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A Bachelor of Science
Bachelor of Science
( Latin
Latin
Baccalaureus Scientiae, B.S., BS, B.Sc., BSc, or B.Sc; or, less commonly, S.B., SB, or Sc.B., from the equivalent Latin
Latin
Scientiae Baccalaureus)[1] is an undergraduate academic degree awarded for completed courses that generally last three to five years, or a person holding such a degree.[2] Whether a student of a particular subject is awarded a Bachelor of Science degree or a Bachelor of Arts degree can vary between universities. For example, an economics degree may be given as a Bachelor of Arts (BA) by one university but as a BS by another, and some universities offer the choice of either.[3] Some liberal arts colleges in the United States
United States
offer only the BA, even in the natural sciences,[4] while some universities offer only the BS even in non-science fields.[5] Georgetown University's School of Foreign Service awards Bachelor of Science
Bachelor of Science
in Foreign Service degrees to all of its undergraduates, although many major in humanities-oriented fields such as international history and culture and politics. The London School of Economics
London School of Economics
offers BSc degrees in practically all subject areas, even those normally associated with arts degrees, while the Oxbridge
Oxbridge
universities almost exclusively award arts qualifications. In both instances, there are historical and traditional reasons. Northwestern University's School of Communication grants BSc degrees in all of its programs of study, including theater, dance, and radio/television/film. University of California, Berkeley grants BS degree in Environmental Economics
Economics
and Policy in College of Natural Resources (CNR), BS degree in Business Administration in Haas School of Business and BA degree in Environmental Economics
Economics
and Policy in College of Letters and Science (L&S). Cornell University
Cornell University
offers a BS degree in Computer Science from its College of Engineering
Engineering
and a BA degree in Computer Science from its College of Arts and Sciences. The first university to admit a student to the degree of Bachelor of Science was the University of London
University of London
in 1860.[6] Prior to this, science subjects were included in the BA bracket, notably in the cases of mathematics, physics, physiology and botany.[7]

Contents

1 International differences

1.1 Chile 1.2 Argentina 1.3 Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa 1.4 Britain and Ireland 1.5 North America 1.6 Continental Europe 1.7 Czech Republic 1.8 Germany 1.9 Brazil

