HOME ListMoto.com
Providing Lists of Related Topics to Help You Find Great Stuff
[::MainTopicLength::#1500] [::ListTopicLength::#1000] [::ListLength::#15] [::ListAdRepeat::#3]

picture info

Pinyin
HANYU PINYIN ROMANIZATION (simplified Chinese : 汉语拼音; traditional Chinese : 漢語拼音; literally: "Han Chinese spelling of sounds"), often abbreviated to PINYIN, is the official romanization system for Standard Chinese
Standard Chinese
in mainland China
China
and to some extent in Taiwan
Taiwan
. It is often used to teach Standard (Mandarin) Chinese, which is normally written using Chinese characters
Chinese characters
. The system includes four diacritics denoting tones . Pinyin
Pinyin
without tone marks is used to spell Chinese names and words in languages written with the Latin alphabet , and also in certain computer input methods to enter Chinese characters. The pinyin system was developed in the 1950s by many linguists, including Zhou Youguang , based on earlier form romanizations of Chinese
[...More...]

"Pinyin" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Unicode
UNICODE is a computing industry standard for the consistent encoding , representation, and handling of text expressed in most of the world's writing systems . The latest version contains a repertoire of 136,755 characters covering 139 modern and historic scripts , as well as multiple symbol sets. The Unicode
Unicode
Standard is maintained in conjunction with ISO/IEC 10646 , and both are code-for-code identical. The Unicode
Unicode
Standard consists of a set of code charts for visual reference, an encoding method and set of standard character encodings , a set of reference data files , and a number of related items, such as character properties, rules for normalization , decomposition, collation , rendering, and bidirectional display order (for the correct display of text containing both right-to-left scripts, such as Arabic and Hebrew , and left-to-right scripts)
[...More...]

"Unicode" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Efeo Chinese Transcription
TRANSCRIPTION may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Linguistics * 2 Genetics * 3 Other uses * 4 See also LINGUISTICS* Transcription (linguistics) , the representations of speech or signing in written form * Orthographic transcription , a transcription method that employs the standard spelling system of each target language * Phonetic transcription , the representation of specific speech sounds or sign components *
[...More...]

"Efeo Chinese Transcription" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Replacement Character
SPECIALS is a short Unicode
Unicode
block allocated at the very end of the Basic Multilingual Plane
Basic Multilingual Plane
, at U+FFF0–FFFF. Of these 16 code points, five are assigned as of Unicode
Unicode
10.0: * U+FFF9 INTERLINEAR ANNOTATION ANCHOR, marks start of annotated text * U+FFFA INTERLINEAR ANNOTATION SEPARATOR, marks start of annotating character(s) * U+FFFB INTERLINEAR ANNOTATION TERMINATOR, marks end of annotation block * U+FFFC  OBJECT REPLACEMENT CHARACTER, placeholder in the text for another unspecified object, for example in a compound document . * U+FFFD � REPLACEMENT CHARACTER used to replace an unknown, unrecognized or unrepresentable character * U+FFFE not a character. * U+FFFF not a character.FFFE and FFFF are not unassigned in the usual sense, but guaranteed not to be a Unicode
Unicode
character at all
[...More...]

"Replacement Character" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

International Phonetic Alphabet
The INTERNATIONAL PHONETIC ALPHABET (IPA) is an alphabetic system of phonetic notation based primarily on the Latin alphabet . It was devised by the International Phonetic Association in the late 19th century as a standardized representation of the sounds of spoken language . The IPA is used by lexicographers , foreign language students and teachers, linguists , speech-language pathologists , singers , actors , constructed language creators and translators . The IPA is designed to represent only those qualities of speech that are part of oral language: phones , phonemes , intonation and the separation of words and syllables . To represent additional qualities of speech, such as tooth gnashing, lisping , and sounds made with a cleft lip and cleft palate , an extended set of symbols, the extensions to the International
International
Phonetic Alphabet
Alphabet
, may be used
[...More...]

