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Arkhangelsk
Arkhangelsk
(Russian: Арха́нгельск, IPA: [ɐrˈxanɡʲɪlʲsk]), also known in English as Archangel and Archangelsk, is a city and the administrative center of Arkhangelsk
Arkhangelsk
Oblast, in the north of European Russia. It lies on both banks of the Northern Dvina River
Northern Dvina River
near its exit into the White Sea. The city spreads for over 40 kilometers (25 mi) along the banks of the river and numerous islands of its delta. Arkhangelsk
Arkhangelsk
was the chief seaport of medieval and early modern Russia
Russia
until 1703. A 1,133-kilometer-long (704 mi) railway runs from Arkhangelsk
Arkhangelsk
to Moscow
Moscow
via Vologda
Vologda
and Yaroslavl, and air travel is served by the Talagi Airport
Talagi Airport
and a smaller Vaskovo Airport. As of the 2010 Census, the city's population was 348,783,[8] down from 356,051 recorded in the 2002 Census,[14] and further down from 415,921 recorded in the 1989 Census.[15]

Contents

1 Coat of arms 2 History

2.1 Early history 2.2 Novgorodians arrive 2.3 Norwegian-Russian conflict 2.4 Trade with England, Scotland, and the Netherlands 2.5 Founding and further development

3 Administrative and municipal status

3.1 City divisions

4 Economy and infrastructure 5 Education 6 Culture

6.1 Literature

7 Geography

7.1 Climate

8 Sports 9 Notable people 10 International relations

10.1 Twin towns and sister cities

11 References

11.1 Notes 11.2 Sources

12 Further reading 13 External links

Coat of arms[edit] The arms of the city display the Archangel Michael in the act of slaying the Devil. Legend states that this victory took place near where the city stands, hence its name, and that Michael still stands watch over the city to prevent the Devil's return.[16] History[edit] Early history[edit] Vikings knew the area around Arkhangelsk
Arkhangelsk
as Bjarmaland. Ohthere of Hålogaland told circa 890 of his travels in an area by a river and the White Sea
White Sea
with many buildings. This was probably the place later known as Arkhangelsk.[citation needed] According to Snorri Sturluson, Vikings led by Thorir Hund
Thorir Hund
raided this area in 1027. In 1989, an unusually impressive silver treasure was found through local farm workers by the mouth of Dvina, right next to present-day Arkhangelsk.[17] It was probably buried in the beginning of the 12th century, and contained articles that may have been up to two hundred years old at that time. Most of the findings comprised a total of 1.6 kilograms (3.5 lb) of silver, largely in the form of coins. Jewelry and pieces of jewelry come from Russia
Russia
or neighboring areas. The majority of the coins were German, but the hoard also included a smaller number of Kufan, English, Bohemian, Hungarian, Danish, Swedish and Norwegian coins. It is hard to place this find historically until further research is completed. There are at least two possible interpretations. It may be a treasure belonging to the society outlined by the Norse source material. Generally such finds, whether from Scandinavia, the Baltic area, or Russia, are closely tied to well-established agricultural societies with considerable trade activity. Alternatively, like the Russian scientists[who?] who published the find in 1992, one may see it as evidence of a stronger case of Russian colonization than previously thought. Novgorodians arrive[edit] In the 12th century, the Novgorodians established the Archangel Michael Monastery (named after Michael the Archangel) in the estuary of the Northern Dvina River. The main trade center of the area at that time was Kholmogory, located 75 kilometers (47 mi) southeast of Arkhangelsk, up the Dvina River, about 10 kilometers (6.2 mi) downstream from where the Pinega River flows into the Dvina. Written sources indicate that Kholmogory existed early in the 12th century, but there is no archeological material to illuminate the early history of the town. It is not known whether the origin of this settlement was Russian, or if it goes back to pre-Russian times. In the center of the small town (or Gorodok) that is there today is a large mound of building remains and river sand, but it has not been archeologically excavated. Norwegian-Russian conflict[edit]

