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DOS
DOS
DOS
(/dɒs/, /dɔːs/[1]) is a family of disk operating systems.[2] DOS
DOS
primarily consists of MS-DOS
MS-DOS
and a rebranded version under the name IBM PC
IBM PC
DOS, both of which were introduced in 1981. Other later compatible systems from other manufacturers include DR-DOS
DR-DOS
(1988), ROM-DOS (1989), PTS-DOS (1993), and FreeDOS
FreeDOS
(1998). MS-DOS
MS-DOS
dominated the x86-based IBM PC compatible
IBM PC compatible
market between 1981 and 1995. Dozens of other operating systems also use the acronym "DOS", including the mainframe DOS/360 from 1966
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Zilog Z80
The Z80 CPU is an 8-bit based microprocessor. It was introduced by Zilog
Zilog
in 1976 as the startup company's first product. The Z80 was conceived by Federico Faggin
Federico Faggin
in late 1974 and developed by him and his then-11 employees at Zilog
Zilog
from early 1975 until March 1976, when the first fully working samples were delivered
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S-100 Bus
The S-100 bus
S-100 bus
or Altair bus, IEEE696-1983 (withdrawn), was an early computer bus designed in 1974 as a part of the Altair 8800. The S-100 bus was the first industry standard expansion bus for the microcomputer industry. S-100 computers, consisting of processor and peripheral cards, were produced by a number of manufacturers. The S-100 bus
S-100 bus
formed the basis for homebrew computers whose builders (e.g., the Homebrew Computer Club) implemented drivers for CP/M
CP/M
and MP/M
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Intel 8088
The Intel 8088
Intel 8088
("eighty-eighty-eight", also called iAPX 88)[1][2][3] microprocessor is a variant of the Intel 8086. Introduced on July 1, 1979, the 8088 had an eight-bit external data bus instead of the 16-bit bus of the 8086. The 16-bit registers and the one megabyte address range were unchanged, however. In fact, according to the Intel documentation, the 8086
8086
and 8088 have the same execution unit (EU)—only the bus interface unit (BIU) is different
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Z-80 SoftCard
The Z-80 SoftCard is a plug-in coprocessor card developed by Microsoft to turn the Apple II
Apple II
personal computer into a CP/M
CP/M
system based upon the Zilog Z80
Z80
CPU
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Apple II
The Apple II
Apple II
(stylized as Apple ][) is an 8-bit home computer, one of the first highly successful mass-produced microcomputer products,[4] designed primarily by Steve Wozniak
Steve Wozniak
( Steve Jobs
Steve Jobs
oversaw the development of the Apple II's foam-molded plastic case[5] and Rod Holt developed the switching power supply).[6] It was introduced in 1977 at the West Coast Computer Faire
West Coast Computer Faire
by Jobs and was the first consumer product sold by Apple Computer, Inc
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Central Processing Unit
A central processing unit (CPU) is the electronic circuitry within a computer that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic arithmetic, logical, control and input/output (I/O) operations specified by the instructions. The computer industry has used the term "central processing unit" at least since the early 1960s.[1] Traditionally, the term "CPU" refers to a processor, more specifically to its processing unit and control unit (CU), distinguishing these core elements of a computer from external components such as main memory and I/O
I/O
circuitry.[2] The form, design, and implementation of CPUs have changed over the course of their history, but their fundamental operation remains almost unchanged
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Original Equipment Manufacturers
An Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) is a company that produces parts and equipment that may be marketed by another manufacturer. For example, if Acme Manufacturing Co. makes power cords that are used on IBM
IBM
computers, Acme is an OEM. However, the term is used in several other ways, which causes ambiguity. It sometimes means the maker of a system that includes other companies' subsystems, an end-product producer, an automotive part that is manufactured by the same company that produced the original part used in the automobile's assembly, or a value-added reseller.[1][2][3]Contents1 Automotive parts 2 Computer software 3 Economies of scale 4 See also 5 ReferencesAutomotive parts[edit] When referring to auto parts, OEM refers to the manufacturer of the original equipment, that is, the parts assembled and installed during the construction of a new vehicle
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International Computers Limited
International Computers Limited
International Computers Limited
(ICL) was a large British computer hardware, computer software and computer services company that operated from 1968 until 2002. It was formed through a merger of International Computers and Tabulators
International Computers and Tabulators
(ICT), English Electric
English Electric
Leo Marconi (EELM) and Elliott Automation
Elliott Automation
in 1968
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DOS Plus
Plus
Plus
may refer to:Contents1 Music 2 Companies 3 Other 4 See alsoMusic[edit] + (Ed Sheeran album), (pronounced "plus"), 2011 Plus
Plus
(C
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Intel 8086
The 8086[1] (also called iAPX 86 )[2] is a 16-bit microprocessor chip designed by Intel
Intel
between early 1976 and mid-1978, when it was released
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16-bit
In computer architecture, 16-bit integers, memory addresses, or other data units are those that are 16 bits (2 octets) wide. Also, 16-bit CPU and ALU architectures are those that are based on registers, address buses, or data buses of that size. 16-bit microcomputers are computers in which 16-bit microprocessors were the norm. A 16-bit register can store 216 different values. The signed range of integer values that can be stored in 16 bits is −32,768 (−1 × 215) through 32,767 (215 − 1); the unsigned range is 0 through 65,535 (216 − 1). Since 216 is 65,536, a processor with 16-bit memory addresses can directly access 64 KB (65,536 bytes) of byte-addressable memory
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Intel 8080
The Intel
Intel
8080 ("eighty-eighty") was the second 8-bit microprocessor designed and manufactured by Intel
Intel
and was released in April 1974.[1] It is an extended and enhanced variant of the earlier 8008 design, although without binary compatibility. The initial specified clock frequency limit was 2 MHz, and with common instructions using 4, 5, 7, 10, or 11 cycles this meant that it operated at a typical speed of a few hundred thousand instructions per second
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Bill Gates
William Henry Gates III (born October 28, 1955) is an American business magnate, investor, author, philanthropist, humanitarian, and principal founder of the Microsoft
Microsoft
Corporation.[2][3] During his career at Microsoft, Gates held the positions of chairman, CEO and chief software architect, while also being the largest individual shareholder until May 2014. In 1975, Gates and
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Novell
Novell, Inc. /noʊˈvɛl/ was a software and services company headquartered in Provo, Utah. It had been instrumental in making Utah Valley a focus for technology and software development
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Seattle Computer Products
Seattle
Seattle
Computer Products (SCP) was a Seattle, Washington, microcomputer hardware company which was one of the first manufacturers of computer systems based on the 16-bit Intel
Intel
8086 processor.[1] SCP began shipping its first S-100 bus
S-100 bus
8086 CPU boards to customers in November, 1979,[2] about 21 months before IBM introduced its Personal Computer which was based on the slower 8088 and introduced the 8-bit ISA bus. SCP shipped an operating system for that hardware about a year before the release of the PC, which was modified by Microsoft
Microsoft
for the PC and renamed IBM
IBM
PC DOS. SCP was staffed partly by high-school students from nearby communities who soldered and assembled the computers
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