches-du-Rhône) Caen
Caen
(Calvados) Aurillac
Aurillac
(Cantal) Angoulême
Angoulême
(Charente) La Rochelle
La Rochelle
(Charente-Maritime) Bourges
Bourges
(Cher) Tulle
Tulle
(Corrèze) Ajaccio
Ajaccio
(Corse-du-Sud) Bastia
Bastia
(Haute-Corse) Dijon
Dijon
(Côte-d'Or) Saint-Brieuc
Saint-Brieuc
(Côtes-d'Armor) Guéret
Guéret
(Creuse) Périgueux
Périgueux
(Dordogne) Besançon
Besançon
(Doubs) Valence (Drôme) Évreux
Évreux
(Eure) Chartres
Chartres
(Eure-et-Loir) Quimper
Quimper
(Finistère) Nîmes
Nîmes
(Gard) Toulouse
Toulouse
(Haute-Garonne) Auch
Auch
(Gers) Bordeaux
Bordeaux
(Gironde) Montpellier
Montpellier
(Hérault) Rennes
Rennes
(Ille-et-Vilaine) Châteauroux
Châteauroux
(Indre) Tours
Tours
(Indre-et-Loire) Grenoble
Grenoble
(Isère) Lons-le-Saunier
Lons-le-Saunier
(Jura) Mont-de-Marsan
Mont-de-Marsan
(Landes) Blois
Blois
(Loir-et-Cher) Saint-Étienne
Saint-Étienne
(Loire) Le Puy-en-Velay
Le Puy-en-Velay
(Haute-Loire) Nantes
Nantes
(Loire-Atlantique) Orléans
Orléans
(Loiret) Cahors
Cahors
(Lot) Agen
Agen
(Lot-et-Garonne) Mende (Lozère) Angers
Angers
(Maine-et-Loire) Saint-Lô
Saint-Lô
(Manche) Châlons-en-Champagne
Châlons-en-Champagne
(Marne) Chaumont (Haute-Marne) Laval (Mayenne) Nancy (Meurthe-et-Moselle) Bar-le-Duc
Bar-le-Duc
(Meuse) Vannes
Vannes
(Morbihan) Metz
Metz
(Moselle) Nevers
Nevers
(Nièvre) Lille
Lille
(Nord) Beauvais
Beauvais
(Oise) Alençon
Alençon
(Orne) Arras
Arras
(Pas-de-Calais) Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
(Puy-de-Dôme) Pau (Pyrénées-Atlantiques) Tarbes
Tarbes
(Hautes-Pyrénées) Perpignan
Perpignan
(Pyrénées-Orientales) Strasbourg
Strasbourg
(Bas-Rhin) Colmar
Colmar
(Haut-Rhin) Lyon
Lyon
(Rhône) Vesoul
Vesoul
(Haute-Saône) Mâcon
Mâcon
(Saône-et-Loire) Le Mans
Le Mans
(Sarthe) Chambéry
Chambéry
(Savoie) Annecy
Annecy
(Haute-Savoie) Paris
Paris
(Paris) Rouen
Rouen
(Seine-Maritime) Melun
Melun
(Seine-et-Marne) Versailles (Yvelines) Niort
Niort
(Deux-Sèvres) Amiens
Amiens
(Somme) Albi
Albi
(Tarn) Montauban
Montauban
(Tarn-et-Garonne) Toulon
Toulon
(Var) Avignon
Avignon
(Vaucluse) La Roche-sur-Yon
La Roche-sur-Yon
(Vendée) Poitiers
Poitiers
(Vienne) Limoges
Limoges
(Haute-Vienne) Épinal
Épinal
(Vosges) Auxerre
Auxerre
(Yonne) Belfort
Belfort
(Territoire de Belfort) Évry (Essonne) Nanterre
Nanterre
(Hauts-de-Seine) Bobigny
Bobigny
(Seine-Saint-Denis) Créteil
Créteil
(Val-de-Marne) Cergy, Pontoise
Pontoise
(Val-d'Oise)

Overseas departments

Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
(Guadeloupe) Fort-de- France
France
(Martinique) Cayenne
Cayenne
(French Guiana) Saint-Denis (Réunion) Mamoudzou
Mamoudzou
(Mayotte)

v t e

Prefectures of the regions of France

Metropolitan France

Lyon
Lyon
(Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes) Dijon
Dijon
(Bourgogne-Franche-Comté) Rennes
Rennes
(Brittany) Orléans
Orléans
(Centre-Val de Loire) Ajaccio
Ajaccio
(Corsica) Strasbourg
Strasbourg
(Grand Est) Lille
Lille
(Hauts-de-France) Paris
Paris
(Île-de-France) Rouen
Rouen
(Normandy) Bordeaux
Bordeaux
(Nouvelle-Aquitaine) Toulouse
Toulouse
(Occitanie) Nantes
Nantes
(Pays de la Loire) Marseille
Marseille
(Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur)

Overseas regions

Cayenne
Cayenne
(French Guiana) Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
(Guadeloupe) Fort-de- France
France
(Martinique) Mamoudzou
Mamoudzou
(Mayotte) Saint-Denis (Réunion)

v t e

Capitals of North America

Dependent territories are in italics

Basse-Terre, Guadeloupe
Guadeloupe
(France) Basseterre, St. Kitts and Nevis Belmopan, Belize Bridgetown, Barbados Castries, St. Lucia Charlotte Amalie, U.S. Virgin Islands
Charlotte Amalie, U.S. Virgin Islands
(US) Cockburn Town, Turks and Caicos (UK) Fort-de-France, Martinique
Martinique
(France) George Town, Cayman Islands
George Town, Cayman Islands
(UK) Guatemala
Guatemala
City, Guatemala Gustavia, St. Barthélemy (France) Hamilton, Bermuda
Hamilton, Bermuda
(UK) Havana, Cuba Kingston, Jamaica Kingstown, St. Vincent and the Grenadines

Kralendijk, Bonaire
Bonaire
(Netherlands) Managua, Nicaragua Marigot, St. Martin (France) Mexico
Mexico
City, Mexico Nassau, The Bahamas Nuuk, Greenland
Greenland
(Denmark) Oranjestad, Aruba
Oranjestad, Aruba
(Netherlands) Oranjestad, Sint Eustatius
Oranjestad, Sint Eustatius
(Netherlands) Ottawa, Canada Panama
Panama
City, Panama Philipsburg, Sint Maarten
Philipsburg, Sint Maarten
(Netherlands) Plymouth (de jure) • Brades
Brades
(de facto), Montserrat
Montserrat
(UK) Port-au-Prince, Haiti Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago

Road Town, British Virgin Islands
British Virgin Islands
(UK) Roseau, Dominica Saint-Pierre, St. Pierre and Miquelon (France) San José, Costa Rica San Juan, Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
(US) San Salvador, El Salvador Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic St. George's, Grenada St. John's, Antigua and Barbuda Tegucigalpa, Honduras The Bottom, Saba
Saba
(Netherlands) The Valley, Anguilla
The Valley, Anguilla
(UK) Washington, D.C., United States Willemstad, Curaçao
Curaçao
(Netherlands)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 146286483 LCCN: n85049967 GND: 4357513-4 BNF:

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