HOME TheInfoList.com
Providing Lists of Related Topics to Help You Find Great Stuff
[::MainTopicLength::#1500] [::ListTopicLength::#1000] [::ListLength::#15] [::ListAdRepeat::#3]

picture info

4-bit
In computer architecture, 4-bit
4-bit
integers, memory addresses, or other data units are those that are 4 bits wide. Also, 4-bit
4-bit
CPU and ALU architectures are those that are based on registers, address buses, or data buses of that size. A group of four bits is also called a nibble and has 24 = 16 possible values. Some of the first microprocessors had a 4-bit
4-bit
word length and were developed around 1970
[...More...]

"4-bit" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Application Software
An application program (app or application for short) is a computer program designed to perform a group of coordinated functions, tasks, or activities for the benefit of the user. Examples of an application include a word processor, a spreadsheet, an accounting application, a web browser, a media player, an aeronautical flight simulator, a console game or a photo editor
[...More...]

"Application Software" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Integrated Circuit
An integrated circuit or monolithic integrated circuit (also referred to as an IC, a chip, or a microchip) is a set of electronic circuits on one small flat piece (or "chip") of semiconductor material, normally silicon. The integration of large numbers of tiny transistors into a small chip results in circuits that are orders of magnitude smaller, cheaper, and faster than those constructed of discrete electronic components. The IC's mass production capability, reliability and building-block approach to circuit design has ensured the rapid adoption of standardized ICs in place of designs using discrete transistors. ICs are now used in virtually all electronic equipment and have revolutionized the world of electronics
[...More...]

"Integrated Circuit" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Bus (computing)
In computer architecture, a bus[1] (a contraction of the Latin omnibus) is a communication system that transfers data between components inside a computer, or between computers. This expression covers all related hardware components (wire, optical fiber, etc.) and software, including communication protocols.[2] Early computer buses were parallel electrical wires with multiple hardware connections, but the term is now used for any physical arrangement that provides the same logical function as a parallel electrical bus
[...More...]

"Bus (computing)" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Address Bus
An address bus is a computer bus (a series of lines connecting two or more devices) that is used to specify a physical address. When a processor or DMA-enabled device needs to read or write to a memory location, it specifies that memory location on the address bus (the value to be read or written is sent on the data bus). The width of the address bus determines the amount of memory a system can address. For example, a system with a 32-bit address bus can address 232 (4,294,967,296) memory locations. If each memory location holds one byte, the addressable memory space is 4 GB. Implementation[edit] Early processors used a wire for each bit of the address width
[...More...]

"Address Bus" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Bit
The bit (a portmanteau of binary digit)[1] is a basic unit of information used in computing and digital communications. A binary digit can have only one of two values, and may be physically represented with a two-state device. These state values are most commonly represented as either a 0or1. The two values of a binary digit can also be interpreted as logical values (true/false, yes/no), algebraic signs (+/−), activation states (on/off), or any other two-valued attribute. The correspondence between these values and the physical states of the underlying storage or device is a matter of convention, and different assignments may be used even within the same device or program
[...More...]

"Bit" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Computer Architecture
In computer engineering, computer architecture is a set of rules and methods that describe the functionality, organization, and implementation of computer systems
[...More...]

"Computer Architecture" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Precision (computer Science)
In computer science, the precision of a numerical quantity is a measure of the detail in which the quantity is expressed. This is usually measured in bits, but sometimes in decimal digits. It is related to precision in mathematics, which describes the number of digits that are used to express a value. Rounding error[edit] Further information: Floating point Precision is often the source of rounding errors in computation. The number of bits used to store a number will often cause some loss of accuracy. An example would be to store "sin(0.1)" in IEEE single precision floating point standard
[...More...]

"Precision (computer Science)" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Decimal64 Floating-point Format
In computing, decimal64 is a decimal floating-point computer numbering format that occupies 8 bytes (64 bits) in computer memory. It is intended for applications where it is necessary to emulate decimal rounding exactly, such as financial and tax computations. Decimal64 supports 16 decimal digits of significand and an exponent range of −383 to +384, i.e. ±0.000000000000000×10^−383 to ±9.999999999999999×10^384. (Equivalently, ±0000000000000000×10^−398 to ±9999999999999999×10^369.) In contrast, the corresponding binary format, which is the most commonly used type, has an approximate range of ±0.000000000000001×10^−308 to ±1.797693134862315×10^308
[...More...]

