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Victoria Of The United Kingdom
VICTORIA (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain
Great Britain
and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death. From 1 May 1876, she adopted the additional title of Empress of India . Victoria was the daughter of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn , the fourth son of George III of the United Kingdom
George III of the United Kingdom
. Both the Duke of Kent and King George III died in 1820, and Victoria was raised under close supervision by her German-born mother, Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld . She inherited the throne at the age of 18, after her father's three elder brothers had all died, leaving no surviving legitimate children. The United Kingdom
United Kingdom
was already an established constitutional monarchy , in which the sovereign held relatively little direct political power
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Queen Victoria (other)
QUEEN VICTORIA (1819–1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 1837 to 1901 and Empress of India from 1876 to 1901
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Dynasty
A DYNASTY (UK : /ˈdɪnəsti/ , US : /ˈdaɪnəsti/ ) is a sequence of rulers from the same family, usually in the context of a feudal or monarchical system, but sometimes also appearing in elective republics . The dynastic family or lineage may be known as a "house ", which may be styled as "royal ", "princely ", "ducal ", "comital ", etc., depending upon the chief or present title borne by its members. Historians periodize the histories of many sovereign states , such as Ancient Egypt
Ancient Egypt
, the Carolingian Empire and Imperial China , using a framework of successive dynasties. As such, the term "dynasty" may be used to delimit the era during which the family reigned and to describe events, trends, and artifacts of that period ("a Ming-dynasty vase"). The word "dynasty" itself is often dropped from such adjectival references ("a Ming vase ")
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George Iv Of The United Kingdom
GEORGE IV (George Augustus Frederick; 12 August 1762 – 26 June 1830) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
and of Hanover following the death of his father, George III , on 29 January 1820, until his own death ten years later. From 1811 until his accession, he served as Prince Regent during his father's final mental illness. George IV led an extravagant lifestyle that contributed to the fashions of the Regency era . He was a patron of new forms of leisure, style and taste. He commissioned John Nash to build the Royal Pavilion in Brighton
Brighton
and remodel Buckingham Palace
Buckingham Palace
, and Sir Jeffry Wyattville to rebuild Windsor Castle
Windsor Castle

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British Empire
The BRITISH EMPIRE comprised the dominions , colonies , protectorates , mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states. It originated with the overseas possessions and trading posts established by England
England
between the late 16th and early 18th centuries. At its height, it was the largest empire in history and, for over a century, was the foremost global power . By 1913, the British Empire
Empire
held sway over 412 million people, 7001230000000000000♠23% of the world population at the time, and by 1920, it covered 35,500,000 km2 (13,700,000 sq mi), 7001240000000000000♠24% of the Earth's total land area. As a result, its political, legal , linguistic and cultural legacy is widespread
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House Of Saxe-Coburg And Gotha
The HOUSE OF SAXE-COBURG AND GOTHA (/ˌsæksˌkoʊbɜːrɡəndˈɡoʊθə, -tə/ ; German : Haus Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha) is a German dynasty that ruled the duchy of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
, which was one of the Ernestine duchies
Ernestine duchies
. It is a cadet branch of the Saxon House of Wettin
House of Wettin
. Founded by Ernest Anton , the sixth duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
, it has been the royal house of several European monarchies. Branches currently reign in Belgium
Belgium
through the descendants of Leopold I , and in the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms through the descendants of Prince Albert
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British Monarch
The MONARCHY OF THE UNITED KINGDOM, commonly referred to as the BRITISH MONARCHY, is the constitutional monarchy of the United Kingdom , its dependencies and its overseas territories . The current monarch and head of state, Queen Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
, ascended the throne on the death of her father, King George VI
George VI
, on 6 February 1952. The monarch and his or her immediate family undertake various official, ceremonial, diplomatic and representational duties. As the monarchy is constitutional, the monarch is limited to non-partisan functions such as bestowing honours and appointing the Prime Minister . The monarch is, by tradition, commander-in-chief of the British Armed Forces
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House Of Hanover
UNITED KINGDOM: 1901 - Death of Queen Victoria
Queen Victoria
ends the British branch in the agnatic line; semi- Salic law
Salic law
ends personal union of Hanover
Hanover
with the United Kingdom in 1837, upon death of her uncle William IV
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Prince Edward, Duke Of Kent And Strathearn
PRINCE EDWARD, DUKE OF KENT AND STRATHEARN, KG , KP , GCB , GCH , PC (Edward Augustus; 2 November 1767 – 23 January 1820) was the fourth son and fifth child of George III, King of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and the father of Queen Victoria
Queen Victoria
. Prince Edward was created Duke of Kent and Strathearn and Earl of Dublin on 23 April 1799 and, a few weeks later, appointed a General and commander-in-chief of British forces in the Maritime Provinces of North America . On 23 March 1802, he was appointed Governor of Gibraltar
Gibraltar
and nominally retained that post until his death
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Golden Jubilee Of Queen Victoria
