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A BETTER TOMORROW (Chinese : 英雄本色; Jyutping
Jyutping
: Jing1 hung4 bun2 sik1; literally: "True Colors of a Hero") is a 1986 Hong Kong crime film directed by John Woo
John Woo
and starring Ti Lung , Leslie Cheung and Chow Yun-fat
Chow Yun-fat
. The film had a profound influence on the Hong Kong film-making industry, and later on an international scale .

Although it was produced with a tight budget and was relatively unknown until it went on screen (due to virtually no advertising), it broke Hong Kong
Hong Kong
's box office record and went on to become a blockbuster in Asian countries. It is highly regarded, ranking at #2 of the Best 100 Chinese Motion Pictures . Its success also ensured the sequel A Better Tomorrow II , also directed by Woo, and A Better Tomorrow 3: Love in the ensuing fight also involving Kit and his girlfriend, Ho's father is killed. Just before dying, he pleads with Kit to forgive his brother. Ho eventually surrenders to the police in order to buy time for Shing to escape. After learning of Ho's capture, Mark finds and kills the Taiwanese gang leader and his bodyguards. However, Mark's leg is shot in the gunfight, leaving him crippled.

Ho is released from prison three years later. Remorseful and determined to start a new life, he finds work as a driver for a taxi company, run by another ex-con. Ho spots Mark during one of his shifts; in contrast to Mark's letters, he realizes that Mark has been reduced to an errand boy for Shing (who is the new leader of the Triad). During an emotional reunion, Mark asks Ho to take revenge on Shing and reclaim their positions in the organization, but Ho refuses.

Ho seeks Kit out and attempts to reconcile with his brother (who is now a police officer), but is disowned by Kit, who sees Ho as a criminal who is responsible for their father's death. Additionally, Kit is resentful that his familial tie to Ho is preventing him from advancement in the department. In an effort to prove himself to his superiors and further distance himself from his brother's criminal past, Kit becomes obsessed with bringing down Shing's criminal group, despite Ho's warnings to stay away from the dangerous case.

Shing finds Ho and presses him to come back to his organization, offering to reinstate Mark if he returns. Ho flatly refuses. Consequently, Shing begins harassing Ho in order to get him to return, including luring Kit into a trap and injuring Kit, attacking Ho's co-workers, and having Mark beaten severely. Ho is dismayed but is still hesitant to take action, but an impassioned speech by Mark finally convinces Ho to join Mark in taking revenge on Shing.

Mark steals a computer tape containing printing plate data from the counterfeiting business and wins a shootout with gang members, with Ho arriving to aid Mark's escape. The film then reveals that it was Shing who betrayed Ho three years ago in Taiwan. Ho and Mark use the tape to blackmail Shing in exchange for money and an escape boat. However, Ho ensures that the tape is passed to Kit to hand to the police. Using Shing as a hostage, Ho and Mark take the money to a pier, where Shing's men await. There, Ho persuades Mark to escape by himself in the boat.

After Mark leaves, Kit arrives on the scene intending to make an arrest where he is captured by Shing's men. A deal is made to exchange Shing with Kit, but the trade explodes into a wild shootout. Ho and Kit are wounded, but Mark returns with guns blazing out of loyalty to Ho. After Ho, Kit and Mark kill many of Shing's men, Mark berates Kit, telling him that Ho's actions had atoned for whatever wrongdoings he had done in the past. Mark is in turn killed by Shing.

As the police approach, Shing mocks Ho (who has run out of ammunition), stating that he will surrender, but his money and power will ensure his swift release. Kit, finally seeing eye to eye with his brother, hands Ho a revolver, with which Ho kills Shing. Immediately afterwards, Ho handcuffs himself to Kit, expressing his desire for redemption and his admiration that Kit always walked the right path. The film ends with the reconciled brothers walking together towards the gathered crowd of police.

CAST

* Ti Lung as Sung Tse-Ho * Leslie Cheung as Sung Tse-Kit * Chow Yun-fat
Chow Yun-fat
as Mark Lee * Emily Chu as Jackie, the girlfriend of Kit * Waise Lee as Shing * Shing Fui-On as Shing's right-hand man * Kenneth Tsang
Kenneth Tsang
as Ken, the leader of the taxi company Ho joins * Tien Feng , as the father of Ho and Kit * John Woo
John Woo
, the film director, plays the bespectacled Taiwanese police chief * Tsui Hark as a music judge (cameo)

THEME SONG

The film's theme song is "In the Sentimental Past" (當年情), performed by lead Leslie Cheung , composed and arranged by Joseph Koo and written by Wong Jim .

BOX OFFICE

A Better Tomorrow
A Better Tomorrow
grossed $34,651,324 HKD at the Hong Kong
Hong Kong
box office, ensuring that sequels and imitators would not be far behind.

