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Cat
Felis
Felis
silvestris catus (subjective synonym ) Felis
Felis
catus domestica (invalid junior synonym ) The DOMESTIC CAT (Latin : Felis
Felis
catus) is a small, typically furry , carnivorous mammal . They are often called HOUSE CATS when kept as indoor pets or simply CATS when there is no need to distinguish them from other felids and felines . Cats are often valued by humans for companionship and for their ability to hunt vermin . There are more than 70 cat breeds , though different associations proclaim different numbers according to their standards. Cats are similar in anatomy to the other felids, with a strong flexible body, quick reflexes, sharp retractable claws, and teeth adapted to killing small prey. Cat senses fit a crepuscular and predatory ecological niche . Cats can hear sounds too faint or too high in frequency for human ears, such as those made by mice and other small animals
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Animal Population Control
POPULATION CONTROL is the practice of artificially altering the size of any population . It typically refers to the act of limiting the size of an animal population so that it remains manageable, as opposed to the act of protecting a species from excessive rates of extinction , which is referred to as conservation biology . CONTENTS * 1 Factors influencing population control * 2 Methods for active population control * 3 Examples * 4 See also * 5 References FACTORS INFLUENCING POPULATION CONTROL This article NEEDS ADDITIONAL CITATIONS FOR VERIFICATION . Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (March 2013) (Learn how and when to remove this template message ) Population
Population
control can be influenced by a variety of factors. Humans can greatly influence the size of animal populations they directly interact with
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Trill Consonant
In phonetics , a TRILL is a consonantal sound produced by vibrations between the active articulator and passive articulator . Standard Spanish as in perro, for example is an alveolar trill . Trills are very different from flaps . Whereas with a flap (or tap), a specific gesture is used to strike the active articulator against the passive one, in the case of a trill the articulator is held in place, where the airstream causes it to vibrate. Usually a trill vibrates for 2–3 periods, but may be up to 5, or even more if geminate . However, trills may also be produced with only a single period. Although this might seem like a flap, the articulation is different; trills will vary in the number of periods, but flaps do not
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Breed
A BREED is a specific group of domestic animals having homogeneous appearance (phenotype ), homogeneous behavior , and/or other characteristics that distinguish it from other organisms of the same species . Breeds are formed through genetic isolation and either natural adaptation to the environment or selective breeding , or a combination of the two. Despite the centrality of the idea of "breeds" to animal husbandry and agriculture, no single, scientifically accepted definition of the term exists. A breed is therefore not an objective or biologically verifiable classification but is instead a term of art amongst groups of breeders who share a consensus around what qualities make some members of a given species members of a nameable subset. When bred together, individuals of the same breed pass on these predictable traits to their offspring, and this ability – known as "breeding true " – is a requirement for a breed
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Cat Fancy
ANIMAL FANCY is a hobby involving the appreciation, promotion, or breeding of pet or domestic animals . Fancy may include ownership, showing, animal sports and other competitions, and breeding . Hobbyists may simply collect specimens of the animal in appropriate enclosures (vivaria ), such as an aquarium , terrarium , or aviary . Some fanciers keep hobby farms , or menageries (private zoos ). There are many animal fancy clubs and associations in the world catering to everything from pigeons to Irish Wolfhounds . Fanciers and fancierdom may collectively be referred to as the fancy for that kind of animal, e.g. the cat fancy. Animal-fancy hobbies include the keeping of animals considered exotic pets ; a rapidly growing example is herpetoculture , the keeping of reptiles and amphibians
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Feliformia
FELIFORMIA (also FELOIDEA) is a suborder within the order Carnivora consisting of "cat-like" carnivorans, including cats (large and small), hyenas , mongooses , civets , and related taxa . Feliformia stands in contrast to the other suborder of Carnivora, Caniformia ("dog-like" carnivorans). The separation of the Carnivora
Carnivora
into the broad groups of feliforms and caniforms is widely accepted, as is the definition of Feliformia and Caniformia
Caniformia
as suborders (sometimes superfamilies). The classification of feliforms as part of the Feliformia
Feliformia
suborder or under separate groupings continues to evolve. Systematic classifications dealing with only extant taxa include all feliforms into the Feliformia
Feliformia
suborder, though variations exist in the definition and grouping of families and genera
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Guttural
GUTTURAL speech sounds are those with a primary place of articulation near the back of the oral cavity. In some definitions, this is restricted to pharyngeal consonants , but in others includes some velar and uvular consonants . Guttural sounds are typically consonants , but some vowels ' articulations may also be considered guttural in nature. Although the term has historically been used by phoneticians , and is occasionally used by phonologists today, it is now more common in popular use as an imprecise term for sounds produced relatively far back in the vocal tract. The term continues to be used by some phonologists to denote laryngeal consonants (including uvulars ), as well as murmured , pharyngealized , glottalized , and strident vowels
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Carnivore
A CARNIVORE /ˈkɑːrnɪvɔər/ meaning 'Meat Eater' ( Latin
Latin
, carne meaning 'meat' or 'flesh' and vorare meaning 'to devour') is an organism that derives its energy and nutrient requirements from a diet consisting mainly or exclusively of animal tissue , whether through predation or scavenging . Animals that depend solely on animal flesh for their nutrient requirements are called obligate carnivores while those that also consume non-animal food are called facultative carnivores. Omnivores also consume both animal and non-animal food, and apart from the more general definition, there is no clearly defined ratio of plant to animal material that would distinguish a facultative carnivore from an omnivore. A carnivore that sits at the top of the food chain is termed an apex predator . Plants that capture and digest insects (and, at times, other small animals) are called carnivorous plants
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Subjective Synonym
