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Sikkim
SIKKIM (/ˈsɪkᵻm/ ) is a northeastern state of India. It borders China in its north and east, Bhutan in its east, Nepal in its west and the Indian state of West Bengal in its south. Sikkim is also located close to the Siliguri Corridor near Bangladesh . Sikkim is the least populous and second smallest among the Indian states. A part of the Eastern Himalaya , Sikkim is notable for its biodiversity , including alpine and subtropical climates, as well as being a host to Kanchenjunga , the highest peak in India and third highest on Earth . Sikkim's capital and largest city is Gangtok . Almost 35% of the state is covered by the Khangchendzonga National Park
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Indian Standard Time
INDIAN STANDARD TIME (IST) is the time observed throughout India
India
, with a time offset of UTC+05:30 . India
India
does not observe daylight saving time (DSTu) or other seasonal adjustments. In military and aviation time IST is designated E* ("Echo-Star"). Indian Standard Time
Indian Standard Time
is calculated on the basis of 82.30' E longitude , in Allahabad which is nearly on the corresponding longitude reference line. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Criticism and proposals * 3 Time signals * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORY Main article: Time in India
India
After independence in 1947 , the Indian government established IST as the official time for the whole country, although Kolkata
Kolkata
and Mumbai retained their own local time (known as Calcutta Time and Bombay Time ) until 1948 and 1955, respectively
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ISO 3166
ISO 3166 is a standard published by the International Organization for Standardization
Standardization
(ISO) that defines codes for the names of countries , dependent territories , special areas of geographical interest, and their principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states ). The official name of the standard is Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions. CONTENTS * 1 Parts * 2 Editions * 3 ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency * 3.1 Members * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links PARTSIt consists of three parts: * ISO 3166-1 , Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions – Part 1: Country
Country
codes, defines codes for the names of countries, dependent territories, and special areas of geographical interest
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ISO 3166-2
ISO 3166-2 is part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization
Standardization
(ISO), and defines codes for identifying the principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states ) of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1 . The official name of the standard is Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions – Part 2: Country subdivision code. It was first published in 1998. The purpose of ISO 3166-2 is to establish an international standard of short and unique alphanumeric codes to represent the relevant administrative divisions and dependent territories of all countries in a more convenient and less ambiguous form than their full names
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Literacy In India
LITERACY IN INDIA is a key for socio-economic progress, and the Indian literacy rate has grown to 74.00% (2011 figure) from 12% at the end of British rule in 1947. Although this was a greater than sixfold improvement, the level is below the world average literacy rate of 84%, and of all nations, India
India
currently has the largest illiterate population. Despite government programmes, India's literacy rate increased only "sluggishly". The 2011 census, indicated a 2001–2011 decadal literacy growth of 9.2%, which is slower than the growth seen during the previous decade. An old 1990 study estimated that it would take until 2060 for India
India
to achieve universal literacy at then-current rate of progress. There is a wide gender disparity in the literacy rate in India: effective literacy rates (age 7 and above) in 2011 were 82.14% for men and 65.46% for women
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Human Development Index
The HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX (HDI) is a composite statistic of life expectancy , education , and per capita income indicators, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development . A country scores higher HDI when the lifespan is higher, the education level is higher, and the GDP per capita
GDP per capita
is higher. The HDI was developed by Indian Economist Amartya Sen and Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq , often framed in terms of whether people are able to "be" and "do" desirable things in their life, and was published by the United Nations Development Programme
United Nations Development Programme
. The 2010 Human Development Report introduced an Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index
Human Development Index
(IHDI)
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Time Zone
A TIME ZONE is a region of the globe that observes a uniform standard time for legal , commercial , and social purposes. Time
Time
zones tend to follow the boundaries of countries and their subdivisions because it is convenient for areas in close commercial or other communication to keep the same time . Most of the time zones on land are offset from Coordinated Universal Time
Time
(UTC) by a whole number of hours ( UTC−12 to UTC+14), but a few zones are offset by 30 or 45 minutes (e.g. Newfoundland Standard Time is UTC−03:30, Nepal
Nepal
Standard Time
Time
is UTC+05:45, and Indian Standard Time
