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7th Century BC
The 7TH CENTURY BC began the first day of 700 BC and ended the last day of 601 BC . The Assyrian Empire
Assyrian Empire
continued to dominate the Near East
Near East
during this century, exercising formidable power over neighbors like Babylon
Babylon
and Egypt
Egypt
. In the last two decades of the century, however, the empire began to unravel as numerous enemies made alliances and waged war from all sides. The Assyrians finally left the world stage permanently when their capital Nineveh
Nineveh
was destroyed in 612 BC. These events gave rise to the Neo-Babylonian Empire
Neo-Babylonian Empire
, which would dominate the region for much of the following century
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Hanging Gardens Of Babylon
The HANGING GARDENS OF BABYLON were one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World , a term given by the ancient Hellenic culture. The Hanging Gardens were described as a remarkable feat of engineering with an ascending series of tiered gardens containing a wide variety of trees, shrubs, and vines. The gardens were said to have looked like a large green mountain constructed of mud bricks. The Hanging Gardens is the only one of the seven ancient wonders for which the location has not been definitively established. Traditionally they were said to have been built in the ancient city of Babylon
Babylon
, near present-day Hillah , Babil province, in Iraq. The Babylonian priest Berossus , writing in about 290 BC and quoted later by Josephus
Josephus
, attributed the gardens to the Neo-Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar II , who ruled between 605 and 562 BC
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Martin Heemskerck
MAERTEN VAN HEEMSKERCK or Marten Jacobsz Heemskerk van Veen (1 June 1498 – 1 October 1574) was a Dutch portrait and religious painter, who spent most of his career in Haarlem . He was a pupil of Jan van Scorel , and adopted his teacher's Italian-influenced style. He spent the years 1532–6 in Italy. He produced many designs for engravers, and is especially known for his depictions of the Wonders of the World . CONTENTS* 1 Biography * 1.1 Early life * 1.2 Italy * 1.3 Later career * 2 Engravings * 2.1 Wonders of the World * 3 Paintings * 3.1 Parrots * 4 Death * 5 Reputation * 6 Public Collections * 7 References * 8 Sources * 9 Further reading * 10 External links BIOGRAPHYEARLY LIFE Family of Pieter Jan Foppesz. - painted before Heemskerck left for Italy in 1532. Heemskerck was born in the village of Heemskerk , North Holland , halfway between Alkmaar and Haarlem . He was the son of a farmer called Jacob Willemsz. van Veen
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Nineveh
NINEVEH (/ˈnɪnᵻvə/ ; Akkadian
Akkadian
: 𒌷𒉌𒉡𒀀 Ninua) was an ancient Assyrian city of Upper Mesopotamia , located on the outskirts of Mosul
Mosul
in modern-day northern Iraq
Iraq
. It is located on the eastern bank of the Tigris River, and was the capital of the Neo-Assyrian Empire . It is also a common name for the half of Mosul
Mosul
which lies on the eastern bank of the Tigris in the modern day. It was the largest city in the world for some fifty years until the year 612 BC when, after a bitter period of civil war in Assyria, it was sacked by a coalition of its former subject peoples, the Babylonians , Medes
Medes
, Chaldeans , Persians , Scythians
Scythians
and Cimmerians
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Humban-nimena
HUMBAN-NUMENA (or Kumban-Numena) was a king of Elam from the Igihalkid dynasty (Middle Elamite period, mid-14th century BCE). He was a son and the successor of Attar-kittah, as it is attested in his inscriptions from the temple in Liyan and in Susa . He is mentioned as the father of King Untsah-Napirisha in a later inscription of King Shilhak-Inshushinak. According to a Neo-Babylonian copy of a letter from an Elamite king to the Babylonian court (the so-called the Berlin letter), he married a daughter of Babylonian King Kurigalzu or a daughter of his uncle, Elamite King Pahir-ishsha. SEE ALSO * Humbaba * Khumban REFERENCES * ^ D.T. Potts, The Archaeology of Elam, 1999, p.209 * ^ D.T. Potts, The Archaeology of Elam, 1999, p.205 * ^ Enrique Quintana. Fliacion y Accesso al trono in Elam. Revue d'Assyriologie et d'archéologie orientale Vol. 104, (2010), pp. 54-56 This Iranian history -related article is a stub . You can help by expanding it
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Near East
The NEAR EAST is a geographical term that roughly encompasses Western Asia
Asia
. Despite having varying definitions within different academic circles, the term was originally applied to the maximum extent of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
. The term has fallen into disuse in English and has been replaced by the terms " Middle East
Middle East
" and " West Asia ", the former of which may include Egypt, and the latter strictly Southwest Asia including the Transcaucasus
Transcaucasus

