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1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Auch
Auch
(French pronunciation: ​[oʃ]; Gascon: Aush or Aux [aʊʃ]) is a commune in southwestern France. Located in the region of Occitanie, it is the capital of the Gers
Gers
department. Auch
Auch
is the historical capital of Gascony.

Contents

1 Geography

1.1 Localization 1.2 Hydrography 1.3 Transportation

2 Climate 3 History and population 4 Sites of interest 5 Notable people 6 Literature 7 See also 8 Notes 9 References 10 External links

Geography[edit] Localization[edit]

Auch
Auch
and its surrounding communes

Hydrography[edit] The River Gers
Gers
flows through the town. Transportation[edit] Auch
Auch
is well connected to nearby cities and towns such as Agen, Toulouse
Toulouse
and Tarbes
Tarbes
by Routes Nationales.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Auch
Auch
(1981–2010 averages)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 20.9 (69.6) 24.3 (75.7) 27.8 (82) 29.4 (84.9) 33.7 (92.7) 38.4 (101.1) 38.4 (101.1) 40.9 (105.6) 38.0 (100.4) 31.2 (88.2) 26.5 (79.7) 21.8 (71.2) 40.9 (105.6)

Average high °C (°F) 10.2 (50.4) 11.8 (53.2) 15.1 (59.2) 17.6 (63.7) 21.5 (70.7) 25.3 (77.5) 27.9 (82.2) 27.9 (82.2) 24.9 (76.8) 19.9 (67.8) 13.7 (56.7) 10.4 (50.7) 18.9 (66)

Average low °C (°F) 1.5 (34.7) 1.7 (35.1) 3.9 (39) 6.2 (43.2) 10.0 (50) 13.4 (56.1) 15.2 (59.4) 14.9 (58.8) 12.0 (53.6) 9.1 (48.4) 4.8 (40.6) 2.1 (35.8) 7.9 (46.2)

Record low °C (°F) −17.6 (0.3) −13.6 (7.5) −10.5 (13.1) −3.7 (25.3) 0.5 (32.9) 2.6 (36.7) 7.3 (45.1) 3.6 (38.5) 2.5 (36.5) −3.5 (25.7) −10.5 (13.1) −12.4 (9.7) −17.6 (0.3)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 57.8 (2.276) 50.2 (1.976) 50.9 (2.004) 66.1 (2.602) 67.8 (2.669) 56.6 (2.228) 52.5 (2.067) 61.6 (2.425) 53.4 (2.102) 61.6 (2.425) 60.2 (2.37) 58.9 (2.319) 697.6 (27.465)

Average precipitation days 9.6 7.6 8.4 11.1 9.5 7.7 6.0 6.5 7.5 9.1 9.4 8.7 101.1

Mean monthly sunshine hours 92.4 111.0 167.6 176.6 196.8 209.8 234.6 223.6 197.2 145.2 94.5 79.4 1,928.6

Source: Météo France[1][2]