"International Phonetic Alphabet" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Amoy Dialect
The AMOY DIALECT or XIAMEN DIALECT (Chinese : 廈門話; Pe̍h-ōe-jī
Pe̍h-ōe-jī
: Ē-mn̂g-ōe), also known as AMOYNESE, AMOY HOKKIEN, XIAMENESE or XIAMEN HOKKIEN, is a dialect of Hokkien
Hokkien
spoken in the city of Xiamen
Xiamen
(historically known as "Amoy") and surrounding areas, in the southern part of Fujian
Fujian
province. It is one of the most widely researched and studied varieties of the Southern Min
Southern Min
languages, and has historically come to be one of the more standardized varieties. Spoken Amoynese and Taiwanese are both mixtures of Quanzhou
Quanzhou
and Zhangzhou spoken dialects. As such, they are very closely aligned phonologically . However, there are some subtle differences between the two, as a result of physical separation and other historical factors
[...More...]

"Amoy Dialect" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Southern Min
SOUTHERN MIN, or MINNAN (simplified Chinese : 闽南语; traditional Chinese : 閩南語), is a branch of Min Chinese spoken in certain parts of China
China
including Fujian
Fujian
(especially the Minnan region ), eastern Guangdong
Guangdong
, Taiwan
Taiwan
, Hainan
Hainan
, and southern Zhejiang
Zhejiang
. The Minnan dialects are also spoken by descendants of emigrants from these areas in diaspora , most notably the Philippines
Philippines
, Indonesia
Indonesia
, Malaysia
Malaysia
, and Singapore
Singapore

[...More...]

"Southern Min" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Hakka Chinese
79-AAA-g > 79-AAA-ga (+ 79-AAA-gb transition to 79-AAA-h) THIS ARTICLE CONTAINS IPA PHONETIC SYMBOLS. Without proper rendering support , you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode
Unicode
characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA . THIS ARTICLE CONTAINS CHINESE TEXT
[...More...]

"Hakka Chinese" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Traditional Chinese Characters
TRADITIONAL CHINESE CHARACTERS (traditional Chinese: 正體字/繁體字; simplified Chinese : 正体字/繁体字; Pinyin : Zhèngtǐzì/Fántĭzì) are Chinese characters
Chinese characters
in any character set that does not contain newly created characters or character substitutions performed after 1946. They are most commonly the characters in the standardized character sets of Taiwan
Taiwan
, of Hong Kong and Macau
Macau
or in the Kangxi Dictionary
[...More...]

"Traditional Chinese Characters" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Taiwanese Hokkien
/ (coastal) / (inland) NATIVE TO Taiwan
Taiwan
NATIVE SPEAKERS 15 million (1997) LANGUAGE FAMILY Sino-Tibetan * Chinese * Min * Southern Min
Southern Min
*
[...More...]

"Taiwanese Hokkien" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Yue Chinese
YUE or YUEH (English: /ˈjuːeɪ/ or /juːˈeɪ/ ; Cantonese pronunciation: ) is one of the primary branches of Chinese spoken in southern China, particularly the provinces of Guangdong
Guangdong
and Guangxi
Guangxi
, collectively known as Liangguang
Liangguang
. The name CANTONESE is often used for the whole branch, but linguists prefer to reserve that name for the variety of Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Canton), Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Macau
Macau
, which is the prestige dialect . Taishanese , from the coastal area of Jiangmen located southwest of Guangzhou, was the language of most of the 19th-century emigrants from Guangdong
Guangdong
to Southeast Asia and North America. Most later migrants have been speakers of Cantonese
Cantonese

[...More...]

