Azamgarh district is one of the three districts of
in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.
2.1 Colonial era
5 Important places in
8 Local media
9 Notable people
10 Tehsil/Town in
11 See also
13 External links
The district is named after its headquarters town, Azamgarh. Azam, son
of Vikramajit, founded the town in 1665. Vikramajit a descendant of
Gautam Rajputs of
Mehnagar in pargana Nizamabad had embraced the faith
of Islam. He had two sons, namely, Azam and Azmat. It is also known
as land of the sage
Durvasa whose ashram was located in Phulpur
sub-district, near the confluence of Tons and Majhuee river, 6
kilometres (4 mi) north from the Phulpur sub-district
Towards the end of the 16th century, a
Gautam Rajput from Azamgarh
district was assimilated into the Mughal court at Delhi, where he had
gone in search of greater influence. His mission was a success, with
the royal court eventually awarding him 22 parganas in the Azamgarh
region that marked the establishment of a family line which culminated
in his descendants becoming rajas of the area. This was a typical
route whereby relatively obscure lineages rose to prominence.
Hindu and Muslim landowners (known as Rautaras) of
Sepoy Mutiny against the British in 1857. On 3 June 1857 the 17th
Regiment of Native Infantry mutinied at Azamgarh, murdered some of
their officers, and carried off the government treasure to Faizabad.
The district became a centre of the fighting between the Gurkhas and
the rebels, and was brought under control in October 1858 by Colonel
Kelly. The most notable rebels were Late. Janab Lal Mohammed
Chivtahvin. Later, many of the local land owners were crushed by the
British. Later, residents of
Azamgarh participated in various
national movements including the Civil Disobedience Movement and the
India Movement in 1942. The historian, social reformer,
Mahapandit Rahul Sankrityayan
Mahapandit Rahul Sankrityayan was born in
in this district.
Azamgarh district has an area of 4,054 square kilometres
(1,565 sq mi). The district lies between the
Ganges and the
Azamgarh district is surrounded by the districts of Mau
in the east,
Gorakhpur in the north, Ghazipur in the south-east,
Jaunpur in the south-west, Sultanpur in the west and
Ambedkar Nagar in
Azamgarh district is further divided into 7 sub-districts, and 22
development blocks. There are 4,106 villages (3,792 inhabited and 314
uninhabited) in the district.
Government Medical College,
Azamgarh is a state medical college
located at Chakrapanpur, Azamgarh. It is affiliated to King George's
Medical University, Lucknow.
Government Engineering College,
Azamgarh is a constituent college of
Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Technical University
Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Technical University (formerly Uttar Pradesh
Technical University) and has its campus at Madan Mohan Malaviya
University of Technology in Gorakhpur.
Important places in
According to the district's official website, the nine important
Azamgarh district are:-
Khorasan Road Phoolpur
Temple of Sage Chandrama
Holy Trinity Church
In 2006 the
Ministry of Panchayati Raj named
Azamgarh one of the
country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It
is one of the 34 districts in
Uttar Pradesh currently receiving funds
from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
Religion in Azamgarh
According to the 2011 census
Azamgarh district has a population of
4,613,913, This gives it a ranking of 30th in
India (out of a total
of 640). The district has a population density of 1,139 inhabitants
per square kilometre (2,950/sq mi) . Its population growth
rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 17.11%.
Azamgarh has a sex ratio
of 1019 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of
Azamgarh district's total population was 3,939,916 as per 2001 census
with population density of 972/km². The population consists of
393,401 urban and 4,220,512 rural; 2,137,805 females and 2,082,707
males. The literacy rate is 70.93%.
Vernaculars spoken in
Azamgarh include Hindi, Avadhi, Urdu, English,
Mostly all major English, Hindi and
Urdu dailies including Times of
India, Hindustan Times, The Hindu, Dainik Jagran, Amarujala,
Hindustan, Rashtree Sahara, Inquilab, Hausla News available in
Azamgarh. Hindi and
Urdu dailies also have their bureaus in the city.
Almost all big Hindi TV news channel have stringers in the city.
The following notable people are from
NB This list excludes those from
Azamgarh itself which are listed in
Shaikh Shamim Ahmed
Shaikh Shamim Ahmed - Senior Congress Leader and ex M.L.A. for Bombay
- from Sudanipur (Shudnipur).
Abu Asim Azmi
Abu Asim Azmi (MLA - Maharashtra, Ex - Rajya Shabha MP, Politician.
Kaifi Azmi - Lyricist and
Hamiduddin Farahi - religious scholar, educationist, writer - from
Amin Ahsan Islahi
Amin Ahsan Islahi - Islamic scholar - from Bamhur village
Aslam Jairajpuri - Islamic Scholar
Shamim Jairajpuri - Zoologist
Chhannulal Mishra - Singer - from Hariharpur
Laxmi Narayan Mishra - Poet - from Basti, (Now in
Mau district but was
Azamgarh district at the time)
Shibli Nomani - Islamic scholar*
Prem Chand Pandey
Prem Chand Pandey - Indian scientist
Shyam Narayan Pandey - Writer and poet - from Dumraon village, (Now in
Mau district but was in
Azamgarh district at the time)
Vibhuti Narain Rai
Vibhuti Narain Rai - Former IPS officer and Former Vice Chancellor -
Mahatma Gandhi Antarrashtriya Hindi Vishwavidyalaya
Abu Salem - Underworld
Rahul Sankrityayan - Father of Hindi Travel literature - from Kanaila
Gajendra Singh - Indian television Producer and Director
Vinod K. Singh (Padma Shri), Director, Indian Institute of
Science Education and Research, Bhopal.
Majrooh Sultanpuri -
Urdu poet, lyricist and songwriter - from
Ayodhya Prasad Upadhyay - Hindi poet - from Nizamabad
Prakash Singh - DGP-Police, BSF Indian Police Reform movement
Padma Shri Award and Presidents Police Medal)
Ram Naresh Yadav
Ram Naresh Yadav (Governor of Madhya Pradesh, politician, former Uttar
Pradesh Chief Minister)
Kausar Yazdani Islamic scholar born 1935
^ a b c d e "Azamgarh".
Azamgarh district administration. Archived
from the original on 29 July 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-05.
Durvasa Ashram in
Azamgarh official public information web page"
^ Fox, Richard Gabriel (1971). Kin, Clan, Raja, and Rule:
Statehinterland Relations in Preindustrial India. University of
California Press. pp. 106–107.
^ "Azamgarh". UP online. Archived from the original on 14 July 2010.
^ "Important Places". About Azamgarh.
Administration. Retrieved 22 May 2015.
^ a b
Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the
Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of
Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 5, 2012.
Retrieved September 27, 2011.
^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011.
^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bhojpuri: A language of India".
Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL
International. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
Places adjacent to
Cities, towns, and village in
Gautam Buddha Nagar
Kanshi Ram Nagar
Sant Kabir Nagar
Sant Ravidas Nagar
Divisions and Districts of Uttar Pradesh, India
Sant Kabir Nagar
Gautam Buddh Nagar
Sant Ravidas Nagar
Azamgarh division topics
Rivers, dams, lakes
National Highway 29
National Highway 233B
Lok Sabha constituencies
Cities and towns in
Cities and towns in Ballia district
Cities and towns in Mau district
Villages in Ballia district
Villages in Mau district
People from Azamgarh
People from Ballia
People from Mau
Coordinates: 26°36′00″N 83°11′24″E / 26.60000°N
83.19000°E / 26.60000; 83.19000