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Simplified Chinese Characters
SIMPLIFIED CHINESE CHARACTERS (简化字; jiǎnhuàzì) are standardized Chinese characters
Chinese characters
prescribed in the Table of General Standard Chinese
Standard Chinese
Characters for use in mainland China . Along with traditional Chinese characters
Chinese characters
, they are one of the two standard character sets of the contemporary Chinese written language . The government of the People\'s Republic of China
Republic of China
in mainland China has promoted them for use in printing since the 1950s and 1960s to encourage literacy. They are officially used in the People\'s Republic of China
Republic of China
and Singapore
Singapore

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Replacement Character
SPECIALS is a short Unicode
Unicode
block allocated at the very end of the Basic Multilingual Plane
Basic Multilingual Plane
, at U+FFF0–FFFF. Of these 16 code points, five are assigned as of Unicode
Unicode
10.0: * U+FFF9 INTERLINEAR ANNOTATION ANCHOR, marks start of annotated text * U+FFFA INTERLINEAR ANNOTATION SEPARATOR, marks start of annotating character(s) * U+FFFB INTERLINEAR ANNOTATION TERMINATOR, marks end of annotation block * U+FFFC  OBJECT REPLACEMENT CHARACTER, placeholder in the text for another unspecified object, for example in a compound document . * U+FFFD � REPLACEMENT CHARACTER used to replace an unknown, unrecognized or unrepresentable character * U+FFFE not a character. * U+FFFF not a character.FFFE and FFFF are not unassigned in the usual sense, but guaranteed not to be a Unicode
Unicode
character at all
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Unicode
UNICODE is a computing industry standard for the consistent encoding , representation, and handling of text expressed in most of the world's writing systems . The latest version contains a repertoire of 136,755 characters covering 139 modern and historic scripts , as well as multiple symbol sets. The Unicode
Unicode
Standard is maintained in conjunction with ISO/IEC 10646 , and both are code-for-code identical. The Unicode
Unicode
Standard consists of a set of code charts for visual reference, an encoding method and set of standard character encodings , a set of reference data files , and a number of related items, such as character properties, rules for normalization , decomposition, collation , rendering, and bidirectional display order (for the correct display of text containing both right-to-left scripts, such as Arabic and Hebrew , and left-to-right scripts)
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ISO 15924
ISO 15924, CODES FOR THE REPRESENTATION OF NAMES OF SCRIPTS, defines two sets of codes for a number of writing systems (scripts). Each script is given both a four-letter code and a numeric one. Script is defined as "set of graphic characters used for the written form of one or more languages". Where possible the codes are derived from ISO 639-2 where the name of a script and the name of a language using the script are identical (example: Gujarātī ISO 639 guj, ISO 15924 Gujr). Preference is given to the 639-2 Bibliographical codes, which is different from the otherwise often preferred use of the Terminological codes. 4-letter ISO 15924 codes are incorporated into the Language Subtag Registry for IETF language tags and so can be used in file formats that make use of such language tags
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International Phonetic Alphabet
The INTERNATIONAL PHONETIC ALPHABET (IPA) is an alphabetic system of phonetic notation based primarily on the Latin alphabet . It was devised by the International Phonetic Association in the late 19th century as a standardized representation of the sounds of spoken language . The IPA is used by lexicographers , foreign language students and teachers, linguists , speech-language pathologists , singers , actors , constructed language creators and translators . The IPA is designed to represent only those qualities of speech that are part of oral language: phones , phonemes , intonation and the separation of words and syllables . To represent additional qualities of speech, such as tooth gnashing, lisping , and sounds made with a cleft lip and cleft palate , an extended set of symbols, the extensions to the International
International
Phonetic Alphabet
Alphabet
, may be used
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Government Of China
Government
Government
of the People's Republic of China TRADITIONAL CHINESE 中華人民共和國政府 SIMPLIFIED CHINESE 中华人民共和国政府 TRANSCRIPTIONS STANDARD MANDARIN HANYU PINYIN Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó Zhèngfǔ CHINA This article is part of a series on the politics and government of China
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Bird-worm Seal Script
BIRD-WORM SEAL SCRIPT ( Simplified Chinese : 鸟虫篆; Traditional Chinese : 鳥蟲篆; Pinyin
Pinyin
: Niǎo Chóng Zhuàn) is a type of ancient seal script originating in China
China
. CONTENTS * 1 Names * 2 Introduction and history * 3 Usage * 4 See also * 5 References NAMESThe Chinese character
Chinese character
"鸟" (or "鳥" in traditional Chinese, and "Niǎo" in Pinyin) means "BIRD". The Chinese character
Chinese character
"虫" (or "蟲" in traditional Chinese, and "Chóng" in Pinyin) means any creature that looks like a "worm", including invertebrate worms and reptiles such as snakes and lizards (and even the Chinese dragon). The character "篆" means "SEAL (SCRIPT)". Other names for this kind of seal script: * NIAO-CHONG SCRIPT (Simplified Chinese: 鸟虫书; Traditional Chinese: 鳥蟲書; Pinyin: Niǎo Chóng Shū)
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Logographic
In written language , a LOGOGRAM or LOGOGRAPH is a written character that represents a word or phrase . Chinese characters
Chinese characters
and Japanese kanji are logograms; some Egyptian hieroglyphs
Egyptian hieroglyphs
and some graphemes in cuneiform script are also logograms. The use of logograms in writing is called logography. A writing system that is based on logograms is called a logographic system. In alphabets and syllabaries , individual written characters represent sounds rather than concepts. These characters are called phonograms . Unlike logograms, phonograms do not necessarily have meaning by themselves, but are combined to make words and phrases that have meaning. Writing language in this way is called phonemic orthography