Location of Arkhangelsk
Arkhangelsk
in northwestern Russia

The area of Arkhangelsk
Arkhangelsk
came to be important in the rivalry between Norwegian and Russian interests in the northern areas. From Novgorod, the spectrum of Russian interest was extended far north to the Kola Peninsula in the 12th century. However, here Norway
Norway
enforced taxes and rights to the fur trade. A compromise agreement entered in 1251 was soon broken.[clarification needed][citation needed] In 1411, Yakov Stepanovich from Novgorod went to attack Northern Norway. This was the beginning of a series of clashes. In 1419, Norwegian ships with five hundred soldiers entered the White Sea. The "Murmaners", as the Norwegians were called (cf. Murmansk), plundered many Russian settlements along the coast, among them the Archangel Michael Monastery.[18] Novgorod managed to drive the Norwegians back. However, in 1478 the area was taken over by Ivan III and passed to the Grand Duchy of Moscow
Moscow
with the rest of the Novgorod Republic. Trade with England, Scotland, and the Netherlands[edit] Three English ships set out to find the Northeast passage to China in 1553; two disappeared, and one ended up in the White Sea, eventually coming across the area of Arkhangelsk. Ivan the Terrible
Ivan the Terrible
found out about this, and brokered a trade agreement with the ship's captain, Richard Chancellor. Trade privileges were granted to English merchants in 1555, leading to the founding of the Company of Merchant Adventurers, which began sending ships annually into the estuary of the Northern Dvina. Dutch merchants also started bringing their ships into the White Sea
White Sea
from the 1560s. Scottish and English merchants also traded in the 16th century; however, by the 17th century it was mainly the Dutch that sailed to the White Sea
White Sea
area. Founding and further development[edit]

Plan of New Dvina Fort in Arkhangelsk

In 1584,[11] Ivan ordered the founding of New Kholmogory (which would later be renamed after the nearby Archangel Michael Monastery). At the time access to the Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
was still mostly controlled by Sweden, so while Arkhangelsk
Arkhangelsk
was icebound in winter, it remained Moscow's almost sole link to the sea-trade. Local inhabitants, called Pomors, were the first to explore trade routes to Northern Siberia
Siberia
as far as the trans-Urals city of Mangazeya
Mangazeya
and beyond. In December 1613, during the Time of Troubles, Arkhangelsk
Arkhangelsk
was besieged by Polish-Lithuanian marauders commanded by Stanislaw Jasinski (Lisowczycy), who failed to capture the fortified town. In 1619 and in 1637 a fire broke out, and the complete city was burned down. In 1693, Peter the Great
Peter the Great
ordered the creation of a state shipyard in Arkhangelsk. A year later the ships Svyatoye Prorochestvo (Holy Prophecy), Apostol Pavel (Apostle Paul), and the yacht Svyatoy Pyotr (Saint Peter) were sailing in the White Sea. However, he also realized that Arkhangelsk
Arkhangelsk
would always be limited as a port due to the five months of ice cover, and after a successful campaign against Swedish armies in the Baltic area, he founded St. Petersburg in May 1703.

Icon
Icon
of Archangel Michael, shown as protector of Arkhangelsk

In 1722, Peter the Great
Peter the Great
decreed that Arkhangelsk
Arkhangelsk
should no longer accept goods that amounted to more than was sufficient for the town (for so-called domestic consumption). It was due to the Tsar's will to shift all international marine trade to St. Petersburg. This factor greatly contributed to the deterioration of Arkhangelsk
Arkhangelsk
that continued up to 1762 when this decree was canceled. Arkhangelsk
Arkhangelsk
declined in the 18th century as the Baltic trade became ever more important. In the early years of the 19th century, the arrest and prolonged detention by Russian authorities of John Bellingham, an English export representative based at Arkhangelsk, was the indirect cause of Bellingham later assassinating British Prime Minister Spencer Perceval. Arkhangelsk's economy revived at the end of the 19th century when a railway to Moscow
Moscow
was completed and timber became a major export. The city resisted Bolshevik
Bolshevik
rule from 1918 to 1920 and was a stronghold of the anti- Bolshevik
Bolshevik
White Army supported by the military intervention of British-led Entente forces along an Allied expedition, including a North American contingent known as the Polar Bear Expedition.[19] It was also the scene of Mudyug concentration camp. During both world wars, Arkhangelsk
Arkhangelsk
was a major port of entry for Allied aid. During World War II, the city became known in the West as one of the two main destinations (along with Murmansk) of the Arctic Convoys bringing supplies to assist the Russians who were cut off from their normal supply lines. During Operation Barbarossa, the German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941, Arkhangelsk
Arkhangelsk
was one of two cities (the other being Astrakhan) selected to mark the envisaged eastern limit of Nazi control. This military operation was to be halted at this A-A line
A-A line
but never reached it as the German forces failed to capture either of the two cities and also failed to capture Moscow. Arkhangelsk
Arkhangelsk
was also the site of Arkhangelsk
Arkhangelsk
ITL, or the Arkhangelsk Labour Camp, in the 1930s and 1940s. Today, Arkhangelsk
Arkhangelsk
remains a major seaport, now open year-round due to improvements in icebreakers. The city is primarily a center for the timber and fishing industries. On March 16, 2004, fifty-eight people were killed in an explosion at an apartment block in the city. Administrative and municipal status[edit] Arkhangelsk
Arkhangelsk
is the administrative center of the oblast[3] and, within the framework of administrative divisions, it also serves as the administrative center of Primorsky District, even though it is not a part of it.[4] As an administrative division, it is, together with five rural localities, incorporated separately as the city of oblast significance of Arkhangelsk—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[3] As a municipal division, the city of oblast significance of Arkhangelsk
Arkhangelsk
is incorporated as Arkhangelsk Urban Okrug.[5] The mayor (as of July 2017) is Igor Viktorovich Godzish, who was elected in 2015.[20] City divisions[edit] For administrative purposes, the city is divided into nine territorial okrugs:[21]

