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(i)

Events from the year 1819
1819
in the United States.

Contents

1 Incumbents

1.1 Federal Government 1.2 Governors 1.3 Lieutenant Governors

2 Events

2.1 Undated 2.2 Ongoing

3 Births 4 Deaths 5 See also 6 Further reading 7 External links

Incumbents[edit] Federal Government[edit]

President: James Monroe
James Monroe
(DR-Virginia) Vice President: Daniel D. Tompkins
Daniel D. Tompkins
(DR-New York) Chief Justice: John Marshall
John Marshall
(Virginia) Speaker of the House of Representatives: Henry Clay
Henry Clay
(DR-Kentucky) Congress: 15th (until March 4), 16th (starting March 4)

Governors and Lieutenant Governors

Governors[edit]

Governor of Alabama: William Wyatt Bibb
William Wyatt Bibb
(Democratic-Republican) (starting December 14) Governor of Connecticut: Oliver Wolcott, Jr.
Oliver Wolcott, Jr.
(Toleration) Governor of Delaware: John Clark (Federalist) Governor of Georgia:

until October 24: William Rabun (Democratic-Republican) October 24-November 5: Matthew Talbot
Matthew Talbot
(Democratic-Republican) starting November 5: John Clark (Democratic-Republican)

Governor of Illinois: Shadrach Bond
Shadrach Bond
(Independent) Governor of Indiana: Jonathan Jennings
Jonathan Jennings
(Democratic-Republican) Governor of Kentucky: Gabriel Slaughter
Gabriel Slaughter
(Democratic-Republican) Governor of Louisiana: Jacques Villeré
Jacques Villeré
(Democratic-Republican) Governor of Maryland:

until January 8: Charles Carnan Ridgely
Charles Carnan Ridgely
(Federalist) January 8-December 20: Charles Goldsborough
Charles Goldsborough
(Federalist) starting December 20: Samuel Sprigg (Democratic)

Governor of Massachusetts: John Brooks (Federalist) Governor of Mississippi: David Holmes (Democratic-Republican) Governor of New Hampshire: William Plumer
William Plumer
(Democratic-Republican) (until June 3), Samuel Bell (Democratic-Republican) (starting June 3) Governor of New Jersey: Isaac Halstead Williamson
Isaac Halstead Williamson
(Federalist) Governor of New York: DeWitt Clinton
DeWitt Clinton
(Democratic-Republican) Governor of North Carolina: John Branch
John Branch
(Democratic-Republican) Governor of Ohio: Ethan Allen Brown
Ethan Allen Brown
(Democratic-Republican) Governor of Pennsylvania: William Findlay (Democratic-Republican) Governor of Rhode Island: Nehemiah R. Knight
Nehemiah R. Knight
(Democratic-Republican) Governor of South Carolina: John Geddes (Democratic-Republican) Governor of Tennessee: Joseph McMinn
Joseph McMinn
(Democratic-Republican) Governor of Vermont: Jonas Galusha
Jonas Galusha
(Democratic-Republican) Governor of Virginia: James Patton Preston
James Patton Preston
(Democratic-Republican) (until December 1), Thomas Mann Randolph, Jr.
Thomas Mann Randolph, Jr.
(Democratic-Republican) (starting December 1)

Lieutenant Governors[edit]

Lieutenant Governor of Connecticut: Jonathan Ingersoll (Democratic-Republican) Lieutenant Governor of Illinois: Pierre Menard
Pierre Menard
(Democratic-Republican) Lieutenant Governor of Indiana: vacant (until December 8), Ratliff Boon (Democratic-Republican) (starting December 8) Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky: vacant Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts: William Phillips, Jr.
William Phillips, Jr.
(political party unknown) Lieutenant Governor of Mississippi: Duncan Stewart (no political party) Lieutenant Governor of New York: John Tayler
John Tayler
(Democratic-Republican) Lieutenant Governor of Rhode Island: Edward Wilcox (political party unknown) Lieutenant Governor of South Carolina: William Youngblood (Democratic-Republican) Lieutenant Governor of Vermont: Paul Brigham
Paul Brigham
(Democratic-Republican)