In scientific nomenclature , a SYNONYM is a scientific name that applies to a taxon that (now) goes by a different scientific name, although the term is used somewhat differently in the zoological code of nomenclature. For example, Linnaeus was the first to give a scientific name (under the currently used system of scientific nomenclature) to the Norway spruce , which he called Pinus abies. This name is no longer in use: it is now a synonym of the current scientific name which is Picea abies. Unlike synonyms in other contexts, in taxonomy a synonym is not interchangeable with the name of which it is a synonym. In taxonomy, synonyms are not equals, but have a different status. For any taxon with a particular circumscription , position, and rank, only one scientific name is considered to be the correct one at any given time (this correct name is to be determined by applying the relevant code of nomenclature )
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Junior Synonym
In scientific nomenclature , a SYNONYM is a scientific name that applies to a taxon that (now) goes by a different scientific name, although the term is used somewhat differently in the zoological code of nomenclature. For example, Linnaeus was the first to give a scientific name (under the currently used system of scientific nomenclature) to the Norway spruce
Norway spruce
, which he called Pinus abies. This name is no longer in use: it is now a synonym of the current scientific name which is Picea abies. Unlike synonyms in other contexts, in taxonomy a synonym is not interchangeable with the name of which it is a synonym. In taxonomy, synonyms are not equals, but have a different status. For any taxon with a particular circumscription , position, and rank, only one scientific name is considered to be the correct one at any given time (this correct name is to be determined by applying the relevant code of nomenclature )
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Species Reintroduction
SPECIES REINTRODUCTION is the deliberate release of a species into the wild, from captivity or other areas where the organism survives. The goal of species reintroduction is to establish a healthy, genetically diverse , self-sustaining population to an area where it has been extirpated, or to augment an existing population . A species that needs reintroduction is usually one whose existence has become threatened or endangered in the wild. However, reintroduction of a species can also be for pest control . For example, wolves being reintroduced to a wild area because of an overpopulation of elk or deer. Because reintroduction may involve returning native species to localities where they had been extirpated, some prefer the term "REESTABLISHMENT". Humans have been reintroducing species for food and pest control for thousands of years. However, the practice of reintroducing for conservation is much younger, starting in the 20th century
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Crepuscular
CREPUSCULAR animals are those that are active primarily during twilight (that is, the periods of dawn and dusk ). This is distinguished from diurnal and nocturnal behavior, where an animal is active during the hours of daylight or the hours of darkness, respectively. The term is not precise, however, as some crepuscular animals may also be active on a moonlit night or during an overcast day. The term matutinal is used for animals that are active only before sunrise, and vespertine for those active only after sunset. The time of day an animal is active depends on a number of factors. Predators need to link their activities to times of day at which their prey is available, and prey try to avoid the times when their principal predators are at large. The temperature at midday may be too high or at night too low. Some creatures may adjust their activities depending on local competition
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Growling
GROWLING is a low, guttural vocalization produced by predatory animals as a warning to others, as a sign of aggression , or to express anger . Low or dull rumbling noises may also be emitted by human beings when they are discontent with something or they are angry, although this human sound is often termed "groaning ". Animals that growl include felines , any kind of bear , canines , alligators , and crocodiles . The animals most commonly known for growling are canines and felines. GRRR /ˈɡɹ̩ːː/ is an onomatopoeic word which imitates the growling sound of predatory animals, and is often used with other related meanings. It is one of the rare pronounceable words of the English language
English language
that consists solely of consonants . Its most simple use is by children imitating animals. An example would be: "Mommy! Look at me! I'm a polar bear ! Grrr!" This word is also widely used in various titles to express growling when written
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Synonym (taxonomy)
In scientific nomenclature , a SYNONYM is a scientific name that applies to a taxon that (now) goes by a different scientific name, although the term is used somewhat differently in the zoological code of nomenclature. For example, Linnaeus was the first to give a scientific name (under the currently used system of scientific nomenclature) to the Norway spruce, which he called Pinus abies. This name is no longer in use: it is now a synonym of the current scientific name which is Picea abies
Picea abies
. Unlike synonyms in other contexts, in taxonomy a synonym is not interchangeable with the name of which it is a synonym. In taxonomy, synonyms are not equals, but have a different status. For any taxon with a particular circumscription , position, and rank, only one scientific name is considered to be the correct one at any given time (this correct name is to be determined by applying the relevant code of nomenclature )
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Vermin
VERMIN (colloquially VARMINT or VARMIT) are pests or nuisance animals , that spread diseases or destroy crops or livestock . Use of the term implies the need for extermination programs. Since the term is defined in relation to human activities, which species are included vary from area to area and person to person. The term derives from the Latin
Latin
vermis (worm ), and was originally used for the worm-like larvae of certain insects , many of which infest foodstuffs. The term varmint (and vermint) has been found in sources from c. 1530–1540s
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Ecological Niche
In ecology , a NICHE (CanE , UK : /ˈniːʃ/ or US : /ˈnɪtʃ/ ) is a term with a variety of meanings related to the fit of a species living under specific environmental conditions. The ecological niche describes how an organism or population responds to the distribution of resources and competitors (for example, by growing when resources are abundant, and when predators , parasites and pathogens are scarce) and how it in turn alters those same factors (for example, limiting access to resources by other organisms, acting as a food source for predators and a consumer of prey). "The type and number of variables comprising the dimensions of an environmental niche vary from one species to another the relative importance of particular environmental variables for a species may vary according to the geographic and biotic contexts". The notion of ecological niche is central to ecological biogeography , which focuses on spatial patterns of ecological communities
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