MUSICAL REFERENCES

* During the nightclub scene, the song being played in the background (幾許風雨, Gei2 heoi2 fung1 jyu5) is the Cantonese version of a classic South Korean song called 'Hee Na Ree'(희나리) sung originally by Goo Chang-mo(ko:구창모) in 1985. The Cantonese version in the movie was sung by Roman Tam , considered the "godfather" of the musical genre Cantopop
Cantopop
. * In the scene where Kit rushes Jackie to a music recital, the violinist playing before Jackie plays the theme song of the movie. * Also heard in the soundtrack is "Sparrowfall 1", a track from Brian Eno
Brian Eno
's 1978 album, Music for Films . * The film also contains "Birdy's Theme" (from the film Birdy ) by Peter Gabriel
Peter Gabriel
incorporated into the soundtrack. * In the scene where Ho meets Jackie back stage of the music recital to tell her he is leaving, the children's choir is singing Tomorrow will be Better (明天会更好/明天會更好) , written by Lo Ta-yu . This is likely the origin of the film's English title.

FILM REFERENCES

* Chow Yun-fat
Chow Yun-fat
's entrance to the restaurant before the shoot-out is John Woo's homage to Mean Streets . * Woo's film was partially inspired by the 1967 Lung Kong film 英雄本色 (pinyin Yīngxióng běnsè) which has the same Chinese name but a different English name: Story of a Discharged Prisoner, which is #39 on the Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Film Awards list of the Top 100 Chinese Films. * The scene in which Mark Lee tells the story of being forced to drink urine is apparently based on a real incident involving Chow Yun-fat and director Ringo Lam , according to Bey Logan on the DVD commentary. This scene was recreated in Woo's Bullet in the Head .

CULTURAL IMPACT

* After the film, teenage boys in Hong Kong
Hong Kong
wore long dusters in emulation of Chow's character even though the climate was sub-tropical. In fact, in colloquial Cantonese, trench coats are called "Mark Gor Lau" (literally, Brother Mark's coat). * The Wu-Tang Clan
Wu-Tang Clan
has a song named after the film on their 1997 album Wu-Tang Forever
Wu-Tang Forever
. * The Wu-Tang Clan
Wu-Tang Clan
20th anniversary album also shares the name A Better Tomorrow . * The anime series Cowboy Bebop
Cowboy Bebop
has many references to the film series, including the last fight between Spike and Vicious in the episode "The Real Folk Blues (Part 2)" which parallels the final shoot out in " A Better Tomorrow
A Better Tomorrow
2". * The character Mr. Chang from the Black Lagoon is closely patterned after Chow's character Mark in both visual design and characterization. * Chow wore Alain Delon
Alain Delon
sunglasses in the movie. After the movie, Hong Kong
Hong Kong
was sold out of Alain Delon's sunglasses. French star Alain Delon sent Chow a personal thank you note. * In 2009, Empire Magazine named it #20 in a poll of the 20 Greatest Gangster Movies You've Never Seen* (*Probably) * In 1994 Indian film director Sanjay Gupta unofficially remade this film into a highly acclaimed and popular Bollywood
Bollywood
film called Aatish: Feel the Fire (meaning: The Fire) that starred Sanjay Dutt
Sanjay Dutt
, Atul Agnihotri , Aditya Pancholi
Aditya Pancholi
and Shakti Kapoor
Shakti Kapoor
in the lead. * In September 2010, prolific Korean filmmaker Song Hae-Sung released Mujeogja (Invincible) which was an official Korean language remake of John Woo's A Better Tomorrow. It opened to positive response at the Korean box-office. John Woo
John Woo
and Terence Chang also serve as Executive Producers for Mujeogja; which was a joint production between South Korea, Japan and China.

REMAKE ANTHOLOGY

A BETTER TOMORROW (1986) ( Cantonese
Cantonese
) AATISH (1994) (Hindi ) A BETTER TOMORROW (2010) (Korean )

John Woo
John Woo
Sanjay Gupta Song Hae-sung

SEE ALSO

* A Better Tomorrow 2 * A Better Tomorrow 3
A Better Tomorrow 3
* Aatish: Feel the Fire * Hong Kong
Hong Kong
in films * Heroic bloodshed * List of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
films

REFERENCES

* ^ Crow, Jonathan. " A Better Tomorrow
A Better Tomorrow
(1986)". Allmovie. Rovi Corporation . Retrieved 11 January 2013. * ^ "周潤發憑《英雄本色》 奠定香港影壇地位". Sing Tao Daily . Retrieved 10 November 2014. * ^ "A Better Tomorrow". Freer Gallery. Retrieved 2 July 2013. * ^ " A Better Tomorrow
A Better Tomorrow
(1986)". HKMDB. Retrieved 2007-03-20.

EXTERNAL LINKS

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