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Arab People
ARABS ( Arabic
Arabic
: عَرَب‎‎ ; ( listen )) are a population inhabiting the Arab world
Arab world
. They primarily live in the Arab
Arab
states in Western Asia
Western Asia
, North Africa
North Africa
, the Horn of Africa
Horn of Africa
and western Indian Ocean islands . The Arabs
Arabs
are first mentioned in the mid-ninth century BC as tribal people in eastern and southern Syria, and the north of the Arabian Peninsula. The Arabs
Arabs
appear to have been under the vassalage of the Neo-Assyrian Empire
Neo-Assyrian Empire
(911–612 BC), and the succeeding Neo-Babylonian (626–539 BC), Achaemenid (539–332 BC), Seleucid and Parthian empires
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Roman Empire
Mediolanum (286–402, Western ) Augusta Treverorum
Augusta Treverorum
Sirmium
Sirmium

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Sasanian Empire
The SASANIAN EMPIRE (/səˈsɑːniən/ or /səˈseɪniən/ ), also known as SASSANIAN, SASANID, SASSANID or NEO-PERSIAN EMPIRE), known to its inhabitants as ĒRāNSHAHR in Middle Persian
Middle Persian
, was the last period of the Persian Empire
Persian Empire
(Iran) before the rise of Islam
Islam
, named after the House of Sasan who ruled from 224 to 651 AD. The Sasanian Empire, which succeeded the Parthian Empire
Parthian Empire
, was recognized as one of the leading world powers alongside its neighboring arch-rival the Roman - Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Empire
, for a period of more than 400 years
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Abraham
ABRAHAM (Hebrew : אַבְרָהָם, Modern Avraham, Tiberian ʾAḇrāhām, Arabic
Arabic
: إبراهيم Ibrahim), originally AVRAM or ABRAM, is the common patriarch of the three Abrahamic religions . In Judaism
Judaism
he is the founding father of the Covenant , the special relationship between the Jewish people and God
God
; in Christianity, he is the prototype of all believers, Jewish or Gentile; and in Islam
Islam
he is seen as a link in the chain of prophets that begins with Adam
Adam
and culminates in Muhammad
Muhammad
. The narrative in Genesis revolves around the themes of posterity and land
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Arabian Desert
The ARABIAN DESERT is located in Western Asia
Western Asia
. It is a vast desert wilderness stretching from Yemen
Yemen
to the Persian Gulf
Persian Gulf
and Oman
Oman
to Jordan
Jordan
and Iraq
Iraq
. It occupies most of the Arabian Peninsula
Arabian Peninsula
, with an area of 2,330,000 square kilometers (900,000 sq mi). It is the fourth largest desert in the world , and the largest in Asia. At its center is the Rub\'al-Khali , one of the largest continuous bodies of sand in the world. Gazelles , oryx , sand cats , and spiny-tailed lizards are just some of the desert-adapted species that survive in this extreme environment, which features everything from red dunes to deadly quicksand
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Syrian Desert
The SYRIAN DESERT ( Arabic
Arabic
: بادية الشام, bādiyat ash-shām‎‎), also known as the Hamad, is a combination of steppe and true desert covering 500,000 square kilometers (200,000 square miles) of the Middle East
Middle East
, including parts of south-eastern Syria
Syria
, northeastern Jordan
Jordan
, northern Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
, and western Iraq
Iraq
. To the south it borders and merges into the Arabian Desert
Desert
. The land is open, gravely desert pavement , cut with occasional wadis
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Lakhmids
The LAKHMIDS ( Arabic
Arabic
: اللخميون‎‎) or BANU LAKHM (بنو لخم) were an Arab kingdom of southern Iraq
Iraq
with al-Hirah as their capital, from about 300 to 602 AD. They were generally but intermittently the allies and clients of the Sassanian Empire
Sassanian Empire
, and participant in the Roman–Persian wars . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Lakhmid Kingdom facts * 3 Lakhmid dynasty and its descendants * 3.1 Lakhmid rulers * 3.2 Al Mandhari / Al Na\'amani families * 3.3 Al Abbadi dynasty * 4 In literature * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 Sources * 8 External links HISTORY A Persian manuscript from the 15th century describing the constructing of al-Khornaq Castle in al-Hirah, the Lakhmids' capital city. Near East in 565, showing the Lakhmids
Lakhmids
and their neighbors
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Arab (other)
An ARAB is a member of a Semitic people, originally from the Arabian peninsula and neighbouring territories, inhabiting much of the Middle East and North Africa
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Seleucid Empire
The SELEUCID EMPIRE (/sɪˈljuːsɪd/ ; Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
: Βασιλεία τῶν Σελευκιδῶν, Basileía tōn Seleukidōn) was a Hellenistic
Hellenistic
state ruled by the Seleucid
Seleucid
dynasty, which existed from 312 BC to 63 BC; it was founded by Seleucus I Nicator following the division of the Macedonian empire vastly expanded by Alexander the Great
Alexander the Great
. Seleucus received Babylonia
Babylonia
and, from there, expanded his dominions to include much of Alexander's near eastern territories
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Parthian Empire
The PARTHIAN EMPIRE (/ˈpɑːrθiən/ ; 247 BC – 224 AD), also known as the ARSACID EMPIRE (/ˈɑːrsəsɪd/ ), was a major Iranian political and cultural power in ancient Iran