Isakogorsky Lomonosovsky Maymaksansky Mayskaya Gorka Oktyabrsky Severny Solombalsky Tsiglomensky Varavino-Faktoriya

Economy and infrastructure[edit] Nordavia
Nordavia
(formerly Aeroflot Nord) airline has its head office on the grounds of the Talagi Airport
Talagi Airport
in Arkhangelsk.[22] Education[edit]

A monument to Peter the Great, a sailing ship, and the sea terminal in Arkhangelsk
Arkhangelsk
are depicted on a 500-ruble banknote[23]

Arkhangelsk
Arkhangelsk
was home to Pomorsky State University and Arkhangelsk State Technical University which merged with several other institutions of higher learning in 2010 to form the Northern (Arctic) Federal University. Arkhangelsk
Arkhangelsk
is also home to the Northern State Medical University, Makarov state Maritime Academy,and a branch of the All-Russian Distance Institute of Finance and Economics. Culture[edit]

Rebuilding the city's Cathedral
Cathedral
of the Archangel Michael

The Sutyagin House, claimed to be the world's tallest wooden single-family house

Mikhail Lomonosov
Mikhail Lomonosov
came from a Pomor village near Kholmogory. A monument to him was installed to a design by Ivan Martos
Ivan Martos
in 1829. A monument to Peter the Great
Peter the Great
was designed by Mark Antokolsky
Mark Antokolsky
in 1872 and installed in 1914. After its historic churches were destroyed during Joseph Stalin's rule, the city's main extant landmarks are the fort-like Merchant Yards (1668–1684) and the New Dvina Fortress (1701–1705). The Assumption Church on the Dvina embankment (1742–1744) was rebuilt in 2004. In 2008, it was decided that the city's cathedral, dedicated to the Archangel Michael, which had been destroyed under the Soviets, would be rebuilt. The foundation stone was laid in November 2008 by the regional Bishop Tikhon.[24] As of 2015[update], the walls are nearing completion, and the cathedral, situated near the city's main bus station and river port, is expected to be completed and consecrated in 2017.[25] Another remarkable structure is the Arkhangelsk
Arkhangelsk
TV Mast, a 151-meter (495 ft) tall guyed mast for FM-/TV-broadcasting built in 1964. This tubular steel mast has six crossbars equipped with gangways, which run in two levels from the mast structure to the crossbars. On these crossbars there are also several antennas installed (image). An unusual example of local "vernacular architecture" was the so-called Sutyagin house. This thirteen-story, 44-meter (144 ft) tall[26][27] residence of the local entrepreneur Nikolay Petrovich Sutyagin was reported to be the world's, or at least Russia's, tallest wooden house. Constructed by Mr. Sutyagin and his family over the course of fifteen years (starting in 1992), without plans or a building permit, the structure deteriorated while Mr. Sutyagin spent a few years in prison on racketeering charges. In 2008, it was condemned by the city as a fire hazard, and the courts ordered it to be demolished by February 1, 2009.[26][28] On December 26, 2008, the tower was pulled down,[29][30] and the remainder of the building was dismantled manually by early February 2009.[31][32]

