ALMORA DISTRICT is a district in the
Kumaon division of Uttarakhand
India . The headquarters is at
Almora . It is 1,638 meters
above sea level. The town of
Almora is surrounded by Pithoragarh
district to the east, Garhwal region to the west,
to the north and
Nainital district to the south.
The hill station of
Almora is situated on a horseshoe-shaped ridge of
a mountain, the eastern portion of which is called Talifat and the
western one is known as Selifat. The landscape of
tourists each year for its views of the Himalayas, cultural heritage,
handicrafts and cuisine, and is a business hub for the Kumaon region.
Developed by the kings of Chand dynasty , it was later maintained and
further developed by the British regime .
* 1 History
* 2 Geography
* 3 Visitor attractions
* 4 Administrative subdivisions
* 5 Culture and literature
* 6 Transport
* 7 Demographics
* 7.1 Notable people
* 8 References
* 9 External links
Administrative History of
The ancient town of Almora, before its establishment, was under the
possession of Katyuri king Baichaldeo. He donated the major part of
this land to a Gujrati Brahmin Sri Chand Tiwari. Later on when Chand
kingdom was founded in Baramandal, the town of
Almora was founded at
this centrally located place in 1568 by Kalyan Chand. In the days of
Chand Kings it was called Rajapur. The name 'Rajpur' is also
mentioned on a number of ancient copper plates.
Almora town was the administrative headquarter of the Kumaun
district; that was formed in 1815 following the defeat of Gorkha army
Anglo-Gorkha war and the 1816
Treaty of Sugauli
Treaty of Sugauli . The Kumaun
district then consisted of the complete
Kumaon Division excluding the
Terai district with its headquarters at Kashipur . In 1837, Garhwal
was made a separate district with its Headquarters at
Pauri . The
Nainital district was carved out of the Kumaun District in 1891, and
the Kumaon District was then renamed
Almora District after its
In the 1960s
Bageshwar district ,
Pithoragarh district and Champawat
district had not yet been formed and were part of
Pithoragarh district was carved out of
Almora on 24 February 1960 and
Bageshwar district on 15 September 1997. In 2011,
was proposed to be carved out of the
Almora ridge, 1860s
The town of
Almora is situated over a horse saddle-shaped ridge of a
mountain. The eastern portion of the ridge is known as Talifat and the
western one is known as Selifat. The market is at the top of the ridge
where these two, Talifat and Selifat jointly terminate.
The market is 1.25 miles (2.01 km) long and is covered with stone
slabs. The place of the present cantonment was formerly known as
Lalmandi. Presently where the collectorate exists, the 'Malla Mahal'
(Upper Court) of Chanda kings was located. The site of present
District Hospital used to be 'Talla Mahal' (Lower Court) of Chand
Simalkhet is a village situated in the border of
Almora and Chamoli.
People of this village can speak both kumauni and garhwali languages.
On the top of a hill there is a temple called Bhairav Gadi.
Gori River flows through
Almora District. Source:
* Chitai Temple, 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) from the main city of
Almora, is dedicated to the
Golu Devata , The God of
Justice, popular in Kumaon region. An incarnation of the Lord
he is traditionally thought to fulfill wishes if prayed with a clear
* Nanda Devi Temple is a
Hindu temple to the Goddess Nanda Devi in
the center of the town, with unusual image carving on the temple
walls. Nanda Devi festival is held annually in September.
* Bright End Corner, 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) from the main city of
Almora, is a beauty spot visited at sunrise and sunset. A circuit
house , Swami Vivekanand Memorial and Vivekanand Library is also
* Binsar Mahadev Temple was built around the 9-10 century A.D. It is
believed locally to have been built in a single day. Ladies come here
on Vaikunth chaturdashi and light a lamp on their palm to fulfill the
desire of child. Binsar Mahadev is 19 kilometres (12 mi) from
Ranikhet, and is surrounded by thick forests at an altitude of 2,480
metres (8,140 ft). It is known for its archeological significance and
its dense forest.
* Lal Bazaar is a shopping centre for local crafts, woolen garments,
decorative items and metal utensils.
* Someshwar, 35 kilometres (22 mi) from
Almora city is famous for
its ancient Lord
Shiva Temple, constructed by Raja Som Chand during
Chand Dynasty .
Jageshwar is known for its
Shiva temple within a dense forest. The
temple complex has 124 shrines and hundreds of statues.
