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Palacio Castilla
THE PENINSULA PARIS is a historic luxury hotel , formerly known as the HOTEL MAJESTIC, located on Avenue Kléber
Avenue Kléber
in the 16th arrondissement of Paris
Paris
, France
France
. It opened in 1908 and was converted to government offices in 1936. The hotel served as a field hospital for wounded officers during World War I
World War I
, staffed largely by British aristocrats. During World War II
World War II
it served as the headquarters of the German military high command in France
France
during the Nazi occupation of Paris
Paris
. The hotel played a pivotal role in the deportation of Parisian Jews and the 1944 assassination attempt on Hitler . The building reopened as The Peninsula Paris
Paris
in August 2014 following a complicated and costly restoration
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Adolf Hitler
ADOLF HITLER (German: ( listen ); 20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany
Germany
from 1933 to 1945, and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
from 1934 to 1945. As dictator , he initiated World War II
World War II
in Europe with the invasion of Poland in September 1939, and was central to the Holocaust . Hitler
Hitler
was born in Austria, then part of Austria-Hungary
Austria-Hungary
, and raised near Linz . He moved to Germany
Germany
in 1913 and was decorated during his service in the German Army in World War I
World War I
. He joined the German Workers\' Party (DAP), the precursor of the NSDAP, in 1919 and became leader of the NSDAP in 1921
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SS
The SCHUTZSTAFFEL (SS; also stylized as with Armanen runes
Armanen runes
; German pronunciation: ( listen ); literally "Protection Squadron") was a major paramilitary organization under Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler
and the Nazi Party (NSDAP) in Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
, and later throughout German-occupied Europe during World War II
World War II
. It began with a small guard unit known as the Saal-Schutz (Hall-Protection) made up of NSDAP
NSDAP
volunteers to provide security for party meetings in Munich. In 1925, Heinrich Himmler joined the unit, which had by then been reformed and given its final name. Under his direction (1929–45), it grew from a small paramilitary formation to one of the most powerful organizations in Nazi Germany
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Carl-Heinrich Von Stülpnagel
World War I
World War I
------------------------- World War II
World War II
AWARDS Knight\'s Cross of the Iron Cross CARL-HEINRICH VON STüLPNAGEL (2 January 1886 – 30 August 1944) was a German general in the Wehrmacht
Wehrmacht
during World War II
World War II
who was an army level commander. While serving as military commander of German-occupied France and as commander of the 17th Army in the Soviet Union during Operation Barbarossa
Operation Barbarossa
, Stülpnagel was implicated in war crimes, including authorising reprisal operations against civilian population and closely cooperating with the Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
in their mass executions of Jews
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Reinhard Heydrich
REINHARD TRISTAN EUGEN HEYDRICH (German: ( listen )) (7 March 1904 – 4 June 1942) was a high-ranking German Nazi official during World War II , and a main architect of the Holocaust
Holocaust
. He was an SS - Obergruppenführer
Obergruppenführer
und General der Polizei (Senior Group Leader and Chief of Police) as well as chief of the Reich Main Security Office (including the Gestapo
Gestapo
, Kripo , and SD ). He was also Stellvertretender Reichsprotektor (Deputy/Acting Reich-Protector ) of Bohemia and Moravia
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Holocaust
The HOLOCAUST, also referred to as the SHOAH, was a genocide in which some six million European Jews
Jews
were killed by Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler
's Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
, and the World War II
World War II
collaborators with the Nazis. The victims included 1.5 million children , and constituted about two-thirds of the nine million Jews
Jews
who had previously resided in Continental Europe
Continental Europe
. A broader definition of the Holocaust includes non-Jewish victims, such as the Romani , Poles
Poles
, members of other Slavic ethnic groups , and Aktion T4 patients who were killed because they were mentally and physically disabled
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Gestapo
The GESTAPO (German pronunciation: ( listen )), abbreviation of GEHEIME STAATSPOLIZEI, or the Secret State Police, was the official secret police of Nazi Germany
Germany
and German-occupied Europe . The force was created by Hermann Göring
Hermann Göring
in 1933 by combining the various security police agencies of Prussia
Prussia
into one organization. Beginning on 20 April 1934 it passed to the administration of Schutzstaffel
Schutzstaffel
(SS) national leader Heinrich Himmler
Heinrich Himmler
, who in 1936 was appointed Chief of German Police (Chef der Deutschen Polizei) by Hitler, the Gestapo
Gestapo
at this time becoming a national rather than a Prussian state agency as a suboffice of the Sicherheitspolizei (SiPo) ("Security Police")
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Minister Of Defence (France)
The MINISTRY OF THE ARMED FORCES (French : Ministre des Armées) is the French cabinet member charged with running the French Armed Forces . The minister in charge of the Armed Forces has evolved within the epoque and regimes. The minister is always attached to a ministry or state secretary bureau, today attached to the MINISTRY OF THE ARMED FORCES. The SECRETARY OF STATE OF WAR was one of the four specialised secretaries of state established in France
France
in 1589. This State Secretary was responsible for the French Army
French Army
(similarly, the Naval Ministers of France
France
and the Colonies was created in 1669). In 1791, the secretary of state of war becomes MINISTER OF WAR, with this ministerial function being abolished in 1794 and re-established in 1795. In 1930, the position was often referred to as MINISTER OF WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE
