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Carl Oberg
CARL OBERG (27 January 1897 – 3 June 1965) was the Higher SS and Police Leader (HSSPF) of France during the Second World War
Second World War
. Oberg deported over 40,000 Jews from France. After the war he was twice sentenced to death by two different courts. However, in 1958 the death sentence was commuted to life imprisonment and later reduced to 20 years hard labor. Oberg was pardoned and released on 28 November 1962. CONTENTS * 1 Nazi career * 2 Post-war trial, sentence, and reprieve * 3 Ranks and positions * 4 Notes * 5 References * 6 External links NAZI CAREERHe joined the NSDAP ( Nazi Party
Nazi Party
) on 1 April 1931 and the SS on 7 April 1932. After meeting Reinhard Heydrich
Reinhard Heydrich
in May, 1933, he asked Heydrich for a job and joined the SD
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Gruppenführer
GRUPPENFüHRER (literally "group leader") was an early paramilitary rank of the Nazi Party
Nazi Party
(NSDAP), first created in 1925 as a senior rank of the SA . The term Gruppenführer
Gruppenführer
is also used for leaders of groups/teams of the police, fire departments, and several other organizations. In 1930, Gruppenführer
Gruppenführer
became an SS rank and was originally bestowed upon those officers who commanded SS-Gruppen and also upon senior officers of the SS command staff. In 1932, the SS was reorganized and the SS-Gruppen were reformed into SS-Abschnitte . A Gruppenführer commanded an SS-Abschnitt while a new rank, that of Obergruppenführer , oversaw the SS-Oberabschnitte which were the largest SS units in Germany
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Brigadeführer
BRIGADEFüHRER was an paramilitary rank of the Nazi Party
Nazi Party
(NSDAP) that was used between the years of 1932 to 1945. It was mainly known for its use as an SS rank . As an SA rank , it was used after briefly being known as Untergruppenführer in late 1929 and 1930. The rank was first created due to an expansion of the SS and assigned to those officers in command of SS-Brigaden. In 1933, the SS-Brigaden were changed in name to SS-Abschnitte; however, the rank of Brigadeführer
Brigadeführer
remained the same. Originally, Brigadeführer
Brigadeführer
was considered the second general officer rank of the SS and ranked between Oberführer and Gruppenführer
Gruppenführer

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Waffen-SS
The WAFFEN-SS (German pronunciation: , Armed SS) was the armed wing of the Nazi Party
Nazi Party
's SS organisation. Its formations included men from Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
, along with volunteers and conscripts from both occupied and un-occupied lands. The Waffen-SS
Waffen-SS
grew from three regiments to over 38 divisions during World War II
World War II
, and served alongside the Heer (regular army), Ordnungspolizei (uniformed police) and other security units. Prior to the war, it was under the control of the SS Führungshauptamt (SS operational command office) beneath Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler
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Deutscher Verlag Der Wissenschaften
DEUTSCHER VERLAG DER WISSENSCHAFTEN (DVW) was a scientific publishing house in the former German Democratic Republic (GDR/DDR). Berlin -Mitte , Taubenstrasse 10, former Patzenhofer Brauerei (de) Situated in Berlin, DVW was founded as Volkseigener Betrieb (VEB) on 1954-01-01 as the successor of the main department of "university literature" of the publisher Volk und Wissen (de) (VWV). During the first ten years, DVW, for the most part, published mathematical and scientific literature aimed at university education. About 780 titles were introduced with a total print run of some 3.7 million books. In 1964, DVW took over parts of the programme of Rütten font-style: normal;"> (de) and also published textbooks on topics of philosophy , history and sociology . DVW was among the publishers of the Mathematische Schülerbücherei (de) (MSB)
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International Standard Book Number
The INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BOOK NUMBER (ISBN) is a unique numeric commercial book identifier. An ISBN is assigned to each edition and variation (except reprintings) of a book. For example, an e-book , a paperback and a hardcover edition of the same book would each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007, and 10 digits long if assigned before 2007. The method of assigning an ISBN is nation-based and varies from country to country, often depending on how large the publishing industry is within a country. The initial ISBN configuration of recognition was generated in 1967 based upon the 9-digit STANDARD BOOK NUMBERING (SBN) created in 1966. The 10-digit ISBN format was developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and was published in 1970 as international standard ISO 2108 (the SBN code can be converted to a ten digit ISBN by prefixing it with a zero)
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Hannover
HANOVER or HANNOVER (/ˈhænoʊvər/ ; German : Hannover, pronounced ( listen )), on the River Leine
Leine
, is the capital and largest city of the German state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), and was once by personal union the family seat of the Hanoverian Kings of the United Kingdom of Great Britain
Great Britain
and Ireland , under their title as the dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Brunswick-Lüneburg
(later described as the Elector of Hanover
Hanover
). At the end of the Napoleonic Wars
Napoleonic Wars
, the Electorate was enlarged to become a Kingdom with Hanover
Hanover
as its capital
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SS-Abschnitt
UNITS AND COMMANDS OF THE SCHUTZSTAFFEL were organizational titles used by the SS to describe the many groups, forces, and formations that existed within the SS from its inception in 1923 to the eventual fall of Nazi Germany in 1945. The SS unit nomenclature can be divided into several different types of organizations, mainly the early titles used by the SS, SS unit titles of the Allgemeine SS , the military formation titles used by the Waffen-SS , titles of commands associated with the SS Security Police , and special units titles used by such SS organizations as the mobile death squad units of the Einsatzgruppen
