2008 Summer Paralympics
2008 Summer Paralympics opening ceremony was held at the Beijing
National Stadium on September 6, 2008 just two weeks after the end of
the 2008 Summer Olympics. The event was themed "One World, One Dream"
and "Transcendence, Integration, Equality." The show was attended
by about 91,000 to 100,000 spectators. It was approximately
3-hours in length and consisted of 6,000 performers and 4,000 disabled
athletes from 148 countries.
1 Pre-ceremony performance
2 Opening ceremony
2.1 Welcoming ceremony
2.2 Parade of nations
2.3 Artistic section
2.5 Paralympic flame lighting of the flame cauldron
4 External links
The site of pre-ceremony performance is the Small Stage to the north
of the field. After Pre-ceremony performance, the hosts give
interactive guidance to the audience for 40 minutes. The pre-ceremony
performance included a series of musical performances.
Military Music Performance: Welcome Music
Folk Music Performance: Good News from Beijing Reaches the Border
Drum Music Performance: Ebullient Festival
Male Solo: Come on!
Male-female Duet: Happy Gathering in Beijing
Lead and Chorus: Every one is No.1 performed by Andy Lau
Male-female Duet: Miracle in the East
Grand Chorus: The Blue Danube
Male-female Duet and Chorus: The Drinking Song
Grand Chorus: Ode to Joy
Chorus: Beijing, Beijing, I Love Beijing
President of the People's Republic of China
President of the People's Republic of China
Hu Jintao makes an
entrance along with Philip Craven, president of the International
Paralympic Committee. Countdown started from "23", indicating the 23rd
Summer Paralympic. From "23" to "1", highlights of this Paralympic
Games were shown with countdown numbers on the screen. Both Arabic
numerals appeared on the screen with typical patterns of minority
ethnic groups as the background letter as "23, 22, 21, 20, 19, 18, 17,
16, 15, 14, 13, 12, 11, 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1" to the Games
and herald the start of the officially opening time at 20:00:00 China
Standard Time. The flag of the PRC is raised while the military band
Chinese People's Liberation Army
Chinese People's Liberation Army play the national anthem March
of the Volunteers. More fireworks are displayed. Cartoon
marathon athletes wear suits of different colors to form a line of
rainbow. The rainbow stripe stretches around the stadium. They form
the symbol of the Paralympic Games.
Parade of nations
2008 Summer Paralympics
2008 Summer Paralympics national flag bearers
As with the 2008 Summer Olympics, the ceremony included a parade of
nations, with a flag bearer for each national team. . As Chinese is
written in characters and not letters, the order of the teams' entry
was determined by the number of strokes in the first character of
their respective countries' Simplified Chinese names. In this list the
host country came last Countries with the same number of strokes in
the first character are sorted by those of the next character. This
Guinea (几内亚) the first country to enter as it takes two
strokes to write the first character in the country's name (几). A
total of 148 nations enter in the predetermined order. With the
Paralympic Games, athletes enter the stadium first and then watch the
performances together with the audience. A huge feather consisting
of 148 feathers is formed within the Bird's Nest, with each feather
symbolizing the ideal of all people with disability in the world.
Sound of birds chirping resonate in the otherwise silent stadium. A
sunbird flies from the top of the Bird's Nest. Then the sunbird flies
down to the golden meadow in the field to awaken a blind singer from
his sleep. The sunbird chirps in front of him, and the singer
translates the sunbird's message for the whole audience with sign
language. Meanwhile, Chinese and English voice-over is aired "there
are dreams in life after all". The sunbird and the blind singer
Yang Haitao (杨海涛) walk onto the center stage in the field
together referred to as the "White Jade Plate". Yang performs the song
"Heaven" (天域), then saids "My name is Yang Haitao. I am blind. My
home is China. If I can see the light for three days, I want to see my
father, my mother and you the most…" A white cloud appears, then
a trumpeter plays the music of "Hello, Stars" and 300 deaf girls
communicate with sign languages, led by 50 sign language teachers. The
girls form a series of circles at the "White Jade Plate" and
expand. Fireworks are lighted.
