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Daylight Saving Time
DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME (abbreviated DST), commonly referred to as DAYLIGHT SAVINGS TIME in speech, and known as SUMMER TIME in some countries, is the practice of advancing clocks during summer months so that evening daylight lasts longer, while sacrificing normal sunrise times. Typically, regions that use daylight saving time adjust clocks forward one hour close to the start of spring and adjust them backward in the autumn to standard time. George Hudson proposed the idea of daylight saving in 1895. The German Empire
German Empire
and Austria-Hungary
Austria-Hungary
organized the first nationwide implementation, starting on April 30, 1916. Many countries have used it at various times since then, particularly since the energy crisis of the 1970s . DST is generally not observed near the equator, where sunrise times do not vary enough to justify it
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Roman Timekeeping
The ROMAN CLOCK, or TIME OF DAY, was divided into 24 hours (Latin horae), 12 hours of light and 12 hours of darkness. CONTENTS * 1 Seasonal change in the hourly length of daytime * 2 Local timekeeping across the Roman Empire * 3 Beginning of the Roman day * 4 Watches of the night * 5 Time keeping devices * 6 Modern remnants * 7 See also * 8 Notes * 9 References * 10 External links SEASONAL CHANGE IN THE HOURLY LENGTH OF DAYTIMESince the daytime duration varied with the seasons, this also meant that the length of the hour changed, with shorter hours in winter and longer hours in summer. The Romans also understood that the length of daytime depended on latitude . At mediterranean latitude, one hour was only about 45 minutes on the winter solstice , but about 75 minutes on the summer solstice . Duration and distribution of horae and vigiliae on equinoxes and solstices of the year AD 8 for Forum Romanum
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Mount Athos
MOUNT ATHOS (/ˈæθɒs/ ; Greek : Άθως ) is a mountain and peninsula in northeastern Greece
Greece
and an important centre of Eastern Orthodox monasticism . It is governed as an autonomous polity within the Greek Republic. Mount Athos
Mount Athos
is home to 20 monasteries under the direct jurisdiction of the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople
Constantinople
. Mount Athos
Mount Athos
is commonly referred to in Greek as the "Holy Mountain" (Greek : Ἅγιον Ὄρος, Agion Oros ) and the entity as the "Athonite State" (Greek : Αθωνική Πολιτεία, Athoniki Politia). Other languages of Orthodox tradition also use names translating to "Holy Mountain" (e.g. Bulgarian and Serbian Света гора, Russian Святая Гора, Georgian მთაწმინდა)
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Jewish Prayer
JEWISH PRAYER (Hebrew : תְּפִלָּה‎, tefillah ; plural Hebrew : תְּפִלּוֹת‎, tefillot ; Yiddish
Yiddish
תּפֿלה tfile , plural תּפֿלות tfilles ; Yinglish : DAVENING /ˈdɑːvənɪŋ/ from Yiddish
Yiddish
דאַוון daven ‘pray’) are the prayer recitations and Jewish meditation traditions that form part of the observance of Rabbinic Judaism
Judaism
. These prayers, often with instructions and commentary, are found in the siddur , the traditional Jewish prayer
Jewish prayer
book. However, if the Talmud
Talmud
mentions tefillah, it refers to the Shemoneh Esreh only. Prayer—as a "service of the heart"—is in principle a Torah-based commandment . It is not time-dependent and is mandatory for both Jewish men and women. You shall serve God with your whole heart
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Alaska
Coordinates : 64°N 150°W / 64°N 150°W / 64; -150 STATE OF ALASKA Flag Seal Nickname(s) : The Last Frontier Motto(s) : North to the Future State song(s) : "Alaska\'s Flag " OFFICIAL LANGUAGE English , Inupiat , Central Siberian Yupik , Central Alaskan Yup\'ik , Alutiiq , Aleut , Dena\'ina , Deg Xinag , Holikachuk , Koyukon , Upper Kuskokwim , Gwich\'in , Lower Tanana , Upper Tanana , Tanacross , Hän , Ahtna , Eyak , Tlingit , Haida , Coast Tsimshian
Tsimshian
SPOKEN LANGUAGES English 86.3%
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Nunavut
NUNAVUT (/ˈnuːnəˌvʊt/ ; from Inuktitut : syllabics ᓄᓇᕗᑦ ; French pronunciation: ​ ) is the newest, largest, and northernmost territory of Canada
Canada
. It was separated officially from the Northwest Territories on April 1, 1999, via the Nunavut
Nunavut
Act and the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement Act, though the boundaries had been contemplatively drawn in 1993. The creation of Nunavut
Nunavut
resulted in the first major change to Canada\'s political map since the incorporation of the province of Newfoundland and Labrador
Newfoundland and Labrador
in 1949. Nunavut
Nunavut
comprises a major portion of Northern Canada
Canada
, and most of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago
Canadian Arctic Archipelago

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Axial Tilt
In astronomy , AXIAL TILT, also known as OBLIQUITY, is the angle between an object's rotational axis and its orbital axis, or, equivalently, the angle between its equatorial plane and orbital plane . It differs from orbital inclination . At an obliquity of zero, the two axes point in the same direction; i.e., the rotational axis is perpendicular to the orbital plane. Over the course of an orbit, the obliquity usually does not change considerably, and the orientation of the axis remains the same relative to the background stars . This causes one pole to be directed more toward the Sun
Sun
on one side of the orbit , and the other pole on the other side — the cause of the seasons on the Earth
Earth
. Earth's obliquity oscillates between 22.1 and 24.5 degrees on a 41,000-year cycle; the earth's mean obliquity is currently 23°26′13.2″ (or 23.437°) and decreasing
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Iceland
ICELAND (/ˈaɪslənd/ ( listen ); Icelandic : Ísland, pronounced ) is a Nordic island country of Europe
Europe