The promenade alongside River Dvina

The cultural life of Arkhangelsk
Arkhangelsk
includes:

The Arkhangelsk
Arkhangelsk
Lomonosov Drama Theater Arkhangelsk
Arkhangelsk
Philarmonia Arkhangelsk
Arkhangelsk
Youth Theater Arkhangelsk Oblast
Arkhangelsk Oblast
Museum Arkhangelsk
Arkhangelsk
Art Museum Stepan Pisakhov Museum

An airstrip in Arkhangelsk
Arkhangelsk
was the fictional setting for a level in the 1997 hit videogame Goldeneye 007.[citation needed] Literature[edit] The Russian North, and, in particular, the area of Arkhangelsk, is notable for its folklore. Until the mid-20th century, fairy tales and bylinas were still performed on the daily basis by performers who became professionals. Starting from the 1890s, folkloric expeditions have been organized to the White Sea
White Sea
area and later to other areas of the Arkhangelsk
Arkhangelsk
Governorate in order to write down the tales and the bylinas, especially in Pomor dialects. In the 1920s, mostly due to the efforts of Anna Astakhova, these expeditions became systematic. By the 1960s, the performing art was basically extinct. These folkloric motives and fairy tales inspired the literary works of Stepan Pisakhov and Boris Shergin, who were both natives of Arkhangelsk. Geography[edit] Climate[edit] Arkhangelsk
Arkhangelsk
experiences a subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfc), with long (November-March) and very cold winters and short (June-August) and cool summers.

Climate data for Arkhangelsk

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 5.0 (41) 5.2 (41.4) 12.1 (53.8) 25.3 (77.5) 31.7 (89.1) 33.0 (91.4) 34.4 (93.9) 33.4 (92.1) 27.7 (81.9) 18.3 (64.9) 10.0 (50) 5.8 (42.4) 34.4 (93.9)

Average high °C (°F) −9.2 (15.4) −7.7 (18.1) −1.2 (29.8) 5.4 (41.7) 12.5 (54.5) 18.7 (65.7) 21.8 (71.2) 18.0 (64.4) 12.2 (54) 4.8 (40.6) −2.5 (27.5) −6.4 (20.5) 5.5 (41.9)

Daily mean °C (°F) −12.7 (9.1) −11.4 (11.5) −5.5 (22.1) 0.4 (32.7) 6.9 (44.4) 13.0 (55.4) 16.3 (61.3) 13.1 (55.6) 8.2 (46.8) 2.3 (36.1) −5.1 (22.8) −9.8 (14.4) 1.3 (34.3)

Average low °C (°F) −16.5 (2.3) −15.2 (4.6) −9.4 (15.1) −3.9 (25) 2.2 (36) 7.7 (45.9) 11.3 (52.3) 8.9 (48) 5.1 (41.2) 0.1 (32.2) −7.7 (18.1) −13.4 (7.9) −2.6 (27.3)

Record low °C (°F) −45.2 (−49.4) −41.2 (−42.2) −37.1 (−34.8) −27.3 (−17.1) −13.7 (7.3) −3.9 (25) −0.5 (31.1) −4.1 (24.6) −7.5 (18.5) −21.1 (−6) −36.5 (−33.7) −43.2 (−45.8) −45.2 (−49.4)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 38 (1.5) 29 (1.14) 30 (1.18) 30 (1.18) 49 (1.93) 61 (2.4) 73 (2.87) 70 (2.76) 61 (2.4) 66 (2.6) 53 (2.09) 46 (1.81) 606 (23.86)

Average rainy days 2 2 4 10 17 17 18 19 22 19 9 4 143

Average snowy days 27 26 23 13 6 1 0 0.03 1 13 25 28 163

Average relative humidity (%) 85 84 80 72 68 69 75 81 85 88 89 87 80

Mean monthly sunshine hours 13 56 117 193 262 298 301 203 116 59 19 6 1,643

Source #1: Pogoda.ru.net[33]

Source #2: NOAA (sun, 1961–1990)[34]

Sports[edit]

Vodnik's home stadium Trud, the arena for the final of the 2011–2012 season

Women costumed as brides in celebration of the 450th anniversary of the founding of Arkhangelsk.