Events[edit]

January 2 – The Panic of 1819, the first major financial crisis in the United States, begins. January 25 – Thomas Jefferson
Thomas Jefferson
founds the University of Virginia. January 30 – Romney Literary Society
Romney Literary Society
established as the Polemic Society of Romney, West Virginia. February 2 – The Supreme Court under John Marshall
John Marshall
rules in favor of Dartmouth College
Dartmouth College
in the famous Dartmouth College
Dartmouth College
v. Woodward case, allowing Dartmouth to keep its charter and remain a private institution. February 15 – The United States
United States
House of Representatives agrees to the Tallmadge Amendment
Tallmadge Amendment
barring slaves from the new state of Missouri (the opening vote in a controversy that leads to the Missouri Compromise).

Samuel Seymour's 1819
1819
illustration of a Kansa war dance

February 22 – Spain cedes Florida
Florida
to the United States
United States
(see Adams–Onís Treaty). March 1 – The U.S. naval vessel USS Columbus is launched in Washington, DC. March 2 – Arkansas Territory
Arkansas Territory
is created. March 6 – McCulloch v. Maryland: The U.S. Supreme Court
U.S. Supreme Court
rules that the Bank of the United States
United States
is constitutional. May 22 – The SS Savannah leaves port at Savannah, Georgia
Savannah, Georgia
on a voyage to become the first steamship to cross the Atlantic Ocean. The ship arrives at Liverpool, England on June 20. July 4 – Arkansas Territory
Arkansas Territory
is effective. August 6 – Norwich University
Norwich University
is founded by Captain Alden Partridge in Vermont
Vermont
as the first private military school in the United States. August 24 – Samuel Seymour sketches a Kansa lodge and war dance at the present location of Manhattan, Kansas, while part of Stephen Harriman Long's exploring party. This work is now the oldest drawing known to be made in the state of Kansas. December 14 – Alabama
Alabama
is admitted as the 22nd U.S. state (see History of Alabama).

Undated[edit]

The ʻAi Noa
ʻAi Noa
Movement takes power in Hawaii.

Ongoing[edit]

Era of Good Feelings
Era of Good Feelings
(1817–1825)

Births[edit]

January 3 – Thomas H. Watts, 18th Governor of Alabama, 3rd Confederate States Attorney General
Confederate States Attorney General
(died 1892) January 22 – Morton S. Wilkinson, U.S. Senator from Minnesota from 1859 to 1865 (died 1894) February 12 – William Wetmore Story, sculptor, art critic, poet and editor (died 1895 February 22 – James Russell Lowell, poet (died 1891) February 23 – George S. Cook, prominent early photographer (died 1902) March 29 – Edwin Drake, first American to successfully drill for oil (died 1880) April 11 – Margaret Lea Houston, First Lady of the Republic of Texas (died 1867) June 29 – Thomas Dunn English, politician and poet (died 1902) June 30 – William A. Wheeler, 19th Vice President of the United States from 1877 to 1881 (died 1887) July 24 – Josiah Gilbert Holland, novelist and poet (died 1881) May 27 – Julia Ward Howe, poet and abolitionist (died 1910) May 31 – Walt Whitman, poet, essayist and journalist (died 1892) August 1 – Herman Melville, novelist, short story writer and poet (died 1891) August 29 – Joseph E. McDonald, U.S. Senator from Indiana from 1875 to 1881 (died 1891) September 7 – Thomas A. Hendricks, U.S. Senator from Indiana from 1863 to 1869 and 21st Vice President of the United States
United States
from March to November 1885 (died 1885) September 14 – Henry Jackson Hunt, Chief of Artillery in the Army of the Potomac during the American Civil War
American Civil War
(died 1889) December 26 – E. D. E. N. Southworth, née Emma Nevitte, novelist (died 1899)

Deaths[edit]

