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An academy of sciences is a type of learned society or academy (as special scientific institution) dedicated to sciences that may or may not be state funded. Some state funded academies are tuned into national or royal (in case of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
i.e. Royal Society
Royal Society
of London for Improving Natural Knowledge) as a form of honor. The other types of academy is an academy of arts (see Academy
Academy
of Arts) or combination of both (i.e. American Academy of Arts
Academy of Arts
and Sciences). In non-English speaking countries, the range of academic fields of the members of a national Academy
Academy
of Science
Science
often includes scholarly disciplines which would not normally be classed as "science" in English. Many languages use a broad term for systematized learning which includes both natural and social sciences and fields such as literary studies, history, or art history, which are not typically considered "sciences" in English. For example, the Australian Academy of Sciences is an organization of natural scientists, reflecting the English use of the term "scientist". There are separate academies for Arts, Humanities and Social Science. The Hungarian " Academy
Academy
of Science" (Magyar Tudományos Akadémia), however, has members from many other areas of academia. Presumably, the Hungarian term tudomány has been translated as "science" in a broader sense, as it was used in English 200 years ago, and is still used in French and other languages. (Even though the name 'Hungarian Academy
Academy
of Knowledge' would be a better translation.) As the engineering sciences have become more varied and advanced, there is a recent trend in many advanced countries to organize the National Academy
Academy
of Engineering (or Engineering Sciences), separate from the national Academy
Academy
of Sciences. Academies of science play an important role in science diplomacy efforts.[1] List of academies of sciences[edit] Main category: National academies of sciences

Afghanistan
Afghanistan
Academy
Academy
of Sciences of Afghanistan Albania
Albania
Academy
Academy
of Sciences of Albania Armenia
Armenia
– National Academy
Academy
of Sciences of the Republic of Armenia Austria
Austria
– Austrian Academy
Academy
of Sciences, Vienna Australia
Australia
– Australian Academy
Academy
of Sciences Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
– National Academy
Academy
of Sciences of Azerbaijan Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Academy
Academy
of Sciences Belarus
Belarus
– National Academy
Academy
of Sciences of Belarus Belgium
Belgium
– Royal Academies for Science
Science
and the Arts of Belgium Brazil
Brazil
– Brazilian Academy
Academy
of Sciences Bulgaria
Bulgaria
– Bulgarian Academy
Academy
of Sciences Canada

Royal Society
Royal Society
of Canada Canadian Academy
Academy
of Engineering

China

Chinese Academy
Academy
of Sciences Chinese Academy
Academy
of Engineering Chinese Academy
Academy
of Social Sciences

Costa Rica
Costa Rica
– Academia Nacional de Ciencias (Costa Rica) Croatia
Croatia
– Croatian Academy
Academy
of Sciences and Arts Czech Republic
Czech Republic
Academy
Academy
of Sciences of the Czech Republic Denmark
Denmark
– Royal Danish Academy
Academy
of Sciences and Letters Estonia
Estonia
– Estonian Academy
Academy
of Sciences Finland

Finnish Academy Finnish Society of Sciences and Letters

France
France
– French Academy
Academy
of Sciences Georgia

Georgian National Academy
Academy
of Sciences Abkhazian Regional Academy
Academy
of Sciences

Germany

Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur Academy
Academy
of Sciences and Humanities in Hamburg Bavarian Academy
Academy
of Sciences and Humanities Berlin-Brandenburg Academy
Academy
of Sciences and Humanities German Academy
Academy
of Sciences Leopoldina Göttingen Academy
Academy
of Sciences and Humanities Heidelberg Academy
Academy
for Sciences and Humanities North Rhine-Westphalian Academy
Academy
of Sciences, Humanities and the Arts Saxonian Academy
Academy
of Sciences and Humanities Union of German Academies of Sciences and Humanities

Greece
Greece
Academy
Academy
of Athens Hungary
Hungary
– Hungarian Academy
Academy
of Sciences India

Indian Academy
Academy
of Sciences Indian National Science
Science
Academy National Academy
Academy
of Sciences, India

Indonesia

Indonesian Institute of Sciences Indonesian Academy
Academy
of Sciences

Italy

Lincean Academy Accademia Nazionale delle Scienze Accademia delle Scienze dell'Umbria

Israel
Israel
Israel
Israel
Academy
Academy
of Sciences and Humanities Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Academy, 1879 founded as Tokyo Academy Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
– National Academy
Academy
of Sciences of the Republic of Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
– National Academy
Academy
of Sciences of the Kyrgyz Republic Latvia
Latvia
– Latvian Academy
Academy
of Sciences Lebanon
Lebanon
– Lebanese Academy
Academy
of Sciences Lithuania
Lithuania
– Lithuanian Academy
Academy
of Sciences Macedonia – Macedonian Academy
Academy
of Sciences and Arts Mexico
Mexico
– Mexican Academy
Academy
of Sciences Moldova
Moldova
Academy
Academy
of Sciences of Moldova Mongolia
Mongolia
– Mongolian Academy
Academy
of Sciences Montenegro