The tallest building in Arkhangelsk

Bandy
Bandy
is the biggest sport in the city and is considered a national sport in Russia.[35] Vodnik, the local team, nine times became the Russian champion (1996–2000 and 2002–2005). Their home arena has the capacity of 10000.[36] Arkhangelsk
Arkhangelsk
hosted the Bandy
Bandy
World Championship in 1999 and 2003.[37] The 2011–2012 season Russian Bandy
Bandy
League final was played here on March 25, 2012.[38][39] The 2016 Youth-17 Bandy
Bandy
World Championship was played in Arkhangelsk between 28–31 January.[40] Notable people[edit]

Yuliya Fomenko, Russian athlete (middle distance runner) Ilya Shumov
Ilya Shumov
(1819-1881), was a Russian chess master and officer in the Russian Navy[41] Timur Gaidar, Soviet and Russian admiral Ilya Halyuza, Ukrainian association football player Nadezhda Kosintseva, Russian chess player (GM) Tatiana Kosintseva, Russian chess player (GM) Alexander Kravchenko, Russian poker player Victor Ferin, Russian actor and filmmaker Alex Gilbert, Russian born New Zealand adoption advocate Mikhail Lomonosov, Russian polymath Boris Lukoshkov, Russian painter Vladimir Malaniuk, Ukrainian chess player (GM) Andrei Pervyshin, Russian ice hockey player Stepan Pisakhov, Russian and Soviet writer Mikhail Pletnev, Russian pianist and conductor Władysław Pobóg-Malinowski, Polish soldier and historian Slava Polunin, Russian clown Eduard Schensnovich, Pole, admiral in the Imperial Russian Navy Boris Shergin, Russian and Soviet writer Vladimir Tarasov, Russian percussionist and constellation artist Anatoli Tebloyev, Russian association football player Sergei Bykov, Russian basketball player (Gold medalist of EuroBasket 2007) Boris Skrynnik, President in Federation of International Bandy
Bandy
and Russian Bandy
Bandy
Federation

International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Russia Twin towns and sister cities[edit] Arkhangelsk
Arkhangelsk
is twinned with:[42]

Portland, Maine, United States
United States
(since 1988) Vardø, Norway
Norway
(since 1989) Słupsk, Poland
Poland
(since 1989) Emden, Germany
Germany
(since 1989)

Mulhouse, France
France
(since 1992) Oulu, Finland
Finland
(since 1993)[43] Piraeus, Greece
Greece
(since 1995) Kiruna, Sweden
Sweden
(since 1999)

Ljusdal, Sweden
Sweden
(since 2004) Sukhumi, Abkhazia/Georgia (since 2011) Tromsø, Norway
Norway
(since 2011) Naryan-Mar, Russia[citation needed]

References[edit] Notes[edit]