A girl with one leg appears in a wheelchair. She wears one red shoe
having lost her leg in the Sichuan earthquake. She is circled by a
group of ballet performers dancing with arm aerobics wearing shoes in
their hands. The girl in the center is then carried around.
Blind pianist Jin Yuanhui (金元辉) plays the piano to accompany the
four seasons theme. The plate panels are rotated in different colors
to represent different sceneries.
Then 2,000 space robots appear in a circle. They change into the four
forms of frog, seagull, cow and duck with a popular cartoon dance. The
audience imitate the sounds of these animals: "Croak! Croak! Croak!" "
Moo! Moo! Moo!" and "Quack! Quack! Quack!" Fireworks are displayed.
The Paralympics mascot
Fu Niu Lele
Fu Niu Lele (福牛乐乐) is represented.
A female singer pushing a baby carriage and a male singer walk and
sing on the White Jade Plate. 100 female dancers slowly flow to the
White Jade Plate like a galaxy. Thousands of luminous silver threads
pull the whole Earth, as if he is carrying a traveling bag full of
mountains, rivers and lands of the whole world. A display of 750
performers form birds and swans with their hands. On the blue backdrop
it appears as birds or animals in the sky.
Liu Qi, head of the
Beijing Organizing Committee
Beijing Organizing Committee accompanies Philip
Craven, president of the IPC, to the podium to give an address.
Hu Jintao then declares the Paralympics games opened
at 22:36 Beijing time.
Paralympic flame lighting of the flame cauldron
After a performance of the theme song Flying with the Dream by Han
Hong and Andy Lau, the Paralympic flag was raised and the Paralympic
Representatives of the athletes and judges then take an oath. Chinese
goalball judge Hao Guohua took the Paralympic oath on behalf of all
officials, while Paralympic runner Wu Chunmiao took the oath on behalf
of the competitors.
The first torchbearer, Jin Jing, brought in the Olympic torch lit from
Temple of Heaven
Temple of Heaven in Beijing. It was handed down by six
torchbearers. The Paralympic flame is transferred last by Ping Yali
to Hou Bin, the high jump gold medalist with one leg. In his
Hou Bin pulls himself up to the cauldron and the flame is
lit. A long series of fireworks is displayed around the stadium.
^ ABC. "ABC.net." Paralympics opening ceremony begins. Retrieved on
^ a b c d Peopledaily. "Peopledaily.com." China opens Beijing
Paralympic Games in celebration of life and humanity. Retrieved on
^ a b "Dazzling show opens Paralympics", BBC, September 6, 2008
^ a b c d e Paralympics. "Paralympics Archived 2008-09-06 at the
Wayback Machine.." Summary of the Opening Ceremony part 1. Retrieved
^ "Opening Ceremony plan released - The Official Website of the
Beijing 2008 Olympic Games". Archived from the original on 12
September 2008. Retrieved 15 September 2008.
^ a b c d e f g h i Paralympics. "Paralympics Archived 2008-09-12 at
the Wayback Machine.." Summary of the Opening Ceremony part 1.
Retrieved on 2008-09-14.
^ a b c Paralympics. "Paralympics Archived 2008-09-12 at the Wayback
Machine.." Summary of the Opening Ceremony part 1. Retrieved on
^ English.cri.com. "English.cri.com." Chinese Judge Hao Guohua Takes
Oath on Behalf of All Beijing Paralympics Officials. Retrieved on
^ Xinhuanet.com. "Xinhuanet.com." Chinese athlete Wu Chunmiao takes
oath on behalf of all Beijing Paralympics competitors. Retrieved on
Beijing 2008 Paralympic Games Official Site
International Paralympic Committee
Paralympic Games ceremonies