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Babylon
BABYLON (𒆍𒀭𒊏𒆠 Akkadian
Akkadian
: Bābili or Babilim; Aramaic
Aramaic
: בבל, Babel; Arabic : بَابِل‎‎, Bābil; Hebrew : בָּבֶל‎‎, Bavel) was a major city of ancient Mesopotamia . The city was built upon the Euphrates
Euphrates
river and divided in equal parts along its left and right banks, with steep embankments to contain the river's seasonal floods. Babylon
Babylon
was originally a small Akkadian
Akkadian
city dating from the period of the Akkadian
Akkadian
Empire c. 2300 BC. The town became an independent city-state with the rise of the First Amorite Babylonian Dynasty in the nineteenth century BC
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Tower Of Babel
The TOWER OF BABEL (Syriac : ܡܓܕܠܐ ܕܒܒܠ‎, Maḡdlā d-Bāḇēl; Hebrew
Hebrew
: מִגְדַּל בָּבֶל‎‎‎, Migdal Bāḇēl) is a Near Eastern account recorded in the Book of Genesis
Book of Genesis
. It is meant to explain why the world's peoples speak different languages. According to the story, a united humanity in the generations following the Great Flood , speaking a single language and migrating eastward, comes to the land of Shinar
Shinar
( Hebrew
Hebrew
: שנער‎‎). There they agree to build a city and a tower tall enough to reach heaven . God, observing their city and tower, confounds their speech so that they can no longer understand each other, and scatters them around the world
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History Of Ancient Egypt
The HISTORY OF ANCIENT EGYPT spans the period from the early prehistoric settlements of the northern Nile
Nile
valley to the Roman conquest , in 30 BC. The Pharaonic Period is dated from the 32nd century BC , when Upper and Lower Egypt were unified, until the country fell under Macedonian rule , in 332 BC
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Phrygia
Pontic Steppe * Domestication of the horse * Kurgan * Kurgan culture * Steppe cultures * Bug-Dniester * Sredny Stog * Dnieper-Donets * Samara * Khvalynsk * Yamna * Mikhaylovka culture Caucasus * Maykop East-Asia * Afanasevo Eastern Europe * Usatovo * Cernavodă * Cucuteni Northern Europe* Corded ware * Bad
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Armenians
ARMENIANS (Armenian : հայեր, hayer ) are an ethnic group native to the Armenian Highlands
Armenian Highlands
. Armenians
Armenians
constitute the main population of Armenia
Armenia
and the de facto independent Artsakh . There is a wide-ranging diaspora of around 5 million people of full or partial Armenian ancestry living outside modern Armenia. The largest Armenian populations today exist in Russia , the United States , France , Georgia , Iran
Iran
, Germany, Ukraine , Lebanon
Lebanon
, Brazil and Syria
Syria
. With the exceptions of Iran
Iran
and the former Soviet states, the present-day Armenian diaspora was formed mainly as a result of the Armenian Genocide
Armenian Genocide

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King Zhuang Of Zhou
KING ZHUANG OF ZHOU (died 682 BC) (Chinese : 周莊王; pinyin : Zhōu Zhuāng Wáng) or KING CHUANG OF CHOU was the fifteenth king of the Chinese Zhou Dynasty
Dynasty
and the third of Eastern Zhou. He ruled 696–682 BC as a successor of his father, King Huan of Zhou . He was later succeeded by his son, King Xi of Zhou , in 682 BC. His younger son was Prince Tui
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China
CHINA, officially the PEOPLE\'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA (PRC), is a unitary sovereign state in East Asia
East Asia
and the world\'s most populous country , with a population of around 1.404 billion . Covering approximately 9,600,000 square kilometers (3,700,000 sq mi), it is the third- or fourth-largest country by total area, depending on the source consulted. China
China
also has the most neighbor countries in the world. Governed by the Communist Party of China
Communist Party of China
, it exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces , five autonomous regions , four direct-controlled municipalities ( Beijing
Beijing
, Tianjin
Tianjin
, Shanghai
Shanghai
, and Chongqing
Chongqing
), and the special administrative regions of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Macau
Macau

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King Huan Of Zhou
KING HUAN OF ZHOU (Chinese : 周桓王; pinyin : Zhōu Húan Wáng; Wade–Giles : Chou Huan Wang; died 697 BC) was the fourteenth king of the Chinese Zhou Dynasty
Dynasty
and the second of the Eastern Zhou Dynasty (770-256 BC). His given name was LíN. King Huan’s father was King Ping ’ son, Crown Prince Xiefu. Huan succeeded his grandfather in 719 BC. Son and successor of Huan was King Zhuang of Zhou . In 707 BC, the royal forces were defeated in the Battle of Xuge (𦈡葛之战) by Duke Zhuang of Zheng (r.743-701). The king himself was wounded by an arrow in the shoulder, and the defeat destroyed the prestige of the Zhou house
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Zhou Dynasty
The ZHOU DYNASTY (Chinese : 周朝; pinyin : Zhōu cháo ) was a Chinese dynasty that followed the Shang dynasty
Shang dynasty
and preceded the Qin dynasty . The Zhou dynasty
Zhou dynasty
lasted longer than any other dynasty in Chinese history . The military control of China
China
by the royal house, surnamed Ji (Chinese : 姬), lasted initially from 1046 until 771 BC for a period known as the Western Zhou and the political sphere of influence it created continued well into Eastern Zhou
Eastern Zhou
for another 500 years. This period of Chinese history produced what many consider the zenith of Chinese bronze -ware making. The dynasty also spans the period in which the written script evolved into its almost-modern form with the use of an archaic clerical script that emerged during the late Warring States period
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Gyges Of Lydia
GYGES (/ˈdʒaɪdʒiːz/ ; Greek : Γύγης) was the founder of the third or Mermnad dynasty of Lydian kings and reigned from 716 BC to 678 BC. He was succeeded by his son Ardys II . CONTENTS * 1 Allegorical accounts of Gyges\' rise to power * 2 Reign and death * 3 The mythical Gyges * 4 Gift of Gyges to Delphi
Delphi
* 5 Influence on modern works * 6 Notes * 7 External links ALLEGORICAL ACCOUNTS OF GYGES\' RISE TO POWER Candaules, King of Lydia, Shews his Wife by Stealth to Gyges, One of his Ministers, as She Goes to Bed by William Etty
William Etty
. This image illustrates Herodotus
Herodotus
's version of the tale of Gyges (as told by Herodotus, Gyges watched the naked queen secretly, but is seen by her as he is sneaking out of concealment). An earlier artistic treatment of the same subject, by Dosso Dossi , is now in the Galleria Borghese
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