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Azamgarh
Azamgarh
district is one of the three districts of Azamgarh
Azamgarh
division in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History

2.1 Colonial era

3 Geography 4 Education

4.1 Colleges

5 Important places in Azamgarh
Azamgarh
district 6 Economy 7 Demographics

7.1 Languages

8 Local media 9 Notable people 10 Tehsil/Town in Azamgarh
Azamgarh
district 11 See also 12 References 13 External links

Etymology[edit] The district is named after its headquarters town, Azamgarh. Azam, son of Vikramajit, founded the town in 1665. Vikramajit a descendant of Gautam Rajputs of Mehnagar
Mehnagar
in pargana Nizamabad had embraced the faith of Islam. He had two sons, namely, Azam and Azmat.[1] It is also known as land of the sage Durvasa
Durvasa
whose ashram was located in Phulpur sub-district,[2] near the confluence of Tons and Majhuee river, 6 kilometres (4 mi) north from the Phulpur sub-district headquarters. History[edit] Towards the end of the 16th century, a Gautam Rajput from Azamgarh district was assimilated into the Mughal court at Delhi, where he had gone in search of greater influence. His mission was a success, with the royal court eventually awarding him 22 parganas in the Azamgarh region that marked the establishment of a family line which culminated in his descendants becoming rajas of the area. This was a typical route whereby relatively obscure lineages rose to prominence.[3] Colonial era[edit] Both Hindu
Hindu
and Muslim landowners (known as Rautaras) of Azamgarh
Azamgarh
aided the Sepoy Mutiny
Sepoy Mutiny
against the British in 1857. On 3 June 1857 the 17th Regiment of Native Infantry mutinied at Azamgarh, murdered some of their officers, and carried off the government treasure to Faizabad. The district became a centre of the fighting between the Gurkhas and the rebels, and was brought under control in October 1858 by Colonel Kelly. The most notable rebels were Late. Janab Lal Mohammed Chivtahvin. Later, many of the local land owners were crushed by the British.[4] Later, residents of Azamgarh
Azamgarh
participated in various national movements including the Civil Disobedience Movement and the Quit India
India
Movement in 1942.[1] The historian, social reformer, nationalist Mahapandit Rahul Sankrityayan
Mahapandit Rahul Sankrityayan
was born in Kanaila village in this district. Geography[edit] Azamgarh
Azamgarh
district has an area of 4,054 square kilometres (1,565 sq mi). The district lies between the Ganges
Ganges
and the Ghagahara.[1] Azamgarh
Azamgarh
district is surrounded by the districts of Mau in the east, Gorakhpur
Gorakhpur
in the north, Ghazipur in the south-east, Jaunpur in the south-west, Sultanpur in the west and Ambedkar Nagar
Ambedkar Nagar
in the north-west.[5] Azamgarh
Azamgarh
district is further divided into 7 sub-districts, and 22 development blocks. There are 4,106 villages (3,792 inhabited and 314 uninhabited) in the district.[1] Education[edit] Colleges[edit]

Government Medical College, Azamgarh
Azamgarh
is a state medical college located at Chakrapanpur, Azamgarh. It is affiliated to King George's Medical University, Lucknow. Government Engineering College, Azamgarh
Azamgarh
is a constituent college of Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Technical University
Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Technical University
(formerly Uttar Pradesh Technical University) and has its campus at Madan Mohan Malaviya University of Technology in Gorakhpur.

Important places in Azamgarh
Azamgarh
district[edit] According to the district's official website,[6] the nine important places in Azamgarh
Azamgarh
district are:-

Saraimeer Khorasan Road Phoolpur Azamgarh
Azamgarh
City Nizamabad Maharajganj Mubarakpur Mehnagar Durvasa Dattatreya Govindsahab Avantikapuri (Awank) Bhawarnath Temple Temple of Sage Chandrama Holy Trinity Church

Economy[edit] In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Azamgarh
Azamgarh
one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[7] It is one of the 34 districts in Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[7] Demographics[edit]

Religion
Religion
in Azamgarh[8]