2 Typical completion period

2.1 Three years 2.2 Four years 2.3 Five years 2.4 Six years

3 See also 4 References

International differences[edit] Chile[edit] In Chile, the completion of a university program leads to an academic degree as well as a professional title. The academic degree equivalent to Bachelor of Science
Bachelor of Science
is "Licenciado en Ciencias", which can be obtained as a result of completing a 4–6 year program.[8] However, in most cases, 4 year programs will grant a Bachelor of Applied Science (Spanish: "Licenciatura en Ciencias Aplicadas") degree, while other 4 year programs will not grant to an academic degree. Argentina[edit] In Argentina
Argentina
most university degrees are given as a license in a field or discipline. Degrees are specific to a field and are usually 5–6 year programs including a 1 to 1.5-year mandatory internship, which starts after students have completed 70-80% of the courses required. Degrees are term licenses in the field of study or profession. i.e., biology, nutrition, physical therapy or kinesiology, etc. Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa[edit] In Australia, the BSc is generally a three-four year degree. An honours year or a Master of Science
Master of Science
(MSc) is required to progress on to the Doctor of Philosophy
Doctor of Philosophy
(PhD). In New Zealand, in some cases, the honours degree comprises an additional postgraduate qualification. In other cases, students with strong performance in their second or third year, are invited to extend their degree to an additional year, with a focus on research, granting access to doctoral programs. In South Africa, the BSc is taken over three years, while the postgraduate BSc (Hons) entails an additional year of study. Admission to the honours degree is on the basis of a sufficiently high average in the BSc major; an honours degree is required for MSc level study, and admission to a doctorate is via the MSc. Britain and Ireland[edit] Commonly in British Commonwealth countries and Ireland
Ireland
graduands are admitted to the degree of Bachelor of Science
Bachelor of Science
after having completed a programme in one or more of the sciences. These programmes may take different lengths of time to complete. A Bachelor of Science
Bachelor of Science
receives the designation BSc or BS for a major/pass degree and BSc (Hons) or BS (Hons) for an honours degree. In England, Wales
Wales
and Northern Ireland
Ireland
an honours degree is typically completed over a three-year period, though there are a few intensified two-year courses (with less vacation time). Bachelor's degrees (without honours) were typically completed in two years for most of the twentieth century. In Scotland, where access to university is possible after one less year of secondary education, degree courses have a foundation year (simply known as the First year) making the total course length four years. In Ireland, the former BS. was changed to BSc (Hons) which is awarded after four years. The BSc (Ord) is awarded after three years.[9] Formerly at the University of Oxford, the degree of BSc was a postgraduate degree; this former degree, still actively granted, has since been renamed MSc. North America[edit] In Canada, Mexico
Mexico
& the United States, It is generally a four-year[10] undergraduate degree typically used in engineering, computer science, mathematics, economics, and the natural sciences. Many universities are starting to offer accelerated 3-year BS programs.[11][12] Continental Europe[edit] Many universities in Europe are changing their systems into the BA/MA system, and in doing so also offering the full equivalent of a BSc or MSc See Bologna Process. Czech Republic[edit] Universities in the Czech Republic
Czech Republic
are changing their systems into the Bachelor of Science
Bachelor of Science
/ Master of Science
Master of Science
system, and in doing so also offering the full equivalent of a BSc (Bc.) or MSc (Mgr./Ing.). Germany[edit] In Germany, there are two kinds of universities: Universitäten and Fachhochschulen (which are also called University of Applied Sciences). Universitäten and Fachhochschulen – both also called Hochschulen - are legally equal, but Fachhochschulen have the reputation of being more related to practice and have no legal right to offer PhD programmes. The BSc in Germany
Germany
is equivalent to the BSc(Hons) in the United Kingdom. Many universities in German-speaking countries are changing their systems to the BA/MA system, and in doing so also offering the full equivalent of a BSc. In Germany
Germany
the BA normally lasts between three and four years (six to eight semesters) and between 180 and 240 ECTS must be earned. Brazil[edit] In Brazil, a Bachelor of Science
Bachelor of Science
degree is an undergraduate academic degree and is equivalent to a BSc (Hons). Could takes from 4 to 6 years (8 to 12 periods), is also more specific and could be applied for Scientific Arts courses (like Engineering, Maths, Physics, etc.), somewhat is called Human Art courses in Brazil
Brazil
(like History, Portuguese and Literature and Lawyer studies for example) as well as for Health Arts (like Medicine, Nursery, Zootechnique, Veterinary and Biology for example). To be able to start the bachelor's degree in Brazil
Brazil
the candidate must to prove proficient in different disciplines and have at least the accumulated Preliminary, Medium and High School degrees accomplished with the minimum merit of 60% to 70% of the degrees and a correspondent study period that can vary from 10 to 12 years minimum. The Bachelor of Science
Bachelor of Science
courses in Brazilian Universities normally have the first 1 to 2 years (first 2 to 4 periods) of basics fundamental disciplines (like for example Calculus I, II, III and IV for some engineering courses, Geometry basics and advanced, Analytical Laboratories experiments in Mechanics, Optics, Magnetism, etc.) and the last 2 to 3 years disciplines more related to the professional fields of that Bachelor of Science
Bachelor of Science
(for example Units Operations, Thermodynamics, Chemical Reactors, Industrial Processes Kinetics for Chemical Engineering
Engineering
for example). Some disciplines are prerequisite to others and in some universities, the student is not allowed to course any discipline of the entire next period if he was unsuccessful in just one prerequisite discipline of the present period. Usually, the Bachelor of Sciences courses demand a one-year mandatory probation period by the end of the course (internship in the specific professional area, like a training period), followed by relatively elaborate written and oral evaluations. To get the certification as BSc most Universities require that the students achieve the accomplishment of 60% to 70% in all the "obligatory disciplines", plus the supervisioned and approved training period (like a supervisioned internship period), the final thesis of the course and in some BSc. the final exam test. The final exam also is required so far. To be able to be a Professor, a Bachelor of Sciences is obligate to get a Licenciature degree, which lasts on top of the periods already studied until getting the BSc. (Hons), more 2 to 3 periods (1 to 1.5 years). With a master's degree (MSc) is also possible, which takes 3 to 5 periods more (1.5 to 2.5 years more). Typical completion period[edit]

