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New Deal
The NEW DEAL was a series of federal programs, public works projects, and financial reforms and regulations enacted in the United States during the 1930s in response to the Great Depression
Great Depression
. These programs included support for farmers, the unemployed, youth, and the elderly, as well as new constraints and safeguards on the banking industry and changes to the monetary system. Most programs were enacted at different stages between 1933-38, though some later. They included both laws passed by Congress as well as presidential executive orders, most during the first term of the Presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt . The programs focused on what historians refer to as the "3 Rs", Relief, Recovery, and Reform: relief for the unemployed and poor, recovery of the economy to normal levels, and reform of the financial system to prevent a repeat depression
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Social Organization
In sociology , a SOCIAL ORGANIZATION is a pattern of relationships between and among individuals and social groups . Characteristics of social organization can include qualities such as sexual composition, spatiotemporal cohesion, leadership , structure , division of labor, communication systems, and so on. Because of these characteristic of social organization, people can keep tabs on their everyday work and involvement in other activities which are controlled and determine different forms of human interactions. These interactions include: affiliation, collective resources, substitutability of individuals, and recorded control. These interactions come together to constitute common features in basic social units such as family, enterprises, clubs, or states. These are social organizations. CONTENTS * 1 Elements * 2 Within society * 3 Online * 4 References ELEMENTSSocial organizations are seen in everyday life
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Reform Movement
A REFORM MOVEMENT is the kind of social movement that aims to make gradual change , or change in certain aspects of society , rather than rapid or fundamental changes. A reform movement is distinguished from more radical social movements such as revolutionary movements . Reformists' ideas are often grounded in liberalism , although they may be rooted in socialist (specifically, social democratic ) or religious concepts. Some rely on personal transformation; others rely on small collectives, such as Mahatma Gandhi 's spinning wheel and the self-sustaining village economy, as a mode of social change . Reactionary movements , which can arise against any of these, attempt to put things back the way they were before any successes the new reform movement(s) enjoyed, or to prevent any such successes
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Social Progress
SOCIAL PROGRESS is the idea that societies can or do improve in terms of their social, political, and economic structures. This may happen as a result of direct human action, as in social enterprise or through activism , or as a natural part of sociocultural evolution . The concept of social progress was introduced in the early 19th century social theories , especially social evolution as described by Auguste Comte
Auguste Comte
and Herbert Spencer
Herbert Spencer
. It was present in the Enlightenment 's philosophies of history . As a goal, social progress has been advocated by varying realms of political ideologies with different theories on how it is to be achieved. John Gast , American Progress, circa 1872
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List Of Countries By Social Progress Index
The SOCIAL PROGRESS INDEX (SPI) measures the extent to which countries provide for the social and environmental needs of their citizens. Fifty-four indicators in the areas of basic human needs, foundations of well-being, and opportunity to progress show the relative performance of nations. The index is published by the nonprofit Social Progress Imperative , and is based on the writings of Amartya Sen , Douglass North , and Joseph Stiglitz . The SPI measures the well-being of a society by observing social and environmental outcomes directly rather than the economic factors. The social and environmental factors include wellness (including health, shelter and sanitation), equality, inclusion, sustainability and personal freedom and safety
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Scientific Progress
SCIENTIFIC PROGRESS is the idea that science increases its problem-solving ability through the application of the scientific method . CONTENTS * 1 Discontinuous model of scientific progress * 2 History of science
History of science
as a model of scientific progress * 3 Origins of the concept * 4 Quotes on scientific progress * 5 See also * 6 Notes and references * 7 Bibliography * 8 External links DISCONTINUOUS MODEL OF SCIENTIFIC PROGRESSSeveral philosophers of science have supported arguments that the progress of science is discontinuous. In that case, progress isn't a continuous accumulation, but rather a revolutionary process where brand new ideas are adopted and old ideas become abandoned. Thomas Kuhn was a major proponent of this model of scientific progress, as explained in his book The Structure of Scientific Revolutions
The Structure of Scientific Revolutions

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Progressive Rationalism
PROGRESSIVE RATIONALISM is the humanistic belief that improvements in global well-being depend on political change based on reason . It is progressive in the sense that could be falsified . It is a rationalist system of beliefs laden to empiricism , built, at least in first term, on certainties (reality is the one that once we stop to believe in it, doesn't disappear) not in mere beliefs. Progressive rationalists see corruption and faith as the two barriers to improved conditions. Politically it is opposed not only to right-wing systems of authoritarian or theocratic rule, but also to moral relativism exhibited by the left. It is distinct from both of its two stand-alone constituents by stating that both progressivism and rationalism are indispensable enablers for a flourishing society. Progressive rationalists generally see democratic governance as the best available political system and many additionally subscribe to libertarian paternalism
