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Agence France-Presse
Agence France-Presse
(AFP) is an international news agency headquartered in Paris, France. Founded in 1835,[2][3] AFP is the third largest news agency in the world, after the Associated Press
Associated Press
(AP) and Reuters. Journalists of the French Resistance
French Resistance
established the AFP in the headquarters of the former Office français d'information, a Vichy news agency, following the liberation of Paris. Currently, the CEO is Emmanuel Hoog (fr) and the News Director is Michèle Léridon.[4] AFP has regional offices in Nicosia, Montevideo, Hong Kong, and Washington, D.C., and bureaux in 150 countries. AFP transmits news in French, English, Arabic, Portuguese, Spanish, and German.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Agence Havas 1.2 Agence France-Presse

2 Statutes 3 Copyright violation 4 Investments 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

History[edit] Agence Havas[edit] The Agence Havas
Havas
was founded in 1835 by a Parisian translator and advertising agent, Charles-Louis Havas[5] as Agence Havas. Two of his employees, Paul Reuter
Paul Reuter
and Bernhard Wolff, later set up rival news agencies in London
London
and Berlin
Berlin
respectively, starting 1848.[citation needed] In order to reduce overhead and develop the lucrative advertising side of the business, Havas's sons, who had succeeded him in 1852, signed agreements with Reuter and Wolff, giving each news agency an exclusive reporting zone in different parts of Europe.[citation needed] This arrangement lasted until the 1930s, when the invention of short-wave wireless improved and cut communications costs. To help Havas
Havas
extend the scope of its reporting at a time of great international tension, the French government financed up to 47% of its investments.[citation needed] Agence France-Presse[edit] In 1940, when German forces occupied France
France
during World War II, the news agency was taken over by the authorities and renamed "Office français d'information" (French Information Office); only the private advertising company retained the name Havas.[6] On August 20, 1944, as Allied forces moved on Paris, a group of journalists in the French Resistance seized the offices of the FIO and issued the first news dispatch from the liberated city under the name of Agence France-Presse. Established as a state enterprise, AFP devoted the post-war years to developing its network of international correspondents. One of them was the first Western journalist to report the death of the Soviet leader Joseph Stalin
Joseph Stalin
on March 6, 1953. AFP was keen to shake off its semi-official status, and on January 10, 1957, the French Parliament passed a law establishing its independence. Since that date, the proportion of the agency's revenues generated by subscriptions from government departments has steadily declined. Such subscriptions represented 115 million Euros in 2011.[7] In 1982, the agency began to decentralize its editorial decision-making by setting up the first of its five autonomous regional centres, in Hong Kong, then a British Crown colony. Each region has its own budget, administrative director and chief editor. In September 2007, the AFP Foundation was launched to promote higher standards of journalism worldwide. The mission of the AFP "... is' 'defined by its statutes: to report events, free of « all influences or considerations likely to impair the exactitude » of its news and « under no circumstances to pass under the legal or actual control of an ideological, political or economic group."[8] The Mitrokhin archive identified six agents and two confidential KGB contacts inside Agence France-Presse
Agence France-Presse
who were used in Soviet operations in France.[9] In 1991, AFP set up a joint venture with Extel to create a financial news service, AFX News.[10] It was sold in 2006 to Thomson Financial.[11] In October 2008, the Government of France
France
announced moves to change AFP's status, including the involvement of outside investors. On November 27 of that year, the main trade unions represented in the company's home base of France
France
– the CGT, Force Ouvrière, Syndicat national des journalistes,[12] Union syndicale des journalistes CFDT[13] and SUD, launched an online petition to oppose what they saw as an attempt to privatise the agency. On December 10, 2009, the French Culture Minister Frédéric Mitterrand announced that he was setting up a Committee of Experts under former AFP CEO Henri Pigeat to study plans for the agency's future status.[14] On February 24, 2010, Pierre Louette unexpectedly announced his intention to resign as CEO by the end of March, and move to a job with France
France
Télécom. Statutes[edit]

AFP headquarters in Paris.