Montenegrin Academy
Academy
of Sciences and Arts Doclean Academy
Academy
of Sciences and Arts

Morocco
Morocco
– Hassan II Academy
Academy
of Sciences and Technologies Netherlands
Netherlands
– Royal Netherlands
Netherlands
Academy
Academy
of Sciences New Zealand
New Zealand
Royal Society
Royal Society
of New Zealand Nigeria
Nigeria
–Nigerian Academy
Academy
of Science North Korea
North Korea
Academy
Academy
of Sciences of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea[2] Norway

Norwegian Academy
Academy
of Science
Science
and Letters, Oslo Royal Norwegian Society of Science
Science
and Letters, Trondheim Norwegian Academy
Academy
of Technological Sciences, Trondheim

Pakistan
Pakistan
Pakistan
Pakistan
Academy
Academy
of Sciences Poland

Polish Academy
Academy
of Sciences Polish Academy
Academy
of Learning

Portugal
Portugal
– Lisbon Academy
Academy
of Sciences Romania
Romania
– Romanian Academy Russia
Russia
– Russian Academy
Academy
of Sciences Serbia
Serbia
– Serbian Academy
Academy
of Sciences and Arts Slovakia
Slovakia
– Slovak Academy
Academy
of Sciences Slovenia
Slovenia
– Slovenian Academy
Academy
of Sciences and Arts South Africa
South Africa
- Academy
Academy
of Science
Science
of South Africa South Korea
South Korea
– National Academy
Academy
of Sciences, Republic of Korea Soviet Union
Soviet Union
– Soviet Academy
Academy
of Sciences Spain
Spain
– Spanish Royal Academy
Academy
of Sciences Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
– National Academy
Academy
of Sciences of Sri Lanka Sweden
Sweden
– Royal Swedish Academy
Academy
of Sciences Switzerland
Switzerland
– Swiss Academies of Arts and Sciences Taiwan
Taiwan
– Academia Sinica Thailand
Thailand
– Royal Institute of Thailand Turkey
Turkey
– Turkish Academy
Academy
of Sciences Ukraine
Ukraine
– National Academy
Academy
of Sciences of Ukraine United Kingdom

Royal Society Royal Academy
Academy
of Engineering Royal Society
Royal Society
of Arts Scotland
Scotland
Royal Society
Royal Society
of Edinburgh

United States

National Academies

U.S. National Academy
Academy
of Sciences U.S. National Academy
Academy
of Engineering U.S. National Academy of Medicine
National Academy of Medicine
formerly the Institute of Medicine National Research Council

American Academy of Arts
Academy of Arts
and Sciences State-specific

California
California
California
California
Academy
Academy
of Sciences Mississippi
Mississippi
Mississippi
Mississippi
Academy
Academy
of Sciences Missouri
Missouri
Academy
Academy
of Science, St. Louis New York – New York Academy
Academy
of Sciences Texas
Texas
Texas
Texas
Academy
Academy
of Sciences

Vatican City
Vatican City
– Pontifical Academy
Academy
of Sciences Jordan
Jordan
and the Islamic world
Islamic world
– Islamic World Academy
Academy
of Sciences (IAS) Developing world
Developing world
– TWAS Academy
Academy
– World Academy
Academy
of Art and Science

See also[edit]

Science
Science
portal

National academy

References[edit]

^ Hassan, Mohamed (10 March 2015). "Academies of Science
Science
as Key Instruments of Science
Science
Diplomacy". Science
Science
& Diplomacy. 4 (1).  ^ Hoare, James E. (2012). " Academy
Academy
of Sciences". Historical Dictionary of Democratic People's Republic of Korea. Lanham: Scarecrow Press. p. 36. ISBN 978-0-8108-7987-4. 

v t e

Asian Academies of Sciences

Sovereign states

Afghanistan Armenia Azerbaijan Bahrain Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China Cyprus East Timor Egypt India Indonesia Iran Iraq Israel Japan Jordan Kazakhstan North Korea South Korea Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Lebanon Malaysia Maldives Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Oman Pakistan Philippines Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore Sri Lanka Syria Tajikistan Thailand Turkmenistan Turkey United Arab Emirates Uzbekistan Vietnam Yemen

States with limited recognition

Taiwan

Science
Science
portal

v t e

European Academies of Sciences

Albania Armenia Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Czech Republic Denmark Estonia France Georgia Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Kazakhstan Kosovo Latvia Lithuania Macedonia Moldova Netherlands Norway Poland Romania Portugal Russia Serbia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Ukraine United Kingdom Vatican City

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