Almora is divided into nine tehsils : Almora,
Bhikiyasain, Chaukhutiya, Dwarahat, Jainti, Ranikhet, Someshwar, and
Its Assembly constituencies are Dwarahat, Salt, Ranikhet, Someshwar
(SC), Almora, and Jageshwar.
CULTURE AND LITERATURE
Almora was also the site of the dance academy set up by Udai Shankar,
danseuse, in 1938 – several well-known Indian and French dancers
trained there. The
Almora dance academy was housed in Pine Lodge on
the outskirts of the town (Ranidhara). The site has views of the
Himalayas and the city.
"In these hills, Nature’s hospitality eclipses all that man can
ever do. The enchanting beauty of the Himalayas, their bracing climate
and the soothing green that envelops you, leave nothing more to be
desired. I wonder whether the scenery of these hills and the climate
are to be surpassed, if equalled, by any of the beauty spots of the
world. After having been for nearly three weeks in the
Almora hills, I
am more than ever amazed why our people need to go to Europe in search
of health." - Mahatama M.K. Gandhi
"These mountains are associated with the best memories of our race:
Here, therefore, must be one of centers, not merely of activity, but
more of calmness of meditation, and of peace and I hope some one to
Swami Vivekananda (replying to the address given to him by the
people of Almora)
The Nearest airports to
Pantnagar Airport (127 km) in
Naini Saini Airport (125 km) in
The nearest railway station is at
Kathgodam , 90 km, from where
direct trains are available for
Agra . Some of the
major trains from
* Sampark Kranti Express (5035/506)
* Howrah Express (3019/3020)
Ranikhet Express (5013/5014)
* Rampur Passenger (1/2 R.K. Passenger and 3/4 R.K. Passenger)
* Naintial Express (5308/5307)
* Garib Rath (weekly)
Almora is well connected by road to important centres in the region.
NH 87 passes through to almora is known as karnaprayag national
highway. Some distances:
Delhi (378 km)
Dehradun (394 km)
Bageshwar (74 km), (92 km via
Nainital (63 km) (via
Ranikhet 103 km)
Kathgodam (86 km)
Haldwani (91 km)
* Ramnagar (120 km), (via
Nainital - 150 km)
* Rudrapur (130 km)
Ranikhet (45 km)
Dwarahat (68 km)
Pithoragarh (120 km)
Lucknow (454 km)
Bareilly (191 km)
* chaukhutia (93 km)
RELIGIONS IN ALMORA DISTRICT
According to the 2011 census
Almora district has a population of
621,927, roughly equal to the nation of
Montenegro or the US state
Vermont . This gives it a ranking of 517th in
India (out of a
total of 640 ). The district has a population density of 198
inhabitants per square kilometre (510/sq mi). Its population growth
rate over the decade 2001-2011 was −1.73%.
Almora has a sex ratio
of 1139 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 81.06%.
Muslims 7,283 (1.15%), Christians 959. Most of the
population lives near the main market of almora that forms nearly 45%
of the population.
Almora city census 1,00,000 and area of city is 20.2 km2
Manohar Shyam Joshi (1933–2006), writer; born in
Sumitra Nandan Pant , writer; born in
Bhairab Dutt Pande Former Cabinet Secretary of
India and Governor
of West Bengal, Punjab is a resident of Almora
Prasoon Joshi , writer, lyricist`
Murli Manohar Joshi
Murli Manohar Joshi (Former Human Resource Development Minister of
Pandit Govind Ballabh Pant ( First chief minister of U.P)
* ^ Kumaon Archived 2008-05-13 at the
Wayback Machine . Official
* ^ Martin, Robert Montgomery. History of the Possessions of the
India Company, Volume 1. p. 107.
* ^ Times World Atlas, 1967 Edition, Plate 30.
* ^ "The Collected Works of
Mahatma Gandhi Vol. 46: 12 May 1929 –
31 August 1929" (PDF). , p. 254
* ^ A B C D E F "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011.
* ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country
Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01.
Montenegro 661,807 July
* ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived
from the original on 2013-10-19. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
* ^ "
Uttarakhand - Districts of India: Know India". National Portal
of India. Archived from the original on 19 February 2009. Retrieved
* ^ A B WRITERS AND THEIR WORKS Foundation of SAARC Writers.
Archived 2 April 2010 at the
Wayback Machine .
Almora district". The Imperial Gazetteer of India, Vol. 5. Oxford
at Clarendon Press. 1909. pp. 243–252.