Religion

Percent

Hindu

84.06%

Islam

15.58%

Others

0.35%

According to the 2011 census Azamgarh
Azamgarh
district has a population of 4,613,913,[9] This gives it a ranking of 30th in India
India
(out of a total of 640).[9] The district has a population density of 1,139 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,950/sq mi) .[9] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 17.11%.[9] Azamgarh
Azamgarh
has a sex ratio of 1019 females for every 1000 males,[9] and a literacy rate of 72.69%.[9] Azamgarh
Azamgarh
district's total population was 3,939,916 as per 2001 census with population density of 972/km². The population consists of 393,401 urban and 4,220,512 rural; 2,137,805 females and 2,082,707 males. The literacy rate is 70.93%.[1] Languages[edit] Vernaculars spoken in Azamgarh
Azamgarh
include Hindi, Avadhi, Urdu, English, and Bhojpuri.[10] Local media[edit] Mostly all major English, Hindi and Urdu
Urdu
dailies including Times of India, Hindustan Times, The Hindu, Dainik Jagran, Amarujala, Hindustan, Rashtree Sahara, Inquilab, Hausla News available in Azamgarh. Hindi and Urdu
Urdu
dailies also have their bureaus in the city. Almost all big Hindi TV news channel have stringers in the city. Notable people[edit] The following notable people are from Azamgarh
Azamgarh
district NB This list excludes those from Azamgarh
Azamgarh
itself which are listed in that article

Shaikh Shamim Ahmed
Shaikh Shamim Ahmed
- Senior Congress Leader and ex M.L.A. for Bombay - from Sudanipur (Shudnipur). Abu Asim Azmi
Abu Asim Azmi
(MLA - Maharashtra, Ex - Rajya Shabha MP, Politician. Kaifi Azmi
Kaifi Azmi
- Lyricist and Urdu
Urdu
Shayar Hamiduddin Farahi - religious scholar, educationist, writer - from Phreha village Amin Ahsan Islahi
Amin Ahsan Islahi
- Islamic scholar - from Bamhur village Aslam Jairajpuri - Islamic Scholar Shamim Jairajpuri - Zoologist Chhannulal Mishra
Chhannulal Mishra
- Singer - from Hariharpur Laxmi Narayan Mishra - Poet - from Basti, (Now in Mau district
Mau district
but was in Azamgarh
Azamgarh
district at the time) Shibli Nomani
Shibli Nomani
- Islamic scholar* Prem Chand Pandey
Prem Chand Pandey
- Indian scientist and academic Shyam Narayan Pandey - Writer and poet - from Dumraon village, (Now in Mau district
Mau district
but was in Azamgarh
Azamgarh
district at the time) Vibhuti Narain Rai
Vibhuti Narain Rai
- Former IPS officer and Former Vice Chancellor - Mahatma Gandhi Antarrashtriya Hindi Vishwavidyalaya Abu Salem - Underworld Rahul Sankrityayan
Rahul Sankrityayan
- Father of Hindi Travel literature - from Kanaila Village Gajendra Singh - Indian television Producer and Director Professor Vinod K. Singh (Padma Shri), Director, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Bhopal. Majrooh Sultanpuri - Urdu
Urdu
poet, lyricist and songwriter - from Nizamabad Ayodhya Prasad Upadhyay - Hindi poet - from Nizamabad Prakash Singh - DGP-Police, BSF Indian Police Reform movement (Honoured with Padma Shri
Padma Shri
Award and Presidents Police Medal) Ram Naresh Yadav
Ram Naresh Yadav
(Governor of Madhya Pradesh, politician, former Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister)[citation needed] Kausar Yazdani Islamic scholar born 1935

Tehsil/Town in Azamgarh
Azamgarh
district[edit] [11]

Azamgarh Burhanpur Lalganj Mehnagar Nizamabad Phulpur Sagri Martinganj

See also[edit]

Banahara Chaukiganjor

References[edit]

^ a b c d e "Azamgarh". Azamgarh
Azamgarh
district administration. Archived from the original on 29 July 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-05.  ^ " Durvasa
Durvasa
Ashram in Azamgarh
Azamgarh
official public information web page" ^ Fox, Richard Gabriel (1971). Kin, Clan, Raja, and Rule: Statehinterland Relations in Preindustrial India. University of California Press. pp. 106–107. ISBN 978-0-52001-807-5.  ^ http://chestofbooks.com/reference/Encyclopedia-Britannica-1/Azamgarh.html ^ "Azamgarh". UP online. Archived from the original on 14 July 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-17.  ^ "Important Places". About Azamgarh. Azamgarh
Azamgarh
District Administration. Retrieved 22 May 2015.  ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 5, 2012. Retrieved September 27, 2011.  ^ http://www.census2011.co.in/data/religion/district/562-azamgarh.html ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.  ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bhojpuri: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-30.  ^ [1]