"Decimal64 Floating-point Format" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Half-precision Floating-point Format
In computing, half precision is a binary floating-point computer number format that occupies 16 bits (two bytes in modern computers) in computer memory. In IEEE 754-2008 the 16-bit base 2 format is officially referred to as binary16
[...More...]

"Half-precision Floating-point Format" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Nibble
In computing, a nibble (occasionally nybble or nyble to match the spelling of byte) is a four-bit aggregation,[1][2] or half an octet. It is also known as half-byte[3] or tetrade.[4][5] In a networking or telecommunication context, the nibble is often called a semi-octet,[6] quadbit,[7] or quartet.[8][9] A nibble has sixteen (24) possible values. A nibble can be represented by a single hexadecimal digit and called a hex digit.[10] A full byte (octet) is represented by two hexadecimal digits; therefore, it is common to display a byte of information as two nibbles. Sometimes the set of all 256 byte values is represented as a 16×16 table, which gives easily readable hexadecimal codes for each value. Four-bit computer architectures use groups of four bits as their fundamental unit. Such architectures were used in early microprocessors, pocket calculators and pocket computers
[...More...]

"Nibble" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Memory Address
In computing, a memory address is a reference to a specific memory location used at various levels by software and hardware
[...More...]

"Memory Address" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

16-bit Floating-point Format
In computing, half precision is a binary floating-point computer number format that occupies 16 bits (two bytes in modern computers) in computer memory. In IEEE 754-2008 the 16-bit base 2 format is officially referred to as binary16
[...More...]

"16-bit Floating-point Format" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Decimal32 Floating-point Format
In computing, decimal32 is a decimal floating-point computer numbering format that occupies 4 bytes (32 bits) in computer memory. It is intended for applications where it is necessary to emulate decimal rounding exactly, such as financial and tax computations. Like the binary16 format, it is intended for memory saving storage. Decimal32 supports 7 decimal digits of significand and an exponent range of −95 to +96, i.e. ±0.000000×10^−95 to ±9.999999×10^96. (Equivalently, ±0000000×10^−101 to ±9999999×10^90.) Because the significand is not normalized (there is no implicit leading "1"), most values with less than 7 significant digits have multiple possible representations; 1×102=0.1×103=0.01×104, etc
[...More...]

"Decimal32 Floating-point Format" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Decimal Floating-point
Decimal
Decimal
floating-point (DFP) arithmetic refers to both a representation and operations on decimal floating-point numbers. Working directly with decimal (base-10) fractions can avoid the rounding errors that otherwise typically occur when converting between decimal fractions (common in human-entered data, such as measurements or financial information) and binary (base-2) fractions. The advantage of decimal floating-point representation over decimal fixed-point and integer representation is that it supports a much wider range of values. For example, while a fixed-point representation that allocates 8 decimal digits and 2 decimal places can represent the numbers 123456.78, 8765.43, 123.00, and so on, a floating-point representation with 8 decimal digits could also represent 1.2345678, 1234567.8, 0.000012345678, 12345678000000000, and so on
[...More...]

"Decimal Floating-point" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

32-bit Floating-point Format
Single-precision floating-point format
Single-precision floating-point format
is a computer number format, usually occupying 32 bits
32 bits
in computer memory; it represents a wide dynamic range of numeric values by using a floating radix point. A floating point variable can represent a wider range of numbers than a fixed point variable of the same bit width at the cost of precision. A signed 32-bit
32-bit
integer variable has a maximum value of 231 − 1 = 2,147,483,647, whereas an IEEE 754
IEEE 754
32-bit
32-bit
base-2 floating-point variable has a maximum value of (2 − 2−23) × 2127 ≈ 3.402823 × 1038
[...More...]

"32-bit Floating-point Format" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo
.