AHMED ALI (1 July 1910 in
Delhi – 14 January 1994 in
Urdu : احمد علی) was a Pakistani novelist , poet , critic ,
translator , diplomat and scholar . His writings include Twilight in
Delhi (1940), his first novel in the English language.
British India , Ahmed Ali was educated at Aligarh and
Lucknow universities. He taught at the leading Indian universities
Lucknow and Allahabad from 1932–46 and joined the
Bengal Senior Educational Service as professor and head of the English
Presidency College, Calcutta
Presidency College, Calcutta (1944–47). Ali was the
BBC's Representative and Director in India during 1942–45. During
Partition of India
Partition of India , he was the British Council Visiting Professor
to the University of China in Nanking as appointed by the British
government of India. When he tried to return to India in 1948, K. P.
S. Menon (then India's ambassador to China) did not let him and he was
forced to move to Pakistan.
In 1948, he moved to
Karachi . Later, he was appointed Director of
Foreign Publicity, Government of Pakistan. At the behest of Prime
Liaquat Ali Khan
Liaquat Ali Khan , he joined the
Pakistan Foreign Service in
1950. The first file he received was marked 'China' and when he opened
it; it was blank. He went to China as Pakistan's first envoy and
established diplomatic relations with the People's Republic in 1950.
* 1 Literary career
* 2 Awards and recognition
* 3 References
* 4 Works
* 4.1 Novels
* 4.2 Plays
* 4.3 Short stories
* 4.4 Poetry
* 4.5 Literary criticism
* 5 External links
Ali started his literary career at a young age and became a cofounder
of the All-India Progressive Writers\' Movement with the publication
of Angaaray (Embers) in 1932. It was a collection of short stories in
Urdu language and was a bitter critique of middle-class Muslim
values in British India, by four young friends- Ahmed Ali,
Sajjad Zaheer and
Rashid Jahan . This book was later
banned by the British Government of India in March 1933. Shortly
afterward, Ali and Mahmud-uz-Zafar announced the formation of a
"League of Progressive Authors", which was later to expand and become
the All-India Progressive Writers\' Association . Ali presented his
paper "Art Ka Taraqqi-Pasand Nazariya" (A Progressive View of Art) in
its inaugural conference in 1936. A pioneer of the modem
story, Ali's works include collections of short stories: "Angaare"
(Embers), 1932; Hamari Gali (Our Lane), 1940; Qaid Khana (The
Prison-house), 1942; and Maut Se Pehle (Before Death), 1945.
Ali achieved international fame with his first novel written in
English Twilight in
Delhi , which was published by The Hogarth Press
in London in 1940. This novel, as its title implies, describes the
decline of the Muslim aristocracy with the advance of the British
colonialism in the early 20th century.
"Al-Quran, A Contemporary
Translation (Princeton University Press,
Oxford University Press and the embassy in
Morocco , in 1958."
"A distinguished gentleman of refined taste and manners, Professor
Ahmed Ali had a deep interest in Sufism and a passion for Ghalib. His
writings voiced concern over the decay of Muslim culture and the
injustices of colonial powers.
AWARDS AND RECOGNITION
* "He was elected a Founding Fellow of the Pakistan Academy of
Letters in 1979."
Sitara-i-Imtiaz (Star of Excellence) Award in 1980 by the
President of Pakistan
President of Pakistan
* On 14 January 2005,
Pakistan Post issued a commemorative postage
stamp in his honor in its 'Men of Letters' series.
* ^ A B C D E
https://www.britannica.com/biography/Ahmed-Ali#ref845471, Profile of
Ahmed Ali (writer) on Encyclopædia Britannica, Retrieved 7 Oct 2016
* ^ A B C D E F G H I Profile of Professor Ahmed Ali on Pakistan
Post website, Retrieved 20 May 2017
* ^ Orwell and Politics. Penguin UK, 2001 At Google Books.
Retrieved 7 October 2016
* ^ A B Introduction by the author, Ahmed Ali, Twilight in Delhi,
Rupa Publishing Co., Delhi, 1993
* ^ William Dalrymple (1993). City of Djinns: A Year in Delhi.
HarperCollins. ISBN 000215725X .
* ^ "Angaaray". Penguin Books India. , Retrieved 7 Oct 2016
* ^ The Leader of Allahabad, 5 April 1933
* ^ Twilight in Delhi, The Hogarth Press, 1940; Oxford University
Press, Delhi, 1966; OUP, Karachi, 1984; Sterling Paperbacks, Delhi,
1973; New Directions, New York, 1994;
Rupa Publications , Delhi, 2007;
Urdu translation, Akrash Press, Karachi, 1963, Jamia Millia, Delhi,
1969; (French) French translation, Editions Gallimard, Paris, 1989;
Spanish translation, Ediciones Martinez Roca, 1991.
Alamgir Hashmi , "Ahmed Ali and the Transition to a
Postcolonial Mode in the Pakistani Novel in English" in Journal of
South Asian Literature, Vol. 33/34, No. 1/2 (1998/1999), p. 256
* ^ Ali, Ahmed (1974). "The Progressive Writers Movement and
Creative Writers in Urdu". In Carlo Coppola. Marxist Influences and
South Asian Literature. East Lansing: Michigan State University. p.
36. ISBN 81-7001-011-X .
* Twilight in
* Ocean of Night (1964)
* Rats and Diplomats (1986)
* The Land of Twilight (1931)
* Break the Chains (1932)
* “When the Funeral Was Crossing the Bridge,” in Lucknow
University Journal, 1929.
Mahāvīra Ki Ek Rât,” in Humayûn (Lahore), January 1931.
* Angarey (1932). With
Rashid Jahan , Mahmuduzzafar and Sajjad
* Sholey (1934)
* “Our Lane,” in New Writing (London), 1936.
* Hamari Gali (1940)
* “Morning in Delhi,” in New Writing (London), 1940.
* Qaid-khana (1942)
* Maut se Pahle (1945)
* “Before Death,” in New Directions 15 (New York), 1956.
* Prima della Morte (1966). Bilingual Italian-
Urdu version of Maut
* The Prison-House (1985)
* Purple Gold Mountain (1960)
* First Voices (1965)
* Selected Poems (1988)
* “Poetry: A Problem,” in
Allahabad University Studies, vol. XI,
no. II, 1934.
* Art ka Taraqqî-Pasand Nazariya (1936)
Maxim Gorky as a Short-Story Writer,” in
* Mr. Eliot ’s Penny-World of Dreams (1941)
* Failure of an Intellect (1968)
* “Illusion and Reality, the Art and Philosophy of
Raja Rao ,”
in Journal of Commonwealth Literature, July 1968.
* The Problem of Style and Technique in Ghalib (1969)
* Ghalib: Two Essays (1969). With Alessandro Bausani.
* The Golden Tradition: An Anthology of
Urdu Poetry (1973)
* The Flaming Earth (1949). An anthology of selected Indonesian
* The Falcon and the Hunted Bird (1950)
* The Bulbul and the Rose: An Anthology of
Urdu Poetry (1960)
* Ghalib: Selected Poems (1969)
* al-Qur’ân: A Contemporary
* The Call of the Trumpet (unpublished). An anthology of modern
Chinese poetry .
* Online Quran includes the Qur\'an