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Index Of Basketball-related Articles
INDEX
INDEX
may refer to: CONTENTS* 1 Arts, entertainment, and media * 1.1 Fictitious entities * 1.2 Periodicals and news portals * 1.3 Other arts, entertainment and media * 2 Business enterprises and events * 3 Finance * 4 Places * 5 Publishing and library studies * 6 Science, technology, and mathematics * 6.1 Computer science * 6.2 Economics * 6.3 Mathematics and statistics * 6.3.1 Algebra * 6.3.2 Analysis * 6.3.3 Statistics * 6.4 Other uses in science and technology * 7 Other uses * 8 See also ARTS, ENTERTAINMENT, AND MEDIAFICTITIOU
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Database Index
A DATABASE INDEX is a data structure that improves the speed of data retrieval operations on a database table at the cost of additional writes and storage space to maintain the index data structure. Indexes are used to quickly locate data without having to search every row in a database table every time a database table is accessed. Indexes can be created using one or more columns of a database table , providing the basis for both rapid random lookups and efficient access of ordered records. An index is a copy of selected columns of data from a table that can be searched very efficiently that also includes a low-level disk block address or direct link to the complete row of data it was copied from. Some databases extend the power of indexing by letting developers create indexes on functions or expressions . For example, an index could be created on upper(last_name), which would only store the upper case versions of the last_name field in the index
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BitTorrent Index
BITTORRENT is a communication protocol for peer-to-peer file sharing ("P2P") which is used to distribute data and electronic files over the Internet . BitTorrent is one of the most common protocols for transferring large files, such as digital video files containing TV shows or video clips or digital audio files containing songs . Peer-to-peer networks have been estimated to collectively account for approximately 43% to 70% of all Internet traffic (depending on location) as of February 2009 . In November 2004, BitTorrent was responsible for 25% of all Internet traffic. As of February 2013, BitTorrent was responsible for 3.35% of all worldwide bandwidth , more than half of the 6% of total bandwidth dedicated to file sharing. To send or receive files, a person uses a BitTorrent client on their Internet -connected computer
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Index Mapping
INDEX MAPPING (or direct addressing, or a trivial hash function ) in computer science describes using an array , in which each position corresponds to a key in the universe of possible values. The technique is most effective when the universe of keys is reasonably small, such that allocating an array with one position for every possible key is affordable. Its effectiveness comes from the fact that an arbitrary position in an array can be examined in constant time . CONTENTS * 1 Applicable arrays * 2 Examples * 2.1 Avoid branching * 3 See also * 4 References APPLICABLE ARRAYSThere are many practical examples of data whose valid values are restricted within a small range. A trivial hash function is a suitable choice when such data needs to act as a lookup key. Some examples include: * month in the year (1–12) * day in the month (1–31) * day of the week (1–7) * human age (0–130) – e.g
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Index Register
An INDEX REGISTER in a computer's CPU is a processor register used for modifying operand addresses during the run of a program, typically for doing vector/array operations. The contents of an index register is added to (in some cases subtracted from) an immediate address (one that is part of the instruction itself) to form the "effective" address of the actual data (operand). Special
Special
instructions are typically provided to test the index register and, if the test fails, increments the index register by an immediate constant and branches, typically to the start of the loop. Some instruction sets allow more than one index register to be used; in that case additional instruction fields specify which index registers to use. While normally processors that allow an instruction to specify multiple index registers add the contents together, IBM had a line of computers in which the contents were or'd together
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Indexed Color
In computing, INDEXED COLOR is a technique to manage digital images ' colors in a limited fashion, in order to save computer memory and file storage , while speeding up display refresh and file transfers. It is a form of vector quantization compression . When an image is encoded in this way, color information is not directly carried by the image pixel data, but is stored in a separate piece of data called a PALETTE : an array of color elements. Every element in the array represents a color, indexed by its position within the array. The individual entries are sometimes known as COLOR REGISTERS. The image pixels do not contain the full specification of its color, but only its index in the palette. This technique is sometimes referred as PSEUDOCOLOR or INDIRECT COLOR, as colors are addressed indirectly. Perhaps the first device that supported palette colors was a random-access frame buffer , described in 1975 by Kajiya, Sutherland and Cheadle
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Array Index
In computer science , an ARRAY DATA STRUCTURE, or simply an ARRAY, is a data structure consisting of a collection of elements (values or variables ), each identified by at least one array index or key. An array is stored so that the position of each element can be computed from its index tuple by a mathematical formula. The simplest type of data structure is a linear array, also called one-dimensional array. For example, an array of 10 32-bit integer variables, with indices 0 through 9, may be stored as 10 words at memory addresses 2000, 2004, 2008, ... 2036, so that the element with index i has the address 2000 + 4 × i. The memory address of the first element of an array is called first address or foundation address. Because the mathematical concept of a matrix can be represented as a two-dimensional grid, two-dimensional arrays are also sometimes called matrices
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Search Engine Indexing
SEARCH ENGINE INDEXING collects, parses, and stores data to facilitate fast and accurate information retrieval . Index design incorporates interdisciplinary concepts from linguistics, cognitive psychology, mathematics, informatics , and computer science. An alternate name for the process in the context of search engines designed to find web pages on the Internet
Internet