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Khitan Script
The KHITAN SCRIPTS were the writing systems for the now-extinct para-Mongolian Khitan language used in the 10th-12th century by the Khitan people who had established the Liao dynasty
Liao dynasty
in Northeast China . There were two scripts, the large script and the small script . These were functionally independent and appear to have been used simultaneously. The Khitan scripts
Khitan scripts
continued to be in use to some extent by the Jurchen people
Jurchen people
for several decades after the fall of the Liao dynasty
Liao dynasty
until the Jurchens fully switched to a script of their own . Examples of the scripts appeared most often on epitaphs and monuments , although other fragments sometimes surface
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Imitation Song
IMITATION SONG is a style of Chinese typefaces modeled after a type style in Lin\'an in the Southern Song Dynasty . They are technically a type of regular script typeface. CONTENTS * 1 Name * 2 Characteristics * 3 History * 4 Imitation Song
Imitation Song
in computing * 5 References NAMEThe name of this kind of typeface varies across regions that use Chinese characters
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Chinese Singaporeans
CHINESE SINGAPOREANS or SINGAPOREAN CHINESE (Chinese : 新加坡华人; pinyin : Xīnjiāpō Huárén) are people of full or partial Chinese – particularly Han Chinese – ancestry who hold Singaporean nationality . Through a century or more of cultural divergence and as part of the diaspora, Chinese Singaporeans differentiate themselves vastly from Mainland Chinese. While ethnically similar to the Mainland Chinese, Chinese Singaporeans are typically westernised and speak English as their first language. As of 2015, they constitute 76.2% of the country's citizens – approximately three out of four Singaporeans – making them the largest ethnic group in Singapore. Outside Greater China , Singapore is the only country in the world where ethnic Chinese constitute a majority of the population and are well represented in all levels of Singaporean society, politically and economically
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Neolithic Signs In China
Since the second half of the 20th century, inscriptions have been found on pottery in a variety of locations in China, such as Banpo near Xi\'an , as well as on bone and bone marrows at Hualouzi, Chang'an County near Xi'an. These simple, often geometric, marks have been frequently compared to some of the earliest known Chinese characters appearing on the oracle bones , and some have taken them to mean that the history of Chinese writing extends back over six millennia. However, only isolated instances of these symbols have been found, and they show no indication of representing speech or of the non-pictorial processes that a writing system requires
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Flat Brush Script
The FLAT BRUSH SCRIPT (simplified Chinese: 漆书; traditional Chinese: 漆書 pinyin: qī shū) is a writing style in Chinese calligraphy that was created by Jin Nong
Jin Nong
(simplified Chinese: 金农; traditional Chinese: 金農) during the Qing dynasty. The writing style is a mix of the clerical script of the Han dynasty and the regular script of the Wei dynasty; these two writing styles make the Flat Brush script a unique writing style in Chinese calligraphy. The technique used to write in the FLAT BRUSH SCRIPT is very different from the other writing styles. It has to be written using a flat brush and not the regular East Asian
East Asian
writing brush. ABOUT THE CREATOR Jin Nong
Jin Nong
was highly knowledgeable on Chinese calligraphy
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Large Seal Script
LARGE SEAL SCRIPT or GREAT SEAL SCRIPT (Chinese : 大篆; pinyin : Dàzhuàn) is a traditional reference to Chinese writing from before the Qin dynasty
Qin dynasty
, and is now popularly understood to refer narrowly to the writing of the Western and early Eastern Zhou dynasties, and more broadly to also include the oracle bone script . The term is in contrast to the name of the official script of the Qin dynasty, which is often called Small or Lesser Seal Script
Seal Script
(小篆 Xiǎozhuàn, also termed simply seal script). However, due to the lack of precision in the term, scholars often avoid it and instead refer more specifically to the provenance of particular examples of writing
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Mainland China
MAINLAND CHINA, also known as the CHINESE MAINLAND, is the geopolitical as well as geographical area under the direct jurisdiction of the People\'s Republic of China
China
(PRC). It includes Hainan
Hainan
island and strictly speaking, politically, includes the special administrative regions of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Macau
Macau
, even though both are partially on the geographic mainland (continental landmass), although Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Macau
Macau
can appear alongside Mainland China. The term "mainland China" was coined by the Kuomintang
Kuomintang
(KMT Party) after receiving control of Taiwan
Taiwan
from Japan
Japan
after World War II
World War II

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Oracle Bone Script
ORACLE BONE SCRIPT (Chinese : 甲骨文) was the form of Chinese characters used on oracle bones —animal bones or turtle plastrons used in pyromantic divination—in the late 2nd millennium BCE, and is the earliest known form of Chinese writing. The vast majority were found at the Yinxu
Yinxu
site (in modern Anyang
Anyang
, Henan Province ). They record pyromantic divinations of the last nine kings of the Shang dynasty , beginning with Wu Ding , whose accession is dated by different scholars at 1250 BCE or 1200 BCE. After the Shang were overthrown by the Zhou dynasty
Zhou dynasty
in c. 1046 BCE, divining with milfoil became more common, and very few oracle bone writings date from the early Zhou
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