Arthur Sweetser (1888–1968) was an international journalist and statesman.
1 Early life 2 Journalism career 3 Role in education 4 Death 5 References 6 External links
Born in 1888,
Arthur Sweetser was a member of a generation that saw
the nations of the world engaging in violent bloodshed in what was
labelled optimistically as the War to End all Wars. This was a period
when contemporary principles of international law were first taking
form and beginning to be put into practice. Following on the heels of
World War I, there were many people who saw the urgency of developing
greater cooperation among nations.
Arthur Sweetser was one of these.
He came from a family that valued travel. His father wrote New England
guidebooks. His uncle was a broker for a shipping firm. He traveled
the world after graduating from college, then became a reporter, first
for the Springfield Reporter and then for the Associated Press.
In 1914, when war was declared in Europe,
Arthur Sweetser worked as a
war correspondent, traveling through the thick of the battle zones.
His book, "Roadside Glimpses of the Great War," was a study of
World War 1 from the vantage point of a reporter in the middle of the
He was assigned to the State Department by the Associated Press. He
walked the halls with such great figures as Theodore Roosevelt, Henry
Cabot Lodge, and Howard Taft. This was a period when U.S. isolationism
was being questioned. The
League to Enforce Peace  was one effort
to bring the U.S. and other countries into accord. Although this
effort was not to succeed, the more successful League of
Nations followed soon after.
Arthur Sweetser was present at the inception of the League of Nations
in Paris in 1920. He was a member of the American Peace Commission
appointed by Woodrow Wilson. Sweetser was directly involved in the
League's development as a member of its provisional Secretariat in
London and subsequently joined the permanent Secretariat in the
League's Public Information Section.
Role in education
His work with the League led to his involvement with the International
School of Geneva. This school was developed to accommodate the
children of diplomates as well as others seeking a more diversified
education, with a program offering multiple languages and a
non-political approach that would enable students to succeed in their
home colleges. Sweetser's involvement exemplified his belief that an
international education was essential if there was ever to be
communication among the world powers.
One offspring of the evolution of international schools was the
development of the
International Baccalaureate (IB). The goal of this
program, according to the organization's website is, "to help develop
the intellectual, personal, emotional and social skills to live, learn
and work in a rapidly globalizing world."
In addition to the accomplishments mentioned,
Arthur Sweetser became
the first head of the United Nations Information Office in Washington
following the second World War. He was the first President of the
Woodrow Wilson Foundation, and he wrote a great many books and
articles on subjects pertaining to global policy, communication, and
education. In addition to his participation as a co-founder of the
International School of Geneva
^ Susan Collingswood Sweetser, One Shining Hour, (New York:
International School of Geneva
WorldCat Identities VIAF: 29906719 LCCN: n95113939 ISNI: 0000 0000 8109 4352 GND: 1051607329 SUDOC: 087213