History and population[edit] See also: Ausci
Ausci
and archdiocese of Auch

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1793 8,444 —    

1800 7,696 −8.9%

1806 8,918 +15.9%

1821 9,670 +8.4%

1831 9,801 +1.4%

1841 10,867 +10.9%

1846 12,323 +13.4%

1851 12,141 −1.5%

1856 12,001 −1.2%

1861 11,899 −0.8%

1866 12,500 +5.1%

1872 13,087 +4.7%

1876 13,785 +5.3%

1881 14,186 +2.9%

1886 15,090 +6.4%

1891 14,782 −2.0%

1896 14,838 +0.4%

1901 13,939 −6.1%

1906 13,526 −3.0%

1911 13,638 +0.8%

1921 11,825 −13.3%

1926 12,272 +3.8%

1931 12,567 +2.4%

1936 13,313 +5.9%

1946 15,253 +14.6%

1954 16,382 +7.4%

1962 18,918 +15.5%

1968 21,462 +13.4%

1975 23,185 +8.0%

1982 23,258 +0.3%

1990 23,136 −0.5%

1999 21,838 −5.6%

2008 21,744 −0.4%

2012 21,960 +1.0%

2015 21,943 −0.1%

Auch
Auch
is a very ancient town, whose settlement was noted by the Romans during their conquest of the area in the 50s BC. At that time, it was settled by an Aquitanian tribe known to the Romans as the Ausci. Their name for the town was Climberrum[3] or Elimberris.[4] This has been tentatively etymologized from the Iberian iltir ("town, oppidum") and a cognate of the Basque berri ("new"), although another Iberian settlement in Granada
Granada
recorded by the Romans as "Iliberi" probably had no contact with proto-Basque speaking peoples.[citation needed] Following their conquest,[when?] the Romans renamed the town Augusta Auscorum or Ausciorum ("Augusta of the Ausci"). Augusta Auscorum was one of the twelve civitates of the province of Novempopulana
Novempopulana
(Gascony) and became the provincial capital after the 409 destruction of Eauze by the Vandals. The common term Augusta was eventually[when?] dropped and the name evolved into the modern Gascon Aush and French Auch. The town became the seat of a Catholic archdiocese which lasted until the French Revolution. Its archbishops claimed the title of Primate of Aquitaine, Novempopulana, and Navarre. Sites of interest[edit] Auch
Auch
is known for its Renaissance Cathédrale Sainte-Marie with its magnificent organ, carved stalls and rose stained-glass windows, La Tour d'Armagnac – a 14th-century prison, as well as a statue of d'Artagnan who was based on the real life person, Charles de Batz, Comte d'Artagnan born nearby in the château de Castelmore, and written about by Alexandre Dumas. Notable people[edit] Auch
Auch
was the birthplace of:

Jacques Fouroux (1947–2005), rugby union player Louis Thomas Villaret de Joyeuse
Louis Thomas Villaret de Joyeuse
(1750–1812), admiral Dominic Serres
Dominic Serres
(1719–1793), painter Reginald Garrigou-Lagrange
Reginald Garrigou-Lagrange
(1877–1964), Dominican and prominent Neo-Thomist
Neo-Thomist
theologian

Literature[edit] Auch
Auch
is a location briefly mentioned in the M.R. James
M.R. James
short ghost story Canon Alberic's Scrap-Book
Canon Alberic's Scrap-Book
published in Ghost Stories of an Antiquary in 1904 See also[edit]

Gascony
Gascony
Show – English language radio in Auch Communes of the Gers
Gers
department

Notes[edit]

^ "Données climatiques de la station de Auch" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved January 8, 2016.  ^ "Climat Midi-Pyrénées" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved January 8, 2016.  ^ " Baynes, T.S., ed. (1878). "Auch". Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (9th ed.). New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. p. 67.  ^  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Auch". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 892–893. 

References[edit]

INSEE

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Auch.

Official website (in French) Unofficial website about Auch
Auch
(in French)

