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Nanga Parbat
NANGA PARBAT ( Urdu
Urdu
: نانگا پربت ) is the ninth highest mountain in the world at 8,126 metres (26,660 ft) above sea level. It is the western anchor of the Himalayas
Himalayas
around which the Indus
Indus
river skirts into the plains of Pakistan
Pakistan
. It is in the Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan
Pakistan
and is locally known as Diamir or Deo Mir (deo meaning "huge" and mir meaning "mountain"). Nanga Parbat
Nanga Parbat
is one of the eight-thousanders , with a summit elevation of 8,126 metres (26,660 ft). An immense, dramatic peak rising far above its surrounding terrain, Nanga Parbat
Nanga Parbat
is also a notoriously difficult climb. Numerous mountaineering deaths in the mid and early-20th century lent it the nickname "killer mountain"
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Diamer District
DIAMER DISTRICT (also called DIAMIR DISTRICT ) is one of the districts of the Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan
Pakistan
. It is the district in which the Karakoram Highway , the capital of the district is Chilas . Diamer District
Diamer District
is bounded by Astore District in the east, by the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
in the southwest (separated by the Babusar Pass or Babusar Top ), Neelum District in the south, the Ghizer District in the north and northwest, and the Gilgit District in the north and northeast
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Urdu
Pakistan
Pakistan
(national and official) India
India
(official as per the 8th Schedule of the Constitution and in the following states/union territories) Official: *
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Normal Route
A NORMAL ROUTE or NORMAL WAY (French : Voie Normale; German : Normalweg) is the most frequently used route for ascending and descending a mountain peak . It is usually the simplest route. In the Alps, routes are classed in the following ways, based on their waymarking, construction and upkeep: * Footpaths (Fußwege) * Hiking trails (Wanderwege) * Mountain trails (Bergwege) * Alpine routes (Alpine Routen) * Climbing
Climbing
routes (Kletterrouten) and High Alpine routes (Hochalpine Routen) in combined rock and ice terrain, ( UIAA ) graded by difficultySometimes the normal route is not the easiest ascent to the summit, but just the one that is most used. There may be technically easier variations. This is especially the case on the Watzmannfrau , the Hochkalter and also Mount Everest
Mount Everest

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Fritz Wiessner
FRITZ WIESSNER (February 26, 1900 – July 3, 1988) was a German American pioneer of free climbing . Born in Dresden , Germany , he immigrated to New York City in 1929 and became a U.S. citizen in 1935. In 1939, he made one of the earliest attempts to climb to the summit of K2 , one of the most difficult mountains in the world to climb. CONTENTS * 1 Early days * 2 A new standard * 2.1 K2 expedition * 3 Non-climbing * 4 Later years * 5 Personal * 6 References * 7 External links EARLY DAYSWiessner started climbing with his father in the Austrian Alps before World War I . At the age of 12, he climbed the Zugspitze , the highest peak in Germany. In the 1920s, he established hard climbing routes in Saxony and the Dolomites that have a present-day difficulty rating of up to 5.11 . This was at a time when the hardest free climbing grade in the United States was 5.7
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First Ascent
In mountaineering , a FIRST ASCENT (abbreviated to FA in guidebooks) is the first successful, documented attainment of the top of a mountain, or the first to follow a particular climbing route . First mountain ascents are notable because they entail genuine exploration, with greater risks, challenges, and recognition than climbing a route pioneered by others. The person who performs the FIRST ASCENT is called the FIRST ASCENSIONIST. In free climbing , a first ascent (or first free ascent , abbreviated FFA) of a climbing route is the first successful, documented climb of a route without using equipment such as anchors or ropes for aiding progression or resting. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Related terms * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORYThe details of the first ascents of even many prominent mountains are scanty or unknown; sometimes the only evidence of prior summiting is a cairn , artifacts, or inscriptions at the top
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Gurkha
The GURKHAS or Gorkhas or "Gorkhali" (गोर्खा) (/ˈɡɜːrkə/ or /ˈɡʊərkə/ ) are the soldiers of Nepali nationality, recruited in British Army
British Army
, Indian Army
Indian Army
, Gurkha Contingent Singapore , Gurkha Reserve Unit Brunei , UN Peace Keeping force and war zones around the world. Historically, the terms "Gurkha" and "Gorkhali" were synonymous with "Pahadi", and derived from the hill town and district of Gorkha
Gorkha
from which the Kingdom of Nepal expanded under Prithivi Narayan Shah . The name may be traced to the medieval Hindu
Hindu
warrior-saint Guru Gorakhnath who has a historic shrine in Gorkha. The word itself derived from Go-Raksha, raksha becoming rakha. Rakhawala means protector and is derived from raksha as well
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Tibet
Coordinates : 31°12′N 88°48′E / 31.2°N 88.8°E / 31.2; 88.8 "Greater Tibet" as claimed by Tibetan exile groups Tibetan autonomous areas , as designated by China Tibet Autonomous Region , within China Chinese-controlled, claimed by India as part of Aksai Chin Indian -controlled, parts claimed by China as
