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De Facto
In law and government, DE FACTO (/deɪ ˈfæktoʊ/ or /di ˈfæktoʊ/ ; Latin : de facto, "in fact"; Latin pronunciation: ), describes practices that exist in reality, even if not legally recognised by official laws. It is commonly used to refer to what happens in practice, in contrast with de jure ("in law"), which refers to things that happen according to law. Unofficial customs that are widely accepted are sometimes called de facto standards
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Soviet Union
The SOVIET UNION (Russian : Сове́тский Сою́з, tr. Sovétsky Soyúz, IPA: ( listen )), officially the UNION OF SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICS (Russian : Сою́з Сове́тских Социалисти́ческих Респу́блик, tr. Soyúz Sovétskikh Sotsialistícheskikh Respúblik, IPA: ( listen )), abbreviated as the USSR (Russian : СССР, tr. SSSR), was a socialist state in Eurasia
Eurasia
that existed from 1922 to 1991. Nominally a union of multiple national Soviet republics , its government and economy were highly centralized . The country was a one-party state , governed by the Communist Party with Moscow
Moscow
as its capital in its largest republic, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic . The Russian nation had constitutionally equal status among the many nations of the union but exerted de facto dominance in various respects
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Government
A GOVERNMENT is the system or group of people governing an organized community, often a state . In the case of its broad associative definition, government normally consists of legislature , executive , and judiciary . Government
Government
is a means by which state policies are enforced, as well as a mechanism for determining the policy . While all types of organizations have governance, the word government is often used more specifically to refer to the approximately 200 independent national governments on Earth
Earth
, as well as subsidiary organizations. Historically prevalent forms of government include aristocracy , timocracy , oligarchy , democracy and tyranny
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Augusto Pinochet
AUGUSTO JOSé RAMóN PINOCHET UGARTE (Spanish pronunciation: or ; 25 November 1915 – 10 December 2006) was a Chilean general, politician and the military ruler of Chile
Chile
between 1973 and 1990; he remained the Commander-in-Chief of the Chilean Army until 1998. He was also president of the Government Junta of Chile
Chile
between 1973 and 1981. His rule of Chile
Chile
was a dictatorship . Pinochet assumed power in Chile
Chile
following a United States
United States
-backed coup d\'état on 11 September 1973 that overthrew the democratically elected socialist Unidad Popular government of President Salvador Allende and ended civilian rule
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New Zealand Sign Language
NEW ZEALAND SIGN LANGUAGE or NZSL (Māori : Te Reo Rotarota) is the main language of the Deaf
Deaf
community in New Zealand
New Zealand
. It became an official language of New Zealand
New Zealand
in April 2006, alongside English and te reo Māori . However, the rights and obligations to use the language are restricted to court proceedings. New Zealand
New Zealand
Sign Language has its roots in British Sign Language (BSL), and may be technically considered a dialect of British, Australian and New Zealand
New Zealand
Sign Language (BANZSL). There are 62.5% similarities found in British Sign Language and NZSL, compared with 33% of NZSL signs found in American Sign Language
American Sign Language
. Like other natural sign languages , it was devised by and for deaf people, with no linguistic connection to a spoken or written language
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Maori Language
MāORI (/ˈmaʊəri/ ; Māori pronunciation: listen ), also known as TE REO ("the language"), is an Eastern Polynesian language spoken by the Māori people
Māori people
, the indigenous population of New Zealand. Since 1987, it has been one of New Zealand's official languages . It is closely related to Cook Islands Māori , Tuamotuan , and Tahitian . According to a 2001 survey on the health of the Māori language, the number of very fluent adult speakers was about 9% of the Māori population, or 30,000 adults. A national census undertaken in 2006 says that about 4% of the New Zealand
New Zealand
population, or 23.7% of the Māori population, could hold a conversation in Māori about everyday things
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Morocco
Coordinates : 32°N 6°W / 32°N 6°W / 32; -6 Kingdom of Morocco * المملكة المغربية ( Arabic
Arabic
) * ⵜⴰⴳⵍⴷⵉⵜ ⵏ ⵍⵎⵖⵔⵉⴱ (Berber ) Flag Coat of arms MOTTO: لله، الوطن، الملك (Arabic) Allah, Al Watan, Al Malik ⴰⴽⵓⵛ, ⴰⵎⵓⵔ, ⴰⴳⵍⵍⵉⴷ (Berber ) "God, Homeland, King" ANTHEM: النشيد الوطني المغربي (Arabic) ⵉⵣⵍⵉ ⴰⵏⴰⵎⵓⵔ ⵏ ⵍⵎⵖⵔⵉⴱ (Berber)
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French Language
FRENCH (le français ( listen ) or la langue française ) is a Romance language
Romance language
of the Indo-European family . It descended from the Vulgar Latin of the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
, as did all Romance languages. French has evolved from Gallo-Romance , the spoken Latin
Latin
in Gaul
Gaul
, and more specifically in Northern Gaul. Its closest relatives are the other langues d\'oïl —languages historically spoken in northern France
France
and in southern Belgium
Belgium
, which French ( Francien ) has largely supplanted