v t e

Prefectures of departments of France

Bourg-en-Bresse
Bourg-en-Bresse
(Ain) Laon
Laon
(Aisne) Moulins (Allier) Digne-les-Bains
Digne-les-Bains
(Alpes-de-Haute-Provence) Gap (Hautes-Alpes) Nice
Nice
(Alpes-Maritimes) Privas
Privas
(Ardèche) Charleville-Mézières
Charleville-Mézières
(Ardennes) Foix
Foix
(Ariège) Troyes
Troyes
(Aube) Carcassonne
Carcassonne
(Aude) Rodez
Rodez
(Aveyron) Marseille
Marseille
(Bouches-du-Rhône) Caen
Caen
(Calvados) Aurillac
Aurillac
(Cantal) Angoulême
Angoulême
(Charente) La Rochelle
La Rochelle
(Charente-Maritime) Bourges
Bourges
(Cher) Tulle
Tulle
(Corrèze) Ajaccio
Ajaccio
(Corse-du-Sud) Bastia
Bastia
(Haute-Corse) Dijon
Dijon
(Côte-d'Or) Saint-Brieuc
Saint-Brieuc
(Côtes-d'Armor) Guéret
Guéret
(Creuse) Périgueux
Périgueux
(Dordogne) Besançon
Besançon
(Doubs) Valence (Drôme) Évreux
Évreux
(Eure) Chartres
Chartres
(Eure-et-Loir) Quimper
Quimper
(Finistère) Nîmes
Nîmes
(Gard) Toulouse
Toulouse
(Haute-Garonne) Auch
Auch
(Gers) Bordeaux
Bordeaux
(Gironde) Montpellier
Montpellier
(Hérault) Rennes
Rennes
(Ille-et-Vilaine) Châteauroux
Châteauroux
(Indre) Tours
Tours
(Indre-et-Loire) Grenoble
Grenoble
(Isère) Lons-le-Saunier
Lons-le-Saunier
(Jura) Mont-de-Marsan
Mont-de-Marsan
(Landes) Blois
Blois
(Loir-et-Cher) Saint-Étienne
Saint-Étienne
(Loire) Le Puy-en-Velay
Le Puy-en-Velay
(Haute-Loire) Nantes
Nantes
(Loire-Atlantique) Orléans
Orléans
(Loiret) Cahors
Cahors
(Lot) Agen
Agen
(Lot-et-Garonne) Mende (Lozère) Angers
Angers
(Maine-et-Loire) Saint-Lô
Saint-Lô
(Manche) Châlons-en-Champagne
Châlons-en-Champagne
(Marne) Chaumont (Haute-Marne) Laval (Mayenne) Nancy (Meurthe-et-Moselle) Bar-le-Duc
Bar-le-Duc
(Meuse) Vannes
Vannes
(Morbihan) Metz
Metz
(Moselle) Nevers
Nevers
(Nièvre) Lille
Lille
(Nord) Beauvais
Beauvais
(Oise) Alençon
Alençon
(Orne) Arras
Arras
(Pas-de-Calais) Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
(Puy-de-Dôme) Pau (Pyrénées-Atlantiques) Tarbes
Tarbes
(Hautes-Pyrénées) Perpignan
Perpignan
(Pyrénées-Orientales) Strasbourg
Strasbourg
(Bas-Rhin) Colmar
Colmar
(Haut-Rhin) Lyon
Lyon
(Rhône) Vesoul
Vesoul
(Haute-Saône) Mâcon
Mâcon
(Saône-et-Loire) Le Mans
Le Mans
(Sarthe) Chambéry
Chambéry
(Savoie) Annecy
Annecy
(Haute-Savoie) Paris
Paris
(Paris) Rouen
Rouen
(Seine-Maritime) Melun
Melun
(Seine-et-Marne) Versailles (Yvelines) Niort
Niort
(Deux-Sèvres) Amiens
Amiens
(Somme) Albi
Albi
(Tarn) Montauban
Montauban
(Tarn-et-Garonne) Toulon
Toulon
(Var) Avignon
Avignon
(Vaucluse) La Roche-sur-Yon
La Roche-sur-Yon
(Vendée) Poitiers
Poitiers
(Vienne) Limoges
Limoges
(Haute-Vienne) Épinal
Épinal
(Vosges) Auxerre
Auxerre
(Yonne) Belfort
Belfort
(Territoire de Belfort) Évry (Essonne) Nanterre
Nanterre
(Hauts-de-Seine) Bobigny
Bobigny
(Seine-Saint-Denis) Créteil
Créteil
(Val-de-Marne) Cergy, Pontoise
Pontoise
(Val-d'Oise)