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Germany
Coordinates : 51°N 9°E / 51°N 9°E / 51; 9 Federal Republic
Republic
of Germany Bundesrepublik Deutschland (German ) Flag Coat of arms MOTTO: "Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit " (de facto) "Unity and Justice and Freedom" ANTHEM: " Deutschlandlied
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Deosai
The DEOSAI NATIONAL PARK (Urdu : دیوسائی نیشنل پارک‎) is located in Skardu, district of Gilgit Baltistan, CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 Geography * 3 Travel routes to the region * 4 Geology and soil * 5 Fauna and Flora * 6 Cultural references * 6.1 Herodotus * 6.2 In film * 7 Gallery * 8 See also * 9 References * 10 External links ETYMOLOGY Sheosar Lake is in the western part of Deosai National Park. 'Deosai' (Urdu : دیوسای٘‎) means 'the land of Giants' in Urdu. Balti people call this place 'Ghbiarsa' (Balti : غبیارسہ) referring to 'Summer's Place' because it is only accessible in summer. GEOGRAPHYThe Deosai National Park is located between Kharmang , Astore and Skardu in Gilgit Baltistan . It has an average elevation of 4,114 metres (13,497 ft) above sea level, making the Deosai Plains one of the highest plateaus in the world. The park protects an area of 3,000 square kilometres (1,200 sq mi)
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Tibetan Plateau
The TIBETAN PLATEAU (Tibetan : བོད་ས་མཐོ།, Wylie : bod sa mtho), also known in China
China
as the QINGHAI–TIBET PLATEAU or the QINGZANG PLATEAU (Chinese : 青藏高原; pinyin : Qīngzàng Gāoyuán) or HIMALAYAN PLATEAU, is a vast elevated plateau in Central Asia
Asia
and East Asia
East Asia
, covering most of the Tibet
Tibet
Autonomous Region and Qinghai
Qinghai
Province in western China
China
, as well as part of Ladakh
Ladakh
in Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir
state of India. It stretches approximately 1,000 kilometres (620 mi) north to south and 2,500 kilometres (1,600 mi) east to west
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Zoji La
ZOJI LA (Ladakhi : ཟོ་ཇི་ ལཱ་) is a high mountain pass in Jammu and Kashmir , India , located on the Indian National Highway 1D between Srinagar and Leh in the western section of the Himalayan mountain range. Though often referred to as Zojila Pass in the foreign press, the correct English translation is Zoji Pass or simply Zojila, since the suffix 'La' itself means pass in several Himalayan languages.The usage of the word "La" can also be seen in the Khardung La , Fotu La , Namika La and Pensi La etc. In modern-day North Indian languages, 'La' (ला) and 'Darra' (दर्रा) are both used interchangeably to mean a mountain pass. Zoji La is 9 km (5.6 mi) from Sonamarg and provides a vital link between Ladakh and Kashmir Valley . It runs at an elevation of approximately 3,528 metres (11,575 ft), and is the second highest pass after Fotu La on the Srinagar-Leh National Highway
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United Kingdom
The UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND, commonly known as the UNITED KINGDOM (UK) or BRITAIN, is a sovereign country in western Europe. Lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland , the UK includes the island of Great Britain
Great Britain
, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland
Ireland
and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
is the only part of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
that shares a land border with another sovereign state‍—‌the Republic of Ireland
Ireland
. Apart from this land border, the UK is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea
North Sea
to its east, the English Channel
English Channel
to its south and the Celtic Sea to its south-south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world
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Nazi
NATIONAL SOCIALISM (German : Nationalsozialismus), more commonly known as NAZISM (/ˈnɑːtsɪzəm, ˈnæ-/ ), is the ideology and set of practices associated with the 20th-century German Nazi Party
Nazi Party
, Nazi Germany , and other far-right groups. Sometimes characterised as a form of fascism that incorporates scientific racism and antisemitism , Nazism's development was influenced by German nationalism (especially Pan-Germanism ), the Völkisch movement and the anti-communist Freikorps
Freikorps
paramilitary groups that emerged during the Weimar Republic after Germany's defeat in First World War . Nazism subscribed to theories of racial hierarchy and Social Darwinism , identifying the Germans as a part of what the Nazis regarded as an Aryan or Nordic master race
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Porter (carrier)
A PORTER, also called a BEARER, is a person who carries objects or cargoes for others. The range of services conducted by porters is extensive, from shuttling luggage aboard a train (a railroad porter ) to bearing heavy burdens at altitude in inclement weather on multi-month mountaineering expeditions. The use of humans to transport cargo dates to the ancient world, prior to domesticating animals and development of the wheel. Historically it remained prevalent in areas where slavery was permitted, and exists today where modern forms of mechanical conveyance are rare or impractical, or where it is impractical or impossible for mechanized transport to be used, such as in mountainous terrain, or thick jungle or forest cover. Over time slavery diminished and technology advanced, but the role of porter for specialized transporting services remains strong in the 21st century
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