AFP is a state-owned enterprise[15] operating under a 1957 law,[16] but is officially a commercial business independent of the French government. AFP is administered by a CEO and a board comprising 15 members:

Eight representatives of the French press; Two representatives of the AFP personnel; Two representatives of the government-owned radio and television; Three representatives of the government. One is named by the prime minister, another by the minister of finance, and a third by the minister of foreign affairs.

The board elects the CEO for a renewable term of three years. The AFP also has a council charged with ensuring that the agency operates according to its statutes, which mandate absolute independence and neutrality. Editorially, AFP is governed by a network of senior journalists. The primary client of AFP is the French government, which purchases subscriptions for its various services. In practice, those subscriptions are an indirect subsidy to AFP. The statutes of the agency prohibit direct government subsidies. Copyright violation[edit] In November 2013, AFP and Getty Images
Getty Images
were ordered to pay $1.2 million compensation to freelance photojournalist Daniel Morel for using his images posted on Twitter
Twitter
related to the 2010 Haiti earthquake without his permission, in violation of copyright and Twitter's terms of service.[17][18] Investments[edit] Notable investments include:

AFP GmbH:

AFP GmbH is the subsidiary of AFP in Germany, producing German-language services for local press, internet and corporate clients.

SID:

Sport-Informations-Dienst (SID) is producing a German-language sports service.

Citizenside:

In November 2007, AFP announced its investment in Scooplive, a news photo and video agency online, created in France
France
in 2006. Scooplive became Citizenside after this investment. Citizenside is now named Newzulu. See also[edit]

List of news agencies

References[edit]

^ Delcambre, Alexis (July 11, 2015). "La grève à l'AFP se poursuit ("AFP strike goes on")". Le Monde. Retrieved July 13, 2015.  ^ "Fondation AFP" [AFP Foundation]. Retrieved 25 November 2010. Successor of the oldest international news agency – founded in 1835 by a Parisian translator and publicist, Charles-Louis Havas
Charles-Louis Havas
– Agence France-Presse was reborn on August 20, 1944, during the liberation of Paris.  ^ James F. Broderick; Darren W. Miller (2007). Consider the source: A Critical Guide to 100 Prominent News and Information Sites on the Web. Information Today, Inc. p. 1. ISBN 0-910965-77-3.  ^ "AFP: Michèle Léridon appointed Global News Director". AFP (Press release). 23 June 2014. Retrieved 13 January 2015.  ^ "Daily Newspapers: First in a Series on the French Media". Wikileaks. 6 November 2006. Archived from the original on 7 February 2015. Retrieved 7 February 2015.  ^ L'Office Français d'Information (1940–1944) (in French) Revue d'histoire de la Deuxième Guerre mondiale n°101, January 1976 ^ "N° 3806 tome VII – Avis de M. Michel Françaix sur le projet de loi de finances pour 2012 (n°3775)". Retrieved 19 January 2016.  ^ "Accueil – Fondation AFP". Retrieved 19 January 2016.  ^ Andrew, Christopher, Vasili Mitrokhin (2000). The Sword and the Shield: The Mitrokhin Archive and the Secret History of the KGB. Basic Books. ISBN 0-465-00312-5. p. 169-171 ^ AFP and Financial Wires Encroach on Original Market : Reuters News: Clients Defect By Erik Ipsen Published: February 13, 1992 nytimes.com ^ Thomson Financial
Thomson Financial
acquires AFX. Publication: Information World Review Publish date: July 10, 2006, highbeam.com ^ "Bienvenue sur le site du SNJ". Retrieved 19 January 2016.  ^ "Actualités". Retrieved 19 January 2016.  ^ "December 2009: Government Sets up Committee to Study Agency's Future". Retrieved 19 January 2016.  ^ " Agence France-Presse
Agence France-Presse
- Company Profile, Information, Business Description, History, Background Information on Agence France-Presse". Reference for Business.  ^ Translation of AFP's statutes into English (Sept. 2011): http://www.sos-afp.org/en/statutes ^ Ax, Joseph (November 22, 2013). "Photographer wins $1.2 million from companies that took pictures off Twitter". Reuters. Retrieved November 25, 2013.  ^ Laurent, Olivier (November 24, 2013). " Getty Images
Getty Images
disappointed at $1.2m Morel verdict". British Journal of Photography. Incisive Media. Archived from the original on November 26, 2013. Retrieved November 25, 2013. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Agence France-Presse.