Overseas departments

Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
(Guadeloupe) Fort-de- France
France
(Martinique) Cayenne
Cayenne
(French Guiana) Saint-Denis (Réunion) Mamoudzou
Mamoudzou
(Mayotte)

v t e

Communes of the Gers
Gers
department

Aignan Ansan Antras Arblade-le-Bas Arblade-le-Haut Ardizas Armentieux Armous-et-Cau Arrouède Aubiet Auch Augnax Aujan-Mournède Auradé Aurensan Aurimont Aussos Auterive Aux-Aussat Avensac Avéron-Bergelle Avezan Ayguetinte Ayzieu Bajonnette Barcelonne-du-Gers Barcugnan Barran Bars Bascous Bassoues Bazian Bazugues Beaucaire Beaumarchés Beaumont Beaupuy Beccas Bédéchan Bellegarde Belloc-Saint-Clamens Belmont Béraut Berdoues Bernède Berrac Betcave-Aguin Bétous Betplan Bézéril Bezolles Bézues-Bajon Biran Bivès Blanquefort Blaziert Blousson-Sérian Bonas Boucagnères Boulaur Bourrouillan Bouzon-Gellenave Bretagne-d'Armagnac Le Brouilh-Monbert Brugnens Cabas-Loumassès Cadeilhan Cadeillan Cahuzac-sur-Adour Caillavet Callian Campagne-d'Armagnac Cannet Cassaigne Castelnau-Barbarens Castelnau-d'Anglès Castelnau-d'Arbieu Castelnau-d'Auzan-Labarrère Castelnau-sur-l'Auvignon Castelnavet Castéra-Lectourois Castéra-Verduzan Castéron Castet-Arrouy Castex Castex-d'Armagnac Castillon-Debats Castillon-Massas Castillon-Savès Castin Catonvielle Caumont Caupenne-d'Armagnac Caussens Cazaubon Cazaux-d'Anglès Cazaux-Savès Cazaux-Villecomtal Cazeneuve Céran Cézan Chélan Clermont-Pouyguillès Clermont-Savès Cologne Condom Corneillan Couloumé-Mondebat Courrensan Courties Crastes Cravencères Cuélas Dému Duffort Duran Durban Eauze Encausse Endoufielle Esclassan-Labastide Escornebœuf Espaon Espas Estampes Estang Estipouy Estramiac Faget-Abbatial Flamarens Fleurance Fourcès Frégouville Fustérouau Galiax Garravet Gaudonville Gaujac Gaujan Gavarret-sur-Aulouste Gazaupouy Gazax-et-Baccarisse Gée-Rivière Gimbrède Gimont Giscaro Gondrin Goutz Goux Haget Haulies Homps Le Houga Idrac-Respaillès L'Isle-Arné L'Isle-Bouzon L'Isle-de-Noé L'Isle-Jourdain Izotges Jegun Jû-Belloc Juillac Juilles Justian Laas Labarthe Labarthète Labastide-Savès Labéjan Labrihe Ladevèze-Rivière Ladevèze-Ville Lagarde Lagarde-Hachan Lagardère Lagraulet-du-Gers Laguian-Mazous Lahas Lahitte Lalanne Lalanne-Arqué Lamaguère Lamazère Lamothe-Goas Lannemaignan Lannepax Lanne-Soubiran Lannux Larée Larressingle Larroque-Engalin Larroque-Saint-Sernin Larroque-sur-l'Osse Lartigue Lasserade Lasséran Lasseube-Propre Laujuzan Lauraët Lavardens Laveraët Laymont Leboulin Lectoure Lelin-Lapujolle Lias Lias-d'Armagnac Ligardes Lombez Loubédat Loubersan Lourties-Monbrun Louslitges Loussous-Débat Lupiac Luppé-Violles Lussan Magnan Magnas Maignaut-Tauzia Malabat Manas-Bastanous Manciet Manent-Montané Mansempuy Mansencôme Marambat Maravat Marciac Marestaing Margouët-Meymes Marguestau Marsan Marseillan Marsolan