^ a b Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 11 401», в ред. изменения №278/2015 от 1 января 2016 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 11 401, as amended by the Amendment #278/2015 of January 1, 2016. ). ^ "www.arhcity.ru" (in Russian). Мэрия Архангельска. Retrieved May 31, 2012.  ^ a b c d e Oblast Law #65-5-OZ ^ a b Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 11 252», в ред. изменения №278/2015 от 1 января 2016 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 11 252, as amended by the Amendment #278/2015 of January 1, 2016. ). ^ a b c d Oblast Law #258-vneoch.-OZ ^ a b Информация о мэре города (in Russian). Мэрия Архангельска. Retrieved May 31, 2012.  ^ Паспорт города (in Russian). Мэрия Архангельска. Retrieved May 31, 2012.  ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All- Russia
Russia
Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012.  ^ Численность населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2013 года. — М.: Федеральная служба государственной статистики Росстат, 2013. — 528 с. (Табл. 33. Численность населения городских округов, муниципальных районов, городских и сельских поселений, городских населенных пунктов, сельских населенных пунктов) ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.). ^ a b Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 25. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9.  ^ "List of postal codes" (in Russian). Russian Post. Retrieved July 23, 2011.  ^ Коды областных центров (PDF) (in Russian). Beeline. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 23, 2011. Retrieved August 26, 2011.  ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014.  ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014.  ^ "Archangel: Heraldic Argument in Russia". The Baronage Press.  ^ Nosov, E.N (1992). "THE ARKHANGELSK HOARD" (PDF). sarks.fi.  ^ Жилинский, К. А. (1919). Крайний север Европейской России (in Russian). Кольские карты. Retrieved 24 January 2013.  ^ "Detroit's Polar Bears and their confusing war". The Detroit News. Archived from the original on July 9, 2012. Retrieved July 12, 2007.  ^ "Google Translate". translate.googleusercontent.com.  ^ Архангельский городской Совет народных депутатов. Решение №88 от 15 ноября 1991 г. «Об образовании территориальных городских округов». ( Arkhangelsk
Arkhangelsk
City Council of People's Deputies. Decision #88 of November 15, 1991 On Establishing the City Territorial Okrugs. ). ^ "Contact Us". Nordavia. Archived at the Wayback Machine. Archived from the original on June 11, 2010. Retrieved June 29, 2010.  ^ The 500-ruble Bank of Russia
Russia
note ^ "Archangelsk invests in new cathedral". Barents Observer. 25 November 2008. Retrieved 20 January 2015.  ^ "Construction of Arkhangelsk
Arkhangelsk
Cathedral". Barents Observer. 9 January 2015. Retrieved 20 January 2015.  ^ a b Sutyagin House, Arkhangelsk, Russia: Standing tall. WorldArchitectureNews.com, Wednesday Mar 7, 2007. (Includes photo) ^ According to other sources, twelve stories, 38 meters (125 ft) ^ Ponomaryova, Hope (June 26, 2008). Гангстер-хаус: Самый высокий деревянный дом в России объявлен вне закона [Gangster house: Russia's tallest wooden house is now outlawed]. Rossiyskaya Gazeta (in Russian). Moscow, Russia. Retrieved August 15, 2009.  ^ В Архангельске провалилась первая попытка снести самое высокое деревянное здание в мире [ Arkhangelsk
Arkhangelsk
The first attempt to demolish the tallest wooden building in the world failed in Arkhangelsk]. NEWSru.com
NEWSru.com
Realty (Недвижимость) (in Russian). Moscow, Russia. December 26, 2008. Retrieved August 15, 2009.  ^ mihai055 (December 26, 2008). Сутягин, снос дома [Demolition of Sutyagin's house] (Flash video) (in Russian). YouTube. Retrieved August 15, 2009.  ^ В Архангельске разрушено самое высокое деревянное здание в мире [The tallest wooden building in the world has been destroyed in Arkhangelsk]. NEWSru.com
NEWSru.com
Realty (Недвижимость) (in Russian). Moscow, Russia. February 6, 2009. Retrieved August 15, 2009.  ^ От самого высокого деревянного строения в мире осталась груда мусора [Only a heap of debris is left from the world's tallest wooden building] (flash video and text). Channel One Russia
Russia
(in Russian). Moscow, Russia: Web-службой Первого канала. February 6, 2009. Retrieved December 29, 2009.  ^ "Weather and Climate-The Climate of Arkhangelsk" (in Russian). Weather and Climate. Retrieved 13 May 2015.  ^ "Arhangelsk (Arkhangelsk) Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 13 May 2015.  ^ "Russian bandy players blessed for victory at world championship in Kazan". Tatar-Inform. January 21, 2011. Archived from the original on April 24, 2012. Retrieved August 31, 2009.  ^ Стадион "Труд", Архангельск (in Russian). Федерация хоккея с мячом России. Retrieved 1 December 2012.  ^ Video from a home game against Baykal-Energiya from Irkutsk: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1uAVZxVEoe0 ^ "Официальный сайт хоккейного клуба "Кузбасс" (Кемерово) — www.kuzbassbandyclub.ru". Kuzbassbandyclub.ru. 2011-11-27. Retrieved 2012-08-15.  ^ Video from the final of the Russian Championships in 2012 Archived June 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Состав юношеской сборной России (U-17) на ЧМ-2016" (in Russian). Russian Bandy
Bandy
Federation. Retrieved 20 January 2016.  ^ Chessgames.com – Ilya Shumov ^ Информация о городах-побратимах (in Russian). arhcity.ru. October 26, 2007. Retrieved 27 July 2013.  ^ "Ystävyyskaupungit (Twin Cities)". Oulun kaupunki (City of Oulu) (in Finnish). Retrieved 2013-07-27. 