Time
is UTC+05:30). Some higher latitude and temperate zone countries use daylight saving time for part of the year, typically by adjusting local clock time by an hour. Many land time zones are skewed toward the west of the corresponding nautical time zones
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English Language
ENGLISH is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now the third most widespread native language in the world, after Standard Chinese
Standard Chinese
and Spanish , as well as the most widely spoken Germanic language . Named after the Angles
Angles
, one of the Germanic tribes that migrated to Great Britain
Great Britain
, it ultimately derives its name from the Anglia (Angeln) peninsula in the Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
. It is closely related to the other West Germanic languages
Germanic languages
of Frisian , Low German/Low Saxon , German , Dutch , and Afrikaans
Afrikaans
. The English vocabulary has been significantly influenced by French (a Romance language ), Norse (a North Germanic language ), and by Latin
Latin

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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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List Of States And Territories Of India By Area
The following is a LIST OF STATES AND TERRITORIES OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDIA BY AREA according to the census of 2011. India
India
consists of 29 states and seven union territories
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Unicameral
In government , UNICAMERALISM (Latin uni, one + camera, chamber) is the practice of having one legislative or parliamentary chamber . Thus, a unicameral parliament or unicameral legislature is a legislature which consists of one chamber or house. CONTENTS * 1 Concept * 2 List of unicameral legislatures * 2.1 National * 2.2 Territorial * 2.3 Subnational * 2.3.1 Federations * 2.3.2 Devolved governments * 2.3.3 Other * 3 List of historical Unicameral legislatures * 3.1 National * 3.2 Subnational * 4 Unicameralism
Unicameralism
within the subdivisions of the United States
United States
* 5 Unicameralism
Unicameralism
in the Philippines
Philippines
* 6 References CONCEPTUnicameral legislatures exist when there is no widely perceived need for multicameralism . Many multicameral legislatures were created to give separate voices to different sectors of society
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List Of States And Union Territories Of India By Population
India
India
is a union of 29 states and 7 union territories . As of 2011, with an estimated population of 1.2 billion , India
India
is the world\'s second most populous country after the People\'s Republic of China
China
in the world. India
India
occupies 2.4 percent of the world\'s land surface area and is home to 17.5 percent of the world\'s population . After the Gangetic plains , the eastern and western coastal regions of the Deccan plateau
Deccan plateau
are the most densely populated regions of India. The Thar desert in western Rajasthan
Rajasthan
is one of the most densely populated deserts in the world. The northern and north-eastern states along the Himalayas
Himalayas
contain cold arid deserts with fertile valleys
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List Of Indian State Flowers
INDIA, officially the REPUBLIC OF INDIA is a country in South Asia. It is made up of 29 states and 7 union territories. All Indian states have their own government and Union territories come under the jurisdiction of the Central Government. As most of the other countries India
India
too has a national emblem-The lion capital. Apart from India's national emblem, each of its States and Union Territories have their own state seals and symbols which include state animals, birds, trees, flowers etc. A list of state flowers of India
India
is given below. See Symbols of Indian states and territories
Symbols of Indian states and territories
for a complete list of all State characters and seals
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Demonym
A DEMONYM (/ˈdɛmənɪm/ ; δῆμος dẽmos "people, tribe", ὄόνομα ónoma "name") is a word that identifies residents or natives of a particular place, which is derived from the name of that particular place. It is a neologism (i.e., a recently minted term); previously GENTILIC was recorded in English dictionaries, e.g., the Oxford
Oxford
English Dictionary and Chambers Twentieth Century Dictionary. Examples of demonyms include a Swahili for a person of the Swahili coast , the colloquial Kiwi for a person from New Zealand
New Zealand
, and a Cochabambino for a person from the city of Cochabamba
Cochabamba
. Demonyms do not always clearly distinguish place of origin or ethnicity from place of residence or citizenship, and many demonyms overlap with the ethnonym for the ethnically dominant group of a region
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Rai Languages
The KIRANTI LANGUAGES (also called BAHING–VAYU in the terminology of Benedict (1972) ) are a major family of Sino-Tibetan languages spoken in Nepal, Sikkim
Sikkim
and Darjeeling
Darjeeling
Hills by the Kiranti people . CONTENTS * 1 Classification * 2 Languages * 2.1 Limbu
Limbu
* 2.2 Eastern Kiranti * 2.3 Central Kiranti * 2.4 Western Kiranti * 3 Notes * 4 References CLASSIFICATIONThe Kiranti languages are frequently posited to form part of a Mahakiranti family, although specialists are not completely certain of either the existence of a Kiranti subgroup or its precise membership. LaPolla (2003), though, proposes that Kiranti may be part of a larger "Rung " group. LANGUAGESThere are about two dozen Kiranti languages
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