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Laylat Al-Qadr
LAYLAT AL-QADR (Arabic : لیلة القدر‎‎) (also known as Shab-e-Qadr , loaned from Persian ), variously rendered in English as the NIGHT OF DECREE, NIGHT OF POWER, NIGHT OF VALUE, NIGHT OF DESTINY, or NIGHT OF MEASURES, is in Islamic belief the night when the first verses of the Quran
Quran
were revealed to the Islamic prophet Muhammad
Muhammad
. It is one of the nights of the last ten days of Ramadan
Ramadan
. Muslims believe that on this night the blessings and mercy of Allah are abundant, sins are forgiven, supplications are accepted, and that the annual decree is revealed to the angels who also descend to earth. Shia Islam
Islam
holds that Prophets and the Shia Imams are recipients of the angels on the night of Qadr and the decrees that they reveal
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Persian Miniature
A PERSIAN MINIATURE (Persian :نگارگری ایرانی) is a small painting on paper, whether a book illustration or a separate work of art intended to be kept in an album of such works called a muraqqa . The techniques are broadly comparable to the Western and Byzantine traditions of miniatures in illuminated manuscripts . Although there is an equally well-established Persian tradition of wall-painting, the survival rate and state of preservation of miniatures is better, and miniatures are much the best-known form of Persian painting in the West, and many of the most important examples are in Western, or Turkish, museums. Miniature painting became a significant genre in Persian art in the 13th century, receiving Chinese influence after the Mongol conquests , and the highest point in the tradition was reached in the 15th and 16th centuries. The tradition continued, under some Western influence, after this, and has many modern exponents
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Songkok
The SONGKOK or PECI or KOPIAH is a cap widely worn in Indonesia
Indonesia
, Brunei
Brunei
, Malaysia
Malaysia
, Singapore
Singapore
, the southern Philippines
Philippines
and southern Thailand
Thailand
, mostly among Muslim
Muslim
males. It is likely associated with the Malay culture . It has the shape of a truncated cone, usually made of black or embroidered felt , cotton or velvet . It is also worn by males in formal situations such as wedding feasts, funerals or festive occasions such as the Muslim
Muslim
Eid ul-Fitr and Eid al-Adha
Eid al-Adha

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Persian Carpet
A PERSIAN CARPET or IRANIAN CARPET (Persian : فرش ايرانى‎‎ farsh, meaning "to spread") also known as IRANIAN RUGS (قالی ايرانى qālī) is a heavy textile, made for a wide variety of utilitarian and symbolic purpose, produced in Iran
Iran
and surrounding areas which once belonged to the Persian Empire , for home use, local sale, and export. Carpet
Carpet
weaving is an essential part of Persian culture and art . Within the group of Oriental rugs or Islamic carpets produced by the countries of the so-called "RUG BELT", the Persian carpet
Persian carpet
stands out by the variety and elaborateness of its manifold designs. Persian carpets and rugs of various types were woven in parallel by nomadic tribes, in village and town workshops, and by royal court manufactories alike
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Islamic Calligraphy
ISLAMIC CALLIGRAPHY is the artistic practice of handwriting and calligraphy , based upon the alphabet in the lands sharing a common Islamic cultural heritage. It includes Arabic , Ottoman , and Persian calligraphy . It is known in Arabic as khatt Islami (خط اسلامي), meaning Islamic line, design, or construction. The development of Islamic calligraphy
Islamic calligraphy
is strongly tied to the Qur\'an ; chapters and excerpts from the Qur'an are a common and almost universal text upon which Islamic calligraphy
Islamic calligraphy
is based. Deep religious association with the Qur\'an , as well as suspicion of figurative art as idolatrous , has led calligraphy to become one of the major forms of artistic expression in Islamic cultures
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Islamic Art
ISLAMIC ART encompasses the visual arts produced from the 7th century onward by people who lived within the territory that was inhabited by or ruled by culturally Islamic
Islamic
populations. It is thus a very difficult art to define because it covers many lands and various peoples over some 1,400 years; it is not art specifically of a religion, or of a time, or of a place, or of a single medium like painting. The huge field of Islamic
Islamic
architecture is the subject of a separate article, leaving fields as varied as calligraphy , painting , glass , pottery , and textile arts such as carpets and embroidery . Islamic
Islamic
art is not at all restricted to religious art, but includes all the art of the rich and varied cultures of Islamic
Islamic
societies as well
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Somali Architecture
SOMALI ARCHITECTURE is the engineering and designing of multiple different construction types such as stone cities, castles , citadels , fortresses , mosques , temples , aqueducts , lighthouses , towers and tombs during the ancient, medieval and early modern periods in Somalia
Somalia
and other regions inhabited by Somalis, as well as the fusion of Somalo- Islamic architecture
Islamic architecture
with Western designs in contemporary times
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Sudano-Sahelian Architecture
The term SUDANO-SAHELIAN ARCHITECTURE describes a range of similar indigenous architectural styles common to the African peoples of the Sahel
Sahel
and Sudanian grassland (geographical) regions of West Africa
West Africa
, south of the Sahara
Sahara
, but north of the fertile forest regions of the coast. This style is characterized by the use of mudbricks and adobe plaster, with large wooden-log support beams that jut out from the wall face for large buildings such as mosques or palaces. These beams also act as scaffolding for reworking, which is done at regular intervals, and involves the local community. The earliest examples of Sudano-Sahelian style probably come from Jenné-Jeno around 250 BC, where the first evidence of permanent mudbrick architecture in the region is found