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New Zealand
NEW ZEALAND (Māori : AOTEAROA ) is an island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean
Pacific Ocean
. The country geographically comprises two main landmasses—the North Island
North Island
(or Te Ika-a-Māui), and the South Island (or Te Waipounamu)—and around 600 smaller islands . New Zealand is situated some 1,500 kilometres (900 mi) east of Australia across the Tasman Sea
Tasman Sea
and roughly 1,000 kilometres (600 mi) south of the Pacific island areas of New Caledonia
New Caledonia
, Fiji
Fiji
, and Tonga
Tonga
. Because of its remoteness, it was one of the last lands to be settled by humans. During its long period of isolation, New Zealand
New Zealand
developed a distinct biodiversity of animal, fungal and plant life
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Chile
Coordinates : 30°S 71°W / 30°S 71°W / -30; -71 Republic of Chile República de Chile
Chile
(Spanish ) Flag Coat of arms MOTTO: * Por la razón o la fuerza (Spanish ) * (English: "By Right or Might") ANTHEM: National Anthem of Chile Location of
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Military Junta
A MILITARY DICTATORSHIP (also known as a MILITARY JUNTA ) is a form of government different from civilian dictatorship for a number of reasons: their motivations for seizing power, the institutions through which they organize their rule, and the ways in which they leave power. Often viewing itself as saving the nation from the corrupt or myopic civilian politicians, a military dictatorship justifies its position as “neutral” arbiters on the basis of their membership within the armed forces. For example, many juntas adopt titles, such as “National Redemption Council", “Committee of National Restoration", or “National Liberation Committee". Military
Military
leaders often rule as a junta, selecting one of them as the head
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Revolución Libertadora
Argentine Armed Forces * Argentine Army
Argentine Army
* Argentine Navy
Argentine Navy
*
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National Reorganization Process
The NATIONAL REORGANIZATION PROCESS (Spanish: Proceso de Reorganización Nacional, often simply el Proceso, "the Process") was the name used by its leaders for the military dictatorship that ruled Argentina
Argentina
from 1976 to 1983. In Argentina
Argentina
it is often known simply as la última junta militar (the last military junta ) or la última dictadura (the last dictatorship ), because there have been several. The Argentine military seized political power during the March 1976 coup , amid violent factional conflicts between supporters of recently deceased President Juan Domingo Perón . The junta continued the Dirty War . After losing the Falklands War
Falklands War
to the United Kingdom in 1982, the junta faced mounting public opposition and finally relinquished power in 1983
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Argentine National Congress
The CONGRESS OF THE ARGENTINE NATION (Spanish : Congreso de la Nación Argentina) is the legislative branch of the government of Argentina
Argentina
. Its composition is bicameral , constituted by a 72-seat Senate and a 257-seat Chamber of Deputies . The Congressional Palace is located in Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
, at the western end of Avenida de Mayo (at the other end of which is located the Casa Rosada ). The Kilometre Zero
Kilometre Zero
for all Argentine National Highways is marked on a milestone at the Congressional Plaza , next to the building. CONTENTS * 1 Attributes * 2 History * 3 See also * 4 Bibliography * 5 References * 6 External links ATTRIBUTESThe Argentine National Congress
Argentine National Congress
is bicameral , composed of the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies
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Vice President
A VICE PRESIDENT (in British English: VICE-PRESIDENT for governments and DIRECTOR for businesses) is an officer in government or business who is below a president (managing director) in rank. The name comes from the Latin
Latin
vice meaning "in place of". In some countries, the vice president is called the deputy president. In everyday speech, the abbreviation VP can be used. CONTENTS * 1 In government * 2 In business * 2.1 Hierarchy of vice presidents * 2.2 Expanded use * 3 Usage in other organizations * 4 References * 5 Further reading * 6 External links IN GOVERNMENT See also: List of current vice presidents In government , a vice president is a person whose primary responsibility is to act in place of the president on the event of the president's death, resignation or incapacity
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President Of Iraq
The PRESIDENT OF IRAQ is the head of state of Iraq
Iraq
and "safeguards the commitment to the Constitution
Constitution
and the preservation of Iraq's independence, sovereignty, unity, the security of its territories in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution". The President
President
is elected by the Council of Representatives by a two-thirds majority, and is limited to two four-year terms. The President
President
is responsible for ratifying treaties and laws passed by the Council of Representatives, issues pardons on the recommendation of the Prime Minister , and performs the "duty of the Higher Command of the armed forces for ceremonial and honorary purposes"
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