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Standartenführer
STANDARTENFüHRER ( , "standard leader") was a Nazi Party
Nazi Party
(NSDAP) paramilitary rank that was used in several NSDAP organizations, such as the SA , SS , NSKK and the NSFK . First founded as a title in 1925, in 1928 the rank became one of the first commissioned NSDAP ranks and was bestowed upon those SA and SS officers who commanded units known as Standarten which were regiment-sized formations of between three hundred and five hundred men. In 1929 the rank of Standartenführer
Standartenführer
was divided into two separate ranks known as Standartenführer
Standartenführer
(I) and Standartenführer
Standartenführer
(II). This concept was abandoned in 1930 when both the SA and SS expanded their rank systems to allow for more officer positions and thus the need for only a single Standartenführer
Standartenführer
rank
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SS-Standarte
UNITS AND COMMANDS OF THE SCHUTZSTAFFEL were organizational titles used by the SS to describe the many groups, forces, and formations that existed within the SS from its inception in 1923 to the eventual fall of Nazi Germany in 1945. The SS unit nomenclature can be divided into several different types of organizations, mainly the early titles used by the SS, SS unit titles of the Allgemeine SS , the military formation titles used by the Waffen-SS , titles of commands associated with the SS Security Police , and special units titles used by such SS organizations as the mobile death squad units of the Einsatzgruppen
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Schwerin
SCHWERIN ( or , Mecklenburgian SWERIN, Latin SUERINA) is the capital and second-largest city of the northern German state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
. The population is 91,583 (as of December 31, 2013) and 98.000 as of July 2016. Schwerin
Schwerin
was first mentioned in 1018 as Wendenburg and was granted city rights in 1160 by Henry the Lion , thus it is the oldest city of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
. It is known for its romantic Schwerin
Schwerin
Palace , situated on an island in the Lake Schwerin . The palace was on of the main residences of the dukes and grand dukes of Mecklenburg
Mecklenburg
until 1918 and is the official seat of the Landtag
Landtag
of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern since 1990. The city also has a largely intact old town , thanks to only minor damage in World War II
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Stabsführer
STABSFüHRER was a Hitler Youth
Hitler Youth
paramilitary rank in Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
, translated as Staff Leader. It was held by the senior most member of the Adult Leadership Corps. The Stabsführer served as a deputy to the Reichsjugendführer . The SS-Oberabschnitt (major districts) and SS-Abschnitt (sub districts) of the Allgemeine SS
Allgemeine SS
each had their own Stabsführer to head certain staff of the district. In the SS-Abschnitt they were often the de facto leader. OFFICE HOLDERS * Karl Nabersberg (1931-1934) * Hartmann Lauterbacher (1934-1940) * Helmut Möckel (1940-1945) * Kurt Petter (1945, acting)REFERENCES * ^ Yerger, Mark C. (1997). Allgemeine-SS. Atglen, PA: Schiffer Publishing. pp. 82, 117
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * Special (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials
The Specials
, a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on The Blind Leading the Naked * "Special", a song on
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The Holocaust
The HOLOCAUST, also referred to as the SHOAH, was a genocide in which some six million European Jews
Jews
were killed by Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler
's Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
, and the World War II
World War II
collaborators with the Nazis. The victims included 1.5 million children , and constituted about two-thirds of the nine million Jews
Jews
who had previously resided in Continental Europe
Continental Europe
. A broader definition of the Holocaust includes non-Jewish victims, such as the Romani , Poles
Poles
, members of other Slavic ethnic groups , and Aktion T4 patients who were killed because they were mentally and physically disabled
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The Holocaust In Estonia
THE HOLOCAUST IN ESTONIA refers to the Nazi crimes during the occupation of Estonia
Estonia
by Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
. Prior to the war, there were approximately 4,300 Estonian Jews . After the Soviet 1940 occupation about 10% of the Jewish population was deported to Siberia
Siberia
, along with other Estonians
Estonians
. About 75% of Estonian Jews, aware of the fate that awaited them from Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
, escaped to the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
; virtually all of those who remained (between 950 and 1,000 people) were killed by Einsatzgruppe A and local collaborators before the end of 1941. Roma people of Estonia
Estonia
were also murdered and enslaved by the Nazi occupiers and their collaborators
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The Holocaust In Hungary
Jews
Jews
have a long history in the country now known as Hungary
Hungary
, with some records even predating the 895 AD Hungarian conquest of the Carpathian Basin by over 600 years. Written sources prove that Jewish communities lived in the medieval Kingdom of Hungary
Hungary
and it is even assumed that several sections of the heterogeneous Hungarian tribes practiced Jewish
Jewish
religion. Jewish
Jewish
officials served the king during the reign of Andrew II . From the second part of the 13th century the general religious tolerance decreased and Hungary's policies became similar to the treatment of the Jewish
Jewish
population in Western Europe. The Jews
Jews
of Hungary
Hungary
were fairly well integrated into Hungarian society by the time of the First World War
First World War

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