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Turkish Carpet
TURKISH CARPET is a term of convenience, commonly used today to denote rugs and carpets woven by various ethnicities in the geographic region of Asia minor
Asia minor
and the adjacent regions, which formerly belonged to the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
. It denotes a knotted, pile-woven floor or wall covering which is produced for home use, local sale, and export. Along with flat-woven kilim , "Turkish" carpets form an essential part of the regional culture, today officially understood as Turkish, but in fact derived from the multi-ethnic, multi-religious traditions of the former Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
and its predecessors. Carpet
Carpet
weaving represents a traditional art, dating back to pre-Islamic times. During its long history, the art and craft of the woven carpet has integrated different cultural traditions
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Islam And Clothing
Muslims are concerned with clothing in two contexts: clothing for everyday wear, inside and outside the house; and clothing required in specifically religious contexts. Say to the believing men that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty: that will make for greater purity for them: And God is well acquainted with all that they do
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Chador
A CHāDOR (Persian : چادر ‎), also variously spelled in English as CHADAH, CHAD(D)AR, CHADER, CHUD(D)AH, CHADUR and naturalized as /tʃʌdə(ɹ)/ is an outer garment or open cloak worn by some women in Iran
Iran
and some other countries in public spaces or outdoors. A chador is a full-body-length semicircle of fabric that is open down the front. This cloth is tossed over the woman's or girl's head, but then she holds it closed in the front. The chador has no hand openings, or any buttons , clasps, etc., but rather it is held closed by her hands or tucked under the wearer's arms. Before the 1978–79 Iranian Revolution
Iranian Revolution
, black chadors were reserved for funerals and periods of mourning. Light, printed fabrics were the norm for everyday wear. Currently, the majority of Iranian women who wear the chador use the black version outside and reserve light-colored chadors for indoor use
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Jellabiya
The JELLABIYA (Arabic : جلابية‎‎ / ALA-LC : jilabīyah or gal(l)abeyya Egyptian Arabic: ; "jelebeeya" in Ethiopia
Ethiopia
; "jehllubeeya" in Eritrea
Eritrea
) is a traditional Sudanese and Egyptian garment native to the Nile Valley . Shalatin tribe Beja people wearing jellabiya. It differs from the Arabian thawb in that it has a wider cut, no collar (in some case no buttons) and longer, wider sleeves. In case of farmers, these sleeves can be very wide and sewn into pockets. They are then used to store small items such as tobacco or money
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Shalwar Kameez
SHALWAR KAMEEZ, also spelled SALWAR KAMEEZ or SHALWAR QAMEEZ, is a traditional outfit originating in the Indian subcontinent
Indian subcontinent
. It is a generic term used to describe different styles of dress. The shalwar kameez can be worn by both men and women, but styles differ by gender. The shalwar (baggy trousers) and the kameez (long shirt) are two garments which are combined to form the shalwar kameez. It is the national dress of Pakistan
Pakistan
, and commonly worn throughout the Indian subcontinent
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Boubou (clothing)
AGBADA is one of the names for a flowing wide sleeved robe worn by men in much of West Africa
West Africa
, and to a lesser extent in North Africa
North Africa
, related to the dashiki suit. The name "Agbada" originates from Yoruba language , one of the major languages on the continent. The robe is also known as Agbada in Dagomba language . Agbada is known by various names, depending on the ethnic group wearing them: BOUBOU (from the Wolof word MBUBB), BABBAN RIGA (Hausa ), MBUBB (Wolof), K\'SA or GANDORA (Tuareg ), DARRA\'A Maghrebi Arabic , GRAND BOUBOU (in various Francophone
Francophone
West African countries) and the English term of GOWN. The Senegalese boubou, a variation on the grand boubou described below, is also known as the Senegalese kaftan . The female version worn in some communities is also known as a m'boubou or kaftan
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Abaya
The ABAYA "cloak" (colloquially and more commonly, Arabic
Arabic
: عباية‎‎ ʿabāyah , especially in Literary Arabic
Literary Arabic
: عباءة ʿabāʾah ; plural عبايات ʿabāyāt , عباءات ʿabāʾāt ), sometimes also called an aba, is a simple, loose over-garment , essentially a robe -like dress, worn by some women in parts of the Muslim world
Muslim world
including in North Africa
North Africa
and the Arabian Peninsula
Arabian Peninsula
. Traditional abayat are black and may be either a large square of fabric draped from the shoulders or head or a long caftan . The abaya covers the whole body except the head, feet, and hands. It can be worn with the niqāb , a face veil covering all but the eyes. Some women also wear long black gloves, so their hands are covered as well
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Agal (accessory)
The AGAL (Arabic : عقال‎‎, ‘iqāl: "bond" or "rope"), also spelled IQAL, EGAL or IGAL, is an accessory worn usually by Arab men. It is a black cord, worn doubled, used to keep the ghutrah in place on the wearer's head. It is usually worn by Arabs of the Arabian Peninsula
Arabian Peninsula
( Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
, Kuwait
Kuwait
, United Arab Emirates
United Arab Emirates
, Bahrain
Bahrain
, Iraq
Iraq
, Qatar
Qatar
, Ahwaz , Inhabitant of Eastern Coast of Gulf Known as Houle Arabs of Iran ) with the exception of Yemen
Yemen
and Oman
Oman

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