  Three years   Four years   Five years   Six years

Three years[edit] Australia, Austria, Barbados, Belgium, Belize, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Cameroon, Canada
Canada
(especially Quebec), Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia
Croatia
(mostly three years, sometimes four), Czech Republic
Czech Republic
(mostly three years, sometimes four), Denmark, England
England
(three or four years with a one-year placement in industry), Estonia, Finland, France, Germany
Germany
(mostly three years, but can be up to four years), Hungary, Iceland, India (three years BSc in pure sciences excluding engineering and medicine and four years engineering program "Bachelor of Engineering"), Ireland (Ordinary), Israel
Israel
(for most subjects), Italy, Jamaica
Jamaica
(three or four years), Latvia
Latvia
(three or four years), Lebanon
Lebanon
(three or four years, five years for Bachelor of Engineering), Malaysia, New Zealand, Netherlands
Netherlands
(three years for research universities, four years for universities of applied sciences), Northern Ireland, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Scotland
Scotland
(Ordinary), Singapore
Singapore
(honours degree takes 4 years), Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa
South Africa
(honours degree takes 4 years), Sweden, Switzerland, Trinidad and Tobago, Uganda
Uganda
(mostly three years, sometimes four), United Arab Emirates, Wales
Wales
and Zimbabwe. Four years[edit] Armenia
Armenia
(four or five years), Albania
Albania
(four or five years), Afghanistan, Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
(four or five years), Australia
Australia
(honours degree), Bangladesh
Bangladesh
(four or five years), Bahrain, Belarus, Belize, Brazil
Brazil
(four to five years), Brunei
Brunei
(three or four years), Bosnia, Bulgaria, Canada
Canada
(except Quebec), China, Cyprus, Egypt
Egypt
(four or five years), Ethiopia
Ethiopia
(engineering, five years), Finland
Finland
(engineering, practice in industry not included), Georgia, Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Ghana
Ghana
(three or four years), Greece
Greece
(four or five years), Haiti
Haiti
(three or four years), Hong Kong
Hong Kong
(starting from 2012, three years originally), India
India
(four-year BS, Engineering), Indonesia, Iran (four or five years), Iran, Iraq, Ireland
Ireland
(Honours Degree), Israel, Japan, Jordan
Jordan
(four to five years), Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Lithuania, Libya, Malawi
Malawi
(four or five years), Malta, Macedonia (three, four or five years), Montenegro
Montenegro
(three or four years), Mexico, Myanmar, Nepal (priorly three, now four years), the Netherlands
Netherlands
(three years for research universities, four years for universities of applied sciences), New Zealand
New Zealand
(honours degree), Nigeria, People's Republic of China, Pakistan
Pakistan
(four or five years), the Philippines
Philippines
(four or five years), Puerto Rico, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Scotland
Scotland
(Honours Degree), Serbia
Serbia
(three or four years), Spain
Spain
(in Spain
Spain
a 2015 Royal Decree will allow 3-year BSc degrees to coexist with current 4-year ones. It will be in force starting September 2015. However most universities have agreed not to implement the new system until September 2017), South Africa
South Africa
(fourth year is elective — to obtain an Honours degree, which is normally a requirement for selection into a master's degree programme), South Korea, Sri Lanka (three four or five (specialised) years), Taiwan, Thailand, Tunisia (Only Bachelor of Science
Bachelor of Science
in Business Administration is available, solely awarded by Tunis Business School), Turkey, Ukraine, United States, Uruguay(four ,five, six or seven years) ,[13]Yemen, Zambia (four or five years). Five years[edit] Romania
Romania
(four or five years), Bangladesh
Bangladesh
(four or five years), Cuba (five years), Greece
Greece
(four or five years), Peru, Argentina, Colombia (starting to change to 4 years), Brazil
Brazil
(five years), Mexico
Mexico
(4.5 years), Chile, Venezuela, 5 years ), Egypt
Egypt
(four or five years), Haiti (four or five years). Nigeria
Nigeria
(four to five years), 6 months dedicated to SIWES (Students Industrial Work Exchange Scheme) but for most sciences and all engineering courses only. A semester for project work/thesis not excluding course work during the bachelor thesis. Excluding 1 year for the compulsory National Youth Service Corps (NYSC), para-military and civil service. Syria, Macedonia and Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone
(four years dedicated to coursework). Slovenia
Slovenia
(four or five years), Sudan
Sudan
(five years for BSc honours degree and four years for BSc ordinary degree). In Algeria, the student presents a thesis in front of a Jury at the end of the fifth year. Six years[edit] In Chile, some undergraduate majors such as engineering and geology are designed as 6 year programs.[14][15][16][17] However, in practice it is not uncommon for students to complete such programs over the course of 10 years, while studying full-time without leaves of absence.[18] This is in part due to a strict grading system where the highest grade of a typical class can be as low as 60% (C-) and the high frequency of protests and strikes organized by student federations and teacher unions, such as the 2011–13 Chilean student protests. There are studies that suggest a direct correlation between reduced social mobility and differences unique to the Chilean higher education system.[19] See also[edit]