AFP website AFP Correspondents' blog Citizenside website SOS-AFP trade union website

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News agencies

List of news agencies

Agence France-Presse (Paris) Reuters (London) Associated Press (New York)

Agencia Boliviana de Información (La Paz) Agência Brasil (Brasília) Agenzia Fides (Vatican City) Agenzia Nazionale Stampa Associata (Rome) allAfrica.com (Mauritius) Anadolu Agency (Ankara) Austria Press Agency (Vienna) Asian News International (New Delhi) Asia News Network (Bangkok) Athens-Macedonian News Agency (Athens) Algeria Press Service (Algiers) Belga (Brussels) Bloomberg (New York) Bolpress (La Paz) CBC (Ottawa) Catalan News Agency (Barcelona) Canadian Press (Toronto) Catholic News Agency (Denver) Catholic News Service (America) Central News Agency (Taipei) Deutsche Presse-Agentur (Hamburg) EFE (Madrid) Kenya News Agency (Nairobi) Kyodo News (Tokyo) Integrated Regional Information Networks (Nairobi) Interfax (Moscow) Inter Press Service (Rome) Islamic Republic News Agency (Tehran) MTI (Budapest) News Agency of Nigeria (Abuja) Pakistan Television (Islamabad) PAP (Warsaw) Lusa (Lisbon) Maghreb Arabe Press (Rabat) PanaPress (Dakar) Press Association (London) Press Trust of India (Delhi) RIA Novosti (Moscow) Swiss Telegraphic Agency (Bern) TASS (Moscow) Tanjug (Belgrade) Télam (Buenos Aires) Tunis
Tunis
Afrique Presse (Tunis) United Press International (Washington, DC) United News of India (New Delhi) Vietnam News Agency (Hanoi) Xinhua (Beijing) Zenit (Rome) Zee Media Pvt (Mumbai)

European Alliance of News Agencies (Geneva)

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Current White House
White House
James S. Brady Press Briefing Room
James S. Brady Press Briefing Room
seating chart

Row Podium

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

NBC Wall Street Journal Agence France-Presse MSNBC Bloomberg BNA Washington Examiner TRNS/Univision

Fox News CBS Radio AP Radio Foreign Pool Time Yahoo! News Dallas Morning News

CBS News Bloomberg McClatchy Washington Times SiriusXM Salem Radio Globe/Roll Call

AP NPR AURN The Hill Regionals Newsmax CBN

ABC News Washington Post Politico Fox News
Fox News
Radio CSM/NY Post Daily Mail BBC/OAN

Reuters NY Times Chicago Tribune VOA RealClearPolitics HuffPost/NY Daily News BuzzFeed/Daily Beast

CNN USA Today ABC Radio National Journal Al Jazeera/PBS Westwood One Financial Times/Guardian

The seating chart as of June 30, 2017.[1]

White House
White House
Correspondents' Association

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 147151020 LCCN: n50060979 ISNI: 0000 0001 2294 1547 GND: 4300558-5 SUDOC: 026439972 BNF: cb118687254 (data) NKC: kn20071111010 BNE: XX106109

Journalism portal France
France
portal

This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in French. (January 2015) Click [show] for important translation instructions.

View a machine-translated version of the French article. Google's machine translation is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary (using German): Content in this edit is translated from the existing German article at [[:de:Exact name of German article]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template Translatedfr Agence France-Presse
Agence France-Presse
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^ Carter, Brandon (30 June 2017). "Conservative media outlets gain seats in White House
White House
briefing room", The Hill. Retr

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