is web indexing . Popular engines focus on the full-text indexing of online, natural language documents. Media types such as video and audio and graphics are also searchable. Meta search engines reuse the indices of other services and do not store a local index, whereas cache-based search engines permanently store the index along with the corpus
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Index On Censorship
INDEX ON CENSORSHIP is a campaigning publishing organisation for freedom of expression, which produces a quarterly magazine of the same name from London. The present Chief Executive of Index on Censorship, since May 2014, is Jodie Ginsberg. It is directed by the non-profit-making Writers and Scholars International, Ltd. (WSI) in association with the UK-registered charity Index on Censorship
Censorship
(founded as the Writers and Scholars Educational Trust), which are both chaired by the British writer and author David Aaronovitch
David Aaronovitch
. WSI was created by poet Stephen Spender , Oxford philosopher Stuart Hampshire , the then editor of The Observer David Astor , writer and Soviet Union
Soviet Union
expert Edward Crankshaw
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Bundesprüfstelle Für Jugendgefährdende Medien
The FEDERAL REVIEW BOARD FOR MEDIA HARMFUL TO MINORS (German : ''BUNDESPRüFSTELLE FüR JUGENDGEFäHRDENDE MEDIEN\'\' or BPJM) is an upper-level German federal agency subordinate to the Federal Ministry of Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth . It is responsible for examining and censoring media works allegedly harmful to young people. These works are entered onto an official list – a process known as Indizierung (indexing) in German . The decision to index a work has a variety of legal implications
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Thumb Index
A THUMB INDEX, also called a CUT-IN INDEX or an INDEX NOTCH , is a round cut-out in the pages of dictionaries , encyclopedias , Bibles and other large religious books, and various sectioned, often alphabetic , reference works , used to locate entries starting at a particular letter or section. The individual notches are called THUMB CUTS. SEE ALSO * Index (publishing)
Index (publishing)
REFERENCES * ^ "thumb index". Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books: A Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology. Foundation of the American Institute for Conservation. Retrieved 8 May 2012
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Associative Array
In computer science , an ASSOCIATIVE ARRAY, MAP, SYMBOL TABLE, or DICTIONARY is an abstract data type composed of a collection of (key, value) pairs, such that each possible key appears at most once in the collection. Operations associated with this data type allow: * the addition of a pair to the collection * the removal of a pair from the collection * the modification of an existing pair * the lookup of a value associated with a particular keyThe DICTIONARY PROBLEM is a classic computer science problem: the task of designing a data structure that maintains a set of data during 'search', 'delete', and 'insert' operations. The two major solutions to the dictionary problem are a hash table or a search tree . In some cases it is also possible to solve the problem using directly addressed arrays , binary search trees , or other more specialized structures
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Indexed Sequential Access Method
ISAM (an acronym for INDEXED SEQUENTIAL ACCESS METHOD) is a method for creating, maintaining, and manipulating indexes of key-fields extracted from random data file records to achieve fast retrieval of required file records. IBM
IBM
developed ISAM for mainframe computers . Today the term is used for several related concepts: * Specifically, the IBM
IBM
ISAM product and the algorithm it employs. * A database system where an application developer directly uses an application programming interface to search indexes in order to locate records in data files. In contrast, a relational database uses a query optimizer which automatically selects indexes. * An indexing algorithm that allows both sequential and keyed access to data
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Lookup Table
In computer science , a LOOKUP TABLE is an array that replaces runtime computation with a simpler array indexing operation. The savings in terms of processing time can be significant, since retrieving a value from memory is often faster than undergoing an "expensive" computation or input/output operation. The tables may be precalculated and stored in static program storage, calculated (or "pre-fetched" ) as part of a program's initialization phase (memoization ), or even stored in hardware in application-specific platforms. Lookup tables are also used extensively to validate input values by matching against a list of valid (or invalid) items in an array and, in some programming languages, may include pointer functions (or offsets to labels) to process the matching input. FPGAs also make extensive use of reconfigurable, hardware-implemented, lookup tables to provide programmable hardware functionality
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Summation
In mathematics , SUMMATION (capital Greek sigma symbol: ∑) is the addition of a sequence of numbers; the result is their sum or total. If numbers are added sequentially from left to right, any intermediate result is a partial sum , prefix sum , or running total of the summation. The numbers to be summed (called addends, or sometimes summands) may be integers, rational numbers , real numbers , or complex numbers . Besides numbers, other types of values can be added as well: vectors , matrices , polynomials and, in general, elements of any additive group (or even monoid ). For finite sequences of such elements, summation always produces a well-defined sum. The summation of an infinite sequence of values is called a series . A value of such a series may often be defined by means of a limit (although sometimes the value may be infinite, and often no value results at all). Another notion involving limits of finite sums is integration
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Indexed Family
In mathematics , an INDEXED FAMILY is a collection of values associated with indices. For example, a family of real numbers , indexed by the integers is a collection of real numbers, where each integer is associated with one of the real numbers. Formally, an indexed family is the same thing as a mathematical function ; a function with domain J and codomain X is equivalent to a family of elements of X indexed by elements of J. The difference is conceptual; indexed families are interpreted as collections instead of as functions. Every element of the image of the family's underlying function is an element of the family. When a function f : J → X is treated as a family, J is called the index set of the family, the function image f(j) for j ∈ J is denoted xj, and the mapping f is denoted {xj}j∈J or simply {xj}. Next, if the set X is the power set of a set U, then the family {xj}j∈J is called a FAMILY OF SETS INDEXED BY J
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