February 5 – Hannah Van Buren, wife of Martin Van Buren, 8th President of the United States
United States
(born 1783) May 22 – Hugh Williamson, Founding Father (born 1735) July 1 – Jemima Wilkinson, preacher (born 1754) August 23 – Oliver Hazard Perry, naval officer (born 1785) September 18 – John Langdon, Founding Father (born 1741) October 7 – William Samuel Johnson, Founding Father (born 1727) November 9 – Simon Snyder, politician (born 1759)

See also[edit]

Timeline of United States
United States
history (1790–1819)

Further reading[edit]

Slavery in Virginia, 1819. Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society, Third Series, Vol. 43, (October, 1909 – June, 1910) Letter of William Wirt, 1819. The American Historical Review, Vol. 25, No. 4 (July, 1920), pp. 692–695 J. Wilfrid Parsons. The Catholic Church in America in 1819: A Contemporary Account. The Catholic Historical Review, Vol. 5, No. 4 (January, 1920), pp. 301–310 Report of Inspection of the Ninth Military Department, 1819. The Mississippi Valley Historical Review, Vol. 7, No. 3 (December, 1920), pp. 261–274 Samuel Rezneck. The Depression of 1819–1822, A Social History. The American Historical Review, Vol. 39, No. 1 (October, 1933), pp. 28–47 Martin Staples Shockley. The Proprietors of Richmond's New Theatre of 1819. The William and Mary Quarterly, Second Series, Vol. 19, No. 3 (July, 1939), pp. 302–308 Dorothy Riker. Two accounts of the upper Wabash country, 1819–20. Indiana Magazine of History, Vol. 37, No. 4 (1941), pp. 384–395 Fritz Redlich. William Jones and His Unsuccessful Steamboat Venture of 1819. Bulletin of the Business Historical Society, Vol. 21, No. 5 (November, 1947), pp. 125–136 Paul C. Henlein, F. Renick, W. Renick. Journal of F. and W. Renick on an Exploring Tour to the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers in the Year 1819. Agricultural History, Vol. 30, No. 4 (October, 1956), pp. 174–186 Philip F. Detweiler. Congressional Debate on Slavery and the Declaration of Independence, 1819–1821. The American Historical Review, Vol. 63, No. 3 (April, 1958), pp. 598–616 Helen McCann White. Frontier Feud: 1819–20: How Two Officers Quarreled All the Way to the Site of Fort Snelling. Minnesota History, Vol. 42, No. 3, Fort Snelling Issue (Fall, 1970), pp. 99–114 Frederic Trautmann. Pennsylvania through a German's Eyes: The Travels of Ludwig Gall, 1819–1820. The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 105, No. 1 (January, 1981), pp. 35–65 Andrew R. L. Cayton. The Fragmentation of "A Great Family": The Panic of 1819
1819
and the Rise of the Middling Interest in Boston, 1818–1822. Journal of the Early Republic, Vol. 2, No. 2 (Summer, 1982), pp. 143–167 Edwin J. Perkins. Langdon Cheves and the Panic of 1819: A Reassessment. The Journal of Economic History, Vol. 44, No. 2, The Tasks of Economic History (June, 1984), pp. 455–461 Robert M. Blackson. Pennsylvania Banks and the Panic of 1819: A Reinterpretation. Journal of the Early Republic, Vol. 9, No. 3 (Autumn, 1989), pp. 335–358 Clyde Haulman. Virginia
Virginia
Commodity Prices during the Panic of 1819. Journal of the Early Republic, Vol. 22, No. 4 (Winter, 2002), pp. 675–688 David Anthony. "Gone Distracted": "Sleepy Hollow," Gothic Masculinity, and the Panic of 1819. Early American Literature, Vol. 40, No. 1 (2005), pp. 111–144

External links[edit]

Media related to 1819
1819
in the United States
United States
at Wikimedia Commons

v t e

Years in the United States
United States
(1776–present)

18th century

1776 1777 1778 1779 1780 1781 1782 1783 1784 1785 1786 1787 1788 1789 1790 1791 1792 1793 1794 1795 1796 1797 1798 1799 1800

19th century

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20th century

1901 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 1920 1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000

21st century

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v t e

1819
1819
in North America

Sovereign states

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