Mascaras Mas-d'Auvignon Masseube Mauléon-d'Armagnac Maulichères Maumusson-Laguian Maupas Maurens Mauroux Mauvezin Meilhan Mérens Miélan Miradoux Miramont-d'Astarac Miramont-Latour Mirande Mirannes Mirepoix Monbardon Monblanc Monbrun Moncassin Monclar Monclar-sur-Losse Moncorneil-Grazan Monferran-Plavès Monferran-Savès Monfort Mongausy Monguilhem Monlaur-Bernet Monlezun Monlezun-d'Armagnac Monpardiac Montadet Montamat Montaut Montaut-les-Créneaux Mont-d'Astarac Mont-de-Marrast Montégut Montégut-Arros Montégut-Savès Montesquiou Montestruc-sur-Gers Monties Montiron Montpézat Montréal Mormès Mouchan Mouchès Mourède Nizas Nogaro Noilhan Nougaroulet Noulens Orbessan Ordan-Larroque Ornézan Pallanne Panassac Panjas Pauilhac Pavie Pébées Pellefigue Perchède Pergain-Taillac Pessan Pessoulens Peyrecave Peyrusse-Grande Peyrusse-Massas Peyrusse-Vieille Pis Plaisance Plieux Polastron Pompiac Ponsampère Ponsan-Soubiran Pouydraguin Pouylebon Pouy-Loubrin Pouy-Roquelaure Préchac Préchac-sur-Adour Preignan Préneron Projan Pujaudran Puycasquier Puylausic Puységur Ramouzens Razengues Réans Réjaumont Ricourt Riguepeu Riscle La Romieu Roquebrune Roquefort Roquelaure Roquelaure-Saint-Aubin Roquepine Roques Rozès Sabaillan Sabazan Sadeillan Saint-André Saint-Antoine Saint-Antonin Saint-Arailles Saint-Arroman Saint-Aunix-Lengros Saint-Avit-Frandat Saint-Blancard Saint-Brès Saint-Caprais Saint-Christaud Saint-Clar Saint-Créac Saint-Cricq Sainte-Anne Sainte-Aurence-Cazaux Sainte-Christie Sainte-Christie-d'Armagnac Sainte-Dode Sainte-Gemme Saint-Élix Saint-Élix-Theux Sainte-Marie Sainte-Mère Sainte-Radegonde Saint-Georges Saint-Germé Saint-Germier Saint-Griède Saint-Jean-le-Comtal Saint-Jean-Poutge Saint-Justin Saint-Lary Saint-Léonard Saint-Lizier-du-Planté Saint-Loube Saint-Martin Saint-Martin-d'Armagnac Saint-Martin-de-Goyne Saint-Martin-Gimois Saint-Maur Saint-Médard Saint-Mézard Saint-Michel Saint-Mont Saint-Orens Saint-Orens-Pouy-Petit Saint-Ost Saint-Paul-de-Baïse Saint-Pierre-d'Aubézies Saint-Puy Saint-Sauvy Saint-Soulan Salles-d'Armagnac Samaran Samatan Sansan Saramon Sarcos Sarragachies Sarraguzan Sarrant La Sauvetat Sauveterre Sauviac Sauvimont Savignac-Mona Scieurac-et-Flourès Séailles Ségos Ségoufielle Seissan Sembouès Sémézies-Cachan Sempesserre Sère Sérempuy Seysses-Savès Simorre Sion Sirac Solomiac Sorbets Tachoires Tarsac Tasque Taybosc Termes-d'Armagnac Terraube Thoux Tieste-Uragnoux Tillac Tirent-Pontéjac Touget Toujouse Tourdun Tournan Tournecoupe Tourrenquets Traversères Troncens Tudelle Urdens Urgosse Valence-sur-Baïse Vergoignan Verlus Vic-Fezensac Viella Villecomtal-sur-Arros Villefranche Viozan

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 147747470 LCCN: n80108710 ISNI: 0000 0001 0721 398X GND: 4086090-5 BNF:

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