Iran
and Iraq
Iraq
. Its latter name comes from Arsaces I of Parthia who, as leader of the Parni tribe, founded it in the mid-3rd century BC when he conquered the region of Parthia in Iran
Iran
's northeast, then a satrapy (province) in rebellion against the Seleucid Empire
Seleucid Empire
. Mithridates I of Parthia (r. c. 171–138 BC) greatly expanded the empire by seizing Media and Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia
from the Seleucids
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Tribes Of Arabia
The TRIBES OF ARABIA are the clans that originated in the Arabian Peninsula . Much of the lineage provided before Ma\'ad relies on biblical genealogy and therefore questions persist concerning the accuracy of this segment of Arab genealogy. The general consensus among 14th century Arabic genealogists is that Arabs are of three kinds: Perishing Arabs (Arabic : العرب البائدة‎‎) are ancient tribes of whose history little is known. They include ‘Aad, Thamud , Tasm, Jadis, Imlaq (who included branched such as Banu al-Samayda ) and others. Jadis and Tasm perished because of genocide. 'Aad and Thamud perished because of their decadence, as recorded in the Qur\'an . Archaeologists have recently uncovered inscriptions that contain references to 'Iram, which was a major city of the 'Aad. Imlaq is the singular form of 'Amaleeq and is probably synonymous to the biblical Amalek
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Rashidun Caliphate
The RASHIDUN CALIPHATE (Arabic : اَلْخِلَافَةُ ٱلرَّاشِدَةُ‎‎ al-Khilāfaṫur-Rāshidah) (632–661) was the first of the four major caliphates established after the death of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad
Muhammad
. It was ruled by the first four successive caliphs (successors) of Muhammad
Muhammad
after his death in 632 CE (11 AH in the Islamic calendar
Islamic calendar
). These caliphs are collectively known in Sunni Islam
Islam
as the Rashidun
Rashidun
or "Rightly Guided" caliphs (Arabic : اَلْخُلَفَاءُ ٱلرَّاشِدُونَ‎‎ al-Khulafā’ur-Rāshidūn). This term is not used in Shia Islam
Islam
as Shia Muslims do not consider the rule of the first three caliphs as legitimate
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Nomadic
A NOMAD (Greek : νομάς, nomas, plural νομάδες, nomades; meaning one roaming about for pasture, pastoral tribe ) is a member of a community of people who live in different locations, moving from one place to another. Among the various ways nomads relate to their environment, one can distinguish the hunter-gatherer , the pastoral nomad owning livestock , or the "modern" peripatetic nomad. As of 1995, there were an estimated 30–40 million nomads in the world. Nomadic hunting and gathering, following seasonally available wild plants and game, is by far the oldest human subsistence method. Pastoralists raise herds, driving them, or moving with them, in patterns that normally avoid depleting pastures beyond their ability to recover. Nomadism is also a lifestyle adapted to infertile regions such as steppe , tundra , or ice and sand , where mobility is the most efficient strategy for exploiting scarce resources
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Anatolia
ANATOLIA (Turkish : Anadolu, in Modern Greek : Ανατολία, Anatolía, from Ἀνατολή, Anatolḗ, modern pronunciation Anatolí – "east" or "(sun)rise"), also known as ASIA MINOR (Turkish : Küçük Asya, in Medieval and Modern Greek : Μικρά Ἀσία, Mīkrá Asía, modern pronunciation Mikrá Asía – "small Asia"), ASIAN TURKEY, the ANATOLIAN PENINSULA, or the ANATOLIAN PLATEAU, is the westernmost protrusion of Asia
Asia
, which makes up the majority of modern-day Turkey
Turkey
. The region is bounded by the Black Sea
Black Sea
to the north, the Mediterranean Sea to the south, and the Aegean Sea to the west
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Sudan
SUDAN ( Arabic
Arabic
: السودان‎‎ as-Sūdān, English pronunciation (US) /suˈdæn/ ( listen ), (GB) /suːˈdɑːn/ ), also known as NORTH SUDAN since South Sudan
South Sudan
's independence and officially the REPUBLIC OF THE SUDAN ( Arabic
Arabic
: جمهورية السودان‎‎ Jumhūriyyat as-Sūdān), is a country in Northern Africa
Africa
. It is bordered by Egypt
Egypt
to the north, the Red Sea
Red Sea
, Eritrea
Eritrea
, and Ethiopia
Ethiopia
to the east, South Sudan
South Sudan
to the south, the Central African Republic
Central African Republic
to the southwest, Chad
Chad
to the west and Libya to the northwest. It is the third largest country in Africa
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List Of Largest Empires
This is a LIST OF THE LARGEST EMPIRES in world history , but the list is not and cannot be definitive since the decision about which entities to consider as "empires " is difficult and fraught with controversy. An empire involves the extension of a state\'s sovereignty over external territories and a variety of different ethnic groups. The term "empire" in this context (not necessarily a state ruled by an emperor ) does not have a precise definition, but is generally applied to political entities that are considered to be especially large by the standards of their time and that have acquired a significant part of their territory by conquest. CONTENTS * 1 Measurement * 2 Largest empires by land area * 2.1 Empires at their greatest extent * 3 See also * 4 Notes and references MEASUREMENT THIS SECTION NEEDS EXPANSION. You can help by adding to it
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