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The Accademia Pontaniana
Accademia Pontaniana
was the first academy in the modern sense, as a learned society for scholars and humanists and guided by a formal statute.[1] Patronized by Alfonso V of Aragon, it was founded by the poet Antonio Beccadelli in Naples
Naples
during the revival of classical learning and later led by Giovanni Pontano
Giovanni Pontano
who gave it a more official character to the meetings.[2]

Contents

1 History 2 Structure 3 Prizes awarded by the Academy

3.1 Tenore prize

3.1.1 Former prize winners

3.2 Cavolini–De Mellis prize

4 Notable members 5 Notes 6 References 7 External links

History[edit] The Accademia Antoniana as it was first called, was founded in 1458, but its origins dates back to 1443 in an academic circle around the Neapolitan scholar and poet Antonio Beccadelli. This circle met informally in the Castel Nuovo
Castel Nuovo
of Alfonso V of Aragon. After the death of Beccadelli in 1471 these meetings were overseen by Giovanni Pontano, hence the name Accademia Pontaniana. During its centuries-old history, the Academy was closed twice. The first closure was in 1542 by the Spanish viceroy of Naples
Naples
Pedro Álvarez de Toledo, Marquis of Villafranca, as part of his harsh policy of "spagnolizzazione" ("Spanish-ization"). Revived in December 1808, was officially recognized by Royal Decree as an academy in 1825, it was again suppressed by the Fascist government in 1934 and its library burned in 1943. The Academy was restored by decree on February 19, 1944. Benedetto Croce
Benedetto Croce
was the President of the Academy from 1917 to 1923. Structure[edit] Today's the activities of the Accademia Pontaniana
Accademia Pontaniana
includes meetings, reports and competitions. It has five divisions:[3]

Pure and Applied Mathematics Natural Science Science and Morals History, Archeology and Philology Literature and Fine Arts

Each class is composed of 20 regular members resident in Naples, 10 ordinary members and 20 foreign corresponding members. The Academy publishes a series of publications, including the "Atti dell'Accademia Pontaniana", as well as the annual "Quaderni della Accademia Pontaniana". Prizes awarded by the Academy[edit] Tenore prize[edit] The "Premio Tenore" was founded by Michele Tenore
Michele Tenore
in 1853: on the session of the 26th of June 1955 the Academy resolved to honor him by continuing to award it, establishing the rules to be followed for the awarding.[4] It is reserved only to Italian citizens: however, ordinary resident members are excluded from the competition. The prize is awarded every five years, by one of the five divisions in turn, to the author of a work on a topic chosen freely by the division:[4] if the prize is not awarded when due, it can be awarded the following year by the same class.[4] Former prize winners[edit]

Francesco Tricomi
Francesco Tricomi
(1923)[5] Mauro Picone
Mauro Picone
(1927)[5] Federico Cafiero (1953)[6]

Cavolini–De Mellis prize[edit] The "Premio Cavolini–De Mellis" was established in execution of a testament legacy of Baron
Baron
Vincenzo De Mellis: the prize is named after an ancestor of Baron
Baron
De Mellis, the naturalist Filippo Cavolini.[7] Notable members[edit]

Federico Cafiero, mathematician. Benedetto Croce, philosopher and former president. Michele Tenore, botanist and former president.

Notes[edit]

^ According to the "Accademia" entry of the Enciclopedia Treccani and to Bergin & Speake (2004, entry "Academies", p. 2). ^ (Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana 2005b, entry "Accademia Antoniana"). ^ "Classi", as it is customary to call them in Italian academies ( Accademia Pontaniana
Accademia Pontaniana
2015, pp. 159 and 206). ^ a b c ( Accademia Pontaniana
Accademia Pontaniana
2015, p. 119). ^ a b ( Accademia Pontaniana
Accademia Pontaniana
2015, p. 122). ^ ( Accademia Pontaniana
Accademia Pontaniana
2015, p. 123). ^ ( Accademia Pontaniana
Accademia Pontaniana
2015, p. 125).

References[edit]

Accademia Pontaniana
Accademia Pontaniana
(2015), Annuario della Accademia Pontaniana
Accademia Pontaniana
2015 (DLXXIII dalla fondazione) (PDF) (in Italian), Napoli: Nella Sede dell'Accademia, p. 180 . The "Yearbook 2015" of the Accademia Pontaniana, published by the Academy itself and describing its past and present hierarchies and its activities. It also gives some notes on its history, the full list of its members and other useful information. Bergin, Thomas Goddard; Speake, Jennifer, eds. (2004) [1987], Encyclopedia of the Renaissance and the Reformation (Revised ed.), New York: Facts on File, pp. x+550, ISBN 978-1-4381-1026-4  Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana (2005), "Accademia", Enciclopedia Treccani, Enciclopedia (in Italian), retrieved 8 March 2015 . The entry "Academy" in the general encyclopedic section of the Enciclopedia Treccani. Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana (2005b), "Accademia Antoniana", Enciclopedia Treccani, Enciclopedia (in Italian), retrieved 8 March 2015 . The entry on the "Antonian Academy", as it was formerly called the Accademia Pontaniana, in the general encyclopedic section of the Enciclopedia Treccani.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Accademia Pontaniana.

Accademia Pontaniana
Accademia Pontaniana
entry of the Encyclopædia Britannica. Accademie Napoletane – the joint web site of all the Neapolitan Academies. Porticus Antonianus at the Scholarly Societies Project.

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Accademie and learned societies in Italy

Academy of Sciences of the Institute of Bologna Accademia Angelica Costantiniana Accademia Cosentina Accademia degli Arcadi Accademia degli Incamminati Accademia degli Incogniti Accademia degli Infiammati Accademia degli Inquieti Accademia degli Intronati Accademia degli Svogliati Accademia degli Umidi Accademia degli Umoristi Accademia dei Georgofili Accademia dei Lincei Accademia dei Ricovrati Accademia dei Risvegliati Accademia del Cimento Accademia del Disegno Accademia della Crusca Accademia delle Arti del Disegno Accademia di Agricoltura di Torino Accademia di San Luca Accademia di Santa Cecilia Accademia Fiorentina Accademia Galileiana Accademia Nazionale delle Scienze detta dei XL Accademia Neoplatonica Accademia Pontaniana Academia Secretorum Naturae Accademia Veneziana Associazione Agraria Subalpina Ateneo Veneto di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti Dante Alighieri Society Italian Mathematical Union Italian Physical Society Royal Academy of Italy Società Entomologica Italiana

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 136658123 LCCN: n83051841 ISNI: 0000 0001 2243 1

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