Sources[edit]

Архангельское областное Собрание депутатов. Областной закон №65-5-ОЗ от 23 сентября 2009 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Архангельской области», в ред. Областного закона №232-13-ОЗ от 16 декабря 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные Областные Законы в сфере осуществления местного самоуправления и взаимодействия с некоммерческими организациями». Вступил в силу через десять дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Волна", №43, 6 октября 2009 г. ( Arkhangelsk Oblast
Arkhangelsk Oblast
Council of Deputies. Oblast Law #65-5-OZ of September 23, 2009 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Arkhangelsk
Arkhangelsk
Oblast, as amended by the Oblast Law #232-13-OZ of December 16, 2014 On Amending Various Oblast Laws Dealing with the Process of Municipal Self-Government and Relations with Non-Profit Organizations. Effective as of the day which is ten days after the official publication.). Архангельское областное Собрание депутатов. Областной закон №258-внеоч.-ОЗ от 23 сентября 2004 г. «О статусе и границах территорий муниципальных образований в Архангельской области», в ред. Областного закона №224-13-ОЗ от 16 декабря 2014 г. «Об упразднении отдельных населённых пунктов Соловецкого района Архангельской области и о внесении изменения в статью 46 Областного закона "О статусе и границах территорий муниципальных образований в Архангельской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Волна", №38, 8 октября 2004 г. ( Arkhangelsk Oblast
Arkhangelsk Oblast
Council of Deputies. Oblast Law #258-vneoch.-OZ of September 23, 2004 On the Status and Borders of the Territories of the Municipal Formations in Arkhangelsk
Arkhangelsk
Oblast, as amended by the Oblast Law #224-13-OZ of December 16, 2014 On Abolishing Several Inhabited Localities in Solovetsky District
Solovetsky District
of Arkhangelsk Oblast
Arkhangelsk Oblast
and on Amending Article 46 of the Oblast Law "On the Status and Borders of the Territories of the Municipal Formations in Arkhangelsk
Arkhangelsk
Oblast". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).

Further reading[edit]

(in Russian) Ogorodnikov Stepan. (1890) Очерк истории города Архангельска в торгово-промышленном отношении at Runivers.ru
Runivers.ru
in DjVu and PDF
PDF
formats

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Arkhangelsk.

(in Russian) Official website of Arkhangelsk (in Russian) The Regional Museum (in Russian) Arkhangelsk Oblast
Arkhangelsk Oblast
Museum of Fine Arts

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Administrative divisions of Arkhangelsk
Arkhangelsk
Oblast

Administrative center: Arkhangelsk

Cities and towns

Arkhangelsk Kargopol Koryazhma Kotlas Mezen Mirny Naryan-Mar Novodvinsk Nyandoma Onega Severodvinsk Shenkursk Solvychegodsk Velsk

Administrative districts

Kargopolsky Kholmogorsky Konoshsky Kotlassky Krasnoborsky Lensky Leshukonsky Mezensky Novaya Zemlya Nyandomsky Onezhsky Pinezhsky Plesetsky Primorsky Shenkursky Solovetsky Ustyansky Velsky Verkhnetoyemsky Vilegodsky Vinogradovsky

v t e

Russian North

Key locations

Arkhangelsk Belozersk Beryozovo Kargopol Kem Kholmogory Kizhi Kola Kondopoga Lalsk Mangazeya Pustozyorsk Solvychegodsk Totma Yarensk Veliky Ustyug

Monasteries

Antonievo-Siysky Monastery Ferapontov Monastery Kamenny Monastery Kirillo-Belozersky Monastery Kiy Island
Kiy Island
Monastery Nikolo-Korelsky Monastery Pechenga Monastery Solovetsky Monastery

v t e

Cities of Military Glory of Russia

Arkhangelsk Belgorod Bryansk Dmitrov Feodosia Gatchina Grozny
Grozny
‎ Kalach-na-Donu Khabarovsk Kozelsk Kronstadt Kursk Luga Malgobek Nalchik Naro-Fominsk Oryol Polyarny Pskov Rostov-on-Don Rzhev Staraya Russa Taganrog Tikhvin Tuapse Tver Velikiye Luki Veliky Novgorod Vladikavkaz Vladivostok Volokolamsk Voronezh Vyazma Vyborg Yelets Yelnya

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 131359316 GND: 4079814-8 BNF:

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