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1st Unofficial Chess Olympiad
The 1st TEAM CHESS TOURNAMENT was held together with the 1924 Summer Olympics in Paris
Paris
, 12–20 July 1924, at the Hotel Majestic . The key members of the organizing committee were the Frenchmen Pierre Vincent and Alexander Alekhine . Fifty-four players representing 18 countries arrived to Paris. They were split into nine preliminary groups of six, a winner of each qualifying into the Championship Final while the rest joined eight-round Swiss consolation tournament. The winner of the individual tournament earned the title of the AMATEUR WORLD CHAMPION. Mrs. Edith Holloway for Great Britain
Great Britain
was the first woman to have appeared at the Olympiads
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George Gershwin
GEORGE JACOB GERSHWIN (/ˈɡɜːrʃ.wɪn/ ; September 26, 1898 – July 11, 1937) was an American composer and pianist . Gershwin's compositions spanned both popular and classical genres, and his most popular melodies are widely known. Among his best-known works are the orchestral compositions Rhapsody in Blue (1924) and An American in Paris
Paris
(1928) as well as the opera Porgy and Bess (1935). Gershwin studied piano under Charles Hambitzer and composition with Rubin Goldmark , Henry Cowell and Joseph Brody. He began his career as a song plugger , but soon started composing Broadway theatre
Broadway theatre
works with his brother Ira Gershwin and Buddy DeSylva
Buddy DeSylva

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An American In Paris
AN AMERICAN IN PARIS is a jazz -influenced orchestral piece by the American composer George Gershwin , written in 1928. Inspired by the time Gershwin had spent in Paris , it evokes the sights and energy of the French capital in the 1920s and is one of his best-known compositions. Gershwin composed An American in Paris on commission from the conductor Walter Damrosch . He scored the piece for the standard instruments of the symphony orchestra plus celesta , saxophones , and automobile horns. He brought back some Parisian taxi horns for the New York premiere of the composition, which took place on December 13, 1928, in Carnegie Hall , with Damrosch conducting the New York Philharmonic . Gershwin completed the orchestration on November 18, less than four weeks before the work's premiere
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French Government
The GOVERNMENT OF THE FRENCH REPUBLIC (French : Gouvernement de la République française) exercises executive power. It is composed of a prime minister, who is the head of government , and both junior and senior ministers . Senior ministers are titled as Ministers (French : Ministres), whereas junior ministers are titled as Secretaries of State (French : Secrétaires d'État). A smaller and more powerful executive body, called the COUNCIL OF MINISTERS (French : Conseil des ministres), is composed only of the senior ministers, though some Secretaries of State may attend Council meetings. The Council of Ministers is chaired by the President of the Republic , unlike the government, but is still led by the Prime Minister, who was officially titled as the President of the Council of Ministers (French : Président du Conseil des ministres) during the Third and Fourth Republics
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Carl Oberg
CARL OBERG (27 January 1897 – 3 June 1965) was the Higher SS and Police Leader (HSSPF) of France during the Second World War
Second World War
. Oberg deported over 40,000 Jews from France. After the war he was twice sentenced to death by two different courts. However, in 1958 the death sentence was commuted to life imprisonment and later reduced to 20 years hard labor. Oberg was pardoned and released on 28 November 1962. CONTENTS * 1 Nazi career * 2 Post-war trial, sentence, and reprieve * 3 Ranks and positions * 4 Notes * 5 References * 6 External links NAZI CAREERHe joined the NSDAP ( Nazi Party
Nazi Party
) on 1 April 1931 and the SS on 7 April 1932. After meeting Reinhard Heydrich
Reinhard Heydrich
in May, 1933, he asked Heydrich for a job and joined the SD
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Claus Von Stauffenberg
World War II
World War II
* Invasion of Poland * Battle of France
Battle of France

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Paris Peace Accords
The PARIS PEACE ACCORDS, officially titled the AGREEMENT ON ENDING THE WAR AND RESTORING PEACE IN VIETNAM, was a peace treaty signed on January 27, 1973 to establish peace in Vietnam
Vietnam
and end the Vietnam
Vietnam
War . The treaty included the governments of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam
Vietnam
(North Vietnam), the Republic of Vietnam
Vietnam
(South Vietnam), and the United States
United States
, as well as the Provisional Revolutionary Government (PRG) that represented indigenous South Vietnamese revolutionaries. It ended direct U.S. military combat, and temporarily stopped the fighting between North and South Vietnam. However, the agreement was not ratified by the United States
United States
Senate . The negotiations that led to the accord began in 1968, after various lengthy delays
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Organisation For Economic Co-operation And Development
The ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT (OECD; French : Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques, OCDE) is an intergovernmental economic organisation with 35 member countries, founded in 1960 to stimulate economic progress and world trade. It is a forum of countries describing themselves as committed to democracy and the market economy , providing a platform to compare policy experiences, seeking answers to common problems, identify good practices and coordinate domestic and international policies of its members. Most OECD members are high-income economies with a very high Human Development Index
Human Development Index
(HDI ) and are regarded as developed countries . OECD is an official United Nations
United Nations
Observer
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