The GOLDEN JUBILEE OF QUEEN VICTORIA was celebrated on 20 June 1887 on the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary of her accession on 20 June 1837. It was celebrated with a banquet to which 50 European kings and princes were invited. HISTORY Jubilee bust of Queen Victoria. Francis John Williamson, 1887. Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum, Glasgow, UK On 20 June 1887 the Queen had breakfast outdoors under the trees at Frogmore , where Prince Albert had been buried. She then travelled by train from Windsor Castle
Windsor Castle
to Paddington
Paddington
then to Buckingham Palace
Buckingham Palace
for a royal banquet that evening. Fifty foreign kings and princes, along with the governing heads of Britain's overseas colonies and dominions, attended. She wrote in her diary: Had a large family dinner
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Victorian Era
In the history of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
, the VICTORIAN ERA was the period of Queen Victoria
Queen Victoria
's reign, from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901. The era followed the Georgian period and preceded the Edwardian period , and its later half overlaps with the first part of the Belle Époque
Belle Époque
era of continental Europe . Defined according to sensibilities and political concerns, the period is sometimes considered to begin with the passage of the Reform Act 1832
Reform Act 1832
. The period is characterised as one of relative peace among the great powers (as established by the Congress of Vienna
Congress of Vienna
), increased economic activity, "refined sensibilities" and national self-confidence for Great Britain
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Constitutional Monarchy
A CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCHY is a form of monarchy in which the sovereign exercises their authorities in accordance with a written or unwritten constitution . Constitutional monarchy
Constitutional monarchy
differs from absolute monarchy (in which a monarch holds absolute power), in that constitutional monarchs are bound to exercise their powers and authorities within the limits prescribed within an established legal framework. Constitutional monarchies range from countries such as Morocco
Morocco
, where the constitution grants substantial discretionary powers to the sovereign, to countries such as Sweden
Sweden
or Denmark
Denmark
where the monarch retains very few formal authorities. A constitutional monarchy may refer to a system in which the monarch acts as a non-party political head of state under the constitution , whether written or unwritten
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George III Of The United Kingdom
GEORGE III (George William Frederick; 4 June 1738 – 29 January 1820) was King of Great Britain
Great Britain
and Ireland from 25 October 1760 until the union of the two countries on 1 January 1801, after which he was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain
Kingdom of Great Britain
and Ireland until his death. He was concurrently Duke and prince-elector of Brunswick- Lüneburg ("Hanover") in the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
until his promotion to King of Hanover on 12 October 1814. He was the third British monarch of the House of Hanover
House of Hanover
, but unlike his two predecessors, he was born in Britain, spoke English as his first language, and never visited Hanover
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Princess Victoria Of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
PRINCESS VICTORIA OF SAXE-COBURG-SAALFELD (17 August 1786 – 16 March 1861), later Duchess of Kent and Strathearn, was a German princess and the mother of Queen Victoria
Queen Victoria
of the United Kingdom. She served as regent of the Principality of Leiningen
Principality of Leiningen
during the minority of her son from her first marriage, Carl Friedrich Wilhelm Emich, Prince of Leiningen , from 1814 until her second wedding in 1818. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Marriages * 2.1 First marriage * 2.2 Regency * 2.3 Second marriage * 3 Widowhood * 4 Royal feud * 5 Reconciliation * 6 Rumours of affair * 7 Death * 8 Portrayal * 9 Ancestors * 10 See also * 11 References * 12 Further reading * 13 External links EARLY LIFEVictoria was born in Coburg
Coburg
on 17 August 1786 in the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation
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Queen Of The United Kingdom Of Great Britain And Ireland
There have been 12 monarchs of the Kingdom of Great Britain
Kingdom of Great Britain
and the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
(see Monarchy of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
) since the merger of the Kingdom of England
Kingdom of England
and the Kingdom of Scotland
Scotland
on 1 May 1707. England and Scotland
Scotland
had been in personal union under the House of Stuart since 24 March 1603. On 1 January 1801, Great Britain merged with the Kingdom of Ireland
Kingdom of Ireland
(also previously in personal union with Great Britain) to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain
Kingdom of Great Britain
and Ireland . After most of Ireland left the union on 6 December 1922, its name was amended on 12 April 1927 to the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
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Prince Albert Of Saxe-Coburg And Gotha
PRINCE ALBERT OF SAXE-COBURG AND GOTHA (Francis Albert Augustus Charles Emmanuel; 26 August 1819 – 14 December 1861) was the husband and consort of Queen Victoria
Queen Victoria
. He was born in the Saxon duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
, to a family connected to many of Europe's ruling monarchs. At the age of 20, he married his first cousin, Queen Victoria; they had nine children. Initially he felt constrained by his role of consort, which did not afford him any power or responsibilities, but gradually developed a reputation for supporting many public causes, such as educational reform and the abolition of slavery worldwide, and was entrusted with running the Queen's household , office and estates. He was heavily involved with the organisation of the Great Exhibition of 1851
Great Exhibition of 1851
, which was a resounding success
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