External links[edit] Official website

Places adjacent to Azamgarh
Azamgarh
district

Ambedkar Nagar Gorakhpur
Gorakhpur
district

Sultanpur district

Azamgarh
Azamgarh
district

Mau district

Jaunpur district Varanasi district Ghazipur district

v t e

Cities, towns, and village in Azamgarh
Azamgarh
district

Azamgarh

Atraulia Azamgarh Azmatgarh Bilariaganj Jiyanpur Katghar Lalganj Mahrajganj Mehnagar Mubarakpur Nizamabad Phulpur Sarai Mir

Other districts

Agra Aligarh Allahabad Ambedkar Nagar Amethi Amroha Auraiya Badaun Bagpat Bahraich Ballia Balrampur Banda Barabanki Bareilly Basti Bhimnagar Bijnor Bulandshahr Chandauli Chitrakoot Deoria Etah Etawah Faizabad Farrukhabad Fatehpur Firozabad Gautam Buddha Nagar Ghaziabad Ghazipur Gonda Gorakhpur Hamirpur Hardoi Hathras Jalaun Jaunpur Jhansi Kannauj Kanpur Nagar Kanshi Ram Nagar Kaushambi Kushinagar Lakhimpur Kheri Lalitpur Lucknow Maharajganj Mahoba Mainpuri Mathura Mau Meerut Mirzapur Moradabad Muzaffarnagar Panchsheel Nagar Pilibhit Prabuddhanagar Pratapgarh Raebareli Ramabai Nagar Rampur Saharanpur Sant Kabir Nagar Sant Ravidas Nagar Shahjahanpur Shravasti Siddharthnagar Sitapur Sonbhadra Sultanpur Unnao Varanasi

v t e

Divisions and Districts of Uttar Pradesh, India

Agra division

Agra Firozabad Mainpuri Mathura

Aligarh division

Aligarh Etah Hathras Kasganj

Allahabad division

Allahabad Fatehpur Kaushambi Pratapgarh

Azamgarh
Azamgarh
division

Azamgarh Ballia Mau

Bareilly division

Bareilly Budaun Pilibhit Shahjahanpur

Basti division

Basti Sant Kabir Nagar Siddharthnagar

Chitrakoot division

Banda Chitrakoot Hamirpur Mahoba

Devipatan division

Bahraich Balrampur Gonda Shravasti

Faizabad
Faizabad
division

Ambedkar Nagar Amethi Barabanki Faizabad Sultanpur

Gorakhpur
Gorakhpur
division

Deoria Gorakhpur Kushinagar Maharajganj

Jhansi division

Jalaun Jhansi Lalitpur

Kanpur division

Auraiya Etawah Farrukhabad Kannauj Kanpur Nagar Kanpur Dehat

Lucknow division

Hardoi Lakhimpur Kheri Lucknow Raebareli Sitapur Unnao

Meerut division

Bagpat Bulandshahr Gautam Buddh Nagar Ghaziabad Hapur Meerut

Mirzapur division

Mirzapur Sant Ravidas Nagar Sonbhadra

Moradabad division

Amroha Bijnor Moradabad Rampur Sambhal

Saharanpur division

Muzaffarnagar Saharanpur Shamli

Varanasi division

Chandauli Ghazipur Jaunpur Varanasi

v t e

Azamgarh
Azamgarh
division topics

General

Purvanchal

Districts

Azamgarh Ballia Mau

Rivers, dams, lakes

Ganges Ghaghara Choti Saryu

Languages, people

Bhojpuri Hindustani Standard Hindi Urdu

Transport

National Highway 29 National Highway 233B

Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
constituencies

Azamgarh Lalganj Ballia Salempur Ghosi

See also

Cities and towns in Azamgarh
Azamgarh
district Cities and towns in Ballia district Cities and towns in Mau district Villages in Azamgarh
Azamgarh
district Villages in Ballia district Villages in Mau district People from Azamgarh People from Ballia People from Mau

Other Divisions

Agra Aligarh Allahabad Bareilly Basti Chitrakoot Devipatan Faizabad Gorakhpur Jhansi Kanpur Lucknow Meerut Mirzapur Moradabad Saharanpur Varanasi

Coordinates: 26°36′00″N 83°11′24″E / 26.60000°N 83.19000°E / 26.60000; 83.19000

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 153606

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