British undergraduate degree classification British degree abbreviations List of tagged degrees Master of Science

References[edit]

^ "Degree Abbreviations". Harvard University. Retrieved 27 June 2014.  ^ oxforddictionaries.com ^ E.g., West Virginia University BS in Economics http://www.be.wvu.edu/econ/index.htm ; WVU BA in economics http://majors.wvu.edu/home/details/26 ^ E.g., Wesleyan University http://www.wesleyan.edu/registrar/academic_regulations/degree_requirements.html ^ E.g., Georgia Institute of Technology's BS degrees in International Affairs and Modern Language and in Applied Languages and Intercultural studies http://www.gatech.edu/academics/bachelors-degree-programs ^ Francis Michael Glenn Willson (2004). The University of London, 1858–1900: The Politics of Senate and Convocation. Boydell Press. p. 5.  ^ The University of Nepal
Nepal
and the World of Learning, 1836–1986 by Francis Michael Longstreth Thompson, Continuum International Publishing Group, 1990, p. xiii, ISBN 9781852850326 ^ "ESTUDIO SOBRE LA OFERTA DE CARRERAS DE INGENIERÍA EN CHILE" (PDF).  ^ Britain's Scientific and Technological Manpower by George Louis Payne ^ Strickland, Jodie. "PE" (PDF). Required Credits: Civil, Environmental, Chemical, Electrical and Mechanical Engineering
Engineering
As Reported on the American Society for Engineering
Engineering
Education Website. NSPE. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-11-10.  ^ Scott Jaschik. "3-Year Degrees? Not So Fast".  ^ "Why College Shouldn't Take Four Years: Lamar Alexander". 16 October 2009. Retrieved 4 March 2017.  ^ "Bachelor Degrees". Sloan.  ^ "Ingeniería Civil en Computación".  ^ "INGENIERÍA CIVIL INFORMÁTICA INGENIERÍA DE EJECUCIÓN EN INFORMÁTICA" (PDF) (in Spanish). PUCV. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 September 2014. Retrieved 4 March 2017.  ^ "Ingeniería Civil Informática". Federico Santa María Technical University. Retrieved 4 March 2017.  ^ "Universitarios chilenos tienen 25% más de carga académica que europeos" [Chilean university students have 25% more academic load than Europeans] (PDF). La Tercera
La Tercera
(in Spanish). 22 April 2012. Retrieved 4 March 2017.  ^ "Mi Futuro".  ^ Azevedo, Viviane; Bouillon, César P. (August 2009). "Social Mobility in Latin
Latin
America: A Review of Existing Evidence" (PDF). Ideas for Development in the Americas. Retrieved 4 March 2017. 

v t e

Levels of academic degree

Undergraduate

ISCED level 5

Associate degree Foundation degree Higher National Diploma/Diploma of Higher Education/Certificate of Higher Education

ISCED level 6

Bachelor's degree Honours degree

Postgraduate

ISCED level 7

Master's degree Magister degree Postgraduate
Postgraduate
certificate/diploma Diplom degree Specialist degree Engineer's degree

ISCED level 8

Doctorate Candidate of Sciences Magister degree

Other

Postdoctoral

Higher doctorate Doktor nauk Habilitation Docent Tenure Fellow

No dominant classification

Laurea Licentiate Professional degree Graduate certificate/diploma Terminal degree

Unearned

Honorary degre

.