located in the North Atlantic Ocean . It has a population of 332,529 and an area of 103,000 km2 (40,000 sq mi), making it the most sparsely populated country in Europe. The capital and largest city is Reykjavík . Reykjavík and the surrounding areas in the southwest of the country are home to over two-thirds of the population. Iceland
Iceland
is volcanically and geologically active . The interior consists of a plateau characterised by sand and lava fields , mountains , and glaciers , while many glacial rivers flow to the sea through the lowlands. Iceland
Iceland
is warmed by the Gulf Stream and has a temperate climate, despite a high latitude just outside the Arctic Circle
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Window Shutter
A WINDOW SHUTTER is a solid and stable window covering usually consisting of a frame of vertical stiles and horizontal rails (top, centre and bottom). Set within this frame can be louvers (both operable or fixed, horizontal or vertical), solid panels, fabric, glass and most any other item that can be mounted within a frame. Shutters may be employed for a variety of reasons, including controlling the amount of sunlight that enters a room, to provide privacy, security, to protect against weather or unwanted intrusion or damage and to enhance the aesthetics of a building . Depending on the application, and the construction of the window frame, shutters can be mounted to fit within the opening or to overlap the opening. The term window shutter includes both interior shutters, used on the inside of a house or building, and exterior shutters, used on the outside of a structure. On some styles of buildings it is common to have shutters to cover the doors as well as the windows
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Entomology
ENTOMOLOGY (from Greek ἔντομον, entomon "insect"; and -λογία, -logia) is the scientific study of insects , a branch of zoology . In the past the term "insect" was more vague, and historically the definition of entomology included the study of terrestrial animals in other arthropod groups or other phyla , such as arachnids , myriapods , earthworms , land snails , and slugs . This wider meaning may still be encountered in informal use. Like several of the other fields that are categorized within zoology , entomology is a taxon -based category; any form of scientific study in which there is a focus on insect-related inquiries is, by definition, entomology. Entomology
Entomology
therefore overlaps with a cross-section of topics as diverse as molecular genetics , behavior , biomechanics , biochemistry , systematics , physiology , developmental biology , ecology , morphology , and paleontology
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World War I
Allied victory * Central Powers ' victory on the Eastern Front nullified by defeat on the Western Front * Fall of the German , Russian , Ottoman , and Austro-Hungarian empires * Russian Civil War and foundation of Soviet Union
Soviet Union
* Formation of new countries in Europe
Europe
and the Middle East * Transfer of German colonies and regions of the former Ottoman Empire to other powers * Establishment of the League of Nations
League of Nations
. (more..
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German Language
No official regulation ( German orthography regulated by the Council for German Orthography )
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World War II
Allied victory * Collapse of Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
* Fall of Japanese and Italian Empires * Dissolution of the League of Nations
League of Nations
* Creation of the United Nations
United Nations
* Emergence of the United States
United States
and the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
as superpowers * Beginning of the Cold War
Cold War
(more... ) PARTICIPANTS ALLIED POWERS AXIS POWERS COMMANDERS AND LEADERS MAIN ALLIED LEADERS * Joseph Stalin
Joseph Stalin
* Franklin D
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Select Committee
A SELECT COMMITTEE is a committee made up of a small number of parliamentary members appointed to deal with particular areas or issues originating in the Westminster system
Westminster system
of parliamentary democracy . Select committees exist in the British Parliament , as well as in other parliaments based on the Westminster model, such as those in Australia
Australia
, Canada
Canada
, Hong Kong
Hong Kong
, India
India
and New Zealand
New Zealand
. It is a special subcommittee of a legislature or assembly governed under a committee system , like Robert\'s Rules of Order . They are often investigative in nature, collecting data or evidence for a law or problem, and will dissolve immediately after they report their findings to their superiors
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House Of Commons Of The United Kingdom
HM GOVERNMENT * Conservative Party (316)CONFIDENCE AND SUPPLY * Democratic Unionist Party (10)HM MOST LOYAL OPPOSITION * Labour Party (262)OTHER OPPOSITION PARTIES * Scottish National Party (35) * Liberal Democrats (12) * Sinn Féin (7) (abstentionist) * Plaid Cymru (4) * Green Party (1 ) *
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Shift Work
SHIFT WORK is an employment practice designed to make use of, or provide service across, all 24 hours of the clock each day of the week (often abbreviated as 24/7 ). The practice typically sees the day divided into shifts, set periods of time during which different groups of workers perform their duties. The term "shift work" includes both long-term night shifts and work schedules in which employees change or rotate shifts. In medicine and epidemiology, shift work is considered a risk factor for some health problems in some individuals, as disruption to circadian rhythms may increase the probability of developing cardiovascular disease , cognitive impairment, diabetes , and obesity , among other conditions. Shift work
Shift work
can also contribute to strain in marital, family, and personal relationships
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