"Yue Chinese" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Wenzhounese
WENZHOUNESE (simplified Chinese : 温州话; traditional Chinese : 溫州話; pinyin : wēnzhōuhuà), also known as OUJIANG (simplified Chinese : 瓯江话; traditional Chinese : 甌江話; pinyin : ōujiānghuà), TONG AU (simplified Chinese : 东瓯片; traditional Chinese : 東甌片; pinyin : dōngōupiàn) or AUISH (simplified Chinese : 瓯语; traditional Chinese : 甌語; pinyin : ōuyŭ), is the language spoken in Wenzhou
Wenzhou
, the southern prefecture of Zhejiang
Zhejiang
, China. Nicknamed the "Devil's Language" for its complexity and difficulty, it is the most divergent division of Wu Chinese
Wu Chinese
, with little to no mutual intelligibility with other Wu dialects or any other variety of Chinese . It features noticeable elements in common with Min Chinese , which is spoken to the south in Fujian
Fujian

[...More...]

"Wenzhounese" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Simplified Chinese Characters
SIMPLIFIED CHINESE CHARACTERS (简化字; jiǎnhuàzì) are standardized Chinese characters
Chinese characters
prescribed in the Table of General Standard Chinese
Standard Chinese
Characters for use in mainland China . Along with traditional Chinese characters
Chinese characters
, they are one of the two standard character sets of the contemporary Chinese written language . The government of the People\'s Republic of China
Republic of China
in mainland China has promoted them for use in printing since the 1950s and 1960s to encourage literacy. They are officially used in the People\'s Republic of China
Republic of China
and Singapore
Singapore

[...More...]

"Simplified Chinese Characters" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

S. L. Wong (romanisation)
Wong Shik-Ling (also known as S. L. Wong) published a romanisation scheme accompanying a set of phonetic symbols for Cantonese
Cantonese
based on International Phonetic Alphabet
International Phonetic Alphabet
(IPA) in the book A Chinese Syllabary Pronounced according to the Dialect of Canton . CONTENTS* 1 Phonology * 1.1 Finals * 1.1.1 Vowels * 1.1.2 Falling diphthong finals * 1.1.3 Nasal phoneme finals * 1.1.4 Plosive phoneme finals * 1.1.5 Nasal consonantoids fully voiced finals * 1.2 Initials * 1.3 Tones * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 External links PHONOLOGYCantonese, like a number of other varieties of Chinese is monosyllabic. Each syllable is divided into initial (consonant), final (vowel and following consonant) and tone. FINALSChinese phonology traditionally stresses on finals because it is related to rhymes in the composition of poems, proses and articles. There are 53 finals in Cantonese
[...More...]

"S. L. Wong (romanisation)" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Meyer–Wempe
MEYER–WEMPE romanization was the system used by two Roman Catholic missionaries in Hong Kong
Hong Kong
, Bernard F. Meyer and Theodore F. Wempe , for romanizing Cantonese
Cantonese
in their Student's Cantonese
Cantonese
English Dictionary published in 1934. CONTENTS * 1 Provenance * 2 Initials * 3 Finals * 4 Tones * 5 References PROVENANCEAlthough some attribute development of the system to them, there was nothing new in it as their entire schema followed the system devised in the last decade of the 19th century known as Standard Romanization
Romanization
(SR), which, in turn, was almost identical to John Chalmers' system of 1870. Chalmers' system was significant in that it was the first system to virtually do away with diacritics entirely, the sole survivor being final ö, which is oeh in SR
[...More...]

"Meyer–Wempe" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Barnett–Chao
The BARNETT–CHAO (abbreviated here as B–C) system of romanization for writing Cantonese
Cantonese
is based on the principles of the Gwoyeu Romatzyh system (GR) for writing Mandarin Chinese
Mandarin Chinese
in the Latin alphabet. The Barnett–Chao system has had a limited following and appears almost exclusively in Y.R. Chao 's Cantonese
Cantonese
Primer. There are two reasons for its lack of widespread adoption despite the inherent benefits of tonal spelling. Firstly, requires a large number of roman letters to represent each toned syllable. Secondly, like GR, it uses a complex system for representing tone that makes the system difficult to learn and obscures the basic relationship between spelling and tone
[...More...]

"Barnett–Chao" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo
.