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Progressive Education
PROGRESSIVE EDUCATION is a pedagogical movement that began in the late nineteenth century; it has persisted in various forms to the present. The term progressive was engaged to distinguish this education from the traditional Euro-American curricula of the 19th century, which was rooted in classical preparation for the university and strongly differentiated by social class . By contrast, progressive education finds its roots in present experience
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Idea Of Progress
In intellectual history , the IDEA OF PROGRESS is the idea that advances in technology , science , and social organization can produce an improvement in the human condition . That is, people can become better in terms of quality of life (social progress ) through economic development (modernization ), and the application of science and technology (scientific progress ). The assumption is that the process will happen once people apply their reason and skills, for it is not divinely foreordained. The role of the expert is to identify hindrances that slow or neutralize progress. The Idea of Progress emerged primarily in the Enlightenment in the 18th century. Significant movements in this period were Diderot's Encyclopedia , which carried on the campaign against authority and superstition , and the French Revolution
French Revolution

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Industrialisation
INDUSTRIALISATION or INDUSTRIALIZATION is the period of social and economic change that transforms a human group from an agrarian society into an industrial society , involving the extensive re-organisation of an economy for the purpose of manufacturing . As industrial workers' incomes rise, markets for consumer goods and services of all kinds tend to expand and provide a further stimulus to industrial investment and economic growth
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Modernity
MODERNITY is a term of art used in the humanities and social sciences to designate both a historical period (the modern era ), as well as the ensemble of particular socio-cultural norms , attitudes and practices that arose in post-medieval Europe and have developed since, in various ways and at various times, around the world. While it includes a wide range of interrelated historical processes and cultural phenomena (from fashion to modern warfare ), it can also refer to the subjective or existential experience of the conditions they produce, and their ongoing impact on human culture, institutions, and politics (Berman 2010 , 15–36)
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Philosophical Progress
A prominent question in metaphilosophy is that of whether PHILOSOPHICAL PROGRESS occurs, and more so, whether such progress in philosophy is even possible. It has even been disputed, most notably by Ludwig Wittgenstein
Ludwig Wittgenstein
, whether genuine philosophical problems actually exist. The opposite has also been claimed, most notably by Karl Popper
Karl Popper
, who held that such problems do exist, that they are solvable, and that he had actually found definite solutions to some of them
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Social Change
SOCIAL CHANGE refers to an alteration in the social order of a society . Social change
Social change
may include changes in nature , social institutions , social behaviours , or social relations . CONTENTS * 1 Definition * 2 Prominent theories * 3 Current social changes * 3.1 Global demographic shifts * 3.2 Gendered patterns of work and care * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 Further reading * 7 External links DEFINITION Social change
Social change
may refer to the notion of social progress or sociocultural evolution , the philosophical idea that society moves forward by dialectical or evolutionary means. It may refer to a paradigmatic change in the socio-economic structure, for instance a shift away from feudalism and towards capitalism
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Sustainable Design
SUSTAINABLE DESIGN (also called environmentally sustainable design, environmentally conscious design, etc.) is the philosophy of designing physical objects, the built environment, and services to comply with the principles of social , economic , and ecological sustainability
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Techno-progressivism
TECHNO-PROGRESSIVISM or TECH-PROGRESSIVISM is a stance of active support for the convergence of technological change and social change . Techno-progressives argue that technological developments can be profoundly empowering and emancipatory when they are regulated by legitimate democratic and accountable authorities to ensure that their costs , risks and benefits are all fairly shared by the actual stakeholders to those developments. CONTENTS * 1 Stance * 2 Contrasting stance * 3 List of notable techno-progressive social critics * 4 Controversy * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links STANCE Techno-progressivism
Techno-progressivism
maintains that accounts of progress should focus on scientific and technical dimensions, as well as ethical and social ones
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Women's Suffrage
WOMEN\'S SUFFRAGE (also known as FEMALE SUFFRAGE, WOMAN SUFFRAGE or WOMEN\'S RIGHT TO VOTE) is the right of women to vote in elections . Limited voting rights were gained by women in Finland , Iceland , Sweden and some Australian colonies and western U.S. states in the late 19th century. National and international organizations formed to coordinate efforts to gain voting rights, especially the International Woman Suffrage Alliance (founded in 1904, Berlin, Germany), and also worked for equal civil rights for women. In 1881, the Isle of Man gave women who owned property the right to vote. In 1893, the British colony of New Zealand , granted women the right to vote. The colony of South Australia , did the same in 1894